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SubjectRe: >10% performance degradation since 2.6.18
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Matthew Wilcox <matthew@wil.cx> writes:
>
> ======oprofile CPU_CLK_UNHALTED for top 30 functions
> Cycles% 2.6.18-92.el5-op Cycles% 2.6.30
> 70.1409 <database> 67.0207 <database>
> 1.3556 mpt_interrupt 1.7029 mpt_interrupt

It's strange that mpt_interrupt is that more costly in 2.6.30
than in 2.6.18. I diffed 2.6.30's drivers/message/fusion/mptbase.c
to a rhel 5.3s and they seem to be about the same.

So why does it cost 0.5% more in 2.6.30?

[adding MPT maintainers]

> 1.1622 __blockdev_direct_IO 1.1443 kmem_cache_alloc

It would be interesting to find out why kmem_cache_alloc
is that more expensive. Either it is called more or the allocator
is slower. Any chance of a callgraph profile run so we
can see the callers?

(you would need to rebuild the kernel with frame pointers)

An interesting would be to simply count them on both kernels, e.g. with a
simple systemtap script (see script at end of mail)

> 0.8246 kmem_cache_free 0.8801 kmem_cache_free
> 0.7108 schedule 0.7774 __blockdev_direct_IO
> 0.6733 scsi_request_fn 0.7031 scsi_request_fn
> 0.6114 kmem_cache_alloc 0.5317 __schedule
> 0.4207 follow_hugetlb_page 0.3922 task_rq_lock
> 0.4062 list_del 0.3629 sd_prep_fn
> 0.3400 __switch_to 0.3504 list_del

A callgraph for the list_del/list_dels would be interesting.
Presumably that's cache misses, maybe we can do something
here with some strategic prefetches or more batching.

> 0.3339 generic_make_request 0.3382 __sigsetjmp

__sigsetjmp is in glibc, isn't it?

> 0.3204 memmove 0.3270 __switch_to
> 0.3088 __sigsetjmp 0.3257 generic_make_request
> 0.2848 get_request 0.3116 kfree
> 0.2804 lock_timer_base 0.2895 memmove

memmove? Is that glibc or the kernel? (it would be good if that
was marked in the listing)

Back when I wrote the x86-64 string functions I didn't consider memmove
too performance critical. So the x86-64 kernel memmove is actually
not very optimized, especially the backwards case is very dumb
and copies byte by byte.

If it's that there might be some low hanging fruit here,
on the other hand it's not a lot of CPU time. The systemtap
script at the end measures this also.

A callgraph for it would be useful if it's kernel.

> 0.2572 __end_that_request_first 0.2402 aio_complete
> 0.2567 fget_light 0.2382 mptscsih_qcmd
> 0.2531 submit_page_section 0.2342 fget
> 0.2428 mempool_alloc 0.2277 gup_huge_pmd
> 0.2428 __generic_file_aio_read 0.2264 submit_page_section
> 0.2368 touch_atime 0.2204 touch_atime

Did you not run with noatime? If it runs with noatime and touch_atime
still takes that many cycles something must be wrong.

Ah it might be the lock in mnt_want_write(). How about the
appended dumb (untested) patch to first check for all the noatime
cases before taking the lock? Even without noatime, but standard
relatime that will hopefully eliminate the locking cost
in most cases.

> 0.2270 __aio_get_req 0.2165 __list_add
> 0.2223 mptscsih_qcmd 0.2063 scsi_dispatch_cmd
> 0.2198 init_request_from_bio 0.2040 lock_timer_base
> 0.2191 fget 0.2036 irq_entries_start
> 0.2141 device_not_available 0.2036 plist_del

That plist_del is new. calltrace?

> 0.2125 try_to_wake_up 0.2004 elv_queue_empty
> 0.2065 mptscsih_io_done 0.2004 get_user_pages_fast
> 0.2059 math_state_restore 0.1997 copy_user_generic_string
> 0.2035 __errno_location 0.1925 kref_get
> 0.2022 find_vma 0.1905 scsi_finish_command
> 0.1967 _setjmp 0.1888 aio_rw_vect_retry
> 0.1966 kref_get 0.1882 __errno_location

That's not kernel, but it's weird that __errno_location is that
costly. AFAIK it should be a simple thread local data lookup

> 0.1952 memset 0.1849 scsi_device_unbusy
> 0.1924 __list_add 0.1846 pick_next_highest_task_rt
> 0.1917 copy_user_generic 0.1826 memset_c
> 0.1907 acpi_os_read_port 0.1819 _setjmp
> 0.1842 elv_queue_empty 0.1816 ipc_lock

So it looks like ipc_lock needs so more scalability work.

> 0.1809 scsi_dispatch_cmd 0.1809 mod_timer
> 0.1808 sd_init_command 0.1800 noop_queue_empty
> 0.1789 swiotlb_unmap_sg 0.1796 scsi_softirq_done
> 0.1766 rw_verify_area 0.1757 scsi_run_queue
> -----------------------------------

---

Systemtap script to measure some interesting metrics. Run
with stap script.stp and then ctrl-c to get data out.

---

global kmem_cache_alloc
global kmem_cache_free

probe kernel.function("kmem_cache_alloc") {
kmem_cache_alloc++

}

probe kernel.function("kmem_cache_free") {
kmem_cache_free++
}

global memmove_total, memmove_backwards

probe kernel.function("memmove") {
memmove_total++
if (ulong_arg(1) < ulong_arg(2)) {
memmove_backwards++
}
}

probe end {
printf("%u kmem_cache_allocs\n", kmem_cache_alloc)
printf("%u kmem_cache_frees\n", kmem_cache_free)
printf("%u memmoves, %u backwards\n", memmove_total, memmove_backwards);
}


---

Only do mnt_want_write after all other options to avoid atime update are exhausted

mnt_want_write takes a lock and can be fairly expensive. So do it as late
as possible.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>

---
fs/inode.c | 20 ++++++++++----------
1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6.30-ak/fs/inode.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.30-ak.orig/fs/inode.c
+++ linux-2.6.30-ak/fs/inode.c
@@ -1361,31 +1361,31 @@ void touch_atime(struct vfsmount *mnt, s
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
struct timespec now;

- if (mnt_want_write(mnt))
- return;
if (inode->i_flags & S_NOATIME)
- goto out;
+ return;
if (IS_NOATIME(inode))
- goto out;
+ return;
if ((inode->i_sb->s_flags & MS_NODIRATIME) && S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
- goto out;
+ return;

if (mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOATIME)
- goto out;
+ return;
if ((mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NODIRATIME) && S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
- goto out;
+ return;

now = current_fs_time(inode->i_sb);

if (!relatime_need_update(mnt, inode, now))
- goto out;
+ return;

if (timespec_equal(&inode->i_atime, &now))
- goto out;
+ return;
+
+ if (mnt_want_write(mnt))
+ return;

inode->i_atime = now;
mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode);
-out:
mnt_drop_write(mnt);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(touch_atime);

--
ak@linux.intel.com -- Speaking for myself only.


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