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SubjectRe: [patch update] PM: Introduce core framework for run-time PM of I/O devices (rev. 6)
On Mon, 29 Jun 2009, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:

> IMO one can think of pm_request_resume() as a top half of pm_runtime_resume().

Normal top halves don't trigger before the circumstances are
appropriate. For example, if you enable remote wakeup on a USB device,
it won't send a wakeup signal before it has been powered down. A
driver calling pm_request_resume while the device is still resumed is
like a USB device sending a wakeup request while it is still powered
up. So IMO the analogy with top halves isn't a good one.

> Thus, it should either queue up a request to run pm_runtime_resume() or leave
> the status as though pm_runtime_resume() ran. Anything else would be
> internally inconsistent. So, if pm_runtime_resume() cancels pending suspend
> requests, pm_request_resume() should do the same or the other way around.
> Now, arguably, ignoring pending suspend requests is somewhat easier from
> the core's point of view, but it may not be so for drivers.

The argument I gave in the previous email demonstrates that it doesn't
make any difference to drivers. Either way, they have to use two I/O
pathways, they have to do a pm_runtime_get before pm_request_resume,
and they have to do a pm_request_put after the I/O is done.

Of course, this is all somewhat theoretical. I still don't know of any
actual drivers that do the equivalent of pm_request_resume.

> My point is that the core should always treat pending suspend requests in the
> same way. If they are canceled by pm_runtime_resume(), then
> pm_request_resume() should also cancel them and it shouldn't be possible
> to schedule a suspend request when the resume counter is greater than 0.
> In turn, if they are ignored by pm_runtime_resume(), then pm_request_resume()
> should also ignore them and there's no point to prevent pm_request_suspend()
> from scheduling a suspend request if the resume counter is greater than 0.
> Any other type of behavior has a potential to confuse driver writers.

Another possible approach you could take when the call to
cancel_delayed_work fails (which should be rare) is to turn on RPM_WAKE
in addition to RPM_IDLE and leave the suspend request queued. When
__pm_runtime_suspend sees both flags are set, it should abort and set
the status directly back to RPM_ACTIVE. At that time the idle
notifications can start up again.

Is this any better? I can't see how drivers would care, though.

Alan Stern

P.S.: What do you think should happen if there's a delayed suspend
request pending, then pm_request_resume is called (and it leaves the
request queued), and then someone calls pm_runtime_suspend? You've got
two pending requests and a synchronous call all active at the same

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