lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Jul]   [1]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Subject[PATCH] adxl345 accelerometer hwmon driver
Date
From
Hi kernel hackers,

Here is a patch that adds support to the Linux kernel for Analog
Device's ADXL345 chip. It is an accelerometer that uses I2C and HWMON.
When I looked into the MAINTAINERS file for the appropriate list, the
"Orphan" status of "Hardware Monitoring" confused me as to the proper
list for this patch ... please let me know if I need to forward it
elsewhere.

ALPHA Warning: THIS CODE COMPILES WITHOUT ERROR, BUT HAS NOT BEEN TESTED
YET.

I'd appreciate feedback from those who have the time/interest to help!
Code review would be great, someone with hardware for testing would be
excellent.

Thanks,
Chris


--- PATCH BELOW ---

Signed-off-by: Chris Verges <chrisv@cyberswitching.com>
Index: drivers/hwmon/Makefile
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.29.3-orig/drivers/hwmon/Makefile (revision 33)
+++ linux-2.6.29.3/drivers/hwmon/Makefile (revision 49)
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADT7470) += adt7470.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADT7473) += adt7473.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADT7475) += adt7475.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADXL345) += adxl345.o

obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_APPLESMC) += applesmc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_AMS) += ams/
Index: drivers/hwmon/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.29.3-orig/drivers/hwmon/Kconfig (revision 33)
+++ linux-2.6.29.3/drivers/hwmon/Kconfig (revision 49)
@@ -199,6 +199,16 @@
This driver can also be build as a module. If so, the module
will be called adt7475.

