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SubjectRe: [tip:perfcounters/core] perf_counter tools: Add 'perf annotate' feature
On Sat, Jun 06, 2009 at 06:03:55PM +0000, tip-bot for Ingo Molnar wrote:
> Commit-ID: 0b73da3f40128eab6ca2a07508f424029a1edaeb
> Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/0b73da3f40128eab6ca2a07508f424029a1edaeb
> Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
> AuthorDate: Sat, 6 Jun 2009 15:48:52 +0200
> Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
> CommitDate: Sat, 6 Jun 2009 18:58:31 +0200
> perf_counter tools: Add 'perf annotate' feature
>
> Add new perf sub-command to display annotated source code:
>
> $ perf annotate decode_tree_entry
>
> ------------------------------------------------
> Percent | Source code & Disassembly of /home/mingo/git/git
> ------------------------------------------------
> :
> : /home/mingo/git/git: file format elf64-x86-64
> :
> :
> : Disassembly of section .text:
> :
> : 00000000004a0da0 <decode_tree_entry>:
> : *modep = mode;
> : return str;
> : }
> :
> : static void decode_tree_entry(struct tree_desc *desc, const char *buf, unsigned long size)
> : {
> 3.82 : 4a0da0: 41 54 push %r12
> : const char *path;
> : unsigned int mode, len;
> :
> : if (size < 24 || buf[size - 21])
> 0.17 : 4a0da2: 48 83 fa 17 cmp $0x17,%rdx
> : *modep = mode;
> : return str;
> : }
> :
> : static void decode_tree_entry(struct tree_desc *desc, const char *buf, unsigned long size)
> : {
> 0.00 : 4a0da6: 49 89 fc mov %rdi,%r12
> 0.00 : 4a0da9: 55 push %rbp
> 3.37 : 4a0daa: 53 push %rbx
> : const char *path;
> : unsigned int mode, len;
> :
> : if (size < 24 || buf[size - 21])
> 0.08 : 4a0dab: 76 73 jbe 4a0e20 <decode_tree_entry+0x80>
> 0.00 : 4a0dad: 80 7c 16 eb 00 cmpb $0x0,-0x15(%rsi,%rdx,1)
> 3.48 : 4a0db2: 75 6c jne 4a0e20 <decode_tree_entry+0x80>
> : static const char *get_mode(const char *str, unsigned int *modep)
> : {
> : unsigned char c;
> : unsigned int mode = 0;
> :
> : if (*str == ' ')
> 1.94 : 4a0db4: 0f b6 06 movzbl (%rsi),%eax
> 0.39 : 4a0db7: 3c 20 cmp $0x20,%al
> 0.00 : 4a0db9: 74 65 je 4a0e20 <decode_tree_entry+0x80>
> : return NULL;
> :
> : while ((c = *str++) != ' ') {
> 0.06 : 4a0dbb: 89 c2 mov %eax,%edx
> : if (c < '0' || c > '7')
> 1.99 : 4a0dbd: 31 ed xor %ebp,%ebp
> : unsigned int mode = 0;
> :
> : if (*str == ' ')
> : return NULL;
> :
> : while ((c = *str++) != ' ') {
> 1.74 : 4a0dbf: 48 8d 5e 01 lea 0x1(%rsi),%rbx
> : if (c < '0' || c > '7')
> 0.00 : 4a0dc3: 8d 42 d0 lea -0x30(%rdx),%eax
> 0.17 : 4a0dc6: 3c 07 cmp $0x7,%al
> 0.00 : 4a0dc8: 76 0d jbe 4a0dd7 <decode_tree_entry+0x37>
> 0.00 : 4a0dca: eb 54 jmp 4a0e20 <decode_tree_entry+0x80>
> 0.00 : 4a0dcc: 0f 1f 40 00 nopl 0x0(%rax)
> 16.57 : 4a0dd0: 8d 42 d0 lea -0x30(%rdx),%eax
> 0.14 : 4a0dd3: 3c 07 cmp $0x7,%al
> 0.00 : 4a0dd5: 77 49 ja 4a0e20 <decode_tree_entry+0x80>
> : return NULL;
> : mode = (mode << 3) + (c - '0');
> 3.12 : 4a0dd7: 0f b6 c2 movzbl %dl,%eax
> : unsigned int mode = 0;
> :
> : if (*str == ' ')
> : return NULL;
> :
> : while ((c = *str++) != ' ') {
> 0.00 : 4a0dda: 0f b6 13 movzbl (%rbx),%edx
> 16.74 : 4a0ddd: 48 83 c3 01 add $0x1,%rbx
> : if (c < '0' || c > '7')
> : return NULL;
> : mode = (mode << 3) + (c - '0');
>
> The first column is the percentage of samples that arrived on that
> particular line - relative to the total cost of the function.




