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Subject[PATCH 4/6] tracing, page-allocator: Add a postprocessing script for page-allocator-related ftrace events
Date
This patch adds a simple post-processing script for the page-allocator-related
trace events. It can be used to give an indication of who the most
allocator-intensive processes are and how often the zone lock was taken
during the tracing period. Example output looks like

Process Pages Pages Pages Pages PCPU PCPU PCPU Fragment Fragment MigType Fragment Fragment Unknown
details allocd allocd freed freed pages drains refills Fallback Causing Changed Severe Moderate
under lock direct pagevec drain
swapper-0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Xorg-3770 10603 5952 3685 6978 5996 194 192 0 0 0 0 0 0
modprobe-21397 51 0 0 86 31 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
xchat-5370 228 93 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
awesome-4317 32 32 0 0 0 0 32 0 0 0 0 0 0
thinkfan-3863 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
hald-addon-stor-3935 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
akregator-4506 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
xmms-14888 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
khelper-12 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Optionally, the output can include information on the parent or aggregate
based on process name instead of aggregating based on each pid. Example output
including parent information and stripped out the PID looks something like;

Process Pages Pages Pages Pages PCPU PCPU PCPU Fragment Fragment MigType Fragment Fragment Unknown
details allocd allocd freed freed pages drains refills Fallback Causing Changed Severe Moderate
under lock direct pagevec drain
gdm-3756 :: Xorg-3770 3796 2976 99 3813 3224 104 98 0 0 0 0 0 0
init-1 :: hald-3892 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
git-21447 :: editor-21448 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

This says that Xorg allocated 3796 pages and it's parent process is gdm
with a PID of 3756;

The postprocessor parses the text output of tracing. While there is a binary
format, the expectation is that the binary output can be readily translated
into text and post-processed offline. Obviously if the text format changes,
the parser will break but the regular expression parser is fairly rudimentary
so should be readily adjustable.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
---
.../postprocess/trace-pagealloc-postprocess.pl | 356 ++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 356 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100755 Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-pagealloc-postprocess.pl