+config SENSORS_ADXL345
+ tristate "Analog Devices ADXL345"
+ depends on I2C && EXPERIMENTAL
+ help
+ If you say yes here, you get support for the Analog Devices
+ ADXL345 digital accelerometer chip.
+
+ This driver can also be build as a module. If so, the module
+ will be called adxl345.
+
config SENSORS_K8TEMP
tristate "AMD Athlon64/FX or Opteron temperature sensor"
depends on X86 && PCI && EXPERIMENTAL
Index: drivers/hwmon/adxl345.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.29.3-orig/drivers/hwmon/adxl345.c (revision 0)
+++ linux-2.6.29.3/drivers/hwmon/adxl345.c (revision 49)
@@ -0,0 +1,521 @@
+/*
+ * A hwmon driver for the Analog Devices ADXL345
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2009 Cyber Switching, Inc.
+ * Author: Robert Mehranfar <robertme@earthlink.net>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/hwmon.h>
+#include <linux/hwmon-sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/hwmon-vid.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+
+#define DRV_NAME "adxl345"
+#define DRV_VERSION "0.1"
+
+#define SIMULATE 1
+
+/*
+ * The ADXL345 registers
+ */
+#define ADXL345_REG_DEV_ID 0x00
+#define ADXL345_REG_OFS(nr) (0x1E + (nr))
+#define ADXL345_REG_DATA(nr) (0x32 + (nr))
+#define ADXL345_REG_DATA_FORMAT 0x31
+
+/*
+ * See ADXL345 specification
+ */
+#define OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_WHOLE 15
+#define OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_FRACTIONAL 6
+
+#define MAX_OFFSET 1988
+#define MIN_OFFSET -1998
+
+/*
+ * Based on 10-bit resolution +/-16 range set in the DATA FORMAT
register
+ */
+#define DATA_SCALE_FACTOR_WHOLE 15
+#define DATA_SCALE_FACTOR_FRACTIONAL 6
+#define NUMBER_OF_AXES 3
+
+#define X_AXIS 0
+#define Y_AXIS 1
+#define Z_AXIS 2
+
+/* Position in the sysfs attribute array */
+#define X_AXIS_ATTR 0
+#define Y_AXIS_ATTR 1
+#define Z_AXIS_ATTR 2
+#define DATA_ATTR 3
+
+/*
+ * Functions declaration
+ */
+static void adxl345_init_client(struct i2c_client *client);
+static struct adxl345_data *adxl345_update_device(struct device *dev);
+static void convert_to_fraction(s16 data, u8 whole_scale, u8
fraction_scale,
+ int *decimal, int *fraction);
+
+/*
+ * Client data (each client gets its own)
+ */
+struct adxl345_data {
+ struct i2c_client client;
+ struct device *hwmon_dev;
+ struct mutex update_lock; /* lock on the structure
*/
+ char valid; /* 0 until below are
valid */
+ unsigned long last_updated; /* in jiffies */
+
+ /*
+ * ADXL345 Data
+ * In two's complement, data coming in from or going out to
user-space
+ * must be converted.
+ */
+ u8 offset[NUMBER_OF_AXES];
+ u16 data[NUMBER_OF_AXES];
+};
+
+
+/*
+ * Converts internal data to a decimal-fraction value.
+ * Notes: Must already be converted out of twos complement
+ *
+ * @param data Data to be converted
+ * @param whole_scale Scale factor for whole number part. (Set to 1 for
no scaling).
+ * @param fraction_scale Scale factor for fractional number part. (Set
to 1 for no scaling).
+ * @param decimal Pointer to location to store decimal part.
+ * @param fraction Pointer to location to store fractional part.
+ */
+static void convert_to_fraction(s16 data, u8 whole_scale, u8
fraction_scale,
+ int *decimal, int *fraction)
+{
+ int temp_decimal, temp_fraction, temp;
+ int sign = 1;
+
+ /* Scale the decimal and fractional parts */
+ temp_decimal = data * whole_scale * 10;
+ temp_fraction = data * fraction_scale;
+
+ /* get rid of the sign for negative fractions */
+ if (temp_fraction < 0) {
+ sign = -1;
+ temp_fraction *= sign;
+ }
+
+ /* If necessary, carry */
+ if (temp_fraction >= 10) {
+ /* Add to the decimal part */
+ temp_decimal += sign * temp_fraction;
+
+ /* Amount to be subtracted from the fractional part */
+ temp = temp_fraction / 10;
+
+ temp_fraction -= temp * 10;
+ }
+
+ temp_decimal /= 10;
+
+ /*
+ * If at least 10 still remains in the fractional part, one
+ * last carry
+ */
+ if (temp_fraction >= 10) {
+ temp_decimal += sign;
+ temp_fraction -= 10;
+ }
+
+ /* Pass the values up */
+ *decimal = temp_decimal;
+ *fraction = temp_fraction;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called in response to cat ofs(x,y,z) in sysfs
+ *
+ * @param dev Pointer to device
+ * @param attr Pointer to the device attributes
+ * @param buf Pointer to string shown in user space
+ * @return Number of chars copied to buffer
+*/
+static ssize_t show_offset(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ int index = to_sensor_dev_attr(attr)->index;
+ struct adxl345_data *data = adxl345_update_device(dev);
+ int decimal, fraction;
+ s8 temp_data;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s\n", __func__);
+
+ /* Convert from 2's complement */
+ temp_data = ~(data->offset[index] - 1);
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "temp_data=%d\n", temp_data);
+
+ convert_to_fraction(temp_data,
+ OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_WHOLE,
+ OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_FRACTIONAL,
+ &decimal,
+ &fraction);
+
