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SubjectRe: [PATCH] cpuhotplug: introduce try_get_online_cpus() take 2
On 06/04, Lai Jiangshan wrote:
>
> - Lockless for get_online_cpus()'s fast path
> - Introduce try_get_online_cpus()

I think this can work...

> @@ -50,10 +57,20 @@ void get_online_cpus(void)
> might_sleep();
> if (cpu_hotplug.active_writer == current)
> return;
> - mutex_lock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
> - cpu_hotplug.refcount++;
> - mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
>
> + if (unlikely(!atomic_inc_not_zero(&cpu_hotplug.refcount))) {
> + DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
> +
> + for (;;) {
> + prepare_to_wait(&cpu_hotplug.sleeping_readers, &wait,
> + TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
> + if (atomic_inc_not_zero(&cpu_hotplug.refcount))
> + break;
> + schedule();
> + }
> +
> + finish_wait(&cpu_hotplug.sleeping_readers, &wait);
> + }
> }

Looks like the code above can be replaced with

wait_event(atomic_inc_not_zero(&cpu_hotplug.refcount));

> static void cpu_hotplug_done(void)
> {
> cpu_hotplug.active_writer = NULL;
> - mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
> + atomic_inc(&cpu_hotplug.refcount);
> +
> + if (waitqueue_active(&cpu_hotplug.sleeping_readers))
> + wake_up(&cpu_hotplug.sleeping_readers);
> }

This looks racy.

Suppose that the new reader comes right before atomic_inc(). The first
inc_not_zero() fails, the readear does prepare_to_wait(), the 2nd
inc_not_zero() fails too.

cpu_hotplug_done() does atomic_inc().

What guarantees we must see waitqueue_active() == T?

I think cpu_hotplug_done() should do unconditional wake_up(). This path
is slow anyway, "if (waitqueue_active())" does not buy too much. In this
case .sleeping_readers->lock closes the race.
Unless I missed something, of course.


Minor, but I'd suggest to use wake_up_all(). This does not make any
difference because we do not have WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE waiters, but imho
looks a bit cleaner.

Hmm. It seems to me that cpu_hotplug_done() needs mb__before_atomic_inc()
before atomic_inc. Otherwise, "active_writer = NULL" can be re-ordered with
atomic_inc(). If the new reader does get_online_cpus() + put_online_cpus()
quicky, it can see active_writer != NULL.

Oleg.



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