Wow!! Very impressive tool!!

Frederic.



>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
> LKML-Reference: <new-submission>
> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
>
>
> ---
> .../perf_counter/Documentation/perf-annotate.txt | 9 +-
> Documentation/perf_counter/builtin-annotate.c | 304 ++++++++++++--------
> Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.c | 50 +++-
> Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.h | 5 +
> 4 files changed, 229 insertions(+), 139 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/perf_counter/Documentation/perf-annotate.txt b/Documentation/perf_counter/Documentation/perf-annotate.txt
> index a9d6d5e..c9dcade 100644
> --- a/Documentation/perf_counter/Documentation/perf-annotate.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/perf_counter/Documentation/perf-annotate.txt
> @@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ perf-annotate(1)
>
> NAME
> ----
> -perf-annotate - Read perf.data (created by perf record) and annotate functions
> +perf-annotate - Read perf.data (created by perf record) and display annotated code
>
> SYNOPSIS
> --------
> @@ -12,8 +12,11 @@ SYNOPSIS
>
> DESCRIPTION
> -----------
> -This command displays the performance counter profile information recorded
> -via perf record.
> +This command reads the input file and displays an annotated version of the
> +code. If the object file has debug symbols then the source code will be
> +displayed alongside assembly code.
> +
> +If there is no debug info in the object, then annotated assembly is displayed.
>
> OPTIONS
> -------
> diff --git a/Documentation/perf_counter/builtin-annotate.c b/Documentation/perf_counter/builtin-annotate.c
> index d656484..116a397 100644
> --- a/Documentation/perf_counter/builtin-annotate.c
> +++ b/Documentation/perf_counter/builtin-annotate.c
> @@ -28,7 +28,7 @@
> static char const *input_name = "perf.data";
> static char *vmlinux = NULL;
>
> -static char default_sort_order[] = "comm,dso";
> +static char default_sort_order[] = "comm,symbol";
> static char *sort_order = default_sort_order;
>
> static int input;
> @@ -38,7 +38,6 @@ static int dump_trace = 0;
> #define dprintf(x...) do { if (dump_trace) printf(x); } while (0)
>
> static int verbose;
> -static int full_paths;
>
> static unsigned long page_size;
> static unsigned long mmap_window = 32;
> @@ -89,6 +88,7 @@ static LIST_HEAD(dsos);
> static struct dso *kernel_dso;
> static struct dso *vdso;
>
> +
> static void dsos__add(struct dso *dso)
> {
> list_add_tail(&dso->node, &dsos);
> @@ -176,20 +176,6 @@ static int load_kernel(void)
> return err;
> }
>
> -static char __cwd[PATH_MAX];
> -static char *cwd = __cwd;
> -static int cwdlen;
> -
> -static int strcommon(const char *pathname)
> -{
> - int n = 0;
> -
> - while (pathname[n] == cwd[n] && n < cwdlen)
> - ++n;
> -
> - return n;
> -}
> -
> struct map {
> struct list_head node;
> uint64_t start;
> @@ -215,17 +201,6 @@ static struct map *map__new(struct mmap_event *event)
>
> if (self != NULL) {
> const char *filename = event->filename;
> - char newfilename[PATH_MAX];
> -
> - if (cwd) {
> - int n = strcommon(filename);
> -
> - if (n == cwdlen) {
> - snprintf(newfilename, sizeof(newfilename),
> - ".%s", filename + n);
> - filename = newfilename;
> - }
> - }
>
> self->start = event->start;
> self->end = event->start + event->len;
