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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/13] fsnotify: unified filesystem notification backend
On Thu, Mar 19, 2009 at 02:05:03PM -0400, Eric Paris wrote:
> fsnotify is a backend for filesystem notification. fsnotify does
> not provide any userspace interface but does provide the basis
> needed for other notification schemes such as dnotify. fsnotify
> can be extended to be the backend for inotify or the upcoming
> fanotify. fsnotify provides a mechanism for "groups" to register for
> some set of filesystem events and to then deliver those events to
> those groups for processing.
>
> fsnotify has a number of benefits, the first being actually shrinking the size
> of an inode. Before fsnotify to support both dnotify and inotify an inode had
>
> unsigned long i_dnotify_mask; /* Directory notify events */
> struct dnotify_struct *i_dnotify; /* for directory notifications */
> struct list_head inotify_watches; /* watches on this inode */
> struct mutex inotify_mutex; /* protects the watches list
>
> But with fsnotify this same functionallity (and more) is done with just
>
> __u32 i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events for this inode */
> struct hlist_head i_fsnotify_mark_entries; /* marks on this inode */
>
> That's right, inotify, dnotify, and fanotify all in 64 bits. We used that
> much space just in inotify_watches alone, before this patch set.
>
> fsnotify object lifetime and locking is MUCH better than what we have today.
> inotify locking is incredibly complex. See 8f7b0ba1c8539 as an example of
> what's been busted since inception. inotify needs to know internal semantics
> of superblock destruction and unmounting to function. The inode pinning and
> vfs contortions are horrible.
>
> no fsnotify implementers do allocation under locks. This means things like
> f04b30de3 which (due to an overabundance of caution) changes GFP_KERNEL to
> GFP_NOFS can be reverted. There are no longer any allocation rules when using
> or implementing your own fsnotify listener.
>
> fsnotify paves the way for fanotify. people may not care for the original
> companies that pushed for TALPA, but fanotify was designed with flexibility in
> mind. A first group that wants fanotify like interfaces is the readahead
> group. So they can be profiling at boot time in order to dynamicly tune
> readahead to help with boot speed. I've got other ideas how to use fanotify
> to speed up boot when dealing with encrypted mounts, but I'm not ready to say
> it yet since I don't know if my idea will work.
>
> This patch series just builds fsnotify to the point that it can implement
> dnotify and inotify_user. Patches exist and will be sent soon after
> acceptance to finish the in kernel inotify conversion (audit) and implement
> fanotify.

Looks good from an SRCU viewpoint. The only comment I have (other than
running commentary interspersed) is why no

BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&fsnotify_grp_mutex));

in fsnotify_add_group().

You have a global lock fsnotify_grp_mutex covering all of the updates
I can see, use fsnotify_grp_srcu consistently, and have all traversals
covered either by srcu_read_lock() or fsnotify_grp_mutex.