+ return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE,
+ "%4d.%1d\n", decimal, fraction);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called in response to echoing data to ofs(x,y,z) in sysfs
+ * Note: Input range is -1998 to 1998 milli-g's
+ *
+ * @param dev Pointer to device
+ * @param attr Pointer to the device attributes
+ * @param buf Pointer to string passed in from user space
+ * @param count Number of chars passed in from user space..
+ * @return Number of chars passed in from user space.
+ */
+static ssize_t set_offset(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf,
+ size_t count)
+{
+ int index = to_sensor_dev_attr(attr)->index;
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
+ struct adxl345_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ long val;
+ long temp_val;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s\n", __func__);
+
+ if (!strict_strtol(buf, 10, &val)) {
+ dev_dbg(dev, "error in converting string '%s' to
long\n",
+ buf);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* If outside offset range, clip to max or min value */
+ if (val < MIN_OFFSET)
+ val = MIN_OFFSET;
+ else if (val > MAX_OFFSET)
+ val = MAX_OFFSET;
+
+ temp_val = (val * 100) %
+ ((OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_WHOLE * 100) +
+ (OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_FRACTIONAL * 10));
+ if (temp_val < 0)
+ temp_val *= -1;
+
+ /* Get rid of scale for internal storage */
+ val = (val * 100) /
+ ((OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_WHOLE * 100) +
+ (OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_FRACTIONAL * 10));
+
+ if (temp_val > (OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_WHOLE * 100) / 2 && val > 0)
+ ++val;
+ else if (temp_val > (OFFSET_SCALE_FACTOR_WHOLE * 100) / 2 && val
< 0)
+ --val;
+
+ val = ~val + 1; /* convert to two's complement */
+
+ mutex_lock(&data->update_lock);
+
+ data->offset[index] = val;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "offset[%d]=%d\n", index, data->offset[index]);
+
+ /* Write the avlue to the chip via I2C */
+ i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(client,
+ ADXL345_REG_OFS(index),
+ data->offset[index]);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&data->update_lock);
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called in response to cat data in sysfs
+ *
+ * @param dev Pointer to device
+ * @param attr Pointer to the device attributes
+ * @param buf Pointer to string shown in user space
+ * @return Number of chars copied to buffer
+*/
+static ssize_t show_data(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute
*attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ int i;
+ s16 temp_data;
+ int decimal[NUMBER_OF_AXES], fraction[NUMBER_OF_AXES];
+
+ struct adxl345_data *data = adxl345_update_device(dev);
+
+ /* Convert x,y,z values */
+ for (i = 0; i < NUMBER_OF_AXES; i++) {
+ /* Convert from 2's complement */
+ temp_data = ~(data->data[i] - 1);
+
+ convert_to_fraction(temp_data,
+ DATA_SCALE_FACTOR_WHOLE,
+ DATA_SCALE_FACTOR_FRACTIONAL,
+ &decimal[i],
+ &fraction[i]);
+ }
+
+ return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE,
+ "x:%5d.%1d y:%5d.%1d z:%5d.%1d\n",
+ decimal[X_AXIS], fraction[X_AXIS],
+ decimal[Y_AXIS], fraction[Y_AXIS],
+ decimal[Z_AXIS], fraction[Z_AXIS]);
+}
+
+/* Attributes of the sysfs entries */
+static SENSOR_DEVICE_ATTR(ofsx, S_IWUSR | S_IRUGO,
+ show_offset, set_offset, X_AXIS_ATTR);
+static SENSOR_DEVICE_ATTR(ofsy, S_IWUSR | S_IRUGO,
+ show_offset, set_offset, Y_AXIS_ATTR);
+static SENSOR_DEVICE_ATTR(ofsz, S_IWUSR | S_IRUGO,
+ show_offset, set_offset, Z_AXIS_ATTR);
+static SENSOR_DEVICE_ATTR(data, S_IRUGO,
+ show_data, NULL, DATA_ATTR);
+
+static struct attribute *adxl345_attributes[] = {
+ &sensor_dev_attr_ofsx.dev_attr.attr,
+ &sensor_dev_attr_ofsy.dev_attr.attr,
+ &sensor_dev_attr_ofsz.dev_attr.attr,
+ &sensor_dev_attr_data.dev_attr.attr,
+ NULL
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group adxl345_group = {
+ .attrs = adxl345_attributes,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Initialize the chip
+ *
+ * @param client Pointer to the client structure
+ */
+static void adxl345_init_client(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+ dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s\n", __func__);
+
+ /*
+ * Set up the device, No self test, Dont care about SPI or
+ * interrupt, 10 bit resoltion, +/- 16g range
+ */
+ i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(client, ADXL345_REG_DATA_FORMAT,
0x03);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Does more than just detection. If detection succeeds, it also
+ * registers the new chip.
+ *
+ * @param adapter Pointer to the adapter
+ * @param address I2C address
+ * @return Zero, upon success
+ */
+static int adxl345_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
+ const struct i2c_device_id *id)
+{
+ struct adxl345_data *data;
+ int err = 0;
+ u8 dev_id;
+
+ dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s\n", __func__);