> @@ -669,44 +644,36 @@ hist_entry__collapse(struct hist_entry *left, struct hist_entry *right)
> return cmp;
> }
>
> -static size_t
> -hist_entry__fprintf(FILE *fp, struct hist_entry *self, uint64_t total_samples)
> +/*
> + * collect histogram counts
> + */
> +static void hist_hit(struct hist_entry *he, uint64_t ip)
> {
> - struct sort_entry *se;
> - size_t ret;
> + unsigned int sym_size, offset;
> + struct symbol *sym = he->sym;
>
> - if (total_samples) {
> - double percent = self->count * 100.0 / total_samples;
> - char *color = PERF_COLOR_NORMAL;
> + he->count++;
>
> - /*
> - * We color high-overhead entries in red, low-overhead
> - * entries in green - and keep the middle ground normal:
> - */
> - if (percent >= 5.0)
> - color = PERF_COLOR_RED;
> - if (percent < 0.5)
> - color = PERF_COLOR_GREEN;
> + if (!sym || !sym->hist)
> + return;
>
> - ret = color_fprintf(fp, color, " %6.2f%%",
> - (self->count * 100.0) / total_samples);
> - } else
> - ret = fprintf(fp, "%12d ", self->count);
> + sym_size = sym->end - sym->start;
> + offset = ip - sym->start;
>
> - list_for_each_entry(se, &hist_entry__sort_list, list) {
> - fprintf(fp, " ");
> - ret += se->print(fp, self);
> - }
> + if (offset >= sym_size)
> + return;
>
> - ret += fprintf(fp, "\n");
> + sym->hist_sum++;
> + sym->hist[offset]++;
>
> - return ret;
> + if (verbose >= 3)
> + printf("%p %s: count++ [ip: %p, %08Lx] => %Ld\n",
> + (void *)he->sym->start,
> + he->sym->name,
> + (void *)ip, ip - he->sym->start,
> + sym->hist[offset]);
> }
>
> -/*
> - * collect histogram counts
> - */
> -
> static int
> hist_entry__add(struct thread *thread, struct map *map, struct dso *dso,
> struct symbol *sym, uint64_t ip, char level)
> @@ -732,7 +699,8 @@ hist_entry__add(struct thread *thread, struct map *map, struct dso *dso,
> cmp = hist_entry__cmp(&entry, he);
>
> if (!cmp) {
> - he->count++;
> + hist_hit(he, ip);
> +
> return 0;
> }
>
> @@ -856,50 +824,6 @@ static void output__resort(void)
> }
> }
>
> -static size_t output__fprintf(FILE *fp, uint64_t total_samples)
> -{
> - struct hist_entry *pos;
> - struct sort_entry *se;
> - struct rb_node *nd;
> - size_t ret = 0;
> -
> - fprintf(fp, "\n");
> - fprintf(fp, "#\n");
> - fprintf(fp, "# (%Ld samples)\n", (__u64)total_samples);
> - fprintf(fp, "#\n");
> -
> - fprintf(fp, "# Overhead");
> - list_for_each_entry(se, &hist_entry__sort_list, list)
> - fprintf(fp, " %s", se->header);
> - fprintf(fp, "\n");
> -
> - fprintf(fp, "# ........");
> - list_for_each_entry(se, &hist_entry__sort_list, list) {
> - int i;
> -
> - fprintf(fp, " ");
> - for (i = 0; i < strlen(se->header); i++)
> - fprintf(fp, ".");
> - }
> - fprintf(fp, "\n");
> -
> - fprintf(fp, "#\n");
> -
> - for (nd = rb_first(&output_hists); nd; nd = rb_next(nd)) {
> - pos = rb_entry(nd, struct hist_entry, rb_node);
> - ret += hist_entry__fprintf(fp, pos, total_samples);
> - }
> -
> - if (!strcmp(sort_order, default_sort_order)) {
> - fprintf(fp, "#\n");
> - fprintf(fp, "# (For more details, try: perf annotate --sort comm,dso,symbol)\n");
> - fprintf(fp, "#\n");
> - }
> - fprintf(fp, "\n");
> -
> - return ret;
> -}
> -
> static void register_idle_thread(void)
> {
> struct thread *thread = threads__findnew(0);
> @@ -1106,6 +1030,149 @@ process_event(event_t *event, unsigned long offset, unsigned long head)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static int
> +parse_line(FILE *file, struct symbol *sym, uint64_t start, uint64_t len)
