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SubjectRe: [Resend][PATCH] PM: Introduce core framework for run-time PM of I/O devices (rev. 11)
Date
On Tuesday 04 August 2009, Alan Stern wrote:
> On Mon, 3 Aug 2009, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>
> > Hi,
> >
> > OK, if this is to go into 2.6.32, the last moment for putting it into
> > linux-next is now. If you have any objections, remarks, etc. please let me
> > know or I'm going to put this one into the linux-next branch of the suspend-2.6
> > tree in the next couple of days.
>
> I'm sorry I haven't been keeping on top of all your work on this.
> Lots of other stuff has been going on in the meantime...

No problem.

> One the whole this all looks very good. It's basically ready to be
> merged. There are a couple of minor issues remaining plus a bunch of
> unimportant implementation details.
>
> pm_runtime_disable() gets used for several different purposes. For
> the usage in pm_runtime_remove(), it's silly to carry out a pending
> resume request. Should we add an argument saying whether or not to do
> so?

Yes, we can do that.

> In the documentation, it would be nice to have a section listing the
> default runtime PM settings and explaining what a driver should do to
> activate runtime PM on a newly-registered device.

OK, I'll try to put something like this in there.

> > +static void pm_runtime_cancel_pending(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > + pm_runtime_deactivate_timer(dev);
> > + /*
> > + * If there's a request pending, make sure its work function will return
> > + * without doing anything.
> > + */
> > + if (dev->power.request_pending)
> > + dev->power.request = RPM_REQ_NONE;
>
> No need for the "if"; you can always do the assignment.

OK

> > +static int __pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > + int retval = 0;
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_failure)
> > + retval = -EINVAL;
>
> Instead of assigning to retval, you could simply return these values.

I could, but I chose not to.

> > + else if (dev->power.idle_notification)
> > + retval = -EINPROGRESS;
> > + else if (atomic_read(&dev->power.usage_count) > 0
> > + || dev->power.disable_depth > 0
> > + || dev->power.timer_expires > 0
> > + || dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED
> > + || dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDING)
> > + retval = -EAGAIN;
>
> Do we also want to rule out RPM_RESUMING? That is,
>
> || dev->power.runtime_status != RPM_ACTIVE

Yes, we do, thanks.

> > + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > +
> > + if (dev->bus && dev->bus->pm && dev->bus->pm->runtime_idle)
> > + dev->bus->pm->runtime_idle(dev);
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
>
> Small optimization: Put the spin_{un}lock_irq stuff inside the "if"
> statement, so it doesn't happen if the test fails.

Well, I don't think so. We need to take the lock here unconditionally,
because the caller is going to unlock it.

> The same thing can be done in other places.

I'm not really sure it can.

> > + * __pm_runtime_suspend - Carry out run-time suspend of given device.
> > + * @dev: Device to suspend.
> > + * @from_wq: If set, the funtion has been called via pm_wq.
>
> Fix spelling of "function". Likewise in __pm_runtime_resume.

Will do, thanks.

> > +int __pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev, bool from_wq)
> > +{
> ...
> > + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > +
> > + if (parent && !parent->power.ignore_children)
> > + pm_request_idle(parent);
> > +
> > + if (notify)
> > + pm_runtime_idle(dev);
>
> Move this up before the spin_unlock_irq and call __pm_runtime_idle instead.
> The same sort of thing can be done in __pm_runtime_resume.

OK

> > +static int __pm_request_suspend(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > + int retval = 0;
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_failure)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED)
> > + retval = 1;
> > + else if (atomic_read(&dev->power.usage_count) > 0
> > + || dev->power.disable_depth > 0)
> > + retval = -EAGAIN;
> > + else if (dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDING)
> > + retval = -EINPROGRESS;
> > + else if (!pm_children_suspended(dev))
> > + retval = -EBUSY;
>
> Insert:
> if (retval)
> return retval;
>
> Or else change the assignments to "return" statements. Yes, we agreed
> that a suspend request should override an existing idle-notify
> request. But if the new request fails then it shouldn't override
> anything. (Of course, if it fails for any of the reasons here then
> there can't be a pending idle-notify request anyway.)

However, if it's going to return 1, it should override existing idle-notify
and suspend requests. I'll add

if (retval < 0)
return retval;
> > + pm_runtime_deactivate_timer(dev);
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.request_pending) {
> > + /*
> > + * Pending resume requests take precedence over us, but we can
> > + * overtake any other pending request.
> > + */
> > + if (dev->power.request == RPM_REQ_RESUME)
> > + retval = -EAGAIN;
> > + else if (dev->power.request != RPM_REQ_SUSPEND)
> > + dev->power.request = retval ?
> > + RPM_REQ_NONE : RPM_REQ_SUSPEND;
>
> Now there's no need to check retval.

It is. If retval is 1, we cancel pending idle-notify and suspend requests.

> > +
> > + if (dev->power.request == RPM_REQ_SUSPEND)
> > + return 0;
>
> Just simply:
> return retval;

OK, I'll change that.

