lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Jun]   [29]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [KVM PATCH v6 3/4] KVM: Fix races in irqfd using new eventfd_kref_get interface
Look good. A couple of minor nits:

On Mon, Jun 29, 2009 at 11:44:15AM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> eventfd currently emits a POLLHUP wakeup on f_ops->release() to generate a
> "release" callback. This lets eventfd clients know if the eventfd is about
> to go away and is very useful particularly for in-kernel clients. However,
> until recently it is not possible to use this feature of eventfd in a
> race-free way. This patch utilizes a new eventfd interface to rectify
> the problem.
>
> Note that one final race is known to exist: the slow-work thread may race
> with module removal. We are currently working with slow-work upstream
> to fix this issue as well. Since the code prior to this patch also
> races with module_put(), we are not making anything worse, but rather
> shifting the cause of the race. Once the slow-work code is patched we
> will be fixing the last remaining issue.
>
> Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>
> ---
>
> include/linux/kvm_host.h | 5 +
> virt/kvm/Kconfig | 1
> virt/kvm/eventfd.c | 154 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
> 3 files changed, 131 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> index 2451f48..5a90c6a 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> @@ -141,7 +141,10 @@ struct kvm {
> struct kvm_io_bus mmio_bus;
> struct kvm_io_bus pio_bus;
> #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_EVENTFD
> - struct list_head irqfds;
> + struct {
> + spinlock_t lock;
> + struct list_head items;
> + } irqfds;
> #endif
> struct kvm_vm_stat stat;
> struct kvm_arch arch;
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/Kconfig b/virt/kvm/Kconfig
> index daece36..ab7848a 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/Kconfig
> +++ b/virt/kvm/Kconfig
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ config HAVE_KVM_IRQCHIP
> config HAVE_KVM_EVENTFD
> bool
> select EVENTFD
> + select SLOW_WORK

not needed in this version?

> config KVM_APIC_ARCHITECTURE
> bool
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/eventfd.c b/virt/kvm/eventfd.c
> index 9656027..76ad125 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/eventfd.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/eventfd.c
> @@ -36,16 +36,22 @@
> * Credit goes to Avi Kivity for the original idea.
> * --------------------------------------------------------------------
> */
> +
> struct _irqfd {
> struct kvm *kvm;
> + struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd;
> int gsi;
> struct list_head list;
> poll_table pt;
> wait_queue_head_t *wqh;
> wait_queue_t wait;
> struct work_struct inject;
> + struct work_struct shutdown;
> + int active:1;

I think we need a comment here that active bit is protected by irqfds
lock. One idea I had to make it even clearer was to have a shutdown list
of irqfds per-kvm, together with the items list, and make work_struct for
shutdown global, not per-irqfd. We can then unconditionally do
list_move + schedule_work to shut down an irqfd, and it's safe to do
even if it is already on the shutdown list - it just gets moved to tail.

> };
>
> +static struct workqueue_struct *irqfd_cleanup_wq;
> +
> static void
> irqfd_inject(struct work_struct *work)
> {
> @@ -58,32 +64,81 @@ irqfd_inject(struct work_struct *work)
> mutex_unlock(&kvm->irq_lock);
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Race-free decouple logic (ordering is critical)
> + */
> +static void
> +irqfd_shutdown(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> + struct _irqfd *irqfd = container_of(work, struct _irqfd, shutdown);
> +
> + /*
> + * Synchronize with the wait-queue and unhook ourselves to prevent
> + * further events.
> + */
> + remove_wait_queue(irqfd->wqh, &irqfd->wait);
> +
> + /*
> + * We know no new events will be scheduled at this point, so block
> + * until all previously outstanding events have completed
> + */
> + flush_work(&irqfd->inject);
> +
> + /*
> + * It is now safe to release the object's resources
> + */
> + eventfd_ctx_put(irqfd->eventfd);
> + kfree(irqfd);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Mark the irqfd as inactive and schedule it for removal
> + *
> + * assumes kvm->irqfds.lock is held
> + */
> +static void
> +irqfd_deactivate(struct _irqfd *irqfd)
> +{
> + BUG_ON(!irqfd->active);
> +
> + irqfd->active = false;
> + list_del(&irqfd->list);
> +
> + queue_work(irqfd_cleanup_wq, &irqfd->shutdown);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Called with wqh->lock held and interrupts disabled
> + */
> static int
> irqfd_wakeup(wait_queue_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key)
> {
> struct _irqfd *irqfd = container_of(wait, struct _irqfd, wait);
> unsigned long flags = (unsigned long)key;
>
> - /*
> - * Assume we will be called with interrupts disabled
> - */
> if (flags & POLLIN)
> - /*
> - * Defer the IRQ injection until later since we need to
> - * acquire the kvm->lock to do so.
> - */
> + /* An event has been signaled, inject an interrupt */
> schedule_work(&irqfd->inject);
>
> if (flags & POLLHUP) {
> - /*
> - * for now, just remove ourselves from the list and let
> - * the rest dangle. We will fix this up later once
> - * the races in eventfd are fixed
> - */
> - __remove_wait_queue(irqfd->wqh, &irqfd->wait);
> - irqfd->wqh = NULL;
> + /* The eventfd is closing, detach from KVM */
> + struct kvm *kvm = irqfd->kvm;
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&kvm->irqfds.lock, flags);
> +
> + if (irqfd->active)
> + /*
> + * If we get here, we can be sure no-one else is
> + * trying to shutdown this object at the same time
> + * since we hold the list lock.
> + */
> + irqfd_deactivate(irqfd);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kvm->irqfds.lock, flags);
> }
>
> +

