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SubjectRe: [PATCH] skip I_CLEAR state inodes
On Wed 03-06-09 22:10:21, Wu Fengguang wrote:
> On Tue, Jun 02, 2009 at 07:37:36PM +0800, Jan Kara wrote:
> > On Tue 02-06-09 16:55:23, Wu Fengguang wrote:
> > > On Tue, Jun 02, 2009 at 05:38:35AM +0800, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> > > > Wu Fengguang wrote:
> > > > > Add I_CLEAR tests to drop_pagecache_sb(), generic_sync_sb_inodes() and
> > > > > add_dquot_ref().
> > > > >
> > > > > clear_inode() will switch inode state from I_FREEING to I_CLEAR,
> > > > > and do so _outside_ of inode_lock. So any I_FREEING testing is
> > > > > incomplete without the testing of I_CLEAR.
> > > > >
> > > > > Masayoshi MIZUMA first discovered the bug in drop_pagecache_sb() and
> > > > > Jan Kara reminds fixing the other two cases. Thanks!
> > > >
> > > > Is there a reason it's not done for __sync_single_inode as well?
> > >
> > > It missed the glance because it don't have an obvious '|' in the line ;)
> > >
> > > > Jeff Layton asked the question and I'm following it up :)
> > > >
> > > > __sync_single_inode currently only tests I_FREEING, but I think we are
> > > > safe because __sync_single_inode sets I_SYNC, and clear_inode waits for
> > > > I_SYNC to be cleared before it changes I_STATE.
> > >
> > > But I_SYNC is removed just before the I_FREEING test, so we still have
> > > a small race window?
> > >
> > > > On the other hand, testing I_CLEAR here probably would be safe anyway,
> > > > and it'd be bonus points for consistency?
> > >
> > > So let's add the I_CLEAR test?
> > >
> > > > Same basic question for generic_sync_sb_inodes, which has a
> > > > BUG_ON(inode->i_state & I_FREEING), seems like this could check I_CLWAR
> > > > as well?
> > >
> > > Yes, we can add I_CLEAR here to catch more error condition.
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > > Fengguang
> > >
> > > ---
> > > skip I_CLEAR state inodes in writeback routines
> > >
> > > The I_FREEING test in __sync_single_inode() is racy because
> > > clear_inode() can set i_state to I_CLEAR between the clear of I_SYNC
> > > and the test of I_FREEING.
> > >
> > > Also extend the coverage of BUG_ON(I_FREEING) to I_CLEAR.
> > >
> > > Reported-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>
> > > Reported-by: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@sandeen.net>
> > > Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
> > > ---
> > > fs/fs-writeback.c | 4 ++--
> > > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > --- linux.orig/fs/fs-writeback.c
> > > +++ linux/fs/fs-writeback.c
> > > @@ -316,7 +316,7 @@ __sync_single_inode(struct inode *inode,
> > > spin_lock(&inode_lock);
> > > WARN_ON(inode->i_state & I_NEW);
> > > inode->i_state &= ~I_SYNC;
> > > - if (!(inode->i_state & I_FREEING)) {
> > > + if (!(inode->i_state & (I_FREEING | I_CLEAR))) {
> > > if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY) &&
> > > mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) {
> > Is the whole if needed? I had an impression that everyone calling
> > __sync_single_inode() should better take care it does not race with inode
> > freeing... So WARN_ON would be more appropriate IMHO.
> >
> > > /*
> > > @@ -518,7 +518,7 @@ void generic_sync_sb_inodes(struct super
> > > if (current_is_pdflush() && !writeback_acquire(bdi))
> > > break;
> > >
> > > - BUG_ON(inode->i_state & I_FREEING);
> > > + BUG_ON(inode->i_state & (I_FREEING | I_CLEAR));
> > > __iget(inode);
> > > pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped;
> > > __writeback_single_inode(inode, wbc);
> > Looking at this code, it looks a bit suspicious. What prevents this s_io
> > list scan to race with inode freeing? In particular generic_forget_inode()
>
> Good catch.
>
> > can drop inode_lock to write the inode and in the mean time
> > generic_sync_sb_inodes() can come, get a reference to the inode and start
> > it's writeback... Subsequent iput() would then call generic_forget_inode()
>
> Another possibility:
>
> generic_forget_inode
> inode->i_state |= I_WILL_FREE;
> spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
> generic_sync_sb_inodes()
> spin_lock(&inode_lock);
> __iget(inode);
> __writeback_single_inode
> // see non zero i_count
> WARN_ON(inode->i_state & I_WILL_FREE);
>
> I'm wondering why didn't we saw reports on the last WARN_ON()?
> Did we missed something?
I meant the above race in my description ;-). Anyway, the race can happen
only if we are unmounting the filesystem (normally, we bail out on
sb->s_flags & MS_ACTIVE check - yes, it's a bit hidden and it also took me
a while to understand why we weren't seeing tons of warnings...).

> > on the inode again. So shouldn't we skip I_FREEING|I_CLEAR|I_WILL_FREE|I_NEW
> > inodes in this scan like we do for later in the function for another scan?

Honza
--
Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
SUSE Labs, CR


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