lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Jun]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v2] gpiolib: allow poll(2) on gpio value
Date
Many gpio chips allow to generate interrupts when the value of a pin
changes. This patch gives usermode application the opportunity to make
use of this feature by calling poll(2) on the /sys/class/gpio/gpioN/value
sysfs file. The edge to trigger can be set in the edge file in the same
directory. Possible values are "none", "rising", "falling", and "both".

Using level triggers is not possible with current sysfs as poll will
not return if the value did not change. On the other hand edge triggers
are relative to the last read by the application and not to the start
of poll. So if there was an event between read and poll, poll will
return immediately.

Changes compared to v1:
- use workqueue to call sysfs_notify_dirent as it takes a spinlock
- move reconfiguration into separate function
- allocate work_struct & co. as needed
- wrap additional element in gpio_desc in #ifdef CONFIG_GPIO_SYSFS
- rename poll_edge to edge
- update Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-gpio as well
- refer to poll syscall as "poll(2)"
- use BIT() and define trigger mask for more readable expressions
- whitespace changes

Signed-off-by: Daniel Glöckner <dg@emlix.com>
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-gpio | 1 +
Documentation/gpio.txt | 7 ++
drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c | 176 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
3 files changed, 180 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)


Due to the need for a work_struct (16 bytes) per polled pin I created a
poll_desc structure which also keeps the sysfs_dirent pointer. The memory
requirement in gpio_desc is still 4 bytes. Is this acceptable?
I have looked into IDRs to store the pointer to the poll_desc structure.
It appears the interface is not designed to allow allocation of specific
numbers. One would have to rely on idr_get_new_above to return the number
passed in. Another possibility would be to use some of the 25 unused bits
of the flags variable to store the ID.

Daniel

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-gpio b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-gpio
index 8aab809..80f4c94 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-gpio
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-gpio
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ Description:
/gpioN ... for each exported GPIO #N
/value ... always readable, writes fail for input GPIOs
/direction ... r/w as: in, out (default low); write: high, low
+ /edge ... r/w as: none, falling, rising, both
/gpiochipN ... for each gpiochip; #N is its first GPIO
/base ... (r/o) same as N
/label ... (r/o) descriptive, not necessarily unique
diff --git a/Documentation/gpio.txt b/Documentation/gpio.txt
index 145c25a..68848b5 100644
--- a/Documentation/gpio.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gpio.txt
@@ -524,6 +524,13 @@ and have the following read/write attributes:
is configured as an output, this value may be written;
any nonzero value is treated as high.

+ "edge" ... reads as either "none", "rising", "falling", or
+ "both". Write these strings to select the signal edge(s)
+ that will make poll(2) on the "value" file return.
+
+ This file exists only if the pin can be configured as an
+ interrupt generating input pin.
+
GPIO controllers have paths like /sys/class/gpio/chipchip42/ (for the
controller implementing GPIOs starting at #42) and have the following
read-only attributes:
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
index 51a8d41..e239975 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
@@ -1,5 +1,6 @@
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
@@ -40,6 +41,11 @@
*/
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(gpio_lock);

+struct poll_desc {
+ struct work_struct work;
+ struct sysfs_dirent *value_sd;
+};
+
struct gpio_desc {
struct gpio_chip *chip;
unsigned long flags;
@@ -49,10 +55,18 @@ struct gpio_desc {
#define FLAG_RESERVED 2
#define FLAG_EXPORT 3 /* protected by sysfs_lock */
#define FLAG_SYSFS 4 /* exported via /sys/class/gpio/control */
+#define FLAG_TRIG_FALL 5 /* trigger on falling edge */
+#define FLAG_TRIG_RISE 6 /* trigger on rising edge */
+
+#define GPIO_TRIGGER_MASK (BIT(FLAG_TRIG_FALL) | BIT(FLAG_TRIG_RISE))

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
const char *label;
#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_GPIO_SYSFS
+ struct poll_desc *pdesc;
+#endif
};
static struct gpio_desc gpio_desc[ARCH_NR_GPIOS];

@@ -188,10 +202,10 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(sysfs_lock);
* /value
* * always readable, subject to hardware behavior
* * may be writable, as zero/nonzero
- *
- * REVISIT there will likely be an attribute for configuring async
- * notifications, e.g. to specify polling interval or IRQ trigger type
- * that would for example trigger a poll() on the "value".
+ * /edge
+ * * configures behavior of poll(2) on /value
+ * * available only if pin can generate IRQs on input
+ * * is read/write as "none", "falling", "rising", or "both"
*/

static ssize_t gpio_direction_show(struct device *dev,
@@ -288,6 +302,151 @@ static ssize_t gpio_value_store(struct device *dev,
static /*const*/ DEVICE_ATTR(value, 0644,
gpio_value_show, gpio_value_store);

