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Subject[PATCH 03/18] kprobes: Checks probe address is instruction boudary on x86
Date
From: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>

Ensure safeness of inserting kprobes by checking whether the specified
address is at the first byte of an instruction on x86.
This is done by decoding probed function from its head to the probe
point.

Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Frank Ch. Eigler <fche@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com>
Cc: Jim Keniston <jkenisto@us.ibm.com>
Cc: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Przemysław Pawełczyk <przemyslaw@pawelczyk.it>
Cc: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com>
Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Tom Zanussi <tzanussi@gmail.com>
Cc: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com>
LKML-Reference: <20090813203428.31965.21939.stgit@localhost.localdomain>
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
---
arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c | 73 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c
index 7b5169d..aa15f3e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -48,12 +48,14 @@
#include <linux/preempt.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
+#include <linux/kallsyms.h>

#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/alternative.h>
+#include <asm/insn.h>

void jprobe_return_end(void);

@@ -244,6 +246,75 @@ retry:
}
}

+/* Recover the probed instruction at addr for further analysis. */
+static int recover_probed_instruction(kprobe_opcode_t *buf, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ struct kprobe *kp;
+ kp = get_kprobe((void *)addr);
+ if (!kp)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * Basically, kp->ainsn.insn has an original instruction.
+ * However, RIP-relative instruction can not do single-stepping
+ * at different place, fix_riprel() tweaks the displacement of
+ * that instruction. In that case, we can't recover the instruction
+ * from the kp->ainsn.insn.
+ *
+ * On the other hand, kp->opcode has a copy of the first byte of
+ * the probed instruction, which is overwritten by int3. And
+ * the instruction at kp->addr is not modified by kprobes except
+ * for the first byte, we can recover the original instruction
+ * from it and kp->opcode.
+ */
+ memcpy(buf, kp->addr, MAX_INSN_SIZE * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
+ buf[0] = kp->opcode;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Dummy buffers for kallsyms_lookup */
+static char __dummy_buf[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
+
+/* Check if paddr is at an instruction boundary */
+static int __kprobes can_probe(unsigned long paddr)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long addr, offset = 0;
+ struct insn insn;
+ kprobe_opcode_t buf[MAX_INSN_SIZE];
+
+ if (!kallsyms_lookup(paddr, NULL, &offset, NULL, __dummy_buf))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Decode instructions */
+ addr = paddr - offset;
+ while (addr < paddr) {
+ kernel_insn_init(&insn, (void *)addr);
+ insn_get_opcode(&insn);
+
+ /*
+ * Check if the instruction has been modified by another
+ * kprobe, in which case we replace the breakpoint by the
+ * original instruction in our buffer.
+ */
+ if (insn.opcode.bytes[0] == BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION) {
+ ret = recover_probed_instruction(buf, addr);
+ if (ret)
+ /*
+ * Another debugging subsystem might insert
+ * this breakpoint. In that case, we can't
+ * recover it.
+ */
+ return 0;
+ kernel_insn_init(&insn, buf);
+ }
+ insn_get_length(&insn);
+ addr += insn.length;
+ }
+
+ return (addr == paddr);
+}
+
/*
* Returns non-zero if opcode modifies the interrupt flag.
*/
@@ -359,6 +430,8 @@ static void __kprobes arch_copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)

int __kprobes arch_prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
+ if (!can_probe((unsigned long)p->addr))
+ return -EILSEQ;
/* insn: must be on special executable page on x86. */
p->ainsn.insn = get_insn_slot();
if (!p->ainsn.insn)
--
1.6.2.3
--
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