lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Jun]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Subject[patch 1/2] proc.txt: Update kernel filesystem/proc.txt documentation
From
Date
This is a patch against the file Documentation/filesystem/proc.txt.

It is an update for the "Process-Specific Subdirectories" to reflect
the changes till kernel 2.6.30.

proc.txt | 242 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
1 file changed, 190 insertions(+), 52 deletions(-)

Signed-off-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net>

--- linux-2.6.30.orig/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt 2009-06-04 09:29:43.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.30.patch/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt 2009-06-10 08:18:35.000000000 +0200
@@ -5,11 +5,12 @@
Bodo Bauer <bb@ricochet.net>

2.4.x update Jorge Nerin <comandante@zaralinux.com> November 14 2000
-move /proc/sys Shen Feng <shen@cn.fujitsu.com> April 1 2009
+move /proc/sys Shen Feng <shen@cn.fujitsu.com> April 1 2009
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Version 1.3 Kernel version 2.2.12
Kernel version 2.4.0-test11-pre4
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+fixes/update part 1.1 Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> June 9 2009

Table of Contents
-----------------
@@ -116,7 +117,7 @@
subdirectory has the entries listed in Table 1-1.


-Table 1-1: Process specific entries in /proc
+Table 1-1: Process specific entries in /proc
..............................................................................
File Content
clear_refs Clears page referenced bits shown in smaps output
@@ -134,46 +135,103 @@
status Process status in human readable form
wchan If CONFIG_KALLSYMS is set, a pre-decoded wchan
stack Report full stack trace, enable via CONFIG_STACKTRACE
- smaps Extension based on maps, the rss size for each mapped file
+ smaps a extension based on maps, showing the memory consumption of
+ each mapping
..............................................................................

For example, to get the status information of a process, all you have to do is
read the file /proc/PID/status:

- >cat /proc/self/status
- Name: cat
- State: R (running)
- Pid: 5452
- PPid: 743
+ >cat /proc/self/status
+ Name: cat
+ State: R (running)
+ Tgid: 5452
+ Pid: 5452
+ PPid: 743
TracerPid: 0 (2.4)
- Uid: 501 501 501 501
- Gid: 100 100 100 100
- Groups: 100 14 16
- VmSize: 1112 kB
- VmLck: 0 kB
- VmRSS: 348 kB
- VmData: 24 kB
- VmStk: 12 kB
- VmExe: 8 kB
- VmLib: 1044 kB
- SigPnd: 0000000000000000
- SigBlk: 0000000000000000
- SigIgn: 0000000000000000
- SigCgt: 0000000000000000
- CapInh: 00000000fffffeff
- CapPrm: 0000000000000000
- CapEff: 0000000000000000
-
+ Uid: 501 501 501 501
+ Gid: 100 100 100 100
+ FDSize: 256
+ Groups: 100 14 16
+ VmPeak: 5004 kB
+ VmSize: 5004 kB
+ VmLck: 0 kB
+ VmHWM: 476 kB
+ VmRSS: 476 kB
+ VmData: 156 kB
+ VmStk: 88 kB
+ VmExe: 68 kB
+ VmLib: 1412 kB
+ VmPTE: 20 kb
+ Threads: 1
+ SigQ: 0/28578
+ SigPnd: 0000000000000000
+ ShdPnd: 0000000000000000
+ SigBlk: 0000000000000000
+ SigIgn: 0000000000000000
+ SigCgt: 0000000000000000
+ CapInh: 00000000fffffeff
+ CapPrm: 0000000000000000
+ CapEff: 0000000000000000
+ CapBnd: ffffffffffffffff
+ voluntary_ctxt_switches: 0
+ nonvoluntary_ctxt_switches: 1

This shows you nearly the same information you would get if you viewed it with
the ps command. In fact, ps uses the proc file system to obtain its
-information. The statm file contains more detailed information about the
-process memory usage. Its seven fields are explained in Table 1-2. The stat
-file contains details information about the process itself. Its fields are
-explained in Table 1-3.
+information. But you get a more detailed view of the process by reading the
+file /proc/PID/status. It fields are described in table 1-2.

