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SubjectRe: Soft-Lockup/Race in networking in 2.6.31-rc1+195 ( possibly?caused by netem)
On Mon, Jul 06, 2009 at 05:53:51AM +0100, Joao Correia wrote:
> Hello
>
> System freezes immediatly after grub, no init processing at all, after
> applying those patches on top of vanilla 2.6.30 on my box.
...
> doesnt work on top of 2.6.30. It complains, while compiling, that
> sysctl_timer_migration is not defined. So i just replaced that call
> with return 1, like on the not debug case. Hope this doesnt defeat
> your test case, but it wouldnt compile otherwise. Probably that was
> just introduced after 2.6.30?

Yes, my bad, sorry. I've found 2 more patches from this series; can't
guarantee that's all, but seems to work & migrate within my one and
only core without any problems ;-)

Jarek P.
commit 597d0275736dad9c3bda6f0a00a1c477dc0f37b1
Author: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Date: Thu Apr 16 12:13:26 2009 +0530

timers: Framework for identifying pinned timers

* Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com> [2009-04-16 12:11:36]:

This patch creates a new framework for identifying cpu-pinned timers
and hrtimers.

This framework is needed because pinned timers are expected to fire on
the same CPU on which they are queued. So it is essential to identify
these and not migrate them, in case there are any.

For regular timers, the currently existing add_timer_on() can be used
queue pinned timers and subsequently mod_timer_pinned() can be used
to modify the 'expires' field.

For hrtimers, new modes HRTIMER_ABS_PINNED and HRTIMER_REL_PINNED are
added to queue cpu-pinned hrtimer.

[ tglx: use .._PINNED mode argument instead of creating tons of new
functions ]

Signed-off-by: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

diff --git a/include/linux/hrtimer.h b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
index 0d2f7c8..7400900 100644
--- a/include/linux/hrtimer.h
+++ b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
@@ -30,8 +30,11 @@ struct hrtimer_cpu_base;
* Mode arguments of xxx_hrtimer functions:
*/
enum hrtimer_mode {
- HRTIMER_MODE_ABS, /* Time value is absolute */
- HRTIMER_MODE_REL, /* Time value is relative to now */
+ HRTIMER_MODE_ABS = 0x0, /* Time value is absolute */
+ HRTIMER_MODE_REL = 0x1, /* Time value is relative to now */
+ HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED = 0x02, /* Timer is bound to CPU */
+ HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED = 0x02,
+ HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED = 0x03,
};

/*
diff --git a/include/linux/timer.h b/include/linux/timer.h
index 6cdb6f3..ccf882e 100644
--- a/include/linux/timer.h
+++ b/include/linux/timer.h
@@ -163,7 +163,10 @@ extern void add_timer_on(struct timer_list *timer, int cpu);
extern int del_timer(struct timer_list * timer);
extern int mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires);
extern int mod_timer_pending(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires);
+extern int mod_timer_pinned(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires);

+#define TIMER_NOT_PINNED 0
+#define TIMER_PINNED 1
/*
* The jiffies value which is added to now, when there is no timer
* in the timer wheel:
diff --git a/kernel/hrtimer.c b/kernel/hrtimer.c
index cb8a15c..c71bcd5 100644
--- a/kernel/hrtimer.c
+++ b/kernel/hrtimer.c
@@ -193,7 +193,8 @@ struct hrtimer_clock_base *lock_hrtimer_base(const struct hrtimer *timer,
* Switch the timer base to the current CPU when possible.
*/
static inline struct hrtimer_clock_base *
-switch_hrtimer_base(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base)
+switch_hrtimer_base(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base,
+ int pinned)
{
struct hrtimer_clock_base *new_base;
struct hrtimer_cpu_base *new_cpu_base;
@@ -907,9 +908,9 @@ int __hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim,
ret = remove_hrtimer(timer, base);

/* Switch the timer base, if necessary: */
- new_base = switch_hrtimer_base(timer, base);
+ new_base = switch_hrtimer_base(timer, base, mode & HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED);

- if (mode == HRTIMER_MODE_REL) {
+ if (mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL) {
tim = ktime_add_safe(tim, new_base->get_time());
/*
* CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES is a temporary way for architectures
diff --git a/kernel/timer.c b/kernel/timer.c
index 5c1e84b..3424dfd 100644
--- a/kernel/timer.c
+++ b/kernel/timer.c
@@ -604,7 +604,8 @@ static struct tvec_base *lock_timer_base(struct timer_list *timer,
}

static inline int
-__mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires, bool pending_only)
+__mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires,
+ bool pending_only, int pinned)
{
struct tvec_base *base, *new_base;
unsigned long flags;
@@ -668,7 +669,7 @@ out_unlock:
*/
int mod_timer_pending(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires)
{
- return __mod_timer(timer, expires, true);
+ return __mod_timer(timer, expires, true, TIMER_NOT_PINNED);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mod_timer_pending);

