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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/4] Properly account for the number of page cache pages zone_reclaim() can reclaim
On Wed, Jun 10, 2009 at 09:41:34PM +0800, Mel Gorman wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 10, 2009 at 07:59:44PM +0800, Wu Fengguang wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 10, 2009 at 06:31:53PM +0800, Mel Gorman wrote:
> > > On Wed, Jun 10, 2009 at 09:19:39AM +0800, Wu Fengguang wrote:
> > > > On Wed, Jun 10, 2009 at 01:01:41AM +0800, Mel Gorman wrote:
> > > > > On NUMA machines, the administrator can configure zone_reclaim_mode that
> > > > > is a more targetted form of direct reclaim. On machines with large NUMA
> > > > > distances for example, a zone_reclaim_mode defaults to 1 meaning that clean
> > > > > unmapped pages will be reclaimed if the zone watermarks are not being met.
> > > > >
> > > > > There is a heuristic that determines if the scan is worthwhile but the
> > > > > problem is that the heuristic is not being properly applied and is basically
> > > > > assuming zone_reclaim_mode is 1 if it is enabled.
> > > > >
> > > > > Historically, once enabled it was depending on NR_FILE_PAGES which may
> > > > > include swapcache pages that the reclaim_mode cannot deal with. Patch
> > > > > vmscan-change-the-number-of-the-unmapped-files-in-zone-reclaim.patch by
> > > > > Kosaki Motohiro noted that zone_page_state(zone, NR_FILE_PAGES) included
> > > > > pages that were not file-backed such as swapcache and made a calculation
> > > > > based on the inactive, active and mapped files. This is far superior
> > > > > when zone_reclaim==1 but if RECLAIM_SWAP is set, then NR_FILE_PAGES is a
> > > > > reasonable starting figure.
> > > > >
> > > > > This patch alters how zone_reclaim() works out how many pages it might be
> > > > > able to reclaim given the current reclaim_mode. If RECLAIM_SWAP is set
> > > > > in the reclaim_mode it will either consider NR_FILE_PAGES as potential
> > > > > candidates or else use NR_{IN}ACTIVE}_PAGES-NR_FILE_MAPPED to discount
> > > > > swapcache and other non-file-backed pages. If RECLAIM_WRITE is not set,
> > > > > then NR_FILE_DIRTY number of pages are not candidates. If RECLAIM_SWAP is
> > > > > not set, then NR_FILE_MAPPED are not.
> > > > >
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
> > > > > Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
> > > > > ---
> > > > > mm/vmscan.c | 52 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
> > > > > 1 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
> > > > >
> > > > > diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
> > > > > index 2ddcfc8..2bfc76e 100644
> > > > > --- a/mm/vmscan.c
> > > > > +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
> > > > > @@ -2333,6 +2333,41 @@ int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio = 1;
> > > > > */
> > > > > int sysctl_min_slab_ratio = 5;
> > > > >
> > > > > +static inline unsigned long zone_unmapped_file_pages(struct zone *zone)
> > > > > +{
> > > > > + return zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE) +
> > > > > + zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_FILE) -
> > > > > + zone_page_state(zone, NR_FILE_MAPPED);
> > > >
> > > > This may underflow if too many tmpfs pages are mapped.
> > > >
> > >
> > > You're right. This is also a bug now in mmotm for patch
> > > vmscan-change-the-number-of-the-unmapped-files-in-zone-reclaim.patch which
> > > is where I took this code out of and didn't think deeply enough about.
> > > Well spotted.
> > >
> > > Should this be something like?
> > >
> > > static unsigned long zone_unmapped_file_pages(struct zone *zone)
> > > {
> > > unsigned long file_mapped = zone_page_state(zone, NR_FILE_MAPPED);
> > > unsigned long file_lru = zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE)
> > > zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE_FILE);
> > >
> > > return (file_lru > file_mapped) ? (file_lru - file_mapped) : 0;
> > > }
> > >
> > > ?
> > >
> > > If that returns 0, it does mean that there are very few pages that the
> > > current reclaim_mode is going to be able to deal with so even if the
> > > count is not perfect, it should be good enough for what we need it for.
> >
> > Agreed. We opt to give up direct zone reclaim than to risk busy looping ;)
> >
>
> Yep. Those busy loops doth chew up the CPU time, heat the planet and
> wear out Ye Olde Bugzilla with the wailing of unhappy users :)
>
> > > > > +}
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Work out how many page cache pages we can reclaim in this reclaim_mode */
> > > > > +static inline long zone_pagecache_reclaimable(struct zone *zone)
> > > > > +{
> > > > > + long nr_pagecache_reclaimable;
> > > > > + long delta = 0;
> > > > > +
> > > > > + /*
> > > > > + * If RECLAIM_SWAP is set, then all file pages are considered
> > > > > + * potentially reclaimable. Otherwise, we have to worry about
> > > > > + * pages like swapcache and zone_unmapped_file_pages() provides
> > > > > + * a better estimate
> > > > > + */
> > > > > + if (zone_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_SWAP)
> > > > > + nr_pagecache_reclaimable = zone_page_state(zone, NR_FILE_PAGES);
> > > > > + else
> > > > > + nr_pagecache_reclaimable = zone_unmapped_file_pages(zone);
> > > > > +
> > > > > + /* If we can't clean pages, remove dirty pages from consideration */
> > > > > + if (!(zone_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_WRITE))
> > > > > + delta += zone_page_state(zone, NR_FILE_DIRTY);
> > > > > +
> > > > > + /* Beware of double accounting */
> > > >
> > > > The double accounting happens for NR_FILE_MAPPED but not
> > > > NR_FILE_DIRTY(dirty tmpfs pages won't be accounted),
> > >
> > > I should have taken that out. In an interim version, delta was altered
> > > more than once in a way that could have caused underflow.
> > >
> > > > so this comment
> > > > is more suitable for zone_unmapped_file_pages(). But the double
> > > > accounting does affects this abstraction. So a more reasonable
> > > > sequence could be to first substract NR_FILE_DIRTY and then
> > > > conditionally substract NR_FILE_MAPPED?
> > >
> > > The end result is the same I believe and I prefer having the
> > > zone_unmapped_file_pages() doing just that and nothing else because it's
> > > in line with what zone_lru_pages() does.
> >
> > OK.
> >
> > > > Or better to introduce a new counter NR_TMPFS_MAPPED to fix this mess?
> > > >
> > >
> > > I considered such a counter and dismissed it but maybe it merits wider discussion.
> > >
> > > My problem with it is that it would affect the pagecache add/remove hot paths
> > > and a few other sites and increase the amount of accouting we do within a
> > > zone. It seemed unjustified to help a seldom executed slow path that only
> > > runs on NUMA.
> >
> > We are not talking about NR_TMPFS_PAGES, but NR_TMPFS_MAPPED :)
> >
> > We only need to account it in page_add_file_rmap() and page_remove_rmap(),
> > I don't think they are too hot paths. And the relative cost is low enough.
> >
> > It will look like this.
> >
>
> Ok, you're right, that is much simplier than what I had in mind. I was fixated
> on accounting for TMPFS pages. I think this patch has definite possibilities
> and would help us with the tmpfs problem. If the tests come back "failed",
> I'll be adding taking this logic and seeing can it be made work.