+static irqreturn_t gpio_sysfs_irq(int irq, void *priv)
+{
+ struct work_struct *work = priv;
+
+ schedule_work(work);
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static void gpio_notify_sysfs(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct poll_desc *pdesc;
+
+ pdesc = container_of(work, struct poll_desc, work);
+ sysfs_notify_dirent(pdesc->value_sd);
+}
+
+static int gpio_setup_irq(struct gpio_desc *desc, struct device *dev,
+ unsigned long gpio_flags)
+{
+ unsigned long irq_flags;
+ int ret, irq;
+
+ if ((desc->flags & GPIO_TRIGGER_MASK) == gpio_flags)
+ return 0;
+
+ irq = gpio_to_irq(desc - gpio_desc);
+ if (irq < 0)
+ return -EIO;
+
+ if (desc->flags & GPIO_TRIGGER_MASK) {
+ free_irq(irq, &desc->pdesc->work);
+ cancel_work_sync(&desc->pdesc->work);
+ }
+
+ desc->flags &= ~GPIO_TRIGGER_MASK;
+
+ if (!gpio_flags) {
+ ret = 0;
+ goto free_sd;
+ }
+
+ irq_flags = IRQF_SHARED;
+ if (test_bit(FLAG_TRIG_FALL, &gpio_flags))
+ irq_flags |= IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING;
+ if (test_bit(FLAG_TRIG_RISE, &gpio_flags))
+ irq_flags |= IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING;
+ if (!desc->pdesc) {
+ desc->pdesc = kmalloc(sizeof(struct poll_desc), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!desc->pdesc) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_out;
+ }
+ desc->pdesc->value_sd = sysfs_get_dirent(dev->kobj.sd,
+ "value");
+ if (!desc->pdesc->value_sd) {
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ goto free_mem;
+ }
+ INIT_WORK(&desc->pdesc->work, gpio_notify_sysfs);
+ }
+
+ ret = request_irq(irq, gpio_sysfs_irq, irq_flags,
+ "gpiolib", &desc->pdesc->work);
+ if (ret)
+ goto free_sd;
+
+ desc->flags |= gpio_flags;
+ return 0;
+
+free_sd:
+ sysfs_put(desc->pdesc->value_sd);
+free_mem:
+ kfree(desc->pdesc);
+ desc->pdesc = NULL;
+err_out:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct {
+ const char *name;
+ unsigned long flags;
+} trigger_types[] = {
+ { "none", 0 },
+ { "falling", BIT(FLAG_TRIG_FALL) },
+ { "rising", BIT(FLAG_TRIG_RISE) },
+ { "both", BIT(FLAG_TRIG_FALL) | BIT(FLAG_TRIG_RISE) },
+};
+
+static ssize_t gpio_edge_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ const struct gpio_desc *desc = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ ssize_t status;
+
+ mutex_lock(&sysfs_lock);
+
+ if (!test_bit(FLAG_EXPORT, &desc->flags))
+ status = -EIO;
+ else {
+ int i;
+
+ status = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(trigger_types); i++)
+ if ((desc->flags & GPIO_TRIGGER_MASK)
+ == trigger_types[i].flags) {
+ status = sprintf(buf, "%s\n",
+ trigger_types[i].name);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&sysfs_lock);
+ return status;
+}
+
+static ssize_t gpio_edge_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t size)
+{
+ struct gpio_desc *desc = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ ssize_t status;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(trigger_types); i++)
+ if (sysfs_streq(trigger_types[i].name, buf))
+ break;
+
+ mutex_lock(&sysfs_lock);
+
+ if (!test_bit(FLAG_EXPORT, &desc->flags))
+ status = -EIO;
+ else if (i == ARRAY_SIZE(trigger_types))
+ status = -EINVAL;
+ else {
+ status = gpio_setup_irq(desc, dev, trigger_types[i].flags);
+ if (!status)
+ status = size;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&sysfs_lock);
+
+ return status;
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR(edge, 0644, gpio_edge_show, gpio_edge_store);
+
static const struct attribute *gpio_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_direction.attr,
&dev_attr_value.attr,
@@ -481,6 +640,14 @@ int gpio_export(unsigned gpio, bool direction_may_change)
else
status = device_create_file(dev,
&dev_attr_value);
+
+ if (!status
+ && gpio_to_irq(gpio) >= 0
+ && (direction_may_change
+ || !test_bit(FLAG_IS_OUT, &desc->flags)))
+ status = device_create_file(dev,
+ &dev_attr_edge);
+
if (status != 0)
device_unregister(dev);
} else
@@ -527,6 +694,7 @@ void gpio_unexport(unsigned gpio)

dev = class_find_device(&gpio_class, NULL, desc, match_export);
if (dev) {
+ gpio_setup_irq(desc, dev, 0);
clear_bit(FLAG_EXPORT, &desc->flags);
put_device(dev);
device_unregister(dev);
--
1.6.1.3
--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-06-10 14:39    [W:0.098 / U:1.624 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site