@@ -702,11 +703,33 @@ int mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires)
if (timer->expires == expires && timer_pending(timer))
return 1;

- return __mod_timer(timer, expires, false);
+ return __mod_timer(timer, expires, false, TIMER_NOT_PINNED);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mod_timer);

/**
+ * mod_timer_pinned - modify a timer's timeout
+ * @timer: the timer to be modified
+ * @expires: new timeout in jiffies
+ *
+ * mod_timer_pinned() is a way to update the expire field of an
+ * active timer (if the timer is inactive it will be activated)
+ * and not allow the timer to be migrated to a different CPU.
+ *
+ * mod_timer_pinned(timer, expires) is equivalent to:
+ *
+ * del_timer(timer); timer->expires = expires; add_timer(timer);
+ */
+int mod_timer_pinned(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires)
+{
+ if (timer->expires == expires && timer_pending(timer))
+ return 1;
+
+ return __mod_timer(timer, expires, false, TIMER_PINNED);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mod_timer_pinned);
+
+/**
* add_timer - start a timer
* @timer: the timer to be added
*
@@ -1356,7 +1379,7 @@ signed long __sched schedule_timeout(signed long timeout)
expire = timeout + jiffies;

setup_timer_on_stack(&timer, process_timeout, (unsigned long)current);
- __mod_timer(&timer, expire, false);
+ __mod_timer(&timer, expire, false, TIMER_NOT_PINNED);
schedule();
del_singleshot_timer_sync(&timer);
commit 5c333864a6ba811052d52ef14fbed056b9ac3512
Author: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Date: Thu Apr 16 12:14:37 2009 +0530

timers: Identifying the existing pinned timers

* Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com> [2009-04-16 12:11:36]:

The following pinned hrtimers have been identified and marked:
1)sched_rt_period_timer
2)tick_sched_timer
3)stack_trace_timer_fn

[ tglx: fixup the hrtimer pinned mode ]

Signed-off-by: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c
index 2bda693..a9cad1b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_uv_x.c
@@ -463,7 +463,7 @@ static void uv_heartbeat(unsigned long ignored)
uv_set_scir_bits(bits);

/* enable next timer period */
- mod_timer(timer, jiffies + SCIR_CPU_HB_INTERVAL);
+ mod_timer_pinned(timer, jiffies + SCIR_CPU_HB_INTERVAL);
}

static void __cpuinit uv_heartbeat_enable(int cpu)
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index b902e58..9c5b4d3 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -244,7 +244,7 @@ static void start_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b)
hard = hrtimer_get_expires(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(hard, soft));
__hrtimer_start_range_ns(&rt_b->rt_period_timer, soft, delta,
- HRTIMER_MODE_ABS, 0);
+ HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED, 0);
}
spin_unlock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
}
@@ -1154,7 +1154,7 @@ static __init void init_hrtick(void)
static void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay)
{
__hrtimer_start_range_ns(&rq->hrtick_timer, ns_to_ktime(delay), 0,
- HRTIMER_MODE_REL, 0);
+ HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED, 0);
}

static inline void init_hrtick(void)
diff --git a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
index d3f1ef4..2aff39c 100644
--- a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
+++ b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
@@ -349,7 +349,7 @@ void tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(int inidle)

if (ts->nohz_mode == NOHZ_MODE_HIGHRES) {
hrtimer_start(&ts->sched_timer, expires,
- HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+ HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED);
/* Check, if the timer was already in the past */
if (hrtimer_active(&ts->sched_timer))
goto out;
@@ -395,7 +395,7 @@ static void tick_nohz_restart(struct tick_sched *ts, ktime_t now)

if (ts->nohz_mode == NOHZ_MODE_HIGHRES) {
hrtimer_start_expires(&ts->sched_timer,
- HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+ HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED);
/* Check, if the timer was already in the past */
if (hrtimer_active(&ts->sched_timer))
break;
@@ -698,7 +698,8 @@ void tick_setup_sched_timer(void)

for (;;) {
hrtimer_forward(&ts->sched_timer, now, tick_period);
- hrtimer_start_expires(&ts->sched_timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+ hrtimer_start_expires(&ts->sched_timer,
+ HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED);
/* Check, if the timer was already in the past */
if (hrtimer_active(&ts->sched_timer))
break;
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_sysprof.c b/kernel/trace/trace_sysprof.c
index 91fd19c..d180554 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_sysprof.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_sysprof.c
@@ -203,7 +203,8 @@ static void start_stack_timer(void *unused)
hrtimer_init(hrtimer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
hrtimer->function = stack_trace_timer_fn;

