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SubjectRe: [PATCH] driver-core: devtmpfs - driver core maintained /dev tmpfs
On Thu, 30 Apr 2009 15:23:42 +0200 Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> wrote:

> From: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
> Subject: driver-core: devtmpfs - driver core maintained /dev tmpfs
>
> Devtmpfs lets the kernel create a tmpfs very early at kernel
> initialization, before any driver core device is registered. Every
> device with a major/minor will have a device node created in this
> tmpfs instance. After the rootfs is mounted by the kernel, the
> populated tmpfs is mounted at /dev. In initramfs, it can be moved
> to the manually mounted root filesystem before /sbin/init is
> executed.

Lol, devfs.

> The tmpfs instance can be changed and altered by userspace at any time,
> and in any way needed - just like today's udev-mounted tmpfs. Unmodified
> udev versions will run just fine on top of it, and will recognize an
> already existing kernel-created device node and use it.
> The default node permissions are root:root 0600. Only if none of these
> values have been changed by userspace, the driver core will remove the
> device node when the device goes away. If the device node was altered
> by udev, by applying the appropriate permissions and ownership, it will
> need to be removed by udev - just as it usually works today.
>
> This makes init=/bin/sh work without any further userspace support.
> /dev will be fully populated and dynamic, and always reflect the current
> device state of the kernel. Especially in the face of the already
> implemented dynamic device numbers for block devices, this can be very
> helpful in a rescue situation, where static devices nodes no longer
> work.
> Custom, embedded-like systems should be able to use this as a dynamic
> /dev directory without any need for aditional userspace tools.
>
> With the kernel populated /dev, existing initramfs or kernel-mount
> bootup logic can be optimized to be more efficient, and not to require a
> full coldplug run, which is currently needed to bootstrap the inital
> /dev directory content, before continuing bringing up the rest of
> the system. There will be no missed events to replay, because /dev is
> available before the first kernel device is registered with the core.
> A coldplug run can take, depending on the speed of the system and the
> amount of devices which need to be handled, from one to several seconds.
>
> ...
>
> block/bsg.c | 6
> drivers/gpu/drm/drm_sysfs.c | 7
> drivers/input/input.c | 6
> drivers/media/dvb/dvb-core/dvbdev.c | 10 +
> drivers/usb/core/usb.c | 11 +

These five subsystems were updated, but there are so many others. Why
these five in particular?

> +const char *device_get_nodename(struct device *dev, const char **tmp)
> +{
> + char *s;
> +
> + *tmp = NULL;
> +
> + /* the device type may provide a specific name */
> + if (dev->type && dev->type->nodename)
> + *tmp = dev->type->nodename(dev);

dev->type->nodename() might have failed due to -ENOMEM, in which case
it seems wrong to assume that it returned NULL for <whatever reason you
thought it might want to return NULL>.

It's all a bit confused.

> + if (*tmp)
> + return *tmp;
> +
> + /* the class may provide a specific name */
> + if (dev->class && dev->class->nodename)
> + *tmp = dev->class->nodename(dev);
> + if (*tmp)
> + return *tmp;
> +
> + /* return name without allocation, tmp == NULL */
> + if (strchr(dev_name(dev), '!') == NULL)

s/ / /

> + return dev_name(dev);
> +
> + /* replace '!' in the name with '/' */
> + *tmp = kstrdup(dev_name(dev), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!*tmp)
> + return NULL;
> + while ((s = strchr(*tmp, '!')))
> + s[0] = '/';
> + return *tmp;
> +}
>
> ...
>


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