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SubjectRe: [KVM-RFC PATCH 1/2] eventfd: add an explicit srcu based notifier interface
Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 15, 2009 at 10:29:56PM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
>
>> irqfd and its underlying implementation, eventfd, currently utilize
>> the embedded wait-queue in eventfd for signal notification. The nice thing
>> about this design decision is that it re-uses the existing
>> eventfd/wait-queue code and it generally works well....with several
>> limitations.
>>
>> One of the limitations is that notification callbacks are always called
>> inside a spin_lock_irqsave critical section. Another limitation is
>> that it is very difficult to build a system that can recieve release
>> notification without being racy.
>>
>> Therefore, we introduce a new registration interface that is SRCU based
>> instead of wait-queue based, and implement the internal wait-queue
>> infrastructure in terms of this new interface. We then convert irqfd
>> to use this new interface instead of the existing wait-queue code.
>>
>> The end result is that we now have the opportunity to run the interrupt
>> injection code serially to the callback (when the signal is raised from
>> process-context, at least) instead of always deferring the injection to a
>> work-queue.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>
>> CC: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>> CC: Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org>
>> ---
>>
>> fs/eventfd.c | 115 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
>> include/linux/eventfd.h | 30 ++++++++++++
>> virt/kvm/eventfd.c | 114 +++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------
>> 3 files changed, 188 insertions(+), 71 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/eventfd.c b/fs/eventfd.c
>> index 72f5f8d..505d5de 100644
>> --- a/fs/eventfd.c
>> +++ b/fs/eventfd.c
>> @@ -30,8 +30,47 @@ struct eventfd_ctx {
>> */
>> __u64 count;
>> unsigned int flags;
>> + struct srcu_struct srcu;
>> + struct list_head nh;
>> + struct eventfd_notifier notifier;
>> };
>>
>> +static void _eventfd_wqh_notify(struct eventfd_notifier *en)
>> +{
>> + struct eventfd_ctx *ctx = container_of(en,
>> + struct eventfd_ctx,
>> + notifier);
>> +
>> + if (waitqueue_active(&ctx->wqh))
>> + wake_up_poll(&ctx->wqh, POLLIN);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void _eventfd_notify(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx)
>> +{
>> + struct eventfd_notifier *en;
>> + int idx;
>> +
>> + idx = srcu_read_lock(&ctx->srcu);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * The goal here is to allow the notification to be preemptible
>> + * as often as possible. We cannot achieve this with the basic
>> + * wqh mechanism because it requires the wqh->lock. Therefore
>> + * we have an internal srcu list mechanism of which the wqh is
>> + * a client.
>> + *
>> + * Not all paths will invoke this function in process context.
>> + * Callers should check for suitable state before assuming they
>> + * can sleep (such as with preemptible()). Paul McKenney assures
>> + * me that srcu_read_lock is compatible with in-atomic, as long as
>> + * the code within the critical section is also compatible.
>> + */
>> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(en, &ctx->nh, list)
>> + en->ops->signal(en);
>> +
>> + srcu_read_unlock(&ctx->srcu, idx);
>> +}
>> +
>> /*
>> * Adds "n" to the eventfd counter "count". Returns "n" in case of
>> * success, or a value lower then "n" in case of coutner overflow.
>>
>
> This is ugly, isn't it? With CONFIG_PREEMPT=no preemptible() is always false.
>

As an aside, this is something I would like to address. I keep running
into this pattern where I could do something in-line if I had a
"can_sleep()" context. Otherwise, I have to punt to something like a
workqueue which adds latency. The closest thing I have to "can_sleep()"
is preemptible(), which, as you correctly pointed out is limited to only
working with CONFIG_PREEMPT=y.

Its been a while since I looked into it, but one of the barriers that
would need to be overcome is the fact that the preempt_count stuff gets
compiled away with CONFIG_PREEMPT=n. It is conceivable that we could
make the preempt_count logic an independent config variable from
CONFIG_PREEMPT to provide a can_sleep() macro without requiring
full-blow preemption to be enabled. So my questions would be as follows:

a) Is the community conducive to such an idea?
b) Are there other things to consider/fix besides the lack of
preempt_count in order to implement such a beast?

-Greg


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