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    Subject[PATCH v3 18/18] writeback: optimize periodic sync_supers
    The sync_supers thread wakes up every 5 seconds (by default) and
    writes back all super blocks. It keeps waking up even if there
    are no dirty super-blocks.

    This patch improves it and makes sleep if there is nothing to do.
    This optimization is quite important for small battery-powered
    devices.

    Signed-off-by: Artem Bityutskiy <Artem.Bityutskiy@nokia.com>
    ---
    include/linux/fs.h | 5 +----
    mm/backing-dev.c | 46 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
    2 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

    diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
    index 7882a61..ae626b7 100644
    --- a/include/linux/fs.h
    +++ b/include/linux/fs.h
    @@ -1793,10 +1793,7 @@ int __put_super_and_need_restart(struct super_block *sb);
    * Note, VFS does not provide any protection for the super block clean/dirty
    * state. File-systems should take care of this.
    */
    -static inline void mark_sb_dirty(struct super_block *sb)
    -{
    - sb->s_dirty = 1;
    -}
    +void mark_sb_dirty(struct super_block *sb);
    static inline void mark_sb_clean(struct super_block *sb)
    {
    sb->s_dirty = 0;
    diff --git a/mm/backing-dev.c b/mm/backing-dev.c
    index 75e6c47..96f4b2a 100644
    --- a/mm/backing-dev.c
    +++ b/mm/backing-dev.c
    @@ -32,6 +32,8 @@ LIST_HEAD(bdi_pending_list);

    static struct task_struct *sync_supers_tsk;
    static struct timer_list sync_supers_timer;
    +static int supers_timer_armed;
    +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(supers_timer_lock);

    static int bdi_sync_supers(void *);
    static void sync_supers_timer_fn(unsigned long);
    @@ -440,6 +442,11 @@ static void bdi_flush_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
    * or we risk deadlocking on ->s_umount. The longer term solution would be
    * to implement sync_supers_bdi() or similar and simply do it from the
    * bdi writeback tasks individually.
    + *
    + * Historically this thread woke up periodically, regardless of whether
    + * there was any dirty super block. However, nowadays it is optimized to
    + * wake up only when there is something to sync - this is better from the
    + * power management point of view.
    */
    static int bdi_sync_supers(void *unused)
    {
    @@ -449,10 +456,24 @@ static int bdi_sync_supers(void *unused)
    set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
    schedule();

    + spin_lock(&supers_timer_lock);
    + /* Indicate that 'sync_supers' is in progress */
    + supers_timer_armed = -1;
    + spin_unlock(&supers_timer_lock);
    +
    /*
    * Do this periodically, like kupdated() did before.
    */
    sync_supers();
    +
    + spin_lock(&supers_timer_lock);
    + if (supers_timer_armed == 1)
    + /* A super block was marked as dirty meanwhile */
    + arm_supers_timer();
    + else
    + /* No more dirty super blocks - we've synced'em all */
    + supers_timer_armed = 0;
    + spin_unlock(&supers_timer_lock);
    }

    return 0;
    @@ -469,9 +490,32 @@ static void arm_supers_timer(void)
    static void sync_supers_timer_fn(unsigned long unused)
    {
    wake_up_process(sync_supers_tsk);
    - arm_supers_timer();
    }

    +void mark_sb_dirty(struct super_block *sb)
    +{
    + sb->s_dirty = 1;
    +
    + /*
    + * A super block has been marked dirty - arm the 'sync_supers' kernel
    + * thread timer to make sure the super block is synchronized later.
    + */
    + spin_lock(&supers_timer_lock);
    + if (!supers_timer_armed) {
    + arm_supers_timer();
    + supers_timer_armed = 1;
    + } else if (supers_timer_armed == -1) {
    + /*
    + * The super-blocks are being synchronized at the moment,
    + * indicate that a new super block has been marked as dirty and
    + * the timer should be armed again.
    + */
    + supers_timer_armed = 1;
    + }
    + spin_unlock(&supers_timer_lock);
    +}
    +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mark_sb_dirty);
    +
    static int bdi_forker_task(void *ptr)
    {
    struct bdi_writeback *me = ptr;
    --
    1.6.0.6


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