OK, thank you.

> What about ramfs pages though? They have similar problems to tmpfs but are
> not swap-backed, right?

We don't care ramfs pages because they are unevictable :)

Thanks,
Fengguang

> > ---
> > include/linux/mmzone.h | 1 +
> > mm/rmap.c | 4 ++++
> > 2 files changed, 5 insertions(+)
> >
> > --- linux.orig/include/linux/mmzone.h
> > +++ linux/include/linux/mmzone.h
> > @@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ enum zone_stat_item {
> > NR_VMSCAN_WRITE,
> > /* Second 128 byte cacheline */
> > NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP, /* Writeback using temporary buffers */
> > + NR_TMPFS_MAPPED,
> > #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> > NUMA_HIT, /* allocated in intended node */
> > NUMA_MISS, /* allocated in non intended node */
> > --- linux.orig/mm/rmap.c
> > +++ linux/mm/rmap.c
> > @@ -844,6 +844,8 @@ void page_add_file_rmap(struct page *pag
> > {
> > if (atomic_inc_and_test(&page->_mapcount)) {
> > __inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_MAPPED);
> > + if (PageSwapBacked(page))
> > + __inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_TMPFS_MAPPED);
> > mem_cgroup_update_mapped_file_stat(page, 1);
> > }
> > }
> > @@ -894,6 +896,8 @@ void page_remove_rmap(struct page *page)
> > mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
> > __dec_zone_page_state(page,
> > PageAnon(page) ? NR_ANON_PAGES : NR_FILE_MAPPED);
> > + if (!PageAnon(page) && PageSwapBacked(page))
> > + __dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_TMPFS_MAPPED);
> > mem_cgroup_update_mapped_file_stat(page, -1);
> > /*
> > * It would be tidy to reset the PageAnon mapping here,
> >
>
> --
> Mel Gorman
> Part-time Phd Student Linux Technology Center
> University of Limerick IBM Dublin Software Lab


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