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Subject[PATCH 0/7] export more page flags in /proc/kpageflags (take 5)
Andrew,

This take:

- add page-types tool for querying the exported page flags.
- export all page flags unconditionally and faithfully, and offload
complicated filtering works to the user space tool.

This patchset:

Export 10 more flags to end users (and more for kernel developers):

11. KPF_MMAP (pseudo flag) memory mapped page
12. KPF_ANON (pseudo flag) memory mapped page (anonymous)
13. KPF_SWAPCACHE page is in swap cache
14. KPF_SWAPBACKED page is swap/RAM backed
15. KPF_COMPOUND_HEAD (*)
16. KPF_COMPOUND_TAIL (*)
17. KPF_HUGE hugeTLB pages
18. KPF_UNEVICTABLE page is in the unevictable LRU list
19. KPF_HWPOISON hardware detected corruption
20. KPF_NOPAGE (pseudo flag) no page frame at the address

(*) For compound pages, exporting _both_ head/tail info enables
users to tell where a compound page starts/ends, and its order.

Patches:

[PATCH 1/7] mm: introduce PageHuge() for testing huge/gigantic pages
[PATCH 2/7] slob: use PG_slab for identifying SLOB pages
[PATCH 3/7] proc: kpagecount/kpageflags code cleanup
[PATCH 4/7] proc: export more page flags in /proc/kpageflags
[PATCH 5/7] pagemap: document clarifications
[PATCH 6/7] pagemap: document 9 more exported page flags
[PATCH 7/7] pagemap: add page-types tool

Documentation/vm/Makefile | 2
Documentation/vm/page-types.c | 696 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Documentation/vm/pagemap.txt | 72 +++
fs/proc/page.c | 163 +++++--
include/linux/mm.h | 24 +
include/linux/page-flags.h | 2
mm/hugetlb.c | 2
mm/page_alloc.c | 11
mm/slob.c | 6
9 files changed, 933 insertions(+), 45 deletions(-)

Thanks,
Fengguang
--

PS. a simple demo of page-types

# ./page-types -h
page-types [options]
-r|--raw Raw mode, for kernel developers
-a|--addr addr-spec Walk a range of pages
-b|--bits bits-spec Walk pages with specified bits
addr-spec:
N one page at offset N (unit: pages)
N+M pages range from N to N+M-1
N,M pages range from N to M-1
N, pages range from N to end
,M pages range from 0 to M
bits-spec:
bit1,bit2 (flags & (bit1|bit2)) != 0
bit1,bit2=bit1 (flags & (bit1|bit2)) == bit1
bit1,~bit2 (flags & (bit1|bit2)) == bit1
=bit1,bit2 flags == (bit1|bit2)
bit-names:
locked error referenced uptodate
dirty lru active slab
writeback reclaim buddy mmap
anonymous swapcache swapbacked compound_head
compound_tail huge unevictable hwpoison
nopage reserved(r) mlocked(r) mappedtodisk(r)
private(r) private_2(r) owner_private(r) arch(r)
uncached(r) readahead(o) slob_free(o) slub_frozen(o)
slub_debug(o)
(r) raw mode bits (o) overloaded bits


# ./page-types
flags page-count MB symbolic-flags long-symbolic-flags
0x0000000000000000 487369 1903 _________________________________
0x0000000000000014 5 0 __R_D____________________________ referenced,dirty
0x0000000000000020 1 0 _____l___________________________ lru
0x0000000000000024 34 0 __R__l___________________________ referenced,lru
0x0000000000000028 3838 14 ___U_l___________________________ uptodate,lru
0x0001000000000028 48 0 ___U_l_______________________I___ uptodate,lru,readahead
0x000000000000002c 6478 25 __RU_l___________________________ referenced,uptodate,lru
0x000100000000002c 47 0 __RU_l_______________________I___ referenced,uptodate,lru,readahead
0x0000000000000040 8344 32 ______A__________________________ active
0x0000000000000060 1 0 _____lA__________________________ lru,active
0x0000000000000068 348 1 ___U_lA__________________________ uptodate,lru,active
0x0001000000000068 12 0 ___U_lA______________________I___ uptodate,lru,active,readahead
0x000000000000006c 988 3 __RU_lA__________________________ referenced,uptodate,lru,active
0x000100000000006c 48 0 __RU_lA______________________I___ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,readahead
0x0000000000004078 1 0 ___UDlA_______b__________________ uptodate,dirty,lru,active,swapbacked
0x000000000000407c 34 0 __RUDlA_______b__________________ referenced,uptodate,dirty,lru,active,swapbacked
0x0000000000000400 503 1 __________B______________________ buddy
0x0000000000000804 1 0 __R________M_____________________ referenced,mmap
0x0000000000000828 1029 4 ___U_l_____M_____________________ uptodate,lru,mmap
0x0001000000000828 43 0 ___U_l_____M_________________I___ uptodate,lru,mmap,readahead
0x000000000000082c 382 1 __RU_l_____M_____________________ referenced,uptodate,lru,mmap
0x000100000000082c 12 0 __RU_l_____M_________________I___ referenced,uptodate,lru,mmap,readahead
0x0000000000000868 192 0 ___U_lA____M_____________________ uptodate,lru,active,mmap
0x0001000000000868 12 0 ___U_lA____M_________________I___ uptodate,lru,active,mmap,readahead
0x000000000000086c 800 3 __RU_lA____M_____________________ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap
0x000100000000086c 31 0 __RU_lA____M_________________I___ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap,readahead
0x0000000000004878 2 0 ___UDlA____M__b__________________ uptodate,dirty,lru,active,mmap,swapbacked
0x0000000000001000 492 1 ____________a____________________ anonymous
0x0000000000005808 4 0 ___U_______Ma_b__________________ uptodate,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x0000000000005868 2839 11 ___U_lA____Ma_b__________________ uptodate,lru,active,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x000000000000586c 30 0 __RU_lA____Ma_b__________________ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
total 513968 2007


