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SubjectRe: [PATCH][KVM][retry 4] Add support for Pause Filtering to AMD SVM
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On Thursday 21 May 2009 06:25:17 Mark Langsdorf wrote:
> This feature creates a new field in the VMCB called Pause
> Filter Count. If Pause Filter Count is greater than 0 and
> intercepting PAUSEs is enabled, the processor will increment
> an internal counter when a PAUSE instruction occurs instead
> of intercepting. When the internal counter reaches the
> Pause Filter Count value, a PAUSE intercept will occur.
>

(dig it from archives...)

Any update for the patch(I mean the scheduler part)? I think people agreed on
the approach?

--
regards
Yang, Sheng

> This feature can be used to detect contended spinlocks,
> especially when the lock holding VCPU is not scheduled.
> Rescheduling another VCPU prevents the VCPU seeking the
> lock from wasting its quantum by spinning idly. Perform
> the reschedule by increasing the the credited time on
> the VCPU.
>
> Experimental results show that most spinlocks are held
> for less than 1000 PAUSE cycles or more than a few
> thousand. Default the Pause Filter Counter to 3000 to
> detect the contended spinlocks.
>
> Processor support for this feature is indicated by a CPUID
> bit.
>
> On a 24 core system running 4 guests each with 16 VCPUs,
> this patch improved overall performance of each guest's
> 32 job kernbench by approximately 1%. Further performance
> improvement may be possible with a more sophisticated
> yield algorithm.
>
> -Mark Langsdorf
> Operating System Research Center
> AMD
>
> Signed-off-by: Mark Langsdorf <mark.langsdorf@amd.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/svm.h | 3 ++-
> arch/x86/kvm/svm.c | 13 +++++++++++++
> include/linux/sched.h | 7 +++++++
> kernel/sched.c | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/svm.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/svm.h
> index 85574b7..1fecb7e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/svm.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/svm.h
> @@ -57,7 +57,8 @@ struct __attribute__ ((__packed__)) vmcb_control_area {
> u16 intercept_dr_write;
> u32 intercept_exceptions;
> u64 intercept;
> - u8 reserved_1[44];
> + u8 reserved_1[42];
> + u16 pause_filter_count;
> u64 iopm_base_pa;
> u64 msrpm_base_pa;
> u64 tsc_offset;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> index ef43a18..dad6c4b 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> @@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> #define SVM_FEATURE_NPT (1 << 0)
> #define SVM_FEATURE_LBRV (1 << 1)
> #define SVM_FEATURE_SVML (1 << 2)
> +#define SVM_FEATURE_PAUSE_FILTER (1 << 10)
>
> #define DEBUGCTL_RESERVED_BITS (~(0x3fULL))
>
> @@ -575,6 +576,11 @@ static void init_vmcb(struct vcpu_svm *svm)
>
> svm->nested_vmcb = 0;
> svm->vcpu.arch.hflags = HF_GIF_MASK;
> +
> + if (svm_has(SVM_FEATURE_PAUSE_FILTER)) {
> + control->pause_filter_count = 3000;
> + control->intercept |= (1ULL << INTERCEPT_PAUSE);
> + }
> }
>
> static int svm_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> @@ -2087,6 +2093,12 @@ static int interrupt_window_interception(struct
> vcpu_svm *svm, return 1;
> }
>
> +static int pause_interception(struct vcpu_svm *svm, struct kvm_run
> *kvm_run) +{
> + sched_delay_yield(1000000);
> + return 1;
> +}
> +
> static int (*svm_exit_handlers[])(struct vcpu_svm *svm,
> struct kvm_run *kvm_run) = {
> [SVM_EXIT_READ_CR0] = emulate_on_interception,
> @@ -2123,6 +2135,7 @@ static int (*svm_exit_handlers[])(struct vcpu_svm
> *svm, [SVM_EXIT_CPUID] = cpuid_interception,
> [SVM_EXIT_IRET] = iret_interception,
> [SVM_EXIT_INVD] = emulate_on_interception,
> + [SVM_EXIT_PAUSE] = pause_interception,
> [SVM_EXIT_HLT] = halt_interception,
> [SVM_EXIT_INVLPG] = invlpg_interception,
> [SVM_EXIT_INVLPGA] = invalid_op_interception,
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index b4c38bc..9cde585 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -2283,6 +2283,9 @@ static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct
> task_struct *p) return task_thread_info(p)->cpu;
> }
>
> +extern void sched_delay_yield(unsigned long ns);
> +
> +
> extern void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu);
>
> #else
> @@ -2292,6 +2295,10 @@ static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct
> task_struct *p) return 0;
> }
>
> +void sched_delay_yield(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int delay)
> +{
> +}
> +
> static inline void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
> {
> }
> diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
> index b902e58..3aed2f6 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched.c
> @@ -1947,6 +1947,24 @@ task_hot(struct task_struct *p, u64 now, struct
> sched_domain *sd) return delta < (s64)sysctl_sched_migration_cost;
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Interface for yielding a thread by delaying it for a known
> + * interval. Use at your own risk and not with real-time.
> + *
> + * Like yield, except for SCHED_OTHER/BATCH, where it will
> + * give us @ns time for the 'good' cause.
> + */
> +void sched_delay_yield(unsigned long ns)
> +{
> + struct task_struct *curr = current;
> + if (curr->sched_class == &fair_sched_class) {
> + struct sched_entity *se = &curr->se;
> + __update_curr(cfs_rq_of(se), se, ns);
> + schedule();
> + } else
> + yield();
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sched_delay_yield);
>
> void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int new_cpu)
> {




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