Thanx, Paul

> Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
> ---
>
> fs/notify/Kconfig | 13 +++
> fs/notify/Makefile | 2
> fs/notify/fsnotify.c | 79 ++++++++++++++++++
> fs/notify/fsnotify.h | 17 ++++
> fs/notify/group.c | 168 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> fs/notify/notification.c | 116 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/fsnotify.h | 129 +++++++++++++++++++++--------
> include/linux/fsnotify_backend.h | 135 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 8 files changed, 622 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 fs/notify/fsnotify.c
> create mode 100644 fs/notify/fsnotify.h
> create mode 100644 fs/notify/group.c
> create mode 100644 fs/notify/notification.c
> create mode 100644 include/linux/fsnotify_backend.h
>
> diff --git a/fs/notify/Kconfig b/fs/notify/Kconfig
> index 50914d7..31dac7e 100644
> --- a/fs/notify/Kconfig
> +++ b/fs/notify/Kconfig
> @@ -1,2 +1,15 @@
> +config FSNOTIFY
> + bool "Filesystem notification backend"
> + default y
> + ---help---
> + fsnotify is a backend for filesystem notification. fsnotify does
> + not provide any userspace interface but does provide the basis
> + needed for other notification schemes such as dnotify, inotify,
> + and fanotify.
> +
> + Say Y here to enable fsnotify suport.
> +
> + If unsure, say Y.
> +
> source "fs/notify/dnotify/Kconfig"
> source "fs/notify/inotify/Kconfig"
> diff --git a/fs/notify/Makefile b/fs/notify/Makefile
> index 5a95b60..db5467b 100644
> --- a/fs/notify/Makefile
> +++ b/fs/notify/Makefile
> @@ -1,2 +1,4 @@
> +obj-$(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY) += fsnotify.o notification.o group.o
> +
> obj-y += dnotify/
> obj-y += inotify/
> diff --git a/fs/notify/fsnotify.c b/fs/notify/fsnotify.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..56bee0f
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/notify/fsnotify.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
> + * any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
> + * the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/dcache.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/srcu.h>
> +
> +#include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h>
> +#include "fsnotify.h"
> +
> +/*
> + * This is the main call to fsnotify. The VFS calls into hook specific functions
> + * in linux/fsnotify.h. Those functions then in turn call here. Here will call
> + * out to all of the registered fsnotify_group. Those groups can then use the
> + * notification event in whatever means they feel necessary.
> + */
> +void fsnotify(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, void *data, int data_is)
> +{
> + struct fsnotify_group *group;
> + struct fsnotify_event *event = NULL;
> + int idx;
> +
> + if (list_empty(&fsnotify_groups))
> + return;
> +
> + if (!(mask & fsnotify_mask))
> + return;
> +
> + /*
> + * SRCU!! the groups list is very very much read only and the path is
> + * very hot. The VAST majority of events are not going to need to do
> + * anything other than walk the list so it's crazy to pre-allocate.
> + */
> + idx = srcu_read_lock(&fsnotify_grp_srcu);

All the srcu operations use the same srcu_struct, as required.

> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(group, &fsnotify_groups, group_list) {

Under srcu_read_lock(), as required.

> + if (mask & group->mask) {
> + if (!event) {
> + event = fsnotify_create_event(to_tell, mask, data, data_is);
> + /* shit, we OOM'd and now we can't tell, maybe
> + * someday someone else will want to do something
> + * here */
> + if (!event)
> + break;
> + }
> + group->ops->handle_event(group, event);
> + }
> + }
> + srcu_read_unlock(&fsnotify_grp_srcu, idx);
> + /*
> + * fsnotify_create_event() took a reference so the event can't be cleaned
> + * up while we are still trying to add it to lists, drop that one.
> + */
> + if (event)
> + fsnotify_put_event(event);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fsnotify);
> +
> +static __init int fsnotify_init(void)
> +{
> + return init_srcu_struct(&fsnotify_grp_srcu);
> +}
> +subsys_initcall(fsnotify_init);
> diff --git a/fs/notify/fsnotify.h b/fs/notify/fsnotify.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..bf41e60
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/notify/fsnotify.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> +#ifndef _LINUX_FSNOTIFY_PRIVATE_H
> +#define _LINUX_FSNOTIFY_PRIVATE_H
> +
> +#include <linux/dcache.h>
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/path.h>
> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> +
> +#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/atomic.h>
> +
> +extern struct srcu_struct fsnotify_grp_srcu;
> +extern struct list_head fsnotify_groups;
> +extern __u32 fsnotify_mask;
> +#endif /* _LINUX_FSNOTIFY_PRIVATE_H */
> diff --git a/fs/notify/group.c b/fs/notify/group.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..88d040b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/notify/group.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,168 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
> + * any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
> + * the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/srcu.h>
> +#include <linux/rculist.h>
> +#include <linux/wait.h>
> +
> +#include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h>
> +#include "fsnotify.h"
> +
> +#include <asm/atomic.h>
> +
> +DEFINE_MUTEX(fsnotify_grp_mutex);
> +struct srcu_struct fsnotify_grp_srcu;
> +LIST_HEAD(fsnotify_groups);
> +__u32 fsnotify_mask;
> +
> +void fsnotify_recalc_global_mask(void)
> +{
> + struct fsnotify_group *group;
> + __u32 mask = 0;
> + int idx;
> +
> + idx = srcu_read_lock(&fsnotify_grp_srcu);
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(group, &fsnotify_groups, group_list) {

Under srcu_read_lock(), as required.

