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SubjectRe: Possible memory leak via alloc_pid()
On 07/29, Andrew Morton wrote:
>
> On Wed, 8 Jul 2009 22:33:31 +0100
> Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> wrote:
>
> > Hi,
> >
> > There's a kmemleak report of a struct pid allocation in alloc_pid()
> > which somehow gets lost:
> >
> > unreferenced object 0xc307aa00 (size 44):
> > comm "gdm", pid 2734, jiffies 4294902040
> > backtrace:
> > [<c01e721a>] create_object+0xfa/0x250
> > [<c01e73cd>] kmemleak_alloc+0x5d/0x70
> > [<c01e0ad6>] kmem_cache_alloc+0x156/0x1a0
> > [<c01552f9>] alloc_pid+0x19/0x350
> > [<c013e6e0>] copy_process+0x800/0x1230
> > [<c013f17f>] do_fork+0x6f/0x370
> > [<c0101986>] sys_clone+0x36/0x40
> > [<c010319c>] sysenter_do_call+0x12/0x38
> > [<ffffffff>] 0xffffffff
> >
> > This is the gdm fork for starting Xorg (with pid 2739). It first
> > logged me in automatically, after which I logged out and gdm started
> > another Xorg. The pid structure for the first Xorg is reported as a
> > leak. The Xorg with pid 2739 is no longer present on my system.
> >
> > Using gdb vmlinux /proc/kcore shows that the pid->count is 2, so
> > that's why it probably wasn't freed by put_pid():
> >
> > (gdb) print ({struct pid}0xc307aa00)
> > $20 = {count = {counter = 2}, level = 0, tasks = {{first = 0x0}, {
> > first = 0x0}, {first = 0x0}}, rcu = {next = 0xc24bfd64,
> > func = 0xc0154e90 <delayed_put_pid>}, numbers = {{nr = 2739,
> > ns = 0xc0737540, pid_chain = {next = 0x0, pprev = 0x200200}}}}
> >
> > Note that kmemleak is aware of and scans pid_hash (which was recorded
> > in kmemleak as a 16KB object).

This pid is detached and unhanshed. God knows who did the unbalanced
get_pid().

Since you can reproduce the problem easily, perhaps you can use the
hack above to track get/put ?

$ echo pid_of_Xorg > /proc/sys/kernel/xxx

Oleg.

--- CPUHP/kernel/sysctl.c~TRACK_PID 2009-06-28 18:14:27.000000000 +0200
+++ CPUHP/kernel/sysctl.c 2009-07-30 23:12:43.000000000 +0200
@@ -244,6 +244,10 @@ static int min_wakeup_granularity_ns;
static int max_wakeup_granularity_ns = NSEC_PER_SEC; /* 1 second */
#endif

+extern int xxx_pid;
+int set_xxx_pid(struct ctl_table *, int, struct file *,
+ void __user *, size_t *, loff_t *);
+
static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
{
@@ -989,7 +993,15 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
},
#endif
-
+ {
+ .ctl_name = 666,
+ .procname = "xxx",
+ .data = &xxx_pid,
+ .maxlen = sizeof (int),
+ .mode = 0666,
+ .proc_handler = &set_xxx_pid,
+ .strategy = sysctl_intvec,
+ },
/*
* NOTE: do not add new entries to this table unless you have read
* Documentation/sysctl/ctl_unnumbered.txt
--- CPUHP/include/linux/pid.h~TRACK_PID 2009-04-06 00:03:41.000000000 +0200
+++ CPUHP/include/linux/pid.h 2009-07-30 23:10:32.000000000 +0200
@@ -57,6 +57,7 @@ struct upid {
struct pid
{
atomic_t count;
+ int trackme;
unsigned int level;
/* lists of tasks that use this pid */
struct hlist_head tasks[PIDTYPE_MAX];
@@ -74,8 +75,14 @@ struct pid_link

static inline struct pid *get_pid(struct pid *pid)
{
- if (pid)
+ if (pid) {
+ if (pid->trackme) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "XXXXX(%d) ++%d\n",
+ pid->numbers[0].nr, atomic_read(&pid->count));
+ dump_stack();
+ }
atomic_inc(&pid->count);
+ }
return pid;
}

--- CPUHP/kernel/pid.c~TRACK_PID 2009-07-13 17:39:44.000000000 +0200
+++ CPUHP/kernel/pid.c 2009-07-30 23:12:05.000000000 +0200
@@ -207,6 +207,12 @@ void put_pid(struct pid *pid)
if (!pid)
return;

+ if (pid->trackme) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "XXXXX(%d) --%d\n",
+ pid->numbers[0].nr, atomic_read(&pid->count));
+ dump_stack();
+ }
+
ns = pid->numbers[pid->level].ns;
if ((atomic_read(&pid->count) == 1) ||
atomic_dec_and_test(&pid->count)) {
@@ -250,6 +256,7 @@ struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespa
pid = kmem_cache_alloc(ns->pid_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!pid)
goto out;
+ pid->trackme = 0;

tmp = ns;
for (i = ns->level; i >= 0; i--) {
@@ -491,6 +498,30 @@ struct pid *find_ge_pid(int nr, struct p
return pid;
}

+int xxx_pid;
+
+int set_xxx_pid(ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *file,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct pid *pid;
+
+ proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, file, buffer, length, ppos);
+ if (!write)
+ return 0;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ pid = find_vpid(xxx_pid);
+ if (pid) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "XXXXX(%d) ==%d\n", xxx_pid, atomic_read(&pid->count));
+ pid->trackme = 1;
+ } else {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "XXXXX(%d) not found\n", xxx_pid);
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
/*
* The pid hash table is scaled according to the amount of memory in the
* machine. From a minimum of 16 slots up to 4096 slots at one gigabyte or


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