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SubjectRe: IO scheduler based IO Controller V2
On Tue, May 5, 2009 at 7:33 PM, Vivek Goyal <> wrote:
> On Tue, May 05, 2009 at 01:24:41PM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
>> On Tue,  5 May 2009 15:58:27 -0400
>> Vivek Goyal <> wrote:
>> >
>> > Hi All,
>> >
>> > Here is the V2 of the IO controller patches generated on top of 2.6.30-rc4.
>> > ...
>> > Currently primarily two other IO controller proposals are out there.
>> >
>> > dm-ioband
>> > ---------
>> > This patch set is from Ryo Tsuruta from valinux.
>> > ...
>> > IO-throttling
>> > -------------
>> > This patch set is from Andrea Righi provides max bandwidth controller.
>> I'm thinking we need to lock you guys in a room and come back in 15 minutes.
>> Seriously, how are we to resolve this?  We could lock me in a room and
>> cmoe back in 15 days, but there's no reason to believe that I'd emerge
>> with the best answer.
>> I tend to think that a cgroup-based controller is the way to go.
>> Anything else will need to be wired up to cgroups _anyway_, and that
>> might end up messy.
> Hi Andrew,
> Sorry, did not get what do you mean by cgroup based controller? If you
> mean that we use cgroups for grouping tasks for controlling IO, then both
> IO scheduler based controller as well as io throttling proposal do that.
> dm-ioband also supports that up to some extent but it requires extra step of
> transferring cgroup grouping information to dm-ioband device using dm-tools.
> But if you meant that io-throttle patches, then I think it solves only
> part of the problem and that is max bw control. It does not offer minimum
> BW/minimum disk share gurantees as offered by proportional BW control.
> IOW, it supports upper limit control and does not support a work conserving
> IO controller which lets a group use the whole BW if competing groups are
> not present. IMHO, proportional BW control is an important feature which
> we will need and IIUC, io-throttle patches can't be easily extended to support
> proportional BW control, OTOH, one should be able to extend IO scheduler
> based proportional weight controller to also support max bw control.
> Andrea, last time you were planning to have a look at my patches and see
> if max bw controller can be implemented there. I got a feeling that it
> should not be too difficult to implement it there. We already have the
> hierarchical tree of io queues and groups in elevator layer and we run
> BFQ (WF2Q+) algorithm to select next queue to dispatch the IO from. It is
> just a matter of also keeping track of IO rate per queue/group and we should
> be easily be able to delay the dispatch of IO from a queue if its group has
> crossed the specified max bw.
> This should lead to less code and reduced complextiy (compared with the
> case where we do max bw control with io-throttling patches and proportional
> BW control using IO scheduler based control patches).
> So do you think that it would make sense to do max BW control along with
> proportional weight IO controller at IO scheduler? If yes, then we can
> work together and continue to develop this patchset to also support max
> bw control and meet your requirements and drop the io-throttling patches.
> The only thing which concerns me is the fact that IO scheduler does not
> have the view of higher level logical device. So if somebody has setup a
> software RAID and wants to put max BW limit on software raid device, this
> solution will not work. One shall have to live with max bw limits on
> individual disks (where io scheduler is actually running). Do your patches
> allow to put limit on software RAID devices also?
> Ryo, dm-ioband breaks the notion of classes and priority of CFQ because
> of FIFO dispatch of buffered bios. Apart from that it tries to provide
> fairness in terms of actual IO done and that would mean a seeky workload
> will can use disk for much longer to get equivalent IO done and slow down
> other applications. Implementing IO controller at IO scheduler level gives
> us tigher control. Will it not meet your requirements? If you got specific
> concerns with IO scheduler based contol patches, please highlight these and
> we will see how these can be addressed.

In my opinion, IO throttling and dm-ioband are probably simpler, but
incomplete solutions to the problem. And for a solution to be
complete, it would have to be at a IO scheduler layer so it can do
things like taking an IO as soon as it comes and stick it to the front
of all the queues so that it can go to the disk right away. This patch
set is big, but it takes us in the right direction. Our ultimate goal
should be able to reach the level of control that we can have over CPU
and network resources. And I don't think IO throttling and dm-ioband
approaches take us in that direction.

> Thanks
> Vivek
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