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SubjectRe: pm-hibernate : possible circular locking dependency detected
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On Monday 06 April 2009, Gautham R Shenoy wrote:
> On Sun, Apr 05, 2009 at 03:44:54PM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> >
> > * Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> wrote:
> >
> > > On Sunday 05 April 2009, Ming Lei wrote:
> > > > kernel version : one simple usb-serial patch against commit
> > > > 6bb597507f9839b13498781e481f5458aea33620.
> > > >
> > > > Thanks.
> > >
> > > Hmm, CPU hotplug again, it seems.
> > >
> > > I'm not sure who's the maintainer at the moment. Andrew, is that
> > > Gautham?
> >
> > CPU hotplug tends to land on the scheduler people's desk normally.
> >
> > But i'm not sure that's the real thing here - key appears to be this
> > work_on_cpu() worklet by the cpufreq code:
>
> Actually, there are two dependency chains here which can lead to a deadlock.
> The one we're seeing here is the longer of the two.
>
> If the relevant locks are numbered as follows:
> [1]: cpu_policy_rwsem
> [2]: work_on_cpu
> [3]: cpu_hotplug.lock
> [4]: dpm_list_mtx
>
>
> The individual callpaths are:
>
> 1) do_dbs_timer()[1] --> dbs_check_cpu() --> __cpufreq_driver_getavg()
> |
> work_on_cpu()[2] <-- get_measured_perf() <--|
>
>
> 2) pci_device_probe() --> .. --> pci_call_probe() [3] --> work_on_cpu()[2]
> |
> [4] device_pm_add() <-- ..<-- local_pci_probe() <--|

This should block on [4] held by hibernate(). That's why it calls
device_pm_lock() after all.

> 3) hibernate() --> hibernatioin_snapshot() --> create_image()
> |
> disable_nonboot_cpus() <-- [4] device_pm_lock() <--|
> |
> |--> _cpu_down() [3] --> cpufreq_cpu_callback() [1]
>
>
> The two chains which can deadlock are
>
> a) [1] --> [2] --> [4] --> [3] --> [1] (The one in this log)
> and
> b) [3] --> [2] --> [4] --> [3]

What exactly is the b) scenario?

> Ingo,
> do_dbs_timer() function of the ondemand governor is run from a per-cpu
> workqueue. Hence it is already running on the cpu whose perf counters
> we're interested in.
>
> Does it make sense to introduce a get_this_measured_perf() API
> for users who are already running on the relevant CPU ?
> And have get_measured_perf(cpu) for other users (currently there are
> none) ?
>
> Thus, do_dbs_timer() can avoid calling work_on_cpu() thereby preventing
> deadlock a) from occuring.
>
> Rafael,
> Sorry, I am not well versed with the hibernation code. But does the
> following make sense:

Not really ->

> create_image()
> {
> device_pm_lock();
> device_power_down(PMSG_FREEZE);
> platform_pre_snapshot(platform_mode);
>
> device_pm_unlock();

-> because dpm_list is under control of the hibernation code at this point
and it should remain locked.

> disable_nonboot_cpus()

disable_nonboot_cpus() must not take dpm_list_mtx itself.

> device_pm_lock();
> .
> .
> .
> .
> }

Thanks,
Rafael


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