+
+ if (!i2c_check_functionality(client->adapter,
I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BYTE_DATA))
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ data = kzalloc(sizeof(struct adxl345_data), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!data)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ i2c_set_clientdata(client, data);
+
+ #ifdef SIMULATE
+ dev_id = 0xE5; /* Spoof the Analog Devices device ID */
+ dev_dbg(&client->dev, "Simulating ADXL345 device\n");
+ #else
+ dev_id = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client, ADXL345_REG_DEV_ID);
+ #endif
+
+ /* If the chip is not from Analog Devices, report an error */
+ if (dev_id != 0xE5) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "Unsupported chip
(dev_id=0x%02X)\n",
+ dev_id);
+ err = -EINVAL;
+ goto err_free_mem;
+ }
+
+ dev_info(&client->dev, "chip found, driver version "
+ DRV_VERSION "\n");
+
+ /* We can fill in the remaining client fields */
+ mutex_init(&data->update_lock);
+
+ /* Initialize the ADXL345 chip */
+ adxl345_init_client(client);
+
+ /* Register sysfs hooks */
+ err = sysfs_create_group(&client->dev.kobj, &adxl345_group);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_free_mem;
+
+ data->hwmon_dev = hwmon_device_register(&client->dev);
+ if (IS_ERR(data->hwmon_dev)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(data->hwmon_dev);
+ goto err_remove;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_remove:
+ sysfs_remove_group(&client->dev.kobj, &adxl345_group);
+err_free_mem:
+ kfree(data);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Unregister device, remove the sysfs entries, and detach the client
+ * from I2C bus.
+ *
+ * @param client Pointer to the client structure
+ * @return Zero, upon success.
+ */
+static int adxl345_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+ struct adxl345_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+
+ hwmon_device_unregister(data->hwmon_dev);
+ sysfs_remove_group(&client->dev.kobj, &adxl345_group);
+
+ i2c_unregister_device(client);
+
+ kfree(data);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Gets the data from the chip.
+ *
+ * @param client Pointer to the device
+ * @return Pointer to structure containing the data
+ */
+static struct adxl345_data *adxl345_update_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
+ struct adxl345_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ int i;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s\n", __func__);
+
+ mutex_lock(&data->update_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * This delay is 500ms, based on a default value of 100 for HZ
+ * in ARM kernels
+ */
+ if (time_after(jiffies, data->last_updated + HZ * 50) ||
+ !data->valid) {
+ for (i = 0; i < NUMBER_OF_AXES; i++) {
+ data->offset[i] =
i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client,
+ ADXL345_REG_OFS(i));
+ dev_dbg(dev, "offset[%d]=%d\n", i,
data->offset[i]);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Concatenate the data from each register pair
+ * Indexing logic is needed as per ADXL345 spec, LSB is
first
+ * INDEX(reg) LSB MSB
+ * 0 0 1
+ * 1 2 3
+ * 2 4 5
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < NUMBER_OF_AXES; i++) {
+ /* Get the MSB, shift by 8, and then get the LSB
*/
+ data->data[i] = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client,
+ ADXL345_REG_DATA(i*2+1))
<< 8;
+ data->data[i] |=
i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(client,
+ ADXL345_REG_DATA(i*2));
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "data[%d]=%d\n", i, data->data[i]);
+ }
+
+ data->last_updated = jiffies;
+ data->valid = 1;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&data->update_lock);
+
+ return data;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Driver data (common to all clients)
+ */
+
+static const struct i2c_device_id adxl345_id[] = {
+ { "adxl345", 0 },
+ { }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, adxl345_id);
+
+static struct i2c_driver adxl345_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = DRV_NAME,
+ },
+ .probe = adxl345_probe,
+ .remove = adxl345_remove,
+ .id_table = adxl345_id,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Initialize the module
+ *
+ * @return Zero, upon success
+ */
+static int __init adxl345_init(void)
+{
+ return i2c_add_driver(&adxl345_driver);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove the module
+ */
+static void __exit adxl345_exit(void)
+{
+ i2c_del_driver(&adxl345_driver);
+}
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Robert Mehranfar <robertme@earthlink.net>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Analog Devices ADXL345 driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_VERSION(DRV_VERSION);
+
+module_init(adxl345_init);
+module_exit(adxl345_exit);[unhandled content-type:application/octet-stream]
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-07-01 20:29    [W:0.467 / U:1.008 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site