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Subject[PATCH 1/4] slqb: Do not use DEFINE_PER_CPU for per-node data
SLQB uses DEFINE_PER_CPU to define per-node areas. An implicit
assumption is made that all valid node IDs will have matching valid CPU
ids. In memoryless configurations, it is possible to have a node ID with
no CPU having the same ID. When this happens, per-cpu areas are not
initialised and the per-node data is effectively random.

An attempt was made to force the allocation of per-cpu areas corresponding
to active node IDs. However, for reasons unknown this led to silent
lockups. Instead, this patch fixes the SLQB problem by forcing the per-node
data to be statically declared.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <>
mm/slqb.c | 16 ++++++++--------
1 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/slqb.c b/mm/slqb.c
index 4ca85e2..4d72be2 100644
--- a/mm/slqb.c
+++ b/mm/slqb.c
@@ -1944,16 +1944,16 @@ static void init_kmem_cache_node(struct kmem_cache *s,
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kmem_cache_cpu, kmem_cache_cpus);
-/* XXX: really need a DEFINE_PER_NODE for per-node data, but this is better than
- * a static array */
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kmem_cache_node, kmem_cache_nodes);
+/* XXX: really need a DEFINE_PER_NODE for per-node data because a static
+ * array is wasteful */
+static struct kmem_cache_node kmem_cache_nodes[MAX_NUMNODES];

static struct kmem_cache kmem_cpu_cache;
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kmem_cache_cpu, kmem_cpu_cpus);
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kmem_cache_node, kmem_cpu_nodes); /* XXX per-nid */
+static struct kmem_cache_node kmem_cpu_nodes[MAX_NUMNODES]; /* XXX per-nid */

@@ -1962,7 +1962,7 @@ static struct kmem_cache kmem_node_cache;
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kmem_cache_cpu, kmem_node_cpus);
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kmem_cache_node, kmem_node_nodes); /*XXX per-nid */
+static struct kmem_cache_node kmem_node_nodes[MAX_NUMNODES]; /*XXX per-nid */

@@ -2918,15 +2918,15 @@ void __init kmem_cache_init(void)
for_each_node_state(i, N_NORMAL_MEMORY) {
struct kmem_cache_node *n;

- n = &per_cpu(kmem_cache_nodes, i);
+ n = &kmem_cache_nodes[i];
init_kmem_cache_node(&kmem_cache_cache, n);
kmem_cache_cache.node_slab[i] = n;
- n = &per_cpu(kmem_cpu_nodes, i);
+ n = &kmem_cpu_nodes[i];
init_kmem_cache_node(&kmem_cpu_cache, n);
kmem_cpu_cache.node_slab[i] = n;
- n = &per_cpu(kmem_node_nodes, i);
+ n = &kmem_node_nodes[i];
init_kmem_cache_node(&kmem_node_cache, n);
kmem_node_cache.node_slab[i] = n;

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