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SubjectRe: [PATCH] driver-core: devtmpfs - driver core maintained /dev tmpfs
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On Thu, 2009-04-30 at 15:23 +0200, Kay Sievers wrote:
> From: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
> Subject: driver-core: devtmpfs - driver core maintained /dev tmpfs

Below are some numbers. Appended the used initramfs /init script, which
gets very simple with devtmpfs, compared what we need do today to handle
and fill an empty /dev after mounting its own tmpfs there.

This simple initramfs example still supports udev by-{label,uuid,id} device
name links, and other setups which need udev to find/setup/assemble
the root device.

Thanks,
Kay


kvm: initramfs mount-by-label
[ 2.018622] Freeing unused kernel memory: 2172k freed
[ 2.034799] initramfs: starting ...
[ 2.093656] initramfs: looking for /dev/disk/by-label/root
[ 2.121746] initramfs: starting udev
[ 2.141221] udev: starting version 142
[ 2.223777] initramfs: trigger block events
[ 2.465649] initramfs: mounting /dev/disk/by-label/root
[ 2.937051] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds
[ 2.941167] EXT3 FS on sda1, internal journal
[ 2.962522] EXT3-fs: mounted filesystem with writeback data mode.
[ 3.122292] initramfs: switching to root filesystem /dev/disk/by-label/root and start /bin/bash

kvm: initramfs mount-by-kernel-node
[ 1.939865] Freeing unused kernel memory: 2172k freed
[ 1.957918] initramfs: starting ...
[ 2.226510] initramfs: looking for /dev/sda1
[ 2.249192] initramfs: mounting /dev/sda1
[ 2.731584] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds
[ 2.736040] EXT3 FS on sda1, internal journal
[ 2.779422] EXT3-fs: mounted filesystem with writeback data mode.
[ 2.866554] initramfs: switching to root filesystem /dev/sda1 and start /bin/bash

kvm: direct kernel mount
[ 2.425663] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds
[ 2.434656] EXT3 FS on sda1, internal journal
[ 2.506279] EXT3-fs: mounted filesystem with writeback data mode.
[ 2.517395] VFS: Mounted root (ext3 filesystem) on device 259:524288.
[ 2.550488] devtmpfs: mounted
[ 2.555379] Freeing unused kernel memory: 2172k freed

real box: initramfs and mount-by-label
[ 1.513740] Freeing unused kernel memory: 2172k freed
[ 1.519782] initramfs: starting ...
[ 1.532795] initramfs: looking for /dev/disk/by-label/root
[ 1.533226] initramfs: starting udev
[ 1.537925] initramfs: trigger block events
[ 1.538715] udev: starting version 142
[ 1.647484] initramfs: mounting /dev/disk/by-label/root
[ 1.657646] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds
[ 1.657804] EXT3 FS on sda1, internal journal
[ 1.657864] EXT3-fs: mounted filesystem with writeback data mode.
[ 1.687084] initramfs: switching to root filesystem /dev/disk/by-label/root and start /sbin/init

real box: kernel mount
[ 1.329632] kjournald starting. Commit interval 5 seconds
[ 1.329756] EXT3 FS on sda1, internal journal
[ 1.329814] EXT3-fs: mounted filesystem with writeback data mode.
[ 1.329867] VFS: Mounted root (ext3 filesystem) on device 259:524288.
[ 1.330313] devtmpfs: mounted
[ 1.330377] async_waiting @ 1
[ 1.330381] async_continuing @ 1 after 0 usec
[ 1.330424] Freeing unused kernel memory: 2172k freed



#!/bin/sh

# minimal initramfs with persistent device name support
# requires devtmpfs support provided by the kernel

shell() {
echo "initramfs: dropping to shell"
exec >/dev/console 2>&1 </dev/console < /dev/console
sh -i
}

getarg() {
local o line
for o in $cmdline; do
test "$o" = "$1" && return 0
if test "${o%%=*}" = "${1%=}"; then
echo ${o#*=}
return 0
fi
done
return 1
}

export PATH=/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
export TERM=linux

# console redirect
exec >/dev/kmsg 2>&1 </dev/console
echo "initramfs: starting ..."

# mount needed filesystems
mount -t proc /proc /proc >/dev/null
mount -t sysfs /sys /sys >/dev/null
mount -t devpts -o gid=5,mode=620 /dev/pts /dev/pts

# kernel commandline
read cmdline </proc/cmdline;

# root we are looking for
root=$(getarg root=)
echo "initramfs: looking for $root"

# shortcut, in case root is already there
if test -e "$root"; then
echo "initramfs: mounting $root"
mount "$root" /root
mounted=yes
fi

# we need to start udev to create the symlink we are looking for
if test -z "$mounted"; then
echo "initramfs: starting udev"
udevd --daemon --resolve-names=never
# create links for already existing block devices
echo "initramfs: trigger block events"
udevadm trigger --subsystem-match=block
udevadm settle --timeout=3

# try if the link is there now
if test -e "$root"; then
echo "initramfs: mounting $root"
mount "$root" /root
mounted=yes
fi

if test -z "$mounted"; then
# load modules to let the root device show up
echo "initramfs: trigger module events"
udevadm trigger --attr-match=modalias

echo "initramfs: waiting for $root"
# loop until root shows up
while test -z "$mounted"; do
if test -e "$root"; then
echo "initramfs: mounting $root"
mount "$root" /root && mounted=yes
fi
sleep 0.05
done
fi

# kill udev
kill $(pidof udevd) >/dev/null 2>&1
fi

# move filesystems over to the mounted root
mount --move /dev /root/dev
mount --move /proc /root/proc
mount --move /sys /root/sys

# move into root
cd /root
init=$(getarg init=)
test -z "$init" && init=/sbin/init
echo "initramfs: switching to root filesystem $root and start $init"
exec run-init -c /dev/console /root $init




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