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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ds2782 battery gas gauge driver
Jean Delvare wrote:
> Hi Ryan,
>
> On Tue, 16 Jun 2009 16:17:35 +1200, Ryan Mallon wrote:
>
>> Add support for the the ds2782 standalone I2C gas-gauge.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Ryan Mallon <ryan@bluewatersys.com>
>>
>
> I suggest you send this patch to the maintainers of the power supply
> subsystem for review: Anton Vorontsov and David Woodhouse (Cc'd.)
>
> Also see my random comments inline:
>
Hi Jean, thanks for the comments. I have fixed the following:
- Added error checking for i2c reads
- 16 bit i2c registers read with i2c_smbus_read_word_data/swab16
- Simplified the math on the 10 bit temp and voltage registers
- Power supply class measures temp in tenths of degrees celsius, added
a comment to make this clear.
- Check sense_res to prevent div by zero crash.
- Added calls to i2c_set_clientdata

I haven't added any code for exporting properties to the hwmon class.
The power supply class already exports these properties via sysfs, and
the other battery drivers don't export to hwmon.

Updated patch below.

---
Add support for the DS2782 stand-alone I2C gas-gauge

Signed-off-by: Ryan Mallon <ryan@bluewatersys.com>
---

diff --git a/drivers/power/Kconfig b/drivers/power/Kconfig
index 33da112..b9c818f 100644
--- a/drivers/power/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/power/Kconfig
@@ -43,6 +43,13 @@ config BATTERY_DS2760
help
Say Y here to enable support for batteries with ds2760 chip.

+config BATTERY_DS2782
+ tristate "DS2782 standalone gas-gauge"
+ depends on I2C
+ help
+ Say Y here to enable support for the DS2782 standalone battery
+ gas-gauge.
+
config BATTERY_PMU
tristate "Apple PMU battery"
depends on PPC32 && ADB_PMU
diff --git a/drivers/power/Makefile b/drivers/power/Makefile
index 2fcf41d..ad1ac61 100644
--- a/drivers/power/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/power/Makefile
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_APM_POWER) += apm_power.o
obj-$(CONFIG_WM8350_POWER) += wm8350_power.o