> + mask |= group->mask;
> + }
> + srcu_read_unlock(&fsnotify_grp_srcu, idx);
> + fsnotify_mask = mask;
> +}
> +
> +static void fsnotify_add_group(struct fsnotify_group *group)
> +{
> + list_add_rcu(&group->group_list, &fsnotify_groups);

OK, protected by fsnotify_grp_mutex.

Can't resist asking why no "BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&fsnotify_grp_mutex));",
though. ;-)

> + group->evicted = 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void fsnotify_get_group(struct fsnotify_group *group)
> +{
> + atomic_inc(&group->refcnt);
> +}
> +
> +static void fsnotify_destroy_group(struct fsnotify_group *group)
> +{
> + if (group->ops->free_group_priv)
> + group->ops->free_group_priv(group);
> +
> + kfree(group);
> +}
> +
> +static void __fsnotify_evict_group(struct fsnotify_group *group)
> +{
> + BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&fsnotify_grp_mutex));
> +
> + if (!group->evicted)
> + list_del_rcu(&group->group_list);

OK, protected by fsnotify_grp_mutex or the BUG_ON trips. ;-)

> + group->evicted = 1;
> +}
> +
> +void fsnotify_evict_group(struct fsnotify_group *group)
> +{
> + mutex_lock(&fsnotify_grp_mutex);
> + __fsnotify_evict_group(group);
> + mutex_unlock(&fsnotify_grp_mutex);
> +}
> +
> +void fsnotify_put_group(struct fsnotify_group *group)
> +{
> + if (!atomic_dec_and_mutex_lock(&group->refcnt, &fsnotify_grp_mutex))
> + return;
> +
> + /* OK, now we know that there's no other users *and* we hold mutex,
> + * so no new references will appear */
> + __fsnotify_evict_group(group);
> +
> + /* now it's off the list, so the only thing we might care about is
> + * srcu acces.... */
> + mutex_unlock(&fsnotify_grp_mutex);
> + synchronize_srcu(&fsnotify_grp_srcu);
> +
> + /* and now it is really dead. _Nothing_ could be seeing it */
> + fsnotify_recalc_global_mask();
> + fsnotify_destroy_group(group);
> +}
> +
> +static struct fsnotify_group *fsnotify_find_group(unsigned int group_num, __u32 mask,
> + const struct fsnotify_ops *ops)
> +{
> + struct fsnotify_group *group_iter;
> + struct fsnotify_group *group = NULL;
> +
> + BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&fsnotify_grp_mutex));
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(group_iter, &fsnotify_groups, group_list) {

Given that you hold fsnotify_grp_mutex, you in theory don't need the
_rcu form, but not a problem. Just wanted you to know that I was paying
attention. ;-)