diff --git a/Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-pagealloc-postprocess.pl b/Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-pagealloc-postprocess.pl
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..56c7f42
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-pagealloc-postprocess.pl
@@ -0,0 +1,356 @@
+#!/usr/bin/perl
+# This is a POC (proof of concept or piece of crap, take your pick) for reading the
+# text representation of trace output related to page allocation. It makes an attempt
+# to extract some high-level information on what is going on. The accuracy of the parser
+# may vary considerably
+#
+# Example usage: trace-pagealloc-postprocess.pl < /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace_pipe
+# other options
+# --prepend-parent Report on the parent proc and PID
+# --read-procstat If the trace lacks process info, get it from /proc
+# --ignore-pid Aggregate processes of the same name together
+#
+# Copyright (c) IBM Corporation 2009
+# Author: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
+use strict;
+use Getopt::Long;
+
+# Tracepoint events
+use constant MM_PAGE_ALLOC => 1;
+use constant MM_PAGE_FREE_DIRECT => 2;
+use constant MM_PAGEVEC_FREE => 3;
+use constant MM_PAGE_PCPU_DRAIN => 4;
+use constant MM_PAGE_ALLOC_ZONE_LOCKED => 5;
+use constant MM_PAGE_ALLOC_EXTFRAG => 6;
+use constant EVENT_UNKNOWN => 7;
+
+# Constants used to track state
+use constant STATE_PCPU_PAGES_DRAINED => 8;
+use constant STATE_PCPU_PAGES_REFILLED => 9;
+
+# High-level events extrapolated from tracepoints
+use constant HIGH_PCPU_DRAINS => 10;
+use constant HIGH_PCPU_REFILLS => 11;
+use constant HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT => 12;
+use constant HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_SEVERE => 13;
+use constant HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_MODERATE => 14;
+use constant HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_CHANGED => 15;
+
+my %perprocesspid;
+my %perprocess;
+my $opt_ignorepid;
+my $opt_read_procstat;
+my $opt_prepend_parent;
+
+# Catch sigint and exit on request
+my $sigint_report = 0;
+my $sigint_exit = 0;
+my $sigint_pending = 0;
+my $sigint_received = 0;
+sub sigint_handler {
+ my $current_time = time;
+ if ($current_time - 2 > $sigint_received) {
+ print "SIGINT received, report pending. Hit ctrl-c again to exit\n";
+ $sigint_report = 1;
+ } else {
+ print "Second SIGINT received quickly, exiting\n";
+ $sigint_exit = 1;
+ }
+ $sigint_received = $current_time;
+ $sigint_pending = 1;
+}
+$SIG{INT} = "sigint_handler";
+
+# Parse command line options
+GetOptions(
+ 'ignore-pid' => \$opt_ignorepid,
+ 'read-procstat' => \$opt_read_procstat,
+ 'prepend-parent' => \$opt_prepend_parent,
+);
+
+# Regexes used. Specified like this for readability and for use with /o
+# (process_pid) (cpus ) ( time ) (tpoint ) (details)
+my $regex_traceevent = '\s*([a-zA-Z0-9-]*)\s*(\[[0-9]*\])\s*([0-9.]*):\s*([a-zA-Z_]*):\s*(.*)';
+my $regex_fragdetails = 'page=([0-9a-f]*) pfn=([0-9]*) alloc_order=([0-9]*) fallback_order=([0-9]*) pageblock_order=([0-9]*) alloc_migratetype=([0-9]*) fallback_migratetype=([0-9]*) fragmenting=([0-9]) change_ownership=([0-9])';
+my $regex_statname = '[-0-9]*\s\((.*)\).*';
+my $regex_statppid = '[-0-9]*\s\(.*\)\s[A-Za-z]\s([0-9]*).*';
+
+sub read_statline($) {
+ my $pid = $_[0];
+ my $statline;
+
+ if (open(STAT, "/proc/$pid/stat")) {
+ $statline = <STAT>;
+ close(STAT);
+ }
+
+ if ($statline eq '') {
+ $statline = "-1 (UNKNOWN_PROCESS_NAME) R 0";
+ }
+
+ return $statline;
+}
+
+sub guess_process_pid($$) {
+ my $pid = $_[0];
+ my $statline = $_[1];
+
+ if ($pid == 0) {
+ return "swapper-0";
+ }
+
+ if ($statline !~ /$regex_statname/o) {
+ die("Failed to math stat line for process name :: $statline");
+ }
+ return "$1-$pid";
+}
+
+sub parent_info($$) {
+ my $pid = $_[0];
+ my $statline = $_[1];
+ my $ppid;
+
+ if ($pid == 0) {
+ return "NOPARENT-0";
+ }
+
+ if ($statline !~ /$regex_statppid/o) {
+ die("Failed to match stat line process ppid:: $statline");
+ }
+
+ # Read the ppid stat line
+ $ppid = $1;
+ return guess_process_pid($ppid, read_statline($ppid));
+}
+
+sub process_events {
+ my $traceevent;
+ my $process_pid;
+ my $cpus;
+ my $timestamp;
+ my $tracepoint;
+ my $details;
+ my $statline;
+
+ # Read each line of the event log
+EVENT_PROCESS:
+ while ($traceevent = <STDIN>) {
+ if ($traceevent =~ /$regex_traceevent/o) {
+ $process_pid = $1;
+ $tracepoint = $4;
+
+ if ($opt_read_procstat || $opt_prepend_parent) {
+ $process_pid =~ /(.*)-([0-9]*)$/;
+ my $process = $1;
+ my $pid = $2;
+
+ $statline = read_statline($pid);
+
+ if ($opt_read_procstat && $process eq '') {
+ $process_pid = guess_process_pid($pid, $statline);
+ }
+
+ if ($opt_prepend_parent) {
+ $process_pid = parent_info($pid, $statline) . " :: $process_pid";
+ }
+ }
+
+ # Unnecessary in this script. Uncomment if required
+ # $cpus = $2;
+ # $timestamp = $3;
+ } else {
+ next;
+ }
+
+ # Perl Switch() sucks majorly
+ if ($tracepoint eq "mm_page_alloc") {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC}++;
+ } elsif ($tracepoint eq "mm_page_free_direct") {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_FREE_DIRECT}++;
+ } elsif ($tracepoint eq "mm_pagevec_free") {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGEVEC_FREE}++;
+ } elsif ($tracepoint eq "mm_page_pcpu_drain") {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_PCPU_DRAIN}++;
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_DRAINED}++;
+ } elsif ($tracepoint eq "mm_page_alloc_zone_locked") {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC_ZONE_LOCKED}++;
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_REFILLED}++;
+ } elsif ($tracepoint eq "mm_page_alloc_extfrag") {
+
+ # Extract the details of the event now
+ $details = $5;
+
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC_EXTFRAG}++;
+ my ($page, $pfn);
+ my ($alloc_order, $fallback_order, $pageblock_order);
+ my ($alloc_migratetype, $fallback_migratetype);
+ my ($fragmenting, $change_ownership);
+
+ $details =~ /$regex_fragdetails/o;
+ $page = $1;
+ $pfn = $2;
+ $alloc_order = $3;
+ $fallback_order = $4;
+ $pageblock_order = $5;
+ $alloc_migratetype = $6;
+ $fallback_migratetype = $7;