> +{
> + char *line = NULL, *tmp, *tmp2;
> + unsigned int offset;
> + size_t line_len;
> + __u64 line_ip;
> + int ret;
> + char *c;
> +
> + if (getline(&line, &line_len, file) < 0)
> + return -1;
> + if (!line)
> + return -1;
> +
> + c = strchr(line, '\n');
> + if (c)
> + *c = 0;
> +
> + line_ip = -1;
> + offset = 0;
> + ret = -2;
> +
> + /*
> + * Strip leading spaces:
> + */
> + tmp = line;
> + while (*tmp) {
> + if (*tmp != ' ')
> + break;
> + tmp++;
> + }
> +
> + if (*tmp) {
> + /*
> + * Parse hexa addresses followed by ':'
> + */
> + line_ip = strtoull(tmp, &tmp2, 16);
> + if (*tmp2 != ':')
> + line_ip = -1;
> + }
> +
> + if (line_ip != -1) {
> + unsigned int hits = 0;
> + double percent = 0.0;
> + char *color = PERF_COLOR_NORMAL;
> +
> + offset = line_ip - start;
> + if (offset < len)
> + hits = sym->hist[offset];
> +
> + if (sym->hist_sum)
> + percent = 100.0 * hits / sym->hist_sum;
> +
> + /*
> + * We color high-overhead entries in red, low-overhead
> + * entries in green - and keep the middle ground normal:
> + */
> + if (percent >= 5.0)
> + color = PERF_COLOR_RED;
> + else {
> + if (percent > 0.5)
> + color = PERF_COLOR_GREEN;
> + }
> +
> + color_fprintf(stdout, color, " %7.2f", percent);
> + printf(" : ");
> + color_fprintf(stdout, PERF_COLOR_BLUE, "%s\n", line);
> + } else {
> + if (!*line)
> + printf(" :\n");
> + else
> + printf(" : %s\n", line);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void annotate_sym(struct dso *dso, struct symbol *sym)
> +{
> + char *filename = dso->name;
> + uint64_t start, end, len;
> + char command[PATH_MAX*2];
> + FILE *file;
> +
> + if (!filename)
> + return;
> + if (dso == kernel_dso)
> + filename = vmlinux;
> +
> + printf("\n------------------------------------------------\n");
> + printf(" Percent | Source code & Disassembly of %s\n", filename);
> + printf("------------------------------------------------\n");
> +
> + if (verbose >= 2)
> + printf("annotating [%p] %30s : [%p] %30s\n", dso, dso->name, sym, sym->name);
> +
> + start = sym->obj_start;
> + if (!start)
> + start = sym->start;
> +
> + end = start + sym->end - sym->start + 1;
> + len = sym->end - sym->start;
> +
> + sprintf(command, "objdump --start-address=0x%016Lx --stop-address=0x%016Lx -dS %s", (__u64)start, (__u64)end, filename);
> +
> + if (verbose >= 3)
> + printf("doing: %s\n", command);
> +
> + file = popen(command, "r");
> + if (!file)
> + return;
> +
> + while (!feof(file)) {
> + if (parse_line(file, sym, start, len) < 0)
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + pclose(file);
> +}
> +
> +static void find_annotations(void)
> +{
> + struct rb_node *nd;
> + struct dso *dso;
> + int count = 0;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(dso, &dsos, node) {
> +
> + for (nd = rb_first(&dso->syms); nd; nd = rb_next(nd)) {
> + struct symbol *sym = rb_entry(nd, struct symbol, rb_node);
> +
> + if (sym->hist) {
> + annotate_sym(dso, sym);
> + count++;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +
> + if (!count)
> + printf(" Error: symbol '%s' not present amongst the samples.\n", sym_hist_filter);
> +}
> +
> static int __cmd_annotate(void)
> {
> int ret, rc = EXIT_FAILURE;
> @@ -1140,16 +1207,6 @@ static int __cmd_annotate(void)
> return EXIT_FAILURE;
> }
>
> - if (!full_paths) {
> - if (getcwd(__cwd, sizeof(__cwd)) == NULL) {
> - perror("failed to get the current directory");
> - return EXIT_FAILURE;