> + if (group_iter->group_num == group_num) {
> + if ((group_iter->mask == mask) &&
> + (group_iter->ops == ops)) {
> + fsnotify_get_group(group_iter);
> + group = group_iter;
> + } else
> + group = ERR_PTR(-EEXIST);
> + }
> + }
> + return group;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Either finds an existing group which matches the group_num, mask, and ops or
> + * creates a new group and adds it to the global group list. In either case we
> + * take a reference for the group returned.
> + *
> + * low use function, could be faster to check if the group is there before we do
> + * the allocation and the initialization, but this is only called when notification
> + * systems make changes, so why make it more complex?
> + */
> +struct fsnotify_group *fsnotify_obtain_group(unsigned int group_num, __u32 mask,
> + const struct fsnotify_ops *ops)
> +{
> + struct fsnotify_group *group, *tgroup;
> +
> + group = kmalloc(sizeof(struct fsnotify_group), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!group)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + atomic_set(&group->refcnt, 1);
> +
> + group->group_num = group_num;
> + group->mask = mask;
> +
> + group->ops = ops;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&fsnotify_grp_mutex);
> + tgroup = fsnotify_find_group(group_num, mask, ops);
> + if (tgroup) {
> + /* group already exists */
> + mutex_unlock(&fsnotify_grp_mutex);
> + /* destroy the new one we made */
> + fsnotify_put_group(group);
> + return tgroup;
> + }
> +
> + /* group not found, add a new one */
> + fsnotify_add_group(group);
> + mutex_unlock(&fsnotify_grp_mutex);
> +
> + if (mask)
> + fsnotify_recalc_global_mask();
> +
> + return group;
> +}
> diff --git a/fs/notify/notification.c b/fs/notify/notification.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..eb23a69
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/notify/notification.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,116 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
> + * any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
> + * the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/mount.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/namei.h>
> +#include <linux/path.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/atomic.h>
> +
> +#include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h>
> +#include "fsnotify.h"
> +
> +static struct kmem_cache *event_kmem_cache;
> +
> +void fsnotify_get_event(struct fsnotify_event *event)
> +{
> + atomic_inc(&event->refcnt);
> +}
> +
> +void fsnotify_put_event(struct fsnotify_event *event)
> +{
> + if (!event)
> + return;
> +
> + if (atomic_dec_and_test(&event->refcnt)) {
> + if (event->data_type == FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH) {
> + path_put(&event->path);
> + event->path.dentry = NULL;
> + event->path.mnt = NULL;
> + }
> +
> + event->mask = 0;
> +
> + kmem_cache_free(event_kmem_cache, event);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_create_event(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, void *data, int data_type)
> +{
> + struct fsnotify_event *event;
> +
> + event = kmem_cache_alloc(event_kmem_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!event)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + atomic_set(&event->refcnt, 1);
> +
> + spin_lock_init(&event->lock);
> +
> + event->path.dentry = NULL;
> + event->path.mnt = NULL;
> + event->inode = NULL;
> +
> + event->to_tell = to_tell;
> +
> + switch (data_type) {
> + case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_FILE: {
> + struct file *file = data;
> + struct path *path = &file->f_path;
> + event->path.dentry = path->dentry;
> + event->path.mnt = path->mnt;
> + path_get(&event->path);
> + event->data_type = FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH;
> + break;
> + }
> + case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH: {
> + struct path *path = data;
> + event->path.dentry = path->dentry;
> + event->path.mnt = path->mnt;
> + path_get(&event->path);
> + event->data_type = FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH;
> + break;
> + }
> + case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE:
> + event->inode = data;
> + event->data_type = FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE;
> + break;
> + default:
> + BUG();
> + };
> +
> + event->mask = mask;
> +
> + return event;
> +}
> +