+The statm file contains more detailed information about the process
+memory usage. Its seven fields are explained in Table 1-3. The stat file
+contains details information about the process itself. Its fields are
+explained in Table 1-4.
+
+Table 1-2: Contents of the statm files (as of 2.6.30-rc7)
+..............................................................................
+ Field Content
+ Name filename of the executable
+ State state (R is running, S is sleeping, D is sleeping
+ in an uninterruptible wait, Z is zombie,
+ T is traced or stopped)
+ Tgid thread group ID
+ Pid process id
+ PPid process id of the parent process
+ TracerPid PID of process tracing this process (0 if not)
+ Uid Real, effective, saved set, and file system UIDs
+ Gid Real, effective, saved set, and file system GIDs
+ FDSize number of file descriptor slots currently allocated
+ Groups supplementary group list
+ VmPeak peak virtual memory size
+ VmSize total program size
+ VmLck locked memory size
+ VmHWM peak resident set size ("high water mark")
+ VmRSS size of memory portions
+ VmData size of data, stack, and text segments
+ VmStk size of data, stack, and text segments
+ VmExe size of text segment
+ VmLib size of shared library code
+ VmPTE size of page table entries
+ Threads number of threads
+ SigQ number of signals queued/max. number for queue
+ SigPnd bitmap of pending signals for the thread
+ ShdPnd bitmap of shared pending signals for the process
+ SigBlk bitmap of blocked signals
+ SigIgn bitmap of ignored signals
+ SigCgt bitmap of catched signals
+ CapInh bitmap of inheritable capabilities
+ CapPrm bitmap of permitted capabilities
+ CapEff bitmap of effective capabilities
+ CapBnd bitmap of capabilities bounding set
+ Cpus_allowed mask of CPUs on which this process may run
+ Cpus_allowed_list Same as previous, but in "list format"
+ Mems_allowed mask of memory nodes allowed to this process
+ Mems_allowed_list Same as previous, but in "list format"
+ voluntary_ctxt_switches number of voluntary context switches
+ nonvoluntary_ctxt_switches number of non voluntary context switches
+..............................................................................

-Table 1-2: Contents of the statm files (as of 2.6.8-rc3)
+Table 1-3: Contents of the statm files (as of 2.6.8-rc3)
..............................................................................
Field Content
size total program size (pages) (same as VmSize in status)
@@ -188,7 +246,7 @@
..............................................................................


-Table 1-3: Contents of the stat files (as of 2.6.22-rc3)
+Table 1-4: Contents of the stat files (as of 2.6.30-rc7)
..............................................................................
Field Content
pid process id
@@ -222,10 +280,10 @@
start_stack address of the start of the stack
esp current value of ESP
eip current value of EIP
- pending bitmap of pending signals (obsolete)
- blocked bitmap of blocked signals (obsolete)
- sigign bitmap of ignored signals (obsolete)
- sigcatch bitmap of catched signals (obsolete)
+ pending bitmap of pending signals
+ blocked bitmap of blocked signals
+ sigign bitmap of ignored signals
+ sigcatch bitmap of catched signals
wchan address where process went to sleep
0 (place holder)
0 (place holder)
@@ -234,19 +292,99 @@
rt_priority realtime priority
policy scheduling policy (man sched_setscheduler)
blkio_ticks time spent waiting for block IO
+ gtime guest time of the task in jiffies
+ cgtime guest time of the task children in jiffies
..............................................................................

+The /proc/PID/map file containing the currently mapped memory regions and
+their access permissions.
+
+The format is:
+
+address perms offset dev inode pathname
+
+08048000-08049000 r-xp 00000000 03:00 8312 /opt/test
+08049000-0804a000 rw-p 00001000 03:00 8312 /opt/test
+0804a000-0806b000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 [heap]
+a7cb1000-a7cb2000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
+a7cb2000-a7eb2000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
+a7eb2000-a7eb3000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
+a7eb3000-a7ed5000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
+a7ed5000-a8008000 r-xp 00000000 03:00 4222 /lib/libc.so.6
+a8008000-a800a000 r--p 00133000 03:00 4222 /lib/libc.so.6
+a800a000-a800b000 rw-p 00135000 03:00 4222 /lib/libc.so.6
+a800b000-a800e000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
+a800e000-a8022000 r-xp 00000000 03:00 14462 /lib/libpthread.so.0
+a8022000-a8023000 r--p 00013000 03:00 14462 /lib/libpthread.so.0
+a8023000-a8024000 rw-p 00014000 03:00 14462 /lib/libpthread.so.0
+a8024000-a8027000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
+a8027000-a8043000 r-xp 00000000 03:00 8317 /lib/ld-linux.so.2
+a8043000-a8044000 r--p 0001b000 03:00 8317 /lib/ld-linux.so.2
+a8044000-a8045000 rw-p 0001c000 03:00 8317 /lib/ld-linux.so.2
+aff35000-aff4a000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 [stack]
+ffffe000-fffff000 r-xp 00000000 00:00 0 [vdso]
+
+where "address" is the address space in the process that it occupies, "perms"
+is a set of permissions:
+
+ r = read
+ w = write
+ x = execute
+ s = shared
+ p = private (copy on write)
+
+"offset" is the offset into the mapping, "dev" is the device (major:minor), and
+"inode" is the inode on that device. 0 indicates that no inode is associated
+with the memory region, as the case would be with BSS (uninitialized data).
+The "pathname" shows the name associated file for this mapping. If the mapping
+is not associated with a file:
+
+ [heap] = the heap of the program
+ [stack] = the stack of the main process
+ [vdso] = the "virtual dynamic shared object",
+ the kernel system call handler
+
+ or if empty, the mapping is anonymous.
+
+
+The /proc/PID/smaps is an extension based on maps, showing the memory
+consumption for each of the process's mappings. For each of mappings there
+is a series of lines such as the following:
+
+08048000-080bc000 r-xp 00000000 03:02 13130 /bin/bash
+Size: 1084 kB
+Rss: 892 kB
+Pss: 374 kB
+Shared_Clean: 892 kB
+Shared_Dirty: 0 kB
+Private_Clean: 0 kB
+Private_Dirty: 0 kB
+Referenced: 892 kB
+Swap: 0 kB
+KernelPageSize: 4 kB
+MMUPageSize: 4 kB
+
+The first of these lines shows the same information as is displayed for the
+mapping in /proc/PID/maps. The remaining lines show the size of the mapping,
+the amount of the mapping that is currently resident in RAM, the "proportional
+set size” (divide each shared page by the number of processes sharing it), the
+number of clean and dirty shared pages in the mapping, and the number of clean
+and dirty private pages in the mapping. The "Referenced" indicates the amount
+of memory currently marked as referenced or accessed.
+
+This file is only present if the CONFIG_MMU kernel configuration option is
+enabled.