> - }
> - cwdlen = strlen(cwd);
> - } else {
> - cwd = NULL;
> - cwdlen = 0;
> - }
> remap:
> buf = (char *)mmap(NULL, page_size * mmap_window, PROT_READ,
> MAP_SHARED, input, offset);
> @@ -1229,7 +1286,8 @@ more:
>
> collapse__resort();
> output__resort();
> - output__fprintf(stdout, total);
> +
> + find_annotations();
>
> return rc;
> }
> @@ -1242,15 +1300,13 @@ static const char * const annotate_usage[] = {
> static const struct option options[] = {
> OPT_STRING('i', "input", &input_name, "file",
> "input file name"),
> + OPT_STRING('s', "symbol", &sym_hist_filter, "file",
> + "symbol to annotate"),
> OPT_BOOLEAN('v', "verbose", &verbose,
> "be more verbose (show symbol address, etc)"),
> OPT_BOOLEAN('D', "dump-raw-trace", &dump_trace,
> "dump raw trace in ASCII"),
> OPT_STRING('k', "vmlinux", &vmlinux, "file", "vmlinux pathname"),
> - OPT_STRING('s', "sort", &sort_order, "key[,key2...]",
> - "sort by key(s): pid, comm, dso, symbol. Default: pid,symbol"),
> - OPT_BOOLEAN('P', "full-paths", &full_paths,
> - "Don't shorten the pathnames taking into account the cwd"),
> OPT_END()
> };
>
> @@ -1279,10 +1335,18 @@ int cmd_annotate(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
>
> setup_sorting();
>
> - /*
> - * Any (unrecognized) arguments left?
> - */
> - if (argc)
> + if (argc) {
> + /*
> + * Special case: if there's an argument left then assume tha
> + * it's a symbol filter:
> + */
> + if (argc > 1)
> + usage_with_options(annotate_usage, options);
> +
> + sym_hist_filter = argv[0];
> + }
> +
> + if (!sym_hist_filter)
> usage_with_options(annotate_usage, options);
>
> setup_pager();
> diff --git a/Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.c b/Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.c
> index a06bbfb..23f4f7b 100644
> --- a/Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.c
> +++ b/Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.c
> @@ -7,21 +7,36 @@
> #include <gelf.h>
> #include <elf.h>
>
> +const char *sym_hist_filter;
> +
> static struct symbol *symbol__new(uint64_t start, uint64_t len,
> - const char *name, unsigned int priv_size)
> + const char *name, unsigned int priv_size,
> + uint64_t obj_start, int verbose)
> {
> size_t namelen = strlen(name) + 1;
> - struct symbol *self = malloc(priv_size + sizeof(*self) + namelen);
> + struct symbol *self = calloc(1, priv_size + sizeof(*self) + namelen);
>
> - if (self != NULL) {
> - if (priv_size) {
> - memset(self, 0, priv_size);
> - self = ((void *)self) + priv_size;
> - }
> - self->start = start;
> - self->end = start + len - 1;
> - memcpy(self->name, name, namelen);
> + if (!self)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + if (verbose >= 2)
> + printf("new symbol: %016Lx [%08lx]: %s, hist: %p, obj_start: %p\n",
> + (__u64)start, len, name, self->hist, (void *)obj_start);
> +
> + self->obj_start= obj_start;
> + self->hist = NULL;
> + self->hist_sum = 0;
> +
> + if (sym_hist_filter && !strcmp(name, sym_hist_filter))
> + self->hist = calloc(sizeof(__u64), len);
> +
> + if (priv_size) {
> + memset(self, 0, priv_size);
> + self = ((void *)self) + priv_size;
> }
> + self->start = start;
> + self->end = start + len - 1;
> + memcpy(self->name, name, namelen);
>
> return self;
> }
> @@ -166,7 +181,7 @@ static int dso__load_kallsyms(struct dso *self, symbol_filter_t filter, int verb
> * Well fix up the end later, when we have all sorted.
