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SubjectRe: [PATCH] fsync: wait for data writeout completion before calling ->fsync
On Thu 03-09-09 00:18:38, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> I think we should add this one ontop:
Agreed. Added to the series. I'll now push the whole series to linux-next
via my fs tree.

Honza

>
> --
> Subject: [PATCH] fsync: wait for data writeout completion before calling ->fsync
> From: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
>
> Currenly vfs_fsync(_range) first calls filemap_fdatawrite to write out
> the data, the calls into ->fsync to write out the metadata and then finally
> calls filemap_fdatawait to wait for the data I/O to complete. What sounds
> like a clever micro-optimization actually is nast trap for many filesystems.
>
> For many modern filesystems i_size or other inode information is only
> updated on I/O completion and we need to wait for I/O to finish before
> we can write out the metadata. For old fashionen filesystems that
> instanciate blocks during the actual write and also update the metadata
> at that point it opens up a large window were we could expose uninitialized
> blocks after a crash. While a few filesystems that need it already wait
> for the I/O to finish inside their ->fsync methods it is rather suboptimal
> as it is done under the i_mutex and also always for the whole file instead
> of just a part as we could do for O_SYNC handling.
>
> Here is a small audit of all fsync instances in the tree:
>
> - spufs_mfc_fsync:
> - ps3flash_fsync:
> - vol_cdev_fsync:
> - printer_fsync:
> - fb_deferred_io_fsync:
> - bad_file_fsync:
> - simple_sync_file:
>
> don't care - filesystems/drivers do't use the page cache or are
> purely in-memory.
>
> - simple_fsync:
> - file_fsync:
> - affs_file_fsync:
> - fat_file_fsync:
> - jfs_fsync:
> - ubifs_fsync:
> - reiserfs_dir_fsync:
> - reiserfs_sync_file:
>
> never touch pagecache themselves. We need to wait before if we do
> not want to expose stale data after an allocation.
>
> - afs_fsync:
> - fuse_fsync_common:
>
> do the waiting writeback itself in awkward ways, would benefit from
> proper semantics
>
> - block_fsync:
>
> Does a filemap_write_and_wait on the block device inode. Because we
> now have f_mapping that is the same inode we call it on in vfs_fsync.
> So just removing it and letting the VFS do the work in one go would
> be an improvement.
>
> - btrfs_sync_file:
> - cifs_fsync:
> - xfs_file_fsync:
>
> need the wait first and currently do it themselves. would benefit from
> doing it outside i_mutex.
>
> - coda_fsync:
> - ecryptfs_fsync:
> - exofs_file_fsync:
> - shm_fsync:
>
> only passes the fsync through to the lower layer
>
> - ext3_sync_file:
>
> doesn't seem to care, comments are confusing.
>
> - ext4_sync_file:
>
> would need the wait to work correctly for delalloc mode with late
> i_size updates. Otherwise the ext3 comment applies.
>
>
> currently implemens it's own writeback and wait in an odd way,
> could benefit from doing it properly.
>
> - gfs2_fsync:
>
> not needed for journaled data mode, but probably harmless there.
> Currently writes back data asynchronously itself. Needs some
> major audit.
>
> - hostfs_fsync:
>
> just calls fsync/datasync on the host FD. Without the wait before
> data might not even be inflight yet if we're unlucky.
>
> - hpfs_file_fsync:
> - ncp_fsync:
>
> no-ops. Dangerous before and after.
>
> - jffs2_fsync:
>
> just calls jffs2_flush_wbuf_gc, not sure how this relates to data.
>
> - nfs_fsync_dir:
>
> just increments stats, claims all directory operations are synchronous
>
> - nfs_file_fsync:
>
> only writes out data??? Looks very odd.
>
> - nilfs_sync_file:
>
> looks like it expects all data done, but not sure from the code
>
> - ntfs_dir_fsync:
> - ntfs_file_fsync:
>
> appear to do their own data writeback. Very convoluted code.
>
> - ocfs2_sync_file:
>
> does it's own data writeback, but no wait. probably needs the wait.
>
> - smb_fsync:
>
> according to a comment expects all pages written already, probably needs
> the wait before.
>
>
> This patch only changes vfs_fsync_range, removal of the wait in the methods
> that have it is left to the filesystem maintainers. Note that most
> filesystems really do need an audit for their fsync methods given the
> gems found in this very brief audit.
>
> Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
>
> Index: linux-2.6/fs/sync.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/fs/sync.c 2009-09-02 15:03:41.073271287 -0300
> +++ linux-2.6/fs/sync.c 2009-09-02 15:04:34.401269249 -0300
> @@ -216,7 +216,7 @@ int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, s
> goto out;
> }
>
> - ret = filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, start, end);
> + ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, start, end);
>
> /*
> * We need to protect against concurrent writers, which could cause
> @@ -228,9 +228,6 @@ int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, s
> ret = err;
> mutex_unlock(&mapping->host->i_mutex);
>
> - err = filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start, end);
> - if (!ret)
> - ret = err;
> out:
> return ret;
> }
--
Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
SUSE Labs, CR


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