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Subject[PATCH] x86: NX protection for kernel data
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This patch expands functionality of CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA to set main
(static) kernel data area as NX.
The following steps are taken to achieve this:
1. Linker scripts are adjusted so .text always starts and end on a page boundary
2. Linker scripts are adjusted so .rodata and .data always starts and
end on a page boundary
3. void mark_nxdata_nx(void) added to arch/x86/mm/init_64.c and
arch/x86/mm/init_32.c with actual functionality: NX is set for all
pages from _etext through _edata
4. mark_nxdata_nx() called from init_post(void) in init/main.c

The patch have been developed for Linux 2.6.30 x86 by Siarhei Liakh
<sliakh.lkml@gmail.com> and Xuxian Jiang <jiang@cs.ncsu.edu>.

---

Signed-off-by: Siarhei Liakh <sliakh.lkml@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Xuxian Jiang <jiang@cs.ncsu.edu>

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cacheflush.h
b/arch/x86/include/asm/cacheflush.h
index e55dfc1..cce364e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cacheflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cacheflush.h
@@ -125,6 +125,7 @@ void clflush_cache_range(void *addr, unsigned int size);

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA
void mark_rodata_ro(void);
+void mark_nxdata_nx(void);
extern const int rodata_test_data;
void set_kernel_text_rw(void);
void set_kernel_text_ro(void);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_32.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_32.lds.S
index 62ad500..4041522 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_32.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_32.lds.S
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@ SECTIONS
IRQENTRY_TEXT
*(.fixup)
*(.gnu.warning)
+ . = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE); /* .text should occupy whole number of pages */
_etext = .; /* End of text section */
} :text = 0x9090

@@ -93,6 +94,7 @@ SECTIONS
*(.data.read_mostly)
_edata = .; /* End of data section */
}
+ . = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE); /* needed so we can set NX for .data */

. = ALIGN(THREAD_SIZE); /* init_task */
.data.init_task : AT(ADDR(.data.init_task) - LOAD_OFFSET) {
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_64.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_64.lds.S
index c874250..a60ce17 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_64.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux_64.lds.S
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@ SECTIONS
IRQENTRY_TEXT
*(.fixup)
*(.gnu.warning)
+ . = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE); /* .text should occupy whole number of pages */
_etext = .; /* End of text section */
} :text = 0x9090

@@ -61,6 +62,7 @@ SECTIONS
.data : AT(ADDR(.data) - LOAD_OFFSET) {
DATA_DATA
CONSTRUCTORS
+ . = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE); /* needed so we can set NX for .data */
_edata = .; /* End of data section */
} :data

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
index 749559e..68163dc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
@@ -1119,6 +1119,16 @@ void mark_rodata_ro(void)
set_pages_ro(virt_to_page(start), size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
#endif
}
+
+void mark_nxdata_nx(void)
+{
+ unsigned long start = PFN_ALIGN(_etext);
+ unsigned long size = PFN_ALIGN(_edata) - start;
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "NX-protecting the kernel data: %lx, %lu pages\n",
+ start, size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ set_pages_nx(virt_to_page(start), size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
#endif

int __init reserve_bootmem_generic(unsigned long phys, unsigned long len,
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 1753e80..5b0843f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -793,6 +793,15 @@ void mark_rodata_ro(void)
#endif
}

+void mark_nxdata_nx(void)
+{
+ unsigned long start = PFN_ALIGN(_etext);
+ unsigned long size = PFN_ALIGN(_edata) - start;
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "NX-protecting the kernel data: %lx, %lu pages\n",
+ start, size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ set_pages_nx(virt_to_page(start), size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+}
#endif

int __init reserve_bootmem_generic(unsigned long phys, unsigned long len,
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index d721dad..6c0ee8b 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -93,6 +93,7 @@ static inline void acpi_early_init(void) { }
#endif
#ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA
static inline void mark_rodata_ro(void) { }
+static inline void mark_nxdata_nx(void) { }
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_TC
@@ -807,6 +808,7 @@ static noinline int init_post(void)
free_initmem();
unlock_kernel();
mark_rodata_ro();
+ mark_nxdata_nx();
system_state = SYSTEM_RUNNING;
numa_default_policy();

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