> +__init int fsnotify_notification_init(void)
> +{
> + event_kmem_cache = kmem_cache_create("fsnotify_event", sizeof(struct fsnotify_event), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +subsys_initcall(fsnotify_notification_init);
> +
> diff --git a/include/linux/fsnotify.h b/include/linux/fsnotify.h
> index 00fbd5b..3d68058 100644
> --- a/include/linux/fsnotify.h
> +++ b/include/linux/fsnotify.h
> @@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
>
> #include <linux/dnotify.h>
> #include <linux/inotify.h>
> +#include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h>
> #include <linux/audit.h>
>
> /*
> @@ -35,6 +36,17 @@ static inline void fsnotify_d_move(struct dentry *entry)
> }
>
> /*
> + * fsnotify_inoderemove - an inode is going away
> + */
> +static inline void fsnotify_inoderemove(struct inode *inode)
> +{
> + inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, IN_DELETE_SELF, 0, NULL, NULL);
> + inotify_inode_is_dead(inode);
> +
> + fsnotify(inode, FS_DELETE_SELF, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> * fsnotify_move - file old_name at old_dir was moved to new_name at new_dir
> */
> static inline void fsnotify_move(struct inode *old_dir, struct inode *new_dir,
> @@ -43,28 +55,42 @@ static inline void fsnotify_move(struct inode *old_dir, struct inode *new_dir,
> {
> struct inode *source = moved->d_inode;
> u32 cookie = inotify_get_cookie();
> + __u32 old_dir_mask = 0;
> + __u32 new_dir_mask = 0;
>
> - if (old_dir == new_dir)
> + if (old_dir == new_dir) {
> inode_dir_notify(old_dir, DN_RENAME);
> - else {
> + old_dir_mask = FS_DN_RENAME;
> + } else {
> inode_dir_notify(old_dir, DN_DELETE);
> + old_dir_mask = FS_DELETE;
> inode_dir_notify(new_dir, DN_CREATE);
> + new_dir_mask = FS_CREATE;
> }
>
> - if (isdir)
> + if (isdir) {
> isdir = IN_ISDIR;
> + old_dir_mask |= FS_IN_ISDIR;
> + new_dir_mask |= FS_IN_ISDIR;
> + }
> +
> + old_dir_mask |= FS_MOVED_FROM;
> + new_dir_mask |= FS_MOVED_TO;
> +
> inotify_inode_queue_event(old_dir, IN_MOVED_FROM|isdir,cookie,old_name,
> source);
> inotify_inode_queue_event(new_dir, IN_MOVED_TO|isdir, cookie, new_name,
> source);
>
> - if (target) {
> - inotify_inode_queue_event(target, IN_DELETE_SELF, 0, NULL, NULL);
> - inotify_inode_is_dead(target);
> - }
> + fsnotify(old_dir, old_dir_mask, old_dir, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> + fsnotify(new_dir, new_dir_mask, new_dir, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> +
> + if (target)
> + fsnotify_inoderemove(target);
>
> if (source) {
> inotify_inode_queue_event(source, IN_MOVE_SELF, 0, NULL, NULL);
> + fsnotify(source, FS_MOVE_SELF, moved->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
> audit_inode_child(new_name, moved, new_dir);
> }
> @@ -75,26 +101,19 @@ static inline void fsnotify_move(struct inode *old_dir, struct inode *new_dir,
> static inline void fsnotify_nameremove(struct dentry *dentry, int isdir)
> {
> if (isdir)
> - isdir = IN_ISDIR;
> + isdir = FS_IN_ISDIR;
> dnotify_parent(dentry, DN_DELETE);
> inotify_dentry_parent_queue_event(dentry, IN_DELETE|isdir, 0, dentry->d_name.name);
> }
>
> /*
> - * fsnotify_inoderemove - an inode is going away
> - */
> -static inline void fsnotify_inoderemove(struct inode *inode)
> -{
> - inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, IN_DELETE_SELF, 0, NULL, NULL);
> - inotify_inode_is_dead(inode);
> -}
> -
> -/*
> * fsnotify_link_count - inode's link count changed
> */
> static inline void fsnotify_link_count(struct inode *inode)
> {
> inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, IN_ATTRIB, 0, NULL, NULL);
> +
> + fsnotify(inode, FS_ATTRIB, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -106,6 +125,8 @@ static inline void fsnotify_create(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry)
> inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, IN_CREATE, 0, dentry->d_name.name,
> dentry->d_inode);
> audit_inode_child(dentry->d_name.name, dentry, inode);
> +
> + fsnotify(inode, FS_CREATE, dentry->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -120,6 +141,8 @@ static inline void fsnotify_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct
> inode);
> fsnotify_link_count(inode);
> audit_inode_child(new_dentry->d_name.name, new_dentry, dir);
> +
> + fsnotify(dir, FS_CREATE, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -131,6 +154,8 @@ static inline void fsnotify_mkdir(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry)
> inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, IN_CREATE | IN_ISDIR, 0,
> dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_inode);
> audit_inode_child(dentry->d_name.name, dentry, inode);
> +
> + fsnotify(inode, FS_CREATE | FS_IN_ISDIR, dentry->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -139,14 +164,16 @@ static inline void fsnotify_mkdir(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry)
> static inline void fsnotify_access(struct dentry *dentry)
> {
> struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
> - u32 mask = IN_ACCESS;
> + __u32 mask = FS_ACCESS;
>
> if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
> - mask |= IN_ISDIR;
> + mask |= FS_IN_ISDIR;
>
> dnotify_parent(dentry, DN_ACCESS);
> inotify_dentry_parent_queue_event(dentry, mask, 0, dentry->d_name.name);
> inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, mask, 0, NULL, NULL);
> +
> + fsnotify(inode, mask, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -155,14 +182,16 @@ static inline void fsnotify_access(struct dentry *dentry)
> static inline void fsnotify_modify(struct dentry *dentry)
> {
> struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
> - u32 mask = IN_MODIFY;
> + __u32 mask = FS_MODIFY;
>
> if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
> - mask |= IN_ISDIR;
> + mask |= FS_IN_ISDIR;
>
> dnotify_parent(dentry, DN_MODIFY);
> inotify_dentry_parent_queue_event(dentry, mask, 0, dentry->d_name.name);
> inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, mask, 0, NULL, NULL);
> +
> + fsnotify(inode, mask, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -171,13 +200,15 @@ static inline void fsnotify_modify(struct dentry *dentry)
> static inline void fsnotify_open(struct dentry *dentry)
> {
> struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
> - u32 mask = IN_OPEN;
> + __u32 mask = FS_OPEN;
>
> if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
> - mask |= IN_ISDIR;
> + mask |= FS_IN_ISDIR;
>
> inotify_dentry_parent_queue_event(dentry, mask, 0, dentry->d_name.name);
> inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, mask, 0, NULL, NULL);
> +
> + fsnotify(inode, mask, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -189,13 +220,15 @@ static inline void fsnotify_close(struct file *file)
> struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
> const char *name = dentry->d_name.name;
> fmode_t mode = file->f_mode;
> - u32 mask = (mode & FMODE_WRITE) ? IN_CLOSE_WRITE : IN_CLOSE_NOWRITE;
> + __u32 mask = (mode & FMODE_WRITE) ? FS_CLOSE_WRITE : FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE;
>
> if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
> - mask |= IN_ISDIR;
> + mask |= FS_IN_ISDIR;
>
> inotify_dentry_parent_queue_event(dentry, mask, 0, name);
> inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, mask, 0, NULL, NULL);
> +
> + fsnotify(inode, mask, file, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_FILE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -204,13 +237,15 @@ static inline void fsnotify_close(struct file *file)
> static inline void fsnotify_xattr(struct dentry *dentry)
> {
> struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
> - u32 mask = IN_ATTRIB;
> + __u32 mask = FS_ATTRIB;
>
> if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
> - mask |= IN_ISDIR;
> + mask |= FS_IN_ISDIR;
>
> inotify_dentry_parent_queue_event(dentry, mask, 0, dentry->d_name.name);
> inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, mask, 0, NULL, NULL);
> +
> + fsnotify(inode, mask, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -224,31 +259,31 @@ static inline void fsnotify_change(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int ia_valid)
> u32 in_mask = 0;
>
> if (ia_valid & ATTR_UID) {
> - in_mask |= IN_ATTRIB;
> + in_mask |= FS_ATTRIB;
> dn_mask |= DN_ATTRIB;
> }
> if (ia_valid & ATTR_GID) {
> - in_mask |= IN_ATTRIB;
> + in_mask |= FS_ATTRIB;
> dn_mask |= DN_ATTRIB;
> }
> if (ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) {
> - in_mask |= IN_MODIFY;
> + in_mask |= FS_MODIFY;
> dn_mask |= DN_MODIFY;
> }
> /* both times implies a utime(s) call */
> if ((ia_valid & (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME)) == (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME))
> {
> - in_mask |= IN_ATTRIB;
> + in_mask |= FS_ATTRIB;
> dn_mask |= DN_ATTRIB;
> } else if (ia_valid & ATTR_ATIME) {
> - in_mask |= IN_ACCESS;