- hrtimer_start(hrtimer, ns_to_ktime(sample_period), HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+ hrtimer_start(hrtimer, ns_to_ktime(sample_period),
+ HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED);
}

static void start_stack_timers(void)commit cd1bb94b4a0531e8211a3774f17de831f8285f76
Author: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Date: Thu Apr 16 12:15:34 2009 +0530

timers: /proc/sys sysctl hook to enable timer migration

* Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com> [2009-04-16 12:11:36]:

This patch creates the /proc/sys sysctl interface at
/proc/sys/kernel/timer_migration

Timer migration is enabled by default.

To disable timer migration, when CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG = y,

echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/timer_migration
Signed-off-by: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index b4c38bc..6185040 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1766,6 +1766,7 @@ extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_child_runs_first;
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_features;
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_migration_cost;
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_nr_migrate;
+extern unsigned int sysctl_timer_migration;

int sched_nr_latency_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
struct file *file, void __user *buffer, size_t *length,
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 9c5b4d3..7f1dd56 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -8731,6 +8731,8 @@ void __init sched_init_smp(void)
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

+const_debug unsigned int sysctl_timer_migration = 1;
+
int in_sched_functions(unsigned long addr)
{
return in_lock_functions(addr) ||
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index e3d2c7d..b3ce581 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -324,6 +324,14 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
},
+ {
+ .ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
+ .procname = "timer_migration",
+ .data = &sysctl_timer_migration,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(unsigned int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ },
#endif
{
.ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,commit eea08f32adb3f97553d49a4f79a119833036000a
Author: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Date: Thu Apr 16 12:16:41 2009 +0530

timers: Logic to move non pinned timers

* Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com> [2009-04-16 12:11:36]:

This patch migrates all non pinned timers and hrtimers to the current
idle load balancer, from all the idle CPUs. Timers firing on busy CPUs
are not migrated.

While migrating hrtimers, care should be taken to check if migrating
a hrtimer would result in a latency or not. So we compare the expiry of the
hrtimer with the next timer interrupt on the target cpu and migrate the
hrtimer only if it expires *after* the next interrupt on the target cpu.
So, added a clockevents_get_next_event() helper function to return the
next_event on the target cpu's clock_event_device.

[ tglx: cleanups and simplifications ]

Signed-off-by: Arun R Bharadwaj <arun@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

diff --git a/include/linux/clockchips.h b/include/linux/clockchips.h
index 3a1dbba..20a100f 100644
--- a/include/linux/clockchips.h
+++ b/include/linux/clockchips.h
@@ -143,3 +143,12 @@ extern void clockevents_notify(unsigned long reason, void *arg);
#endif

#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS
+extern ktime_t clockevents_get_next_event(int cpu);
+#else
+static inline ktime_t clockevents_get_next_event(int cpu)
+{
+ return (ktime_t) { .tv64 = KTIME_MAX };
+}
+#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 6185040..311dec1 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -257,6 +257,7 @@ extern void task_rq_unlock_wait(struct task_struct *p);
extern cpumask_var_t nohz_cpu_mask;
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ)
extern int select_nohz_load_balancer(int cpu);
+extern int get_nohz_load_balancer(void);
#else
static inline int select_nohz_load_balancer(int cpu)
{
@@ -1772,6 +1773,17 @@ int sched_nr_latency_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
struct file *file, void __user *buffer, size_t *length,
loff_t *ppos);
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
+static inline unsigned int get_sysctl_timer_migration(void)
+{
+ return sysctl_timer_migration;
+}
+#else
+static inline unsigned int get_sysctl_timer_migration(void)
+{
+ return 1;
+}
+#endif
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_rt_period;
extern int sysctl_sched_rt_runtime;

diff --git a/kernel/hrtimer.c b/kernel/hrtimer.c
index c71bcd5..b675a67 100644
--- a/kernel/hrtimer.c
+++ b/kernel/hrtimer.c
@@ -43,6 +43,8 @@
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/debugobjects.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/timer.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>