obj-$(CONFIG_BATTERY_DS2760) += ds2760_battery.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BATTERY_DS2782) += ds2782_battery.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BATTERY_PMU) += pmu_battery.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BATTERY_OLPC) += olpc_battery.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BATTERY_TOSA) += tosa_battery.o
diff --git a/drivers/power/ds2782_battery.c b/drivers/power/ds2782_battery.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cfd4d28
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/power/ds2782_battery.c
@@ -0,0 +1,321 @@
+/*
+ * drivers/power/ds2782_battery.c
+ *
+ * I2C client/driver for the Maxim/Dallas DS2782 Stand-Alone Fuel Gauge IC
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Bluewater Systems Ltd
+ * Author: Ryan Mallon <ryan@bluewatersys.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/power_supply.h>
+
+#define DS2782_REG_RARC 0x06 /* Remaining active relative capacity */
+
+#define DS2782_REG_VOLT_MSB 0x0c
+#define DS2782_REG_TEMP_MSB 0x0a
+#define DS2782_REG_CURRENT_MSB 0x0e
+
+/* EEPROM Block */
+#define DS2782_REG_RSNSP 0x69 /* Sense resistor value */
+
+/* Current unit measurement in uA for a 1 milli-ohm sense resistor */
+#define DS2782_CURRENT_UNITS 1563
+
+#define to_ds2782_info(x) container_of(x, struct ds2782_info, battery)
+
+struct ds2782_info {
+ struct i2c_client *client;
+ struct power_supply battery;
+ int id;
+};
+
+static DEFINE_IDR(battery_id);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(battery_lock);
+
+static inline int ds2782_read_reg(struct ds2782_info *info, int reg, u8 *val)
+{
+ int ret = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(info->client, reg);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(&info->client->dev, "register read failed\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ *val = ret;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int ds2782_read_reg16(struct ds2782_info *info, int reg_msb,
+ s16 *val)
+{
+ int ret = swab16(i2c_smbus_read_word_data(info->client, reg_msb));
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(&info->client->dev, "register read failed\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ *val = ret;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ds2782_get_temp(struct ds2782_info *info, int *temp)
+{
+ s16 raw;
+ int err;
+
+ /*
+ * Temperature is measured in units of 0.125 degrees celcius, the
+ * power_supply class measures temperature in tenths of degrees
+ * celsius. The temperature value is stored as a 10 bit number, plus
+ * sign in the upper bits of a 16 bit register.
+ */
+ err = ds2782_read_reg16(info, DS2782_REG_TEMP_MSB, &raw);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ *temp = ((raw / 32) * 125) / 100;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ds2782_get_current(struct ds2782_info *info, int *current_uA)
+{
+ int sense_res, err;
+ u8 sense_res_raw;
+ s16 raw;
+
+ /*
+ * The units of measurement for current are dependent on the value of
+ * the sense resistor.
+ */
+ err = ds2782_read_reg(info, DS2782_REG_RSNSP, &sense_res_raw);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ if (sense_res_raw == 0) {
+ dev_err(&info->client->dev, "sense resistor value is 0\n");
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+ sense_res = 1000 / sense_res_raw;
+
+ dev_dbg(&info->client->dev, "sense resistor = %d milli-ohms\n",
+ sense_res);
+ err = ds2782_read_reg16(info, DS2782_REG_CURRENT_MSB, &raw);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ *current_uA = raw * (DS2782_CURRENT_UNITS / sense_res);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ds2782_get_voltage(struct ds2782_info *info, int *voltage_uA)
+{
+ s16 raw;
+ int err;
+
+ /*
+ * Voltage is measured in units of 4.88mV. The voltage is stored as
+ * a 10-bit number plus sign, in the upper bits of a 16-bit register
+ */
+ err = ds2782_read_reg16(info, DS2782_REG_VOLT_MSB, &raw);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ *voltage_uA = (raw / 32) * 4800;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ds2782_get_capacity(struct ds2782_info *info, int *capacity)
+{
+ int err;
+ u8 raw;
+
+ err = ds2782_read_reg(info, DS2782_REG_RARC, &raw);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ *capacity = raw;
+ return raw;
+}
+
+static int ds2782_get_status(struct ds2782_info *info, int *status)
+{
+ int err, current_uA, capacity;
+
+ err = ds2782_get_current(info, &current_uA);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ err = ds2782_get_capacity(info, &capacity);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (capacity == 100)
+ *status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_FULL;
+ else if (current_uA == 0)
+ *status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_NOT_CHARGING;
+ else if (current_uA < 0)
+ *status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_DISCHARGING;
+ else
+ *status = POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS_CHARGING;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ds2782_battery_get_property(struct power_supply *psy,
+ enum power_supply_property prop,
+ union power_supply_propval *val)
+{
+ struct ds2782_info *info = to_ds2782_info(psy);
+ int ret;
+
+ switch (prop) {
+ case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_STATUS:
+ ret = ds2782_get_status(info, &val->intval);
+ break;
+
+ case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CAPACITY:
+ ret = ds2782_get_capacity(info, &val->intval);
+ break;
+
+ case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_VOLTAGE_NOW:
+ ret = ds2782_get_voltage(info, &val->intval);
+ break;
+
+ case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CURRENT_NOW:
+ ret = ds2782_get_current(info, &val->intval);
+ break;
+
+ case POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_TEMP:
+ ret = ds2782_get_temp(info, &val->intval);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static enum power_supply_property ds2782_battery_props[] = {
+ POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_STATUS,
+ POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CAPACITY,
+ POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_VOLTAGE_NOW,
+ POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_CURRENT_NOW,
+ POWER_SUPPLY_PROP_TEMP,
+};
+
+static void ds2782_power_supply_init(struct power_supply *battery)
+{
+ battery->type = POWER_SUPPLY_TYPE_BATTERY;
+ battery->properties = ds2782_battery_props;
+ battery->num_properties = ARRAY_SIZE(ds2782_battery_props);
+ battery->get_property = ds2782_battery_get_property;
+ battery->external_power_changed = NULL;
+}
+
+static int ds2782_battery_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+ struct ds2782_info *info = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+
+ power_supply_unregister(&info->battery);
+ kfree(info->battery.name);
+
+ mutex_lock(&battery_lock);
+ idr_remove(&battery_id, info->id);
+ mutex_unlock(&battery_lock);
+
+ i2c_set_clientdata(client, info);
+
+ kfree(info);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ds2782_battery_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
+ const struct i2c_device_id *id)
+{
+ struct ds2782_info *info;
+ int ret, num;
+
+ /* Get an ID for this battery */
+ ret = idr_pre_get(&battery_id, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (ret == 0) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto fail_id;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&battery_lock);
+ ret = idr_get_new(&battery_id, client, &num);
+ mutex_unlock(&battery_lock);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto fail_id;
+
+ info = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ds2782_info), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!info) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto fail_info;
+ }
+
+ info->battery.name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "ds2782-%d", num);
+ if (!info->battery.name) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto fail_name;
+ }
+
+ i2c_set_clientdata(client, info);
+ info->client = client;
+ ds2782_power_supply_init(&info->battery);
+
+ ret = power_supply_register(&client->dev, &info->battery);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "failed to register battery\n");
+ goto fail_register;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+fail_register:
+ kfree(info->battery.name);
+fail_name:
+ i2c_set_clientdata(client, info);
+ kfree(info);
+fail_info:
+ mutex_lock(&battery_lock);
+ idr_remove(&battery_id, num);
+ mutex_unlock(&battery_lock);
+fail_id:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct i2c_device_id ds2782_id[] = {
+ {"ds2782", 0},
+ {},
+};
+
+static struct i2c_driver ds2782_battery_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "ds2782-battery",
+ },
+ .probe = ds2782_battery_probe,
+ .remove = ds2782_battery_remove,
+ .id_table = ds2782_id,
+};
+
+static int __init ds2782_init(void)
+{
+ return i2c_add_driver(&ds2782_battery_driver);
+}
+
+static void __exit ds2782_exit(void)
+{
+ i2c_del_driver(&ds2782_battery_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(ds2782_init);
+module_exit(ds2782_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Ryan Mallon <ryan@bluewatersys.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Maxim/Dallas DS2782 Stand-Alone Fuel Gauage IC driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");


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