lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Apr]   [14]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: Creating tasks on restart: userspace vs kernel
On Tue, Apr 14, 2009 at 04:10:53PM -0400, Oren Laadan wrote:
>
>
> Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
> >>> In the end correctness of chopping will be equal to how good user
> >>> understands that two task_struct's are independent of each other.
> >>>
> >>>> But it will still be a useful tool for many use cases, like batch cpu jobs,
> >>>> some servers, vnc sessions (if you want graphics) etc. Imagine you run
> >>>> 'octave' for a week and must reboot now - 'octave' wouldn't care if
> >>>> you checkpointed it and then restart with a different pid !
> >>>>
> >>>> <3> Clone with pid:
> >>>>
> >>>> To restart processes from userspace, there needs to be a way to
> >>>> request a specific pid--in the current pid_ns--for the child process
> >>>> (clearly, if it isn't in use).
> >>>>
> >>>> Why is it a disadvantage ? to Linus, a syscall clone_with_pid()
> >>>> "sounds like a _wonderful_ attack vector against badly written
> >>>> user-land software...". Actually, getting a specific pid is possible
> >>>> without this syscall. But the point is that it's undesirable to have
> >>>> this functionality unrestricted.
> >>>>
> >>>> So one option is to require root privileges. Another option is to
> >>>> restrict such action in pid_ns created by the same user. Even more so,
> >>>> restrict to only containers that are being restarted.
> >>> You want to do small part in userspace and consequently end up with hacks
> >>> both userspace-visible and in-kernel.
> >> I want to extend existing kernel interface to leverage fork/clone
> >> from user space, AND to allow the flexibility mentioned above (which
> >> you conveniently ignored).
> >>
> >> All hacks are in-kernel, aren't they ?
> >
> > mktree.c can be vieved as hack, why not?
>
> Lol .. I meant "all kernel hacks are in-kernel" :)
>
> >
> > The whole existence of these requirements. You want new syscall or SET_NEX_PID
> > or /proc file or something.
>
> Or embed it into a restart(2) call with special argument.
>
> >
> >> As for asking for a specific pid from user space, it can be done by:
> >> * a new syscall (restricted to user-owned-namespace or CAP_SYS_ADMIN)
> >> * a sys_restart(... SET_NEXT_PID) interface specific for restart (ugh)
> >> * setting a special /proc/PID/next_id file which is consulted by fork
> >
> > /proc/*/next_id was disscussed and hopefully died, but no.
> >
> >> and in all cases, limit this so it can only allowed in a restarting
> >> container, under the proper security model (again, e.g., Serge's
> >> suggestion).
> >>
> >>> Pids aren't special, they are struct pid, dynamically allocated and
> >>> refcounted just like any other structtures.
> >>>
> >>> They _become_ special for you intended method of restart.
> >> They are special. And I allow them not to be restored, as well, if
> >> the use case so wishes.
> >
> > The use case is to restore as much as possible to the same state as
> > equal as possible. Not going with fork_with_pid() in any form helps
> > kernel to ensure correctness of restore and helps to avoid surprise
> > failure modes from user POV.
> >
> >>> You also have flags in nsproxy image (or where?) like "do clone with
> >>> CLONE_NEWUTS".
> >> Nope. Read the code.
> >
> > Which code?
> >
> > static int cr_write_namespaces(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
> > {
> > ...
> >
> > new_uts = cr_obj_add_ptr(ctx, nsproxy->uts_ns,
> > &hh->uts_ref, CR_OBJ_UTSNS, 0);
> > if (new_uts < 0) {
> > ret = new_uts;
> > goto out;
> > }
> >
> > hh->flags = 0;
> > if (new_uts)
> > ===> hh->flags |= CLONE_NEWUTS;
> >
> > ret = cr_write_obj(ctx, &h, hh);
> > ...
> >
> >>> This is unneeded!
> >>>
> >>> nsproxy (or task_struct) image have reference (objref/position) to uts_ns image.
> >>>
> >>> On restart, one lookups object by reference or restore it if needed,
> >>> takes refcount and glue. Just like with every other two structures.
> >> That's exactly how it's done.
> >
> > Not for uts_ns and future namespaces.
> >
> > ret = cr_restore_utsns(ctx, hh->uts_ref, hh->flags);
> > ^^^^^^^^^
> > comes from disk
>
> Where else would it come from ? that's part of the state saved during
> checkpoint.

This is bogus part saved during checkpoint.

To restore nsproxy you only need references to uts_ns, ipc_ns, mnt_ns,
pid_ns and net_nsm, no flags.

You can try to be smart and, consequently, end up with checks where
a) flags tell to unshare uts_ns, but reference is the same, and
b) flags don't tell to unshare, but reference is different.

This is unneeded code coming from the way you restore nsproxy
incorrectly.

> That's for nested UTS namespaces,

Just to clear terminology, UTS namespaces aren't nested, only
PID namespaces are.

> where a task in container called unshare().


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-04-14 23:05    [W:0.033 / U:5.076 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site