+ $fragmenting = $8;
+ $change_ownership = $9;
+
+ if ($fragmenting) {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAG}++;
+ if ($fallback_order <= 3) {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_SEVERE}++;
+ } else {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_MODERATE}++;
+ }
+ }
+ if ($change_ownership) {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_CHANGED}++;
+ }
+ } else {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{EVENT_UNKNOWN}++;
+ }
+
+ # Catch a full pcpu drain event
+ if ($perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_DRAINED} &&
+ $tracepoint ne "mm_page_pcpu_drain") {
+
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_PCPU_DRAINS}++;
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_DRAINED} = 0;
+ }
+
+ # Catch a full pcpu refill event
+ if ($perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_REFILLED} &&
+ $tracepoint ne "mm_page_alloc_zone_locked") {
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_PCPU_REFILLS}++;
+ $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_REFILLED} = 0;
+ }
+
+ if ($sigint_pending) {
+ last EVENT_PROCESS;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+sub dump_stats {
+ my $hashref = shift;
+ my %stats = %$hashref;
+
+ # Dump per-process stats
+ my $process_pid;
+ my $max_strlen = 0;
+
+ # Get the maximum process name
+ foreach $process_pid (keys %perprocesspid) {
+ my $len = length($process_pid);
+ if ($len > $max_strlen) {
+ $max_strlen = $len;
+ }
+ }
+ $max_strlen += 2;
+
+ printf("\n");
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n",
+ "Process", "Pages", "Pages", "Pages", "Pages", "PCPU", "PCPU", "PCPU", "Fragment", "Fragment", "MigType", "Fragment", "Fragment", "Unknown");
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n",
+ "details", "allocd", "allocd", "freed", "freed", "pages", "drains", "refills", "Fallback", "Causing", "Changed", "Severe", "Moderate", "");
+
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8s %10s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s %8s\n",
+ "", "", "under lock", "direct", "pagevec", "drain", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "");
+
+ foreach $process_pid (keys %stats) {
+ # Dump final aggregates
+ if ($stats{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_DRAINED}) {
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_PCPU_DRAINS}++;
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_DRAINED} = 0;
+ }
+ if ($stats{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_REFILLED}) {
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_PCPU_REFILLS}++;
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{STATE_PCPU_PAGES_REFILLED} = 0;
+ }
+
+ printf("%-" . $max_strlen . "s %8d %10d %8d %8d %8d %8d %8d %8d %8d %8d %8d %8d %8d\n",
+ $process_pid,
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC_ZONE_LOCKED},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_FREE_DIRECT},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGEVEC_FREE},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_PCPU_DRAIN},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_PCPU_DRAINS},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_PCPU_REFILLS},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC_EXTFRAG},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAG},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_CHANGED},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_SEVERE},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_MODERATE},
+ $stats{$process_pid}->{EVENT_UNKNOWN});
+ }
+}
+
+sub aggregate_perprocesspid() {
+ my $process_pid;
+ my $process;
+ undef %perprocess;
+
+ foreach $process_pid (keys %perprocesspid) {
+ $process = $process_pid;
+ $process =~ s/-([0-9])*$//;
+ if ($process eq '') {
+ $process = "NO_PROCESS_NAME";
+ }
+
+ $perprocess{$process}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC_ZONE_LOCKED} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC_ZONE_LOCKED};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{MM_PAGE_FREE_DIRECT} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_FREE_DIRECT};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{MM_PAGEVEC_FREE} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGEVEC_FREE};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{MM_PAGE_PCPU_DRAIN} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_PCPU_DRAIN};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{HIGH_PCPU_DRAINS} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_PCPU_DRAINS};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{HIGH_PCPU_REFILLS} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_PCPU_REFILLS};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC_EXTFRAG} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{MM_PAGE_ALLOC_EXTFRAG};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAG} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAG};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_CHANGED} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_CHANGED};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_SEVERE} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_SEVERE};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_MODERATE} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{HIGH_EXT_FRAGMENT_MODERATE};
+ $perprocess{$process}->{EVENT_UNKNOWN} += $perprocesspid{$process_pid}->{EVENT_UNKNOWN};
+ }
+}
+
+sub report() {
+ if (!$opt_ignorepid) {
+ dump_stats(\%perprocesspid);
+ } else {
+ aggregate_perprocesspid();
+ dump_stats(\%perprocess);
+ }
+}
+
+# Process events or signals until neither is available
+sub signal_loop() {
+ my $sigint_processed;
+ do {
+ $sigint_processed = 0;
+ process_events();
+
+ # Handle pending signals if any
+ if ($sigint_pending) {
+ my $current_time = time;
+
+ if ($sigint_exit) {
+ print "Received exit signal\n";
+ $sigint_pending = 0;
+ }
+ if ($sigint_report) {
+ if ($current_time >= $sigint_received + 2) {
+ report();
+ $sigint_report = 0;
+ $sigint_pending = 0;
+ $sigint_processed = 1;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ } while ($sigint_pending || $sigint_processed);
+}
+
+signal_loop();
+report();
--
1.6.3.3


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