extra empty line

> return 0;
> }
>
> @@ -102,6 +157,7 @@ kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
> {
> struct _irqfd *irqfd;
> struct file *file = NULL;
> + struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd = NULL;
> int ret;
> unsigned int events;
>
> @@ -113,6 +169,8 @@ kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
> irqfd->gsi = gsi;
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&irqfd->list);
> INIT_WORK(&irqfd->inject, irqfd_inject);
> + INIT_WORK(&irqfd->shutdown, irqfd_shutdown);
> + irqfd->active = true;
>
> file = eventfd_fget(fd);
> if (IS_ERR(file)) {
> @@ -120,6 +178,14 @@ kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
> goto fail;
> }
>
> + eventfd = eventfd_ctx_fileget(file);
> + if (IS_ERR(file)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(file);
> + goto fail;
> + }
> +
> + irqfd->eventfd = eventfd;
> +
> /*
> * Install our own custom wake-up handling so we are notified via
> * a callback whenever someone signals the underlying eventfd
> @@ -129,12 +195,13 @@ kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
>
> events = file->f_op->poll(file, &irqfd->pt);
>
> - mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
> - list_add_tail(&irqfd->list, &kvm->irqfds);
> - mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
> + spin_lock_irq(&kvm->irqfds.lock);
> + list_add_tail(&irqfd->list, &kvm->irqfds.items);
> + spin_unlock_irq(&kvm->irqfds.lock);
>
> /*
> - * Check if there was an event already queued
> + * Check if there was an event already pending on the eventfd
> + * before we registered, and trigger it as if we didn't miss it.
> */
> if (events & POLLIN)
> schedule_work(&irqfd->inject);
> @@ -148,6 +215,9 @@ kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
> return 0;
>
> fail:
> + if (eventfd && !IS_ERR(eventfd))
> + eventfd_ctx_put(eventfd);
> +
> if (file && !IS_ERR(file))
> fput(file);
>
> @@ -158,24 +228,52 @@ fail:
> void
> kvm_irqfd_init(struct kvm *kvm)
> {
> - INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->irqfds);
> + spin_lock_init(&kvm->irqfds.lock);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->irqfds.items);
> }
>
> +/*
> + * This function is called as the kvm VM fd is being released. Shutdown all
> + * irqfds that still remain open
> + */
> void
> kvm_irqfd_release(struct kvm *kvm)
> {
> struct _irqfd *irqfd, *tmp;
>
> - list_for_each_entry_safe(irqfd, tmp, &kvm->irqfds, list) {
> - if (irqfd->wqh)
> - remove_wait_queue(irqfd->wqh, &irqfd->wait);
> + spin_lock_irq(&kvm->irqfds.lock);
>
> - flush_work(&irqfd->inject);
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(irqfd, tmp, &kvm->irqfds.items, list)
> + irqfd_deactivate(irqfd);
>
> - mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
> - list_del(&irqfd->list);
> - mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
> + spin_unlock_irq(&kvm->irqfds.lock);
> +
> + /*
> + * Block until we know all outstanding shutdown jobs have completed
> + * since we do not take a kvm* reference.
> + */
> + flush_workqueue(irqfd_cleanup_wq);
>
> - kfree(irqfd);
> - }
> }
> +
> +/*
> + * create a host-wide workqueue for issuing deferred shutdown requests
> + * aggregated from all vm* instances. We need our own isolated single-thread
> + * queue to prevent deadlock against flushing the normal work-queue.
> + */
> +static int __init irqfd_module_init(void)
> +{
> + irqfd_cleanup_wq = create_singlethread_workqueue("kvm-irqfd-cleanup");
> + if (!irqfd_cleanup_wq)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit irqfd_module_exit(void)
> +{
> + destroy_workqueue(irqfd_cleanup_wq);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(irqfd_module_init);
> +module_exit(irqfd_module_exit);


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-06-29 18:15    [W:0.059 / U:2.748 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site