1.2 Kernel data
---------------

Similar to the process entries, the kernel data files give information about
the running kernel. The files used to obtain this information are contained in
-/proc and are listed in Table 1-4. Not all of these will be present in your
+/proc and are listed in Table 1-5. Not all of these will be present in your
system. It depends on the kernel configuration and the loaded modules, which
files are there, and which are missing.

-Table 1-4: Kernel info in /proc
+Table 1-5: Kernel info in /proc
..............................................................................
File Content
apm Advanced power management info
@@ -614,10 +752,10 @@

More detailed information can be found in the controller specific
subdirectories. These are named ide0, ide1 and so on. Each of these
-directories contains the files shown in table 1-5.
+directories contains the files shown in table 1-6.


-Table 1-5: IDE controller info in /proc/ide/ide?
+Table 1-6: IDE controller info in /proc/ide/ide?
..............................................................................
File Content
channel IDE channel (0 or 1)
@@ -627,11 +765,11 @@
..............................................................................

Each device connected to a controller has a separate subdirectory in the
-controllers directory. The files listed in table 1-6 are contained in these
+controllers directory. The files listed in table 1-7 are contained in these
directories.


-Table 1-6: IDE device information
+Table 1-7: IDE device information
..............................................................................
File Content
cache The cache
@@ -673,12 +811,12 @@
1.4 Networking info in /proc/net
--------------------------------

-The subdirectory /proc/net follows the usual pattern. Table 1-6 shows the
+The subdirectory /proc/net follows the usual pattern. Table 1-8 shows the
additional values you get for IP version 6 if you configure the kernel to
-support this. Table 1-7 lists the files and their meaning.
+support this. Table 1-9 lists the files and their meaning.


-Table 1-6: IPv6 info in /proc/net
+Table 1-8: IPv6 info in /proc/net
..............................................................................
File Content
udp6 UDP sockets (IPv6)
@@ -693,7 +831,7 @@
..............................................................................


-Table 1-7: Network info in /proc/net
+Table 1-9: Network info in /proc/net
..............................................................................
File Content
arp Kernel ARP table
@@ -817,10 +955,10 @@
your system. It has one subdirectory for each port, named after the port
number (0,1,2,...).

-These directories contain the four files shown in Table 1-8.
+These directories contain the four files shown in Table 1-10.


-Table 1-8: Files in /proc/parport
+Table 1-10: Files in /proc/parport
..............................................................................
File Content
autoprobe Any IEEE-1284 device ID information that has been acquired.
@@ -838,10 +976,10 @@

Information about the available and actually used tty's can be found in the
directory /proc/tty.You'll find entries for drivers and line disciplines in
-this directory, as shown in Table 1-9.
+this directory, as shown in Table 1-11.


-Table 1-9: Files in /proc/tty
+Table 1-11: Files in /proc/tty
..............................................................................
File Content
drivers list of drivers and their usage
@@ -926,9 +1064,9 @@
/proc/fs/ext4. Each mounted filesystem will have a directory in
/proc/fs/ext4 based on its device name (i.e., /proc/fs/ext4/hdc or
/proc/fs/ext4/dm-0). The files in each per-device directory are shown
-in Table 1-10, below.
+in Table 1-12, below.

-Table 1-10: Files in /proc/fs/ext4/<devname>
+Table 1-12: Files in /proc/fs/ext4/<devname>
..............................................................................
File Content
mb_groups details of multiblock allocator buddy cache of free blocks

--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-06-10 08:49    [W:0.076 / U:1.136 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site