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Subject[RFC v17][PATCH 18/60] c/r: create syscalls: sys_checkpoint, sys_restart
Date
Create trivial sys_checkpoint and sys_restore system calls. They will
enable to checkpoint and restart an entire container, to and from a
checkpoint image file descriptor.

The syscalls take a pid, a file descriptor (for the image file) and
flags as arguments. The pid identifies the top-most (root) task in the
process tree, e.g. the container init: for sys_checkpoint the first
argument identifies the pid of the target container/subtree; for
sys_restart it will identify the pid of restarting root task.

A checkpoint, much like a process coredump, dumps the state of multiple
processes at once, including the state of the container. The checkpoint
image is written to (and read from) the file descriptor directly from
the kernel. This way the data is generated and then pushed out naturally
as resources and tasks are scanned to save their state. This is the
approach taken by, e.g., Zap and OpenVZ.

By using a return value and not a file descriptor, we can distinguish
between a return from checkpoint, a return from restart (in case of a
checkpoint that includes self, i.e. a task checkpointing its own
container, or itself), and an error condition, in a manner analogous
to a fork() call.

We don't use copy_from_user()/copy_to_user() because it requires
holding the entire image in user space, and does not make sense for
restart. Also, we don't use a pipe, pseudo-fs file and the like,
because they work by generating data on demand as the user pulls it
(unless the entire image is buffered in the kernel) and would require
more complex logic. They also would significantly complicate
checkpoint that includes self.

Changelog[v17]:
- Move checkpoint closer to namespaces (kconfig)
- Kill "Enable" in c/r config option
Changelog[v16]:
- Change sys_restart() first argument to be 'pid_t pid'
Changelog[v14]:
- Change CONFIG_CHEKCPOINT_RESTART to CONFIG_CHECKPOINT (Ingo)
- Remove line 'def_bool n' (default is already 'n')
- Add CHECKPOINT_SUPPORT in Kconfig (Nathan Lynch)
Changelog[v5]:
- Config is 'def_bool n' by default

Signed-off-by: Oren Laadan <orenl@cs.columbia.edu>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
arch/x86/Kconfig | 4 +++
arch/x86/include/asm/unistd_32.h | 2 +
arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S | 2 +
checkpoint/Kconfig | 14 ++++++++++++
checkpoint/Makefile | 5 ++++
checkpoint/sys.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/syscalls.h | 2 +
init/Kconfig | 2 +
kernel/sys_ni.c | 4 +++
9 files changed, 76 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 checkpoint/Kconfig
create mode 100644 checkpoint/Makefile
create mode 100644 checkpoint/sys.c
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 738bdc6..97ec17c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -85,6 +85,10 @@ config STACKTRACE_SUPPORT
config HAVE_LATENCYTOP_SUPPORT
def_bool y

+config CHECKPOINT_SUPPORT
+ bool
+ default y if X86_32
+
config FAST_CMPXCHG_LOCAL
bool
default y
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/unistd_32.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/unistd_32.h
index f65b750..c25971b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/unistd_32.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/unistd_32.h
@@ -343,6 +343,8 @@
#define __NR_rt_tgsigqueueinfo 335
#define __NR_perf_counter_open 336
#define __NR_clone_with_pids 337
+#define __NR_checkpoint 338
+#define __NR_restart 339

#ifdef __KERNEL__

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S b/arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S
index 879e5ec..4741554 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/syscall_table_32.S
@@ -337,3 +337,5 @@ ENTRY(sys_call_table)
.long sys_rt_tgsigqueueinfo /* 335 */
.long sys_perf_counter_open
.long ptregs_clone_with_pids
+ .long sys_checkpoint
+ .long sys_restart
diff --git a/checkpoint/Kconfig b/checkpoint/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ef7d406
--- /dev/null
+++ b/checkpoint/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+# Architectures should define CHECKPOINT_SUPPORT when they have
+# implemented the hooks for processor state etc. needed by the
+# core checkpoint/restart code.
+
+config CHECKPOINT
+ bool "Checkpoint/restart (EXPERIMENTAL)"
+ depends on CHECKPOINT_SUPPORT && EXPERIMENTAL
+ help
+ Application checkpoint/restart is the ability to save the
+ state of a running application so that it can later resume
+ its execution from the time at which it was checkpointed.
+
+ Turning this option on will enable checkpoint and restart
+ functionality in the kernel.
diff --git a/checkpoint/Makefile b/checkpoint/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8a32c6f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/checkpoint/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+#
+# Makefile for linux checkpoint/restart.
+#
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT) += sys.o
diff --git a/checkpoint/sys.c b/checkpoint/sys.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..50c3cd8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/checkpoint/sys.c
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+/*
+ * Generic container checkpoint-restart
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+
+/**
+ * sys_checkpoint - checkpoint a container
+ * @pid: pid of the container init(1) process
+ * @fd: file to which dump the checkpoint image
+ * @flags: checkpoint operation flags
+ *
+ * Returns positive identifier on success, 0 when returning from restart
+ * or negative value on error
+ */
+SYSCALL_DEFINE3(checkpoint, pid_t, pid, int, fd, unsigned long, flags)
+{
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sys_restart - restart a container
+ * @pid: pid of task root (in coordinator's namespace), or 0
+ * @fd: file from which read the checkpoint image
+ * @flags: restart operation flags
+ *
+ * Returns negative value on error, or otherwise returns in the realm
+ * of the original checkpoint
+ */
+SYSCALL_DEFINE3(restart, pid_t, pid, int, fd, unsigned long, flags)
+{
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
index 80de700..33bce6e 100644
--- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
+++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
@@ -754,6 +754,8 @@ asmlinkage long sys_pselect6(int, fd_set __user *, fd_set __user *,
asmlinkage long sys_ppoll(struct pollfd __user *, unsigned int,
struct timespec __user *, const sigset_t __user *,
size_t);
+asmlinkage long sys_checkpoint(pid_t pid, int fd, unsigned long flags);
+asmlinkage long sys_restart(pid_t pid, int fd, unsigned long flags);

int kernel_execve(const char *filename, char *const argv[], char *const envp[]);

diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 7503957..a083161 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -715,6 +715,8 @@ config NET_NS
Allow user space to create what appear to be multiple instances
of the network stack.

+source "checkpoint/Kconfig"
+
config BLK_DEV_INITRD
bool "Initial RAM filesystem and RAM disk (initramfs/initrd) support"
depends on BROKEN || !FRV
diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
index 68320f6..32f3f26 100644
--- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
+++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
@@ -178,3 +178,7 @@ cond_syscall(sys_eventfd2);

/* performance counters: */
cond_syscall(sys_perf_counter_open);
+
+/* checkpoint/restart */
+cond_syscall(sys_checkpoint);
+cond_syscall(sys_restart);
--
1.6.0.4


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