> */
> sym = symbol__new(start, 0xdead, line + len + 2,
> - self->sym_priv_size);
> + self->sym_priv_size, 0, verbose);
>
> if (sym == NULL)
> goto out_delete_line;
> @@ -272,7 +287,7 @@ static Elf_Scn *elf_section_by_name(Elf *elf, GElf_Ehdr *ep,
> static int dso__synthesize_plt_symbols(struct dso *self, Elf *elf,
> GElf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Scn *scn_dynsym,
> GElf_Shdr *shdr_dynsym,
> - size_t dynsym_idx)
> + size_t dynsym_idx, int verbose)
> {
> uint32_t nr_rel_entries, idx;
> GElf_Sym sym;
> @@ -335,7 +350,7 @@ static int dso__synthesize_plt_symbols(struct dso *self, Elf *elf,
> "%s@plt", elf_sym__name(&sym, symstrs));
>
> f = symbol__new(plt_offset, shdr_plt.sh_entsize,
> - sympltname, self->sym_priv_size);
> + sympltname, self->sym_priv_size, 0, verbose);
> if (!f)
> return -1;
>
> @@ -353,7 +368,7 @@ static int dso__synthesize_plt_symbols(struct dso *self, Elf *elf,
> "%s@plt", elf_sym__name(&sym, symstrs));
>
> f = symbol__new(plt_offset, shdr_plt.sh_entsize,
> - sympltname, self->sym_priv_size);
> + sympltname, self->sym_priv_size, 0, verbose);
> if (!f)
> return -1;
>
> @@ -410,7 +425,7 @@ static int dso__load_sym(struct dso *self, int fd, const char *name,
> if (sec_dynsym != NULL) {
> nr = dso__synthesize_plt_symbols(self, elf, &ehdr,
> sec_dynsym, &shdr,
> - dynsym_idx);
> + dynsym_idx, verbose);
> if (nr < 0)
> goto out_elf_end;
> }
> @@ -444,6 +459,7 @@ static int dso__load_sym(struct dso *self, int fd, const char *name,
>
> elf_symtab__for_each_symbol(syms, nr_syms, index, sym) {
> struct symbol *f;
> + uint64_t obj_start;
>
> if (!elf_sym__is_function(&sym))
> continue;
> @@ -453,11 +469,13 @@ static int dso__load_sym(struct dso *self, int fd, const char *name,
> goto out_elf_end;
>
> gelf_getshdr(sec, &shdr);
> + obj_start = sym.st_value;
> +
> sym.st_value -= shdr.sh_addr - shdr.sh_offset;
>
> f = symbol__new(sym.st_value, sym.st_size,
> elf_sym__name(&sym, symstrs),
> - self->sym_priv_size);
> + self->sym_priv_size, obj_start, verbose);
> if (!f)
> goto out_elf_end;
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.h b/Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.h
> index e23cc31..4839d68 100644
> --- a/Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.h
> +++ b/Documentation/perf_counter/util/symbol.h
> @@ -9,6 +9,9 @@ struct symbol {
> struct rb_node rb_node;
> __u64 start;
> __u64 end;
> + __u64 obj_start;
> + __u64 hist_sum;
> + __u64 *hist;
> char name[0];
> };
>
> @@ -20,6 +23,8 @@ struct dso {
> char name[0];
> };
>
> +const char *sym_hist_filter;
> +
> typedef int (*symbol_filter_t)(struct dso *self, struct symbol *sym);
>
> struct dso *dso__new(const char *name, unsigned int sym_priv_size);
> --
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