> + in_mask |= FS_ACCESS;
> dn_mask |= DN_ACCESS;
> } else if (ia_valid & ATTR_MTIME) {
> - in_mask |= IN_MODIFY;
> + in_mask |= FS_MODIFY;
> dn_mask |= DN_MODIFY;
> }
> if (ia_valid & ATTR_MODE) {
> - in_mask |= IN_ATTRIB;
> + in_mask |= FS_ATTRIB;
> dn_mask |= DN_ATTRIB;
> }
>
> @@ -256,20 +291,40 @@ static inline void fsnotify_change(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int ia_valid)
> dnotify_parent(dentry, dn_mask);
> if (in_mask) {
> if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
> - in_mask |= IN_ISDIR;
> + in_mask |= FS_IN_ISDIR;
> inotify_inode_queue_event(inode, in_mask, 0, NULL, NULL);
> inotify_dentry_parent_queue_event(dentry, in_mask, 0,
> dentry->d_name.name);
> + fsnotify(inode, in_mask, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE);
> }
> }
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY /* inotify helpers */
> +#if defined(CONFIG_INOTIFY) || defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY) /* notify helpers */
>
> /*
> * fsnotify_oldname_init - save off the old filename before we change it
> */
> static inline const char *fsnotify_oldname_init(const char *name)
> {
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_ACCESS != FS_ACCESS);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_MODIFY != FS_MODIFY);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_ATTRIB != FS_ATTRIB);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_CLOSE_WRITE != FS_CLOSE_WRITE);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_CLOSE_NOWRITE != FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_OPEN != FS_OPEN);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_MOVED_FROM != FS_MOVED_FROM);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_MOVED_TO != FS_MOVED_TO);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_CREATE != FS_CREATE);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_DELETE != FS_DELETE);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_DELETE_SELF != FS_DELETE_SELF);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_MOVE_SELF != FS_MOVE_SELF);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_Q_OVERFLOW != FS_Q_OVERFLOW);
> +
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_UNMOUNT != FS_UNMOUNT);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_ISDIR != FS_IN_ISDIR);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_IGNORED != FS_IN_IGNORED);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(IN_ONESHOT != FS_IN_ONESHOT);
> +
> return kstrdup(name, GFP_KERNEL);
> }
>
> @@ -281,7 +336,7 @@ static inline void fsnotify_oldname_free(const char *old_name)
> kfree(old_name);
> }
>
> -#else /* CONFIG_INOTIFY */
> +#else /* CONFIG_INOTIFY || CONFIG_FSNOTIFY */
>
> static inline const char *fsnotify_oldname_init(const char *name)
> {
> diff --git a/include/linux/fsnotify_backend.h b/include/linux/fsnotify_backend.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..0523333
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/fsnotify_backend.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,135 @@
> +/*
> + * Filesystem access notification for Linux
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _LINUX_FSNOTIFY_BACKEND_H
> +#define _LINUX_FSNOTIFY_BACKEND_H
> +
> +#ifdef __KERNEL__
> +
> +#include <linux/fs.h> /* struct inode */
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/path.h> /* struct path */
> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> +#include <linux/wait.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/atomic.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * IN_* from inotfy.h lines up EXACTLY with FS_*, this is so we can easily
> + * convert between them. dnotify only needs conversion at watch creation
> + * so no perf loss there. fanotify isn't defined yet, so it can use the
> + * wholes if it needs more events.
> + */
> +#define FS_ACCESS 0x00000001ul /* File was accessed */
> +#define FS_MODIFY 0x00000002ul /* File was modified */
> +#define FS_ATTRIB 0x00000004ul /* Metadata changed */
> +#define FS_CLOSE_WRITE 0x00000008ul /* Writtable file was closed */
> +#define FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE 0x00000010ul /* Unwrittable file closed */
> +#define FS_OPEN 0x00000020ul /* File was opened */
> +#define FS_MOVED_FROM 0x00000040ul /* File was moved from X */
> +#define FS_MOVED_TO 0x00000080ul /* File was moved to Y */
> +#define FS_CREATE 0x00000100ul /* Subfile was created */
