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SubjectRe: ARM + jprobes/kretprobes SEGV/hangs/OOPS in 2.6.29 kernel
From
Hi,

After dump_stack change, most of the system calls
(do_fork,do_execve,do_gettimeofday,
sys_gettimeofday,sys_open,sys_close, sys_read,sys_write) are working
fine with kprobes
and kretprobes.

But in jprobes, still 'SEGV,sysetm hangs,OOPS' will be getting for 'do_execve,
do_gettimeofday,sys_gettimeofday,sys_close, sys_read,sys_write' system calls.

I have surprised with jprobes which are working well for
'do_fork,sys_open' system calls.

Best Regards,
Venkappa

On Mon, Aug 31, 2009 at 10:57 AM, venki kaps<venkiece2005@gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I have further investigated with respect to this issue and found the
> problem with
> 'dump_stack()' which calls in my sample kprobe,kretprobe and jprobe
> modules to get
> the stack dump.
>
> Here it is giving sample example module which covers all the probes.
>
> Sample module test program:
> ---------------------------
> #include <linux/module.h>
> #include <linux/init.h>
> #include <linux/kprobes.h>
>
> static int k_count1 = 0;
> static int k_count2 = 0;
> static int k_count3 = 0;
> static int k_count4 = 0;
>
> /* Proxy routine having the same arguments as actual sys_open() routine */
> long jsys_open(unsigned int fd, char __user * buf, size_t count)
> {
>        printk("%s %d, Proxy sys_open, arguments are %d, %d\n",
> __FILE__, __LINE__, fd, count);
>        printk("%s %d, Stack_dump :\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
>        dump_stack();
>        /* Always end with a call to jprobe_return(). */
>        k_count1++;
>        jprobe_return();
>        /* NOTREACHED */
>        return 0;
> }
>
> static struct jprobe my_jprobe = {
>        .entry = JPROBE_ENTRY(jsys_open)
> };
>
> static const char *probed_func = "sys_open";
>
> /* Return-probe handler: Log the return value from the probed function. */
> static int ret_handler(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
>        int retval = regs_return_value(regs);
>
>        printk("%s %d, %s returns %d\n", __FILE__, __LINE__,
> probed_func, retval);
>        printk("%s %d, Stack_dump :\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
>        dump_stack();
>        k_count2++;
>        return 0;
> }
>
> static struct kretprobe my_kretprobe = {
>        .handler = ret_handler,
>        /* Probe up to 20 instances concurrently. */
>        .maxactive = 20
> };
>
> static struct kprobe k_001_kpr;
>
> static int k_001_before_hook(struct kprobe *k_001_kpr, struct pt_regs *p)
> {
>        printk("%s %d\nStack dump for the kprobe pre handler for
> instruction at %p\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, k_001_kpr->addr);
>        dump_stack();
>        k_count3++;
>        return 0;
> }
>
> void k_001_after_hook(struct kprobe *k_001_kpr, struct pt_regs *p,
> unsigned long flags)
> {
>        printk("%s %d\nStack dump for the kprobe post handler at
> %p\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, k_001_kpr->addr);
>        dump_stack();
>        printk("%s %d, The Registers are:\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
>        k_count4++;
> }
>
>
> static int __init k_001_init_probe(void)
> {
>        int ret;
>        int retj;
>        printk("%s %d\nInserting the kprobe for sys_open\n", __FILE__,
> __LINE__);
>
>        /* Registering a kprobe */
>        k_001_kpr.pre_handler = (kprobe_pre_handler_t) k_001_before_hook;
>        k_001_kpr.post_handler = (kprobe_post_handler_t) k_001_after_hook;
>        k_001_kpr.symbol_name = "sys_open", __FILE__, __LINE__;
>        if (register_kprobe(&k_001_kpr) < 0) {
>                printk("%s %dk-001.c:register_kprobe is failed\n",
> __FILE__, __LINE__);
>                return -1;
>        }
>        printk("%s %d, register_kprobe is successful\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
>
>        printk("%s %d, Inserting the kretprobe for sys_open\n",
> __FILE__, __LINE__);
>        my_kretprobe.kp.symbol_name = (char *)probed_func;
>
>        if ((ret = register_kretprobe(&my_kretprobe)) < 0) {
>                printk("%s %d, register_kretprobe failed, returned
> %d\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, ret);
>                return -1;
>        }
>        printk("%s %d, Planted return probe for sys_open at %p\n",
> __FILE__, __LINE__, my_kretprobe.kp.addr);
>
>        my_jprobe.kp.symbol_name = "sys_open";
>
>        if ((retj = register_jprobe(&my_jprobe)) < 0) {