# ./page-types -r
flags page-count MB symbolic-flags long-symbolic-flags
0x0000000000000000 468002 1828 _________________________________
0x0000000100000000 19102 74 _____________________r___________ reserved
0x0000000000008000 41 0 _______________H_________________ compound_head
0x0000000000010000 188 0 ________________T________________ compound_tail
0x0000000000008014 1 0 __R_D__________H_________________ referenced,dirty,compound_head
0x0000000000010014 4 0 __R_D___________T________________ referenced,dirty,compound_tail
0x0000000000000020 1 0 _____l___________________________ lru
0x0000000800000024 34 0 __R__l__________________P________ referenced,lru,private
0x0000000000000028 3794 14 ___U_l___________________________ uptodate,lru
0x0001000000000028 46 0 ___U_l_______________________I___ uptodate,lru,readahead
0x0000000400000028 44 0 ___U_l_________________d_________ uptodate,lru,mappedtodisk
0x0001000400000028 2 0 ___U_l_________________d_____I___ uptodate,lru,mappedtodisk,readahead
0x000000000000002c 6434 25 __RU_l___________________________ referenced,uptodate,lru
0x000100000000002c 47 0 __RU_l_______________________I___ referenced,uptodate,lru,readahead
0x000000040000002c 14 0 __RU_l_________________d_________ referenced,uptodate,lru,mappedtodisk
0x000000080000002c 30 0 __RU_l__________________P________ referenced,uptodate,lru,private
0x0000000800000040 8124 31 ______A_________________P________ active,private
0x0000000000000040 219 0 ______A__________________________ active
0x0000000800000060 1 0 _____lA_________________P________ lru,active,private
0x0000000000000068 322 1 ___U_lA__________________________ uptodate,lru,active
0x0001000000000068 12 0 ___U_lA______________________I___ uptodate,lru,active,readahead
0x0000000400000068 13 0 ___U_lA________________d_________ uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk
0x0000000800000068 12 0 ___U_lA_________________P________ uptodate,lru,active,private
0x000000000000006c 977 3 __RU_lA__________________________ referenced,uptodate,lru,active
0x000100000000006c 48 0 __RU_lA______________________I___ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,readahead
0x000000040000006c 5 0 __RU_lA________________d_________ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk
0x000000080000006c 3 0 __RU_lA_________________P________ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,private
0x0000000c0000006c 3 0 __RU_lA________________dP________ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk,private
0x0000000c00000068 1 0 ___U_lA________________dP________ uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk,private
0x0000000000004078 1 0 ___UDlA_______b__________________ uptodate,dirty,lru,active,swapbacked
0x000000000000407c 34 0 __RUDlA_______b__________________ referenced,uptodate,dirty,lru,active,swapbacked
0x0000000000000400 538 2 __________B______________________ buddy
0x0000000000000804 1 0 __R________M_____________________ referenced,mmap
0x0000000000000828 1029 4 ___U_l_____M_____________________ uptodate,lru,mmap
0x0001000000000828 43 0 ___U_l_____M_________________I___ uptodate,lru,mmap,readahead
0x000000000000082c 382 1 __RU_l_____M_____________________ referenced,uptodate,lru,mmap
0x000100000000082c 12 0 __RU_l_____M_________________I___ referenced,uptodate,lru,mmap,readahead
0x0000000000000868 192 0 ___U_lA____M_____________________ uptodate,lru,active,mmap
0x0001000000000868 12 0 ___U_lA____M_________________I___ uptodate,lru,active,mmap,readahead
0x000000000000086c 800 3 __RU_lA____M_____________________ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap
0x000100000000086c 31 0 __RU_lA____M_________________I___ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap,readahead
0x0000000000004878 2 0 ___UDlA____M__b__________________ uptodate,dirty,lru,active,mmap,swapbacked
0x0000000000001000 492 1 ____________a____________________ anonymous
0x0000000000005008 2 0 ___U________a_b__________________ uptodate,anonymous,swapbacked
0x0000000000005808 4 0 ___U_______Ma_b__________________ uptodate,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x000000000000580c 1 0 __RU_______Ma_b__________________ referenced,uptodate,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x0000000000005868 2839 11 ___U_lA____Ma_b__________________ uptodate,lru,active,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
0x000000000000586c 29 0 __RU_lA____Ma_b__________________ referenced,uptodate,lru,active,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked
total 513968 2007


# ./page-types --raw --list --no-summary --bits reserved
offset count flags
0 15 _____________________r___________
31 4 _____________________r___________
159 97 _____________________r___________
4096 2067 _____________________r___________
6752 2390 _____________________r___________
9355 3 _____________________r___________
9728 14526 _____________________r___________




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