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Subject[patch 28/45] x86/i386: Make sure stack-protector segment base is cache aligned
2.6.31-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.

------------------
From: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>

commit 1ea0d14e480c245683927eecc03a70faf06e80c8 upstream.

The Intel Optimization Reference Guide says:

In Intel Atom microarchitecture, the address generation unit
assumes that the segment base will be 0 by default. Non-zero
segment base will cause load and store operations to experience
a delay.
- If the segment base isn't aligned to a cache line
boundary, the max throughput of memory operations is
reduced to one [e]very 9 cycles.
[...]
Assembly/Compiler Coding Rule 15. (H impact, ML generality)
For Intel Atom processors, use segments with base set to 0
whenever possible; avoid non-zero segment base address that is
not aligned to cache line boundary at all cost.

We can't avoid having a non-zero base for the stack-protector
segment, but we can make it cache-aligned.

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com>
LKML-Reference: <4AA01893.6000507@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

---
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 12 +++++++++++-
arch/x86/include/asm/stackprotector.h | 4 ++--
arch/x86/include/asm/system.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S | 1 -
5 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -403,7 +403,17 @@ extern unsigned long kernel_eflags;
extern asmlinkage void ignore_sysret(void);
#else /* X86_64 */
#ifdef CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
-DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, stack_canary);
+/*
+ * Make sure stack canary segment base is cached-aligned:
+ * "For Intel Atom processors, avoid non zero segment base address
+ * that is not aligned to cache line boundary at all cost."
+ * (Optim Ref Manual Assembly/Compiler Coding Rule 15.)
+ */
+struct stack_canary {
+ char __pad[20]; /* canary at %gs:20 */
+ unsigned long canary;
+};
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct stack_canary, stack_canary) ____cacheline_aligned;
#endif
#endif /* X86_64 */

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/stackprotector.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/stackprotector.h
@@ -78,14 +78,14 @@ static __always_inline void boot_init_st
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
percpu_write(irq_stack_union.stack_canary, canary);
#else
- percpu_write(stack_canary, canary);
+ percpu_write(stack_canary.canary, canary);
#endif
}

static inline void setup_stack_canary_segment(int cpu)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
- unsigned long canary = (unsigned long)&per_cpu(stack_canary, cpu) - 20;
+ unsigned long canary = (unsigned long)&per_cpu(stack_canary, cpu);
struct desc_struct *gdt_table = get_cpu_gdt_table(cpu);
struct desc_struct desc;

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/system.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/system.h
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct
"movl %P[task_canary](%[next]), %%ebx\n\t" \
"movl %%ebx, "__percpu_arg([stack_canary])"\n\t"
#define __switch_canary_oparam \
- , [stack_canary] "=m" (per_cpu_var(stack_canary))
+ , [stack_canary] "=m" (per_cpu_var(stack_canary.canary))
#define __switch_canary_iparam \
, [task_canary] "i" (offsetof(struct task_struct, stack_canary))
#else /* CC_STACKPROTECTOR */
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1043,7 +1043,7 @@ DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct orig_ist, orig_ist
#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

#ifdef CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
-DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, stack_canary);
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct stack_canary, stack_canary) ____cacheline_aligned;
#endif

/* Make sure %fs and %gs are initialized properly in idle threads */
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
@@ -439,7 +439,6 @@ is386: movl $2,%ecx # set MP
jne 1f
movl $per_cpu__gdt_page,%eax
movl $per_cpu__stack_canary,%ecx
- subl $20, %ecx
movw %cx, 8 * GDT_ENTRY_STACK_CANARY + 2(%eax)
shrl $16, %ecx
movb %cl, 8 * GDT_ENTRY_STACK_CANARY + 4(%eax)



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