> +#define FS_DELETE 0x00000200ul /* Subfile was deleted */
> +#define FS_DELETE_SELF 0x00000400ul /* Self was deleted */
> +#define FS_MOVE_SELF 0x00000800ul /* Self was moved */
> +
> +#define FS_UNMOUNT 0x00002000ul /* inode on umount fs */
> +#define FS_Q_OVERFLOW 0x00004000ul /* Event queued overflowed */
> +#define FS_IN_IGNORED 0x00008000ul /* last inotify event here */
> +
> +#define FS_IN_ISDIR 0x40000000ul /* event occurred against dir */
> +#define FS_IN_ONESHOT 0x80000000ul /* only send event once */
> +
> +#define FS_DN_RENAME 0x10000000ul /* file renamed */
> +#define FS_DN_MULTISHOT 0x20000000ul /* dnotify multishot */
> +
> +#define FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD 0x08000000ul
> +
> +struct fsnotify_group;
> +struct fsnotify_event;
> +
> +/*
> + * Each group much define these ops.
> + *
> + * handle_event - main call for a group to handle an fs event
> + * free_group_priv - called when a group refcnt hits 0 to clean up the private union
> + */
> +struct fsnotify_ops {
> + int (*handle_event)(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_event *event);
> + void (*free_group_priv)(struct fsnotify_group *group);
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * A group is a "thing" that wants to receive notification about filesystem
> + * events. The mask holds the subset of event types this group cares about.
> + * refcnt on a group is up to the implementor and at any moment if it goes 0
> + * everything will be cleaned up.
> + */
> +struct fsnotify_group {
> + struct list_head group_list; /* list of all groups on the system */
> + __u32 mask; /* mask of events this group cares about */
> + atomic_t refcnt; /* num of processes with a special file open */
> + unsigned int group_num; /* the 'name' of the event */
> +
> + const struct fsnotify_ops *ops; /* how this group handles things */
> +
> + unsigned int evicted:1; /* has this group been evicted? */
> +
> + /* groups can define private fields here */
> + union {
> + };
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * all of the information about the original object we want to now send to
> + * a group. If you want to carry more info from the accessing task to the
> + * listener this structure is where you need to be adding fields.
> + */
> +struct fsnotify_event {
> + spinlock_t lock; /* protection for the associated event_holder and private_list */
> + struct inode *to_tell;
> + /*
> + * depending on the event type we should have either a path or inode
> + * we should never have more than one....
> + */
> + union {
> + struct path path;
> + struct inode *inode;
> + };
> +/* when calling fsnotify tell it if the data is a path or inode */
> +#define FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH 1
> +#define FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE 2
> +#define FSNOTIFY_EVENT_FILE 3
> + int data_type; /* which of the above union we have */
> + atomic_t refcnt; /* how many groups still are using/need to send this event */
> + __u32 mask; /* the type of access */
> +};
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
> +
> +/* called from the vfs to signal fs events */
> +extern void fsnotify(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, void *data, int data_is);
> +
> +/* called from fsnotify interfaces, such as fanotify or dnotify */
> +extern void fsnotify_recalc_global_mask(void);
> +extern struct fsnotify_group *fsnotify_obtain_group(unsigned int group_num, __u32 mask, const struct fsnotify_ops *ops);
> +extern void fsnotify_put_group(struct fsnotify_group *group);
> +
> +extern void fsnotify_get_event(struct fsnotify_event *event);
> +extern void fsnotify_put_event(struct fsnotify_event *event);
> +extern struct fsnotify_event_private_data *fsnotify_get_priv_from_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_event *event);
> +
> +/* put here because inotify does some weird stuff when destroying watches */
> +extern struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_create_event(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, void *data, int data_is);
> +#else
> +
> +static inline void fsnotify(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, void *data, int data_is);
> +{}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_FSNOTIFY */
> +
> +#endif /* __KERNEL __ */
> +
> +#endif /* _LINUX_FSNOTIFY_BACKEND_H */
>
> --
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