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Subject[PATCH] ata_piix: parallel scanning on PATA needs an extra locking
Date

Hi,

This one is quite late but it fixes rather nasty 2.6.31 regression..


From: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <bzolnier@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH] ata_piix: parallel scanning on PATA needs an extra locking

Commit log for commit 517d3cc15b36392e518abab6bacbb72089658313
("[libata] ata_piix: Enable parallel scan") says:

This patch turns on parallel scanning for the ata_piix driver.
This driver is used on most netbooks (no AHCI for cheap storage it seems).
The scan is the dominating time factor in the kernel boot for these
devices; with this flag it gets cut in half for the device I used
for testing (eeepc).
Alan took a look at the driver source and concluded that it ought to be safe
to do for this driver. Alan has also checked with the hardware team.

and it is all true but once we put all things together additional
constraints for PATA controllers show up (some hardware registers
have per-host not per-port atomicity) and we risk misprogramming
the controller.

I used the following test to check whether the issue is real:

@@ -736,8 +736,20 @@ static void piix_set_piomode(struct ata_
(timings[pio][1] << 8);
}
pci_write_config_word(dev, master_port, master_data);
- if (is_slave)
+ if (is_slave) {
+ if (ap->port_no == 0) {
+ u8 tmp = slave_data;
+
+ while (slave_data == tmp) {
+ pci_read_config_byte(dev, slave_port, &tmp);
+ msleep(50);
+ }
+
+ dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &dev->dev, "PATA parallel scan "
+ "race detected\n");
+ }
pci_write_config_byte(dev, slave_port, slave_data);
+ }

/* Ensure the UDMA bit is off - it will be turned back on if
UDMA is selected */

and it indeed triggered the error message.

Lets fix all such races by adding an extra locking to ->set_piomode
and ->set_dmamode methods for PATA controllers.

Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Alan Cox <alan@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jeff Garzik <jgarzik@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <bzolnier@gmail.com>
---
drivers/ata/ata_piix.c | 14 +++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Index: b/drivers/ata/ata_piix.c
===================================================================
--- a/drivers/ata/ata_piix.c
+++ b/drivers/ata/ata_piix.c
@@ -664,6 +664,8 @@ static int piix_pata_prereset(struct ata
return ata_sff_prereset(link, deadline);
}

+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(piix_lock);
+
/**
* piix_set_piomode - Initialize host controller PATA PIO timings
* @ap: Port whose timings we are configuring
@@ -677,8 +679,9 @@ static int piix_pata_prereset(struct ata

static void piix_set_piomode(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_device *adev)
{
- unsigned int pio = adev->pio_mode - XFER_PIO_0;
struct pci_dev *dev = to_pci_dev(ap->host->dev);
+ unsigned long flags;
+ unsigned int pio = adev->pio_mode - XFER_PIO_0;
unsigned int is_slave = (adev->devno != 0);
unsigned int master_port= ap->port_no ? 0x42 : 0x40;
unsigned int slave_port = 0x44;
@@ -708,6 +711,8 @@ static void piix_set_piomode(struct ata_
if (adev->class == ATA_DEV_ATA)
control |= 4; /* PPE enable */

+ spin_lock_irqsave(&piix_lock, flags);
+
/* PIO configuration clears DTE unconditionally. It will be
* programmed in set_dmamode which is guaranteed to be called
* after set_piomode if any DMA mode is available.
@@ -747,6 +752,8 @@ static void piix_set_piomode(struct ata_
udma_enable &= ~(1 << (2 * ap->port_no + adev->devno));
pci_write_config_byte(dev, 0x48, udma_enable);
}
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&piix_lock, flags);
}

/**
@@ -764,6 +771,7 @@ static void piix_set_piomode(struct ata_
static void do_pata_set_dmamode(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_device *adev, int isich)
{
struct pci_dev *dev = to_pci_dev(ap->host->dev);
+ unsigned long flags;
u8 master_port = ap->port_no ? 0x42 : 0x40;
u16 master_data;
u8 speed = adev->dma_mode;
@@ -777,6 +785,8 @@ static void do_pata_set_dmamode(struct a
{ 2, 1 },
{ 2, 3 }, };

+ spin_lock_irqsave(&piix_lock, flags);
+
pci_read_config_word(dev, master_port, &master_data);
if (ap->udma_mask)
pci_read_config_byte(dev, 0x48, &udma_enable);
@@ -867,6 +877,8 @@ static void do_pata_set_dmamode(struct a
/* Don't scribble on 0x48 if the controller does not support UDMA */
if (ap->udma_mask)
pci_write_config_byte(dev, 0x48, udma_enable);
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&piix_lock, flags);
}

/**

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