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Subject[RESEND][ PATCH -tip -v9 5/7] x86: add pt_regs register and stack access APIs
Date
Add following APIs for accessing registers and stack entries from pt_regs.

- regs_query_register_offset(const char *name)
Query the offset of "name" register.

- regs_query_register_name(unsigned offset)
Query the name of register by its offset.

- regs_get_register(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned offset)
Get the value of a register by its offset.

- regs_within_kernel_stack(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr)
Check the address is in the kernel stack.

- regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(struct pt_regs *reg, unsigned nth)
Get Nth entry of the kernel stack. (N >= 0)

- regs_get_argument_nth(struct pt_regs *reg, unsigned nth)
Get Nth argument at function call. (N >= 0)


Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com>
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
---
arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h | 122 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c | 73 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 195 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
index 0f0d908..2fd3ea3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@

#ifdef __KERNEL__
#include <asm/segment.h>
+#include <asm/page_types.h>
#endif

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
@@ -216,6 +217,127 @@ static inline unsigned long user_stack_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
return regs->sp;
}

+/* Query offset/name of register from its name/offset */
+extern int regs_query_register_offset(const char *name);
+extern const char *regs_query_register_name(unsigned offset);
+#define MAX_REG_OFFSET (offsetof(struct pt_regs, ss))
+
+/**
+ * regs_get_regsiter() - get register value from its offset
+ * @regs: pt_regs from which register value is gotten.
+ * @offset: offset number of the register.
+ *
+ * regs_get_register returns the value of a register whose offset from @regs
+ * is @offset. The @offset is the offset of the register in struct pt_regs.
+ * If @offset is bigger than MAX_REG_OFFSET, this returns 0.
+ */
+static inline unsigned long regs_get_register(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned offset)
+{
+ if (unlikely(offset > MAX_REG_OFFSET))
+ return 0;
+ return *(unsigned long *)((unsigned long)regs + offset);
+}
+
+/**
+ * regs_within_kernel_stack() - check the address in the stack
+ * @regs: pt_regs which contains kernel stack pointer.
+ * @addr: address which is checked.
+ *
+ * regs_within_kenel_stack() checks @addr is within the kernel stack page(s).
+ * If @addr is within the kernel stack, it returns true. If not, returns false.
+ */
+static inline int regs_within_kernel_stack(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned long addr)
+{
+ return ((addr & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)) ==
+ (kernel_stack_pointer(regs) & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)));
+}
+
+/**
+ * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth() - get Nth entry of the stack
+ * @regs: pt_regs which contains kernel stack pointer.
+ * @n: stack entry number.
+ *
+ * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth() returns @n th entry of the kernel stack which
+ * is specifined by @regs. If the @n th entry is NOT in the kernel stack,
+ * this returns 0.
+ */
+static inline unsigned long regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned n)
+{
+ unsigned long *addr = (unsigned long *)kernel_stack_pointer(regs);
+ addr += n;
+ if (regs_within_kernel_stack(regs, (unsigned long)addr))
+ return *addr;
+ else
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * regs_get_argument_nth() - get Nth argument at function call
+ * @regs: pt_regs which contains registers at function entry.
+ * @n: argument number.
+ *
+ * regs_get_argument_nth() returns @n th argument of a function call.
+ * Since usually the kernel stack will be changed right after function entry,
+ * you must use this at function entry. If the @n th entry is NOT in the
+ * kernel stack or pt_regs, this returns 0.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+#define NR_REGPARMS 3
+static inline unsigned long regs_get_argument_nth(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned n)
+{
+ if (n < NR_REGPARMS) {
+ switch (n) {
+ case 0:
+ return regs->ax;
+ case 1:
+ return regs->dx;
+ case 2:
+ return regs->cx;
+ }
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * The typical case: arg n is on the stack.
+ * (Note: stack[0] = return address, so skip it)
+ */
+ return regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(regs, 1 + n - NR_REGPARMS);
+ }
+}
+#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
+#define NR_REGPARMS 6
+static inline unsigned long regs_get_argument_nth(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned n)
+{
+ if (n < NR_REGPARMS) {
+ switch (n) {
+ case 0:
+ return regs->di;
+ case 1:
+ return regs->si;
+ case 2:
+ return regs->dx;
+ case 3:
+ return regs->cx;
+ case 4:
+ return regs->r8;
+ case 5:
+ return regs->r9;
+ }
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * The typical case: arg n is on the stack.
+ * (Note: stack[0] = return address, so skip it)
+ */
+ return regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(regs, 1 + n - NR_REGPARMS);
+ }
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* These are defined as per linux/ptrace.h, which see.
*/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
index b457f78..2944d3a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -49,6 +49,79 @@ enum x86_regset {
REGSET_IOPERM32,
};

+struct pt_regs_offset {
+ const char *name;
+ int offset;
+};
+
+#define REG_OFFSET_NAME(r) {.name = #r, .offset = offsetof(struct pt_regs, r)}
+#define REG_OFFSET_END {.name = NULL, .offset = 0}
+
+static const struct pt_regs_offset regoffset_table[] = {
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(r15),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(r14),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(r13),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(r12),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(r11),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(r10),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(r9),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(r8),
+#endif
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(bx),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(cx),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(dx),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(si),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(di),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(bp),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(ax),
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(ds),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(es),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(fs),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(gs),
+#endif
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(orig_ax),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(ip),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(cs),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(flags),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(sp),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(ss),
+ REG_OFFSET_END,
+};
+
+/**
+ * regs_query_register_offset() - query register offset from its name
+ * @name: the name of a register
+ *
+ * regs_query_register_offset() returns the offset of a register in struct
+ * pt_regs from its name. If the name is invalid, this returns -EINVAL;
+ */
+int regs_query_register_offset(const char *name)
+{
+ const struct pt_regs_offset *roff;
+ for (roff = regoffset_table; roff->name != NULL; roff++)
+ if (!strcmp(roff->name, name))
+ return roff->offset;
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * regs_query_register_name() - query register name from its offset
+ * @offset: the offset of a register in struct pt_regs.
+ *
+ * regs_query_register_name() returns the name of a register from its
+ * offset in struct pt_regs. If the @offset is invalid, this returns NULL;
+ */
+const char *regs_query_register_name(unsigned offset)
+{
+ const struct pt_regs_offset *roff;
+ for (roff = regoffset_table; roff->name != NULL; roff++)
+ if (roff->offset == offset)
+ return roff->name;
+ return NULL;
+}
+
/*
* does not yet catch signals sent when the child dies.
* in exit.c or in signal.c.

--
Masami Hiramatsu

Software Engineer
Hitachi Computer Products (America), Inc.
Software Solutions Division

e-mail: mhiramat@redhat.com


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