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Subject[TOOL] kprobestest : Kprobe stress test tool
This script tests kprobes to probe on all symbols in the kernel and finds
symbols which must be blacklisted.


Usage
-----
kprobestest [-s SYMLIST] [-b BLACKLIST] [-w WHITELIST]
Run stress test. If SYMLIST file is specified, use it as
an initial symbol list (This is useful for verifying white list
after diagnosing all symbols).

kprobestest cleanup
Cleanup all lists


How to Work
-----------
This tool list up all symbols in the kernel via /proc/kallsyms, and sorts
it into groups (each of them including 64 symbols in default). And then,
it tests each group by using kprobe-tracer. If a kernel crash occurred,
that group is moved into 'failed' dir. If the group passed the test, this
script moves it into 'passed' dir and saves kprobe_profile into
'passed/profiles/'.
After testing all groups, all 'failed' groups are merged and sorted into
smaller groups (divided by 4, in default). And those are tested again.
This loop will be repeated until all group has just 1 symbol.

Finally, the script sorts all 'passed' symbols into 'tested', 'untested',
and 'missed' based on profiles.


Note
----
- This script just gives us some clues to the blacklisted functions.
In some cases, a combination of probe points will cause a problem, but
each of them doesn't cause the problem alone.

Thank you,

--
Masami Hiramatsu

Software Engineer
Hitachi Computer Products (America), Inc.
Software Solutions Division

e-mail: mhiramat@redhat.com

#!/bin/bash
#
# kprobestest: Kprobes stress test tool
# Written by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
#
# Usage:
# $ kprobestest [-s SYMLIST] [-b BLACKLIST] [-w WHITELIST]
# Run stress test. If SYMLIST file is specified, use it as
# an initial symbol list (This is useful for verifying white list
# after diagnosing all symbols).
#
# $ kprobestest cleanup
# Cleanup all lists

# Configurations
DEBUGFS=/sys/kernel/debug
INITNR=64
DIV=4
SYMFILE=syms.list
FAILFILE=black.list

function do_test () {
# Do some benchmark
for i in {1..4} ; do
sleep 0.5
echo -n "."
done
}

function usage () {
echo "Usage: kprobestest [cleanup] [-s SYMLIST] [-b BLACKLIST] [-w WHITELIST]"
exit 0
}

function cleanup_test () {
echo "Cleanup all files"
rm -rf $SYMFILE failed passed testing unset
exit 0
}


# Parse arguments
WHITELIST=
BLACKLIST=
SYMLIST=

while [ "$1" ]; do
case $1 in
cleanup)
cleanup_test
;;
-s)
SYMLIST=$2
shift 1
;;
-b)
BLACKLIST=$2
shift 1
;;
-w)
WHITELIST=$2
shift 1
;;
*)
usage
;;
esac
shift 1
done

# Show configurations
echo "Kprobe stress test starting."
[ -f "$BLACKLIST" ] && echo "Blacklist: $BLACKLIST" || BLACKLIST=""
[ -f "$WHITELIST" ] && echo "Whitelist: $WHITELIST" || WHITELIST=""
[ -f "$SYMLIST" ] && echo "Symlist: $SYMLIST" || SYMLIST=""

function make_filter () {
local EXP=""
if [ -z "$WHITELIST" -a -z "$BLACKLIST" ]; then
echo "s/^$//g"
else
for i in `cat $WHITELIST $BLACKLIST` ;do
[ -z "$EXP" ] && EXP="^$i\$" || EXP="$EXP\\|^$i\$"
done ; EXP="s/$EXP//g"
echo $EXP
fi
}

function list_allsyms () {
local sym
local out=1
for sym in `sort /proc/kallsyms | egrep '[0-9a-f]+ [Tt] [^[]*$' | cut -d\ -f 3`;do
[ $sym = "__kprobes_text_start" ] && out=0 && continue
[ $sym = "__kprobes_text_end" ] && out=1 && continue
[ $sym = "_etext" ] && break
[ $out -eq 1 ] && echo $sym
done
}

function prep_testing () {
local i=0
local n=0
local NR=$1
local fname=

echo "Grouping symbols: $NR"

fname=`printf "list-%03d.%d" $i $NR`
cat $SYMFILE | while read ln; do
[ -z "$ln" ] && continue
echo "$ln" >> testing/$fname
n=$((n+1))
if [ $n -eq $NR ]; then
n=0
i=$((i+1))
fname=`printf "list-%03d.%d" $i $NR`
fi
done
sync
}

function init_first () {
local EXP
EXP=`make_filter`
if [ -f "$SYMLIST" ]; then
cat $SYMLIST | sed $EXP > $SYMFILE
else
echo -n "Generating symbol list from /proc/kallsyms..."
list_allsyms | sed $EXP > $SYMFILE
echo "done. " `wc -l $SYMFILE | cut -f1 -d\ ` "symbols listed."
fi
mkdir -p testing failed unset passed passed/profiles
prep_testing $INITNR
}

function get_max_nr () {
wc -l failed/list-* unset/list-* 2>/dev/null |\
awk '/^ *[0-9]+ .*list.*$/{ if (nr < $1) nr=$1 } BEGIN { nr=0 } END { print nr}'
}

function init_next () {
local NR
NR=`get_max_nr`
[ $NR -eq 0 ] && return 1
[ $NR -eq 1 ] && return 2
[ $NR -le $DIV ] && NR=1 || NR=`expr $NR / $DIV`

cat failed/* unset/* > $SYMFILE
rm failed/* unset/*

prep_testing $NR
return 0
}


# Initialize symbols
if [ ! -d testing ]; then
init_first
elif [ -z "`ls testing/`" ]; then
init_next
fi

function set_probes () {
local s
for s in `cat $1`; do
echo "p:$s" $s >> $DEBUGFS/tracing/kprobe_events
[ $? -ne 0 ] && return -1
done
return 0
}

function clear_probes () {
echo > $DEBUGFS/tracing/kprobe_events
}

function save_profile () {
cat $DEBUGFS/tracing/kprobe_profile > passed/profiles/$1.prof
}

clear_probes

echo "Starting tests.."

RET=0

# Main loop
while [ $RET -eq 0 ]; do

for list in `cd testing/; ls`; do
echo -n $list
# Temporary moving list into failed.
mv testing/$list failed/
sync;sync
echo -n "sync.."
set_probes failed/$list
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
clear_probes
sync;sync
echo "can not set"
mv failed/$list unset/
sync;sync
else
do_test
save_profile $list
clear_probes
sync;sync
echo "done"
mv failed/$list passed/
sync;sync
fi
done

init_next
RET=$?
done

if [ $RET -eq 1 ];then
# No failed symbols
echo "no failed symbols found."
else
echo "found failed symbols:"
cat failed/* | tee $FAILFILE
rm failed/*
fi

function profile_symbols () {
local s h m
rm -f tested.list missed.list untested.list
cat passed/profiles/*.prof | while read s h m ;do
if [ $h -ne 0 ]; then
echo $s >> tested.list
elif [ $m -ne 0 ]; then
echo $s >> missed.list
else
echo $s >> untested.list
fi
done
}

echo -n "Profiling symbols..."
profile_symbols
echo done
echo tested: `wc -l tested.list | cut -d\ -f1` symbols
echo missed: `wc -l missed.list | cut -d\ -f1` symbols
echo untested: `wc -l untested.list | cut -d\ -f1` symbols
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