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    SubjectRe: [TuxOnIce-devel] [RFC] TuxOnIce
    On Monday 25 May 2009, Nigel Cunningham wrote:
    > Hi.


    > On Sat, 2009-05-09 at 01:43 +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
    > > > On Sat, 2009-05-09 at 00:46 +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
    > > > > On Friday 08 May 2009, Nigel Cunningham wrote:
    > > > > > On Fri, 2009-05-08 at 16:11 +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
    > > > > > > On Friday 08 May 2009, Nigel Cunningham wrote:
    > > > > > And the code includes some fundamental differences. I freeze processes
    > > > > > and prepare the whole image before saving anything or doing an atomic
    > > > > > copy whereas you just free memory before doing the atomic copy. You save
    > > > > > everything in one part whereas I save the image in two parts.
    > > > >
    > > > > IMO the differences are not that fundamental. The whole problem boils down
    > > > > to using the same data structures for memory management and I think we can
    > > > > reach an agreement here.
    > > >
    > > > I think we might be able to agree on using the same data structures, but
    > > > I'm not so sure about algorithms - I think you're underestimating the
    > > > differences here.
    > >
    > > Well, which algorithms do you have in mind in particular?
    > Sorry for the slow reply - just starting to catch up after time away.


    > The main difference is the order of doing things. TuxOnIce prepares the
    > image after freezing processes and before the atomic copy. It doesn't
    > just do that so that it can store a complete image of memory. It also
    > does it because once processes are frozen, the only thing that's going
    > to allocate storage is TuxOnIce,

    This is quite strong statement. Is it provable?

    > and the only things that are going to allocate RAM are TuxOnIce and the
    > drivers' suspend routines.

    Hmm. What about kernel threads that are not frozen?

    > The drivers' routines are pretty consistent - once you've seen how much is
    > used for one invocation, you can add a small margin and call that the
    > allowance to use for all future invocations. The amount of memory used
    > by the hibernation code is also entirely predictable - once you know the
    > characteristics of the system as it stands (ie with processes frozen),
    > you know how much you're going to need for the atomic copy and for doing
    > I/O. If you find that something is too big, all you need to do is thaw
    > kernel threads and free some memory until you fit within constraints or
    > (heaven forbid!) find that you're not getting anyway and so want to give
    > up on hibernating all together.
    > If, on the other hand, you do the drivers suspend etc and then look to
    > see what state you're in, well you might need to thaw drivers etc in
    > order to free memory before trying again. It's more expensive. Right now
    > you're just giving up in that case - yes, you could retry too instead of
    > giving up completely, but it's better IMHO to seek to get things right
    > before suspending drivers.
    > Oh, before I forget to mention and you ask - how to know what allowance
    > for the drivers? I use a sysfs entry - the user then just needs to see
    > what's needed on their first attempt, set up a means of putting that
    > value in the sysfs file in future (eg /etc/hibernate/tuxonice.conf) and
    > then forget about it.

    OK, this is reasonable.

    Still, I think your approach is based on some assumptions that need to be
    verified, so that either we are 100% sure they are satisfied, or we have some
    safeguards in place in case they aren't.


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