> Some of these cases can't happen. For instance, if we reach here then
> the status can't be SUSPENDED or SUSPENDING, so there can't be a
> pending resume request.
>
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (retval)
> > + return retval;
>
> Now this isn't needed. Similar code rearrangements can be made in
> __pm_request_resume.

OK

> > +int __pm_request_resume(struct device *dev)
>
> Should be static.

OK

> > +int __pm_runtime_set_status(struct device *dev, unsigned int status)
> > +{
> > + struct device *parent = dev->parent;
> > + unsigned long flags;
> > + int error = 0;
> > +
> > + if (status != RPM_ACTIVE && status != RPM_SUSPENDED)
> > + return -EINVAL;
>
> This should go inside the spinlocked area.

Why? 'status' is a function argument, it doesn't need to be protected from
concurrent modification.

> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->power.lock, flags);
> > +
> > + if (!dev->power.runtime_failure && !dev->power.disable_depth)
> > + goto out;
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_status == status)
> > + goto out_clear;
> > +
> > + if (status == RPM_SUSPENDED) {
> > + /* It always is possible to set the status to 'suspended'. */
> > + if (parent)
> > + atomic_add_unless(&parent->power.child_count, -1, 0);
> > + dev->power.runtime_status = status;
> > + goto out_clear;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (parent) {
> > + spin_lock_irq(&parent->power.lock);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * It is invalid to put an active child under a parent that is
> > + * not active, has run-time PM enabled and the
> > + * 'power.ignore_children' flag unset.
> > + */
> > + if (!parent->power.disable_depth
> > + && !parent->power.ignore_children
> > + && parent->power.runtime_status != RPM_ACTIVE) {
> > + error = -EBUSY;
> > + } else {
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED)
> > + atomic_inc(&parent->power.child_count);
> > + dev->power.runtime_status = status;
> > + }
> > +
> > + spin_unlock_irq(&parent->power.lock);
> > +
> > + if (error)
> > + goto out;
> > + } else {
> > + dev->power.runtime_status = status;
> > + }
> > +
> > + out_clear:
> > + dev->power.runtime_failure = false;
>
> Move all those assignments to dev->power.runtime_status down here.

OK

> > +int pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> ...
> > + if (dev->power.disable_depth++ > 0)
> > + goto out;
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_failure)
> > + goto out;
>
> I don't see why this is needed.

If dev->power.runtime_failure, there's no need to do anything more.

> > +
> > + pm_runtime_deactivate_timer(dev);
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.request_pending) {
> > + dev->power.request = RPM_REQ_NONE;
> > +
> > + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > +
> > + cancel_work_sync(&dev->power.work);
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > +
> > + dev->power.request_pending = false;
>
> Remove excessive whitespace.

OK

> > + }
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDING
> > + || dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_RESUMING) {
> > + DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
> > +
> > + /* Suspend or wake-up in progress. */
> > + for (;;) {
> > + prepare_to_wait(&dev->power.wait_queue, &wait,
> > + TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_status != RPM_SUSPENDING
> > + && dev->power.runtime_status != RPM_RESUMING)
> > + break;
> > +
> > + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > +
> > + schedule();
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > + }
> > + finish_wait(&dev->power.wait_queue, &wait);
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_failure)
> > + goto out;
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.idle_notification) {
> > + DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
> > +
> > + for (;;) {
> > + prepare_to_wait(&dev->power.wait_queue, &wait,
> > + TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
> > + if (!dev->power.idle_notification)
> > + break;
> > +
> > + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > +
> > + schedule();
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
> > + }
> > + finish_wait(&dev->power.wait_queue, &wait);
> > + }
>
> This wait loop should be merged with the previous loop.

OK

> > +void pm_runtime_init(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > + spin_lock_init(&dev->power.lock);
> > +
> > + dev->power.runtime_status = RPM_SUSPENDED;
> > + dev->power.idle_notification = false;
> > +
> > + dev->power.disable_depth = 1;
> > + atomic_set(&dev->power.usage_count, 0);
> > +
> > + dev->power.runtime_failure = false;
> > + dev->power.last_error = 0;
>
> You don't have to set values to 0; they are initialized by kzalloc.

No, I don't, but does it really hurt?

> > + dev->power.suspend_timer.expires = jiffies;
> > + dev->power.suspend_timer.data = (unsigned long)dev;
> > + dev->power.suspend_timer.function = pm_suspend_timer_fn;
>
> Use setup_timer() instead of assigning these fields directly.

OK

> > +void pm_runtime_remove(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > + pm_runtime_disable(dev);
> > +
> > + if (dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_ACTIVE) {
> > + struct device *parent = dev->parent;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Change the status back to 'suspended' to match the initial
> > + * status.
> > + */
> > + pm_runtime_set_suspended(dev);
> > + if (parent && !parent->power.ignore_children)
> > + pm_request_idle(parent);
>
> Shouldn't these last two lines be part of __pm_runtime_set_status()?

No. It is valid to call __pm_runtime_set_status() when runtime PM is disabled
for the device and I don't think we should kick the parent in such cases.

> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ linux-2.6/include/linux/pm_runtime.h
>
> > +extern void pm_runtime_init(struct device *dev);
> > +extern void pm_runtime_remove(struct device *dev);
>
> I don't like seeing these two functions included in the public header
> file. It's enough to put them in drivers/base/power/power.h.

OK

> > --- linux-2.6.orig/drivers/base/power/main.c
> > +++ linux-2.6/drivers/base/power/main.c
> > @@ -49,6 +50,16 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(dpm_list_mtx);
> > static bool transition_started;
> >
> > /**
> > + * device_pm_init - Initialize the PM-related part of a device object
> > + * @dev: Device object to initialize.
> > + */
> > +void device_pm_init(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > + dev->power.status = DPM_ON;
> > + pm_runtime_init(dev);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > * device_pm_lock - lock the list of active devices used by the PM core
> > */
> > void device_pm_lock(void)
> > @@ -105,6 +116,8 @@ void device_pm_remove(struct device *dev
> > mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
> > list_del_init(&dev->power.entry);
> > mutex_unlock(&dpm_list_mtx);
> > +
> > + pm_runtime_remove(dev);
> > }
>
> Calling pm_runtime_init() from device_pm_init() and
> pm_runtime_remove() from device_pm_remove() isn't good. If
> CONFIG_PM_SLEEP isn't enabled then the calls won't be compiled, even
> if CONFIG_PM_RUNTIME is set.

Right, I shouldn't have moved device_pm_init() to main.c at all.

> > @@ -757,11 +771,15 @@ static int dpm_prepare(pm_message_t stat
> > dev->power.status = DPM_PREPARING;
> > mutex_unlock(&dpm_list_mtx);
> >
> > - error = device_prepare(dev, state);
> > + if (pm_runtime_disable(dev) && device_may_wakeup(dev))
> > + error = -EBUSY;
>
> What's the reason for the -EBUSY error?

If this is a wake-up device and pm_runtime_disable(dev) returned 1 (it can only
return 1 or 0), which means there was a resume request pending for the device,
suspend fails with -EBUSY (wake-up event during suspend).

> > --- linux-2.6.orig/drivers/base/dd.c
> > +++ linux-2.6/drivers/base/dd.c
> > @@ -202,7 +203,9 @@ int driver_probe_device(struct device_dr
> > pr_debug("bus: '%s': %s: matched device %s with driver %s\n",
> > drv->bus->name, __func__, dev_name(dev), drv->name);
> >
> > + pm_runtime_get_noresume(dev);
> > ret = really_probe(dev, drv);
> > + pm_runtime_put_noidle(dev);
>
> This is bad because it won't wait if there's a runtime-PM call in
> progress. Also, we shouldn't use put_noidle because it might subvert
> the driver's attempt to autosuspend.

I'm not sure how that's possible, but whatever.

> Instead we should do something like this:
>
> /* Wait for runtime PM calls to finish and prevent new calls
> * until the probe is done.
> */
> pm_runtime_disable(dev);
> pm_runtime_get_noresume(dev);
> pm_runtime_enable(dev):
> ret = really_probe(dev, drv);
> pm_runtime_put_sync(dev);

Fine by me.

> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ linux-2.6/Documentation/power/runtime_pm.txt
>
> > +2. Device Run-time PM Callbacks
>
> > +In particular, it is recommended that ->runtime_suspend() return -EBUSY if
> > +device_may_wakeup() returns 'false' for the device.
>
> What's the point of this? I don't understand -- we don't want to
> discourage people from suspending devices with wakeup enabled.

device_may_wakeup(dev) == false means wake-up is disabled for dev, so
suspending it might not be a good idea.

> > +Additionally, the helper functions provided by the PM core obey the following
> > +rules:
> > +
> > + * If ->runtime_suspend() is about to be executed or the execution of it is
> > + scheduled or there's a pending request to execute it, ->runtime_idle() will
> > + not be executed for the same device.
>
> Shouldn't we allow runtime_idle when a suspend is scheduled? The idle
> handler might decide to suspend right away instead of waiting for the
> timer to expire.

Hmm. We can.

> > +4. Run-time PM Device Helper Functions
> > +
> > +The following run-time PM helper functions are defined in
> > +drivers/base/power/runtime.c and include/linux/pm_runtime.h:
>
> > + int pm_schedule_suspend(struct device *dev, unsigned int delay);
> > + - schedule the execution of ->runtime_suspend() for the device's bus type
> > + in future, where 'delay' is the time to wait before queuing up a suspend
> > + work item in pm_wq, in miliseconds (if 'delay' is zero, the work item is
>
> Fix spelling of "milli".

OK

> Explain that the new delay will override the
> old one if a suspend was already scheduled and not yet expired.

OK

> > + int pm_runtime_get_sync(struct device *dev);
> > + - increment the device's usage counter, run pm_rutime_resume(dev) and return
>
> Fix spelling of "runtime". Same under pm_runtime_put_sync.

OK

Thanks a lot for the comments, I'll post an updated patch addressing them in
the next few days.

Best,
Rafael


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