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SubjectRe: [PATCH 00/30] C/R OpenVZ/Virtuozzo style

Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 14, 2009 at 02:08:21PM -0400, Oren Laadan wrote:
>> Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
>>> On Tue, Apr 14, 2009 at 12:26:50AM -0400, Oren Laadan wrote:
>>>> Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
>>>>> On Thu, Apr 09, 2009 at 10:07:11PM -0700, Dave Hansen wrote:
>>>>>> I'm curious how you see these fitting in with the work that we've been
>>>>>> doing with Oren. Do you mean to just start a discussion or are you
>>>>>> really proposing these as an alternative to what Oren has been posting?
>>>>> Yes, this is posted as alternative.
>>>>> Some design decisions are seen as incorrect from here like:
>>>> A definition of "design" would help; I find most of your comments
>>>> below either vague, cryptic, or technical nits...
>>>>> * not rejecting checkpoint with possible "leaks" from container
>>>> this, for example.
>>> Like checkpointing one process out of many living together.
>> See the thread on creating tasks in userspace vs. kernel space:
>> the argument here is that is an interesting enough use case for
>> a checkpoint of not-an-entire-container.
>> Of course it will require more logic to it, so the user can choose
>> what she cares or does not care about, and the kernel could alert
>> the user about it.
>> The point is, that it is, IMHO, a desirable capability.
>>> If you allow this you consequently drop checks (e.g. refcount checks)
>>> for "somebody else is using structure to be checkpointed".
>> From this point below, I totally agree with you that for the purpose
>> of a whole-container-checkpoint this is certainly desirable. My point
>> was that it can be easily added the existing patchset (not yours).
>> Why not add it there ?
>>> If you drop these checks, you can't decipher legal sutiations like
>>> "process genuinely doesn't care about routing table of netns it lives in"
>>> from "illegal" situations like "process created shm segment but currently
>>> doesn't use it so not checkpointing ipcns will result in breakagenlater".
>>> You'll have to move responsibility to user, so user exactly knows what
>>> app relies on and on what. And probably add flags like CKPT_SHM,
>>> CKPT_NETNS_ROUTE ad infinitum.
>>> And user will screw it badly and complain: "after restart my app
>>> segfaulted". And user himself is screwed now: old running process is
>>> already killed (it was checkpointed on purpose) and new process in image
>>> segfaults every time it's restarted.
>>> All of this in out opinion results in doing C/R unreliably and badly.
>>> We are going to do it well and dig from the other side.
>>> If "leak" (any "leak") is detected, C/R is aborted because kernel
>>> doesn't know what app relies on and what app doesn't care about.
>>> This protected from situations and failure modes described above.
>>> This also protects to some extent from in-kernel changes where C/R code
>>> should have been updated but wasn't. Person doing incomplete change won't
>>> notice e.g refcount checks and won't try to "fix" them. But we'll notice it,
>>> e.g. when running testsuite (amen) and update C/R code accordingly.
>>> I'm talking about these checks so that everyone understands:
>>> for_each_cr_object(ctx, obj, CR_CTX_MM_STRUCT) {
>>> struct mm_struct *mm = obj->o_obj;
>>> unsigned int cnt = atomic_read(&mm->mm_users);
>>> if (obj->o_count != cnt) {
>>> printk("%s: mm_struct %p has external references %lu:%u\n", __func__, mm, obj->o_count, cnt);
>>> return -EINVAL;
>>> }
>>> }
>>> They are like moving detectors, small, invisible, something moved, you don't
>>> know what, but you don't care because you have to investigate anyway.
>>> In this scheme, if user wants to checkpoint just one process, he should
>>> start it alone in separate container. Right now, in posted patchset
>>> as cloned process with
>> So you suggest that to checkpoint a single process, say a cpu job that
>> would run a week, which runs in the topmost pid_ns, I will need to
>> checkpoint the entire topmost pid_ns (as a container, if at all possible
>> - surely there will non-checkpointable tasks there) and then in
>> user-space filter out the data and leave only one task, and then to
>> restart I'll use a container again ?
> No, you do little preparations and start CPU job in container from the very
> beginning.

So you are denying all those other users that don't want to do that
the joy of checkpointing and restarting their stuff ... :(

Or, for users who do run everything in container, but some task is not
checkpointable - it is using this electronic microscope device attached
to their handheld. Alas, they do want to checkpoint that useful program
they are running there that calculates fibonacci numbers ...

Or, a nested container that shares something with the parent container,
so is not checkpointable by itself...

Ok, you probably got the idea.


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