@@ -198,8 +200,19 @@ switch_hrtimer_base(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base,
{
struct hrtimer_clock_base *new_base;
struct hrtimer_cpu_base *new_cpu_base;
+ int cpu, preferred_cpu = -1;
+
+ cpu = smp_processor_id();
+#if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ) && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
+ if (!pinned && get_sysctl_timer_migration() && idle_cpu(cpu)) {
+ preferred_cpu = get_nohz_load_balancer();
+ if (preferred_cpu >= 0)
+ cpu = preferred_cpu;
+ }
+#endif

- new_cpu_base = &__get_cpu_var(hrtimer_bases);
+again:
+ new_cpu_base = &per_cpu(hrtimer_bases, cpu);
new_base = &new_cpu_base->clock_base[base->index];

if (base != new_base) {
@@ -219,6 +232,40 @@ switch_hrtimer_base(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base,
timer->base = NULL;
spin_unlock(&base->cpu_base->lock);
spin_lock(&new_base->cpu_base->lock);
+
+ /* Optimized away for NOHZ=n SMP=n */
+ if (cpu == preferred_cpu) {
+ /* Calculate clock monotonic expiry time */
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS
+ ktime_t expires = ktime_sub(hrtimer_get_expires(timer),
+ new_base->offset);
+#else
+ ktime_t expires = hrtimer_get_expires(timer);
+#endif
+
+ /*
+ * Get the next event on target cpu from the
+ * clock events layer.
+ * This covers the highres=off nohz=on case as well.
+ */
+ ktime_t next = clockevents_get_next_event(cpu);
+
+ ktime_t delta = ktime_sub(expires, next);
+
+ /*
+ * We do not migrate the timer when it is expiring
+ * before the next event on the target cpu because
+ * we cannot reprogram the target cpu hardware and
+ * we would cause it to fire late.
+ */
+ if (delta.tv64 < 0) {
+ cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ spin_unlock(&new_base->cpu_base->lock);
+ spin_lock(&base->cpu_base->lock);
+ timer->base = base;
+ goto again;
+ }
+ }
timer->base = new_base;
}
return new_base;
@@ -236,7 +283,7 @@ lock_hrtimer_base(const struct hrtimer *timer, unsigned long *flags)
return base;
}

-# define switch_hrtimer_base(t, b) (b)
+# define switch_hrtimer_base(t, b, p) (b)

#endif /* !CONFIG_SMP */

diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 7f1dd56..9fe3774 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -4244,6 +4244,11 @@ static struct {
.load_balancer = ATOMIC_INIT(-1),
};

+int get_nohz_load_balancer(void)
+{
+ return atomic_read(&nohz.load_balancer);
+}
+
/*
* This routine will try to nominate the ilb (idle load balancing)
* owner among the cpus whose ticks are stopped. ilb owner will do the idle
diff --git a/kernel/time/clockevents.c b/kernel/time/clockevents.c
index d13be21..ab20ded 100644
--- a/kernel/time/clockevents.c
+++ b/kernel/time/clockevents.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/sysdev.h>
+#include <linux/tick.h>

/* The registered clock event devices */
static LIST_HEAD(clockevent_devices);
@@ -251,4 +252,15 @@ void clockevents_notify(unsigned long reason, void *arg)
spin_unlock(&clockevents_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clockevents_notify);
+
+ktime_t clockevents_get_next_event(int cpu)
+{
+ struct tick_device *td;
+ struct clock_event_device *dev;
+
+ td = &per_cpu(tick_cpu_device, cpu);
+ dev = td->evtdev;
+
+ return dev->next_event;
+}
#endif
diff --git a/kernel/timer.c b/kernel/timer.c
index 3424dfd..3f841db 100644
--- a/kernel/timer.c
+++ b/kernel/timer.c
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
@@ -609,9 +610,7 @@ __mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires,
{
struct tvec_base *base, *new_base;
unsigned long flags;
- int ret;
-
- ret = 0;
+ int ret = 0 , cpu;

timer_stats_timer_set_start_info(timer);
BUG_ON(!timer->function);
@@ -630,6 +629,18 @@ __mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires,

new_base = __get_cpu_var(tvec_bases);

+ cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ) && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
+ if (!pinned && get_sysctl_timer_migration() && idle_cpu(cpu)) {
+ int preferred_cpu = get_nohz_load_balancer();
+
+ if (preferred_cpu >= 0)
+ cpu = preferred_cpu;
+ }
+#endif
+ new_base = per_cpu(tvec_bases, cpu);
+
if (base != new_base) {
/*
* We are trying to schedule the timer on the local CPU.
\
 
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