>                printk("%s %d,register_jprobe failed, returned %d\n",
> __FILE__, __LINE__, ret);
>                return -1;
>        }
>        printk("%s %d,Planted jprobe at %p, handler addr %p\n",
> __FILE__, __LINE__, my_jprobe.kp.addr, my_jprobe.entry);
>
>        return 0;
> }
>
> static void __exit k_001_exit_probe(void)
> {
>        unregister_kprobe(&k_001_kpr);
>        printk("%s %d\nkprobe unregistered from sys_open \n",
> __FILE__, __LINE__);
>
>        unregister_kretprobe(&my_kretprobe);
>        printk("%s %dkretprobe unregistered\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
>        /* nmissed > 0 suggests that maxactive was set too low. */
>        printk("%s %dMissed probing %d instances of %s\n", __FILE__,
> __LINE__, my_kretprobe.nmissed, probed_func);
>
>        unregister_jprobe(&my_jprobe);
>        printk("%s %d,jprobe unregistered\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
>
>        if (k_count1 > 0 && k_count2 > 0 && k_count3 > 0 && k_count4 > 0)
>                printk("TEST PASS");
>        else
>                printk("TEST FAIL");
> }
>
> module_init(k_001_init_probe);
> module_exit(k_001_exit_probe);
>
> MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Kprobes test module");
> MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>
> I have tested the above program and got result as system hang.
>
> Disable dump_stack:
> ------------------------------
> I have disabled dump_stack(ARM specific) in the above program
> and did not notice any problem.
>
> After disabling the dump_stack(), all the probes are working
> fine for 'do_fork,sys_open and sys_close system calls.
>
> ARM dump_stack implementation has been changed in 2.6.29 kernel:
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> I have found in 2.6.29 kernel the current ARM dump_stack implementation
> has been changed.Due to that change the kprobes,jprobes and kretprobes
> are failing for 'do_fork,sys_open and sys_close' system calls.
>
> Current dump_stack implementation:
>
> Location: arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
>
> void dump_stack(void)
> {
>        dump_backtrace(NULL, NULL);
> }
>
>
> I have just reverted back the above source to old kernel implementation.
>
> Index: b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
> ===================================================================
> --- a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
> @@ -202,7 +202,11 @@ static void dump_backtrace(struct pt_reg
>
>  void dump_stack(void)
>  {
> +#if 0
>        dump_backtrace(NULL, NULL);
> +#else
> +       __backtrace();
> +#endif
>  }
>
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(dump_stack);
>
>
> After the above change,All probes are working fine with
> enabling of dump_stack() in my sample modules.
>
> I have some queries with repect to the above changes.
>
> Queries:
> ========
> 1) Revert back the old kernel implementation might not be a good solution.
>        I anticipate it needs to be fixed in 2.6.29 kernel implementations.
>        Am i right/wrong.
>
> 2) Shall i avoid by calling dump_stack() in my sample test modules?
>
> 3) Only do_fork, sys_open and sys_close system calls are working fine with
>        dump_stack() but still 'SEGV,sysetm hangs' for do_execve,do_gettimeofday,
>        sys_gettimeofday,sys_read,sys_write, etc system calls.
>
> I have been further investigating with respect to the above issues
> Meanwhile could you please provide the inputs with respect to the above queries?
>
> Thanks in advance.
>
> Best regards,
> Venkappa
>
>
> On Tue, Aug 25, 2009 at 11:07 PM, Nicolas Pitre<nico@cam.org> wrote:
>> On Tue, 25 Aug 2009, venki kaps wrote:
>>
>>> Hi,
>>>
>>> I have been tracing kernel system call information using
>>> the Kprobes/jprobes/kretprobes implementation in the 2.6.29 kernel on
>>> ARM architecture.
>>> Although the mainline kprobe/jprobe/kretprobe examples are working
>>> fine (do_fork),
>>> I have been facing some issues while running my own jprobe/kretprobe tests.
>>>
>> [...]
>>>
>>> Query:
>>> =====
>>>       - Are there any limitations for jptobes/kretporbes in mainline kernel for ARM?
>>
>> No limitation in particular that I know of.
>>
>>>       - Why it works for only do_fork and why not for others
>>> (do_execve/sys_open/sys_close/sys_read/sys_write)?
>>
>> I don't know.  Will try to have a look.
>>
>>>       - Is it required any additional setup to achieve this?
>>
>> Not supposed to need anything special.
>>
>>
>> Nicolas
>>
>
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