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SubjectRe: Disabling DMA with ICH10?
On Tue, 29 Sep 2009 09:54:16 +0200
"Lennart Baruschka" <FunFlyer@gmx.net> wrote:

> Hi,
>
> On Mon, 2009-09-28 at 23:40 +0100, Alan Cox wrote:
> > > 2. My system uses an ICH10 chipset, the harddrive is connected to
> > > the Intel SATA controller. Is there a way to disable DMA and
> > > switch back to PIO? I tried compiling with libata support and
> > > without SCSI support, but the kernel is unable to mount root (no
> > > matter if /dev/sda1 or /dev/hda1), then.
> >
> > If you disable DMA you will make your performance and latency worse
> > not better as the PIO transfers will stall the bus and thus the
> > processor.
>
> I thought that PIO transfers (which I understand to be
> write32()/read32()'s) unlike DMA transfers could be interrupted by an
> high-priority interrupt. Is that wrong?

a single PIO instruction will NOT be interrupted by an interrupt.
And can easily take several microseconds (remember: 8Mhz bus emulation)

while DMA is going on, the CPU on the other hand is just happy
executing instructions, fetching stuff from memory etc etc.


> Actually, that's what I do - except for locking the page, yet. I do
> need to access the PCI bus in real time, though. So I wonder what
> happens when the RT CPU is getting data from the PCI device, doing
> some calculations on it and then writing back some data to the device,
> __while at the same time__ another (non-RT) CPU starts a DMA
> transfer. I figured the DMA would block the PCI bus, having my
> interrupt wait for it to finish. That's why I'm trying to avoid DMA.

the PCI bus is time sliced, with typical transfer sizes being like 256
byte bursts...



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