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SubjectRe: [TOOL] c2kpe: C expression to kprobe event format converter
Frederic Weisbecker wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 13, 2009 at 04:59:19PM -0400, Masami Hiramatsu wrote:
>> This program converts probe point in C expression to kprobe event
>> format for kprobe-based event tracer. This helps to define kprobes
>> events by C source line number or function name, and local variable
>> name. Currently, this supports only x86(32/64) kernels.
>>
>>
>> Compile
>> --------
>> Before compilation, please install libelf and libdwarf development
>> packages.
>> (e.g. elfutils-libelf-devel and libdwarf-devel on Fedora)
>
>
> This may probably need a specific libdwarf version?
>
> c2kpe.c: In function ‘die_get_entrypc’:
> c2kpe.c:422: erreur: ‘Dwarf_Ranges’ undeclared (first use in this function)
> c2kpe.c:422: erreur: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
> c2kpe.c:422: erreur: for each function it appears in.)
> c2kpe.c:422: erreur: ‘ranges’ undeclared (first use in this function)
> c2kpe.c:447: attention : implicit declaration of function ‘dwarf_get_ranges’
> c2kpe.c:451: attention : implicit declaration of function ‘dwarf_ranges_dealloc’

Aah, sure, it should be compiled with libdwarf newer than 20090324.
You can find it in http://reality.sgiweb.org/davea/dwarf.html

BTW, libdwarf and libdw (which is the yet another implementation of
dwarf library) are still under development, e.g. libdwarf doesn't
support gcc-4.4.1(very new) and only the latest libdw(0.142) can
support it. So, perhaps I might better port it on libdw, even that is
less documented...:(

>> TODO
>> ----
>> - Fix bugs.
>> - Support multiple probepoints from stdin.
>> - Better kmodule support.
>> - Use elfutils-libdw?
>> - Merge into trace-cmd or perf-tools?
>
>
> Yeah definetly, that would be a veeery interesting thing to have.
> I've played with kprobe ftrace to debug something this evening.
>
> It's very cool to be able to put dynamic tracepoints in desired places.
>
> But...
> I firstly needed to put random trace_printk() in some places to
> observe some variables values. And then I thought about the kprobes
> tracer and realized I could do that without the need of rebuilding
> my kernel. Then I've played with it and indeed it works well and
> it's useful, but at the cost of reading objdump based assembly
> code to find the places where I could find my variables values.
> And after two or three probes in such conditions, I've become
> tired of that, then I wanted to try this tool.
>
>
> While I cannot yet because of this build error, I can imagine
> the power of such facility from perf.
>
> We could have a perf probe that creates a kprobe event in debugfs
> (default enable = 0) and which then rely on perf record for the actual
> recording.
>
> Then we could analyse it through perf trace.
> Let's imagine a simple example:
>
> int foo(int arg1, int arg2)
> {
> int var1;
>
> var1 = arg1;
> var1 *= arg2;
> var1 -= arg1;
>
> ------> insert a probe here (file bar.c : line 60)
>
> var1 ^= ...
>
> return var1;
> }
>
> ./perf kprobe --file bar.c:60 --action "arg1=%d","arg2=%d","var1=%d" -- ls -R /

I recommend it should be separated from record, like below:

# set new event
./perf kprobe --add kprobe:event1 --file bar.c:60 --action "arg1=%d","arg2=%d","var1=%d"
# record new event
./perf record -e kprobe:event1 -a -R -- ls -R /

This will allow us to focus on one thing -- convert C to kprobe-tracer.
And also, it can be listed as like as tracepoint events.

> ./perf trace
> arg1=1 arg2=1 var1=0
> arg1=2 arg2=2 var1=2
> etc..
>
> You may want to sort by field:
>
> ./perf trace -s arg1 --order desc
> arg1=1
> |
> ------- arg2=1 var=1
> |
> ------- arg2=2 var=1
>
> arg1=2
> |
> ------- arg2=1 var=0
> |
> ------- [...]
>
> ./perf trace -s arg1,arg2 --order asc
> arg1=1
> |
> ------- arg2=1
> |
> --------- var1=0
> |
> --------- var1=....
> arg2=...
> |
>
> Ok the latter is a bad example because var1 will always have only one
> value for a given arg1 and arg2. But I guess you see the point.
>
> You won't have to care about the perf trace part, it's already
> implemented and I'll soon handle the sorting part.
>
> All we need is the perf kprobes that translate a C level
> probing expression to a /debug/tracing/kprobe_events compliant
> thing. And then just call perf record with the new created
> event as an argument.

Indeed, that's what I imagine.

Thank you,

--
Masami Hiramatsu

Software Engineer
Hitachi Computer Products (America), Inc.
Software Solutions Division

e-mail: mhiramat@redhat.com

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