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Subject[PATCH 18/43] FS-Cache: Implement the cookie management part of the netfs API [ver #46]
Date
Implement the cookie management part of the FS-Cache netfs client API.  The
documentation and API header file were added in a previous patch.

This patch implements the following three functions:

(1) fscache_acquire_cookie().

Acquire a cookie to represent an object to the netfs. If the object in
question is a non-index object, then that object and its parent indices
will be created on disk at this point if they don't already exist. Index
creation is deferred because an index may reside in multiple caches.

(2) fscache_relinquish_cookie().

Retire or release a cookie previously acquired. At this point, the
object on disk may be destroyed.

(3) fscache_update_cookie().

Update the in-cache representation of a cookie. This is used to update
the auxiliary data for coherency management purposes.

With this patch it is possible to have a netfs instruct a cache backend to
look up, validate and create metadata on disk and to destroy it again.
The ability to actually store and retrieve data in the objects so created is
added in later patches.

Note that these functions will never return an error. _All_ errors are
handled internally to FS-Cache.

The worst that can happen is that fscache_acquire_cookie() may return a NULL
pointer - which is considered a negative cookie pointer and can be passed back
to any function that takes a cookie without harm. A negative cookie pointer
merely suppresses caching at that level.

The stub in linux/fscache.h will detect inline the negative cookie pointer and
abort the operation as fast as possible. This means that the compiler doesn't
have to set up for a call in that case.

See the documentation in Documentation/filesystems/caching/netfs-api.txt for
more information.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Steve Dickson <steved@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
---

fs/fscache/cookie.c | 442 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/fscache.h | 16 ++
2 files changed, 457 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)


diff --git a/fs/fscache/cookie.c b/fs/fscache/cookie.c
index 47fd75b..cd9d065 100644
--- a/fs/fscache/cookie.c
+++ b/fs/fscache/cookie.c
@@ -7,6 +7,9 @@
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * See Documentation/filesystems/caching/netfs-api.txt for more information on
+ * the netfs API.
*/

#define FSCACHE_DEBUG_LEVEL COOKIE
@@ -16,6 +19,14 @@

struct kmem_cache *fscache_cookie_jar;

+static atomic_t fscache_object_debug_id = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+
+static int fscache_acquire_non_index_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie);
+static int fscache_alloc_object(struct fscache_cache *cache,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie);
+static int fscache_attach_object(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ struct fscache_object *object);
+
/*
* initialise an cookie jar slab element prior to any use
*/
@@ -29,6 +40,437 @@ void fscache_cookie_init_once(void *_cookie)
}

/*
+ * request a cookie to represent an object (index, datafile, xattr, etc)
+ * - parent specifies the parent object
+ * - the top level index cookie for each netfs is stored in the fscache_netfs
+ * struct upon registration
+ * - def points to the definition
+ * - the netfs_data will be passed to the functions pointed to in *def
+ * - all attached caches will be searched to see if they contain this object
+ * - index objects aren't stored on disk until there's a dependent file that
+ * needs storing
+ * - other objects are stored in a selected cache immediately, and all the
+ * indices forming the path to it are instantiated if necessary
+ * - we never let on to the netfs about errors
+ * - we may set a negative cookie pointer, but that's okay
+ */
+struct fscache_cookie *__fscache_acquire_cookie(
+ struct fscache_cookie *parent,
+ const struct fscache_cookie_def *def,
+ void *netfs_data)
+{
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie;
+
+ BUG_ON(!def);
+
+ _enter("{%s},{%s},%p",
+ parent ? (char *) parent->def->name : "<no-parent>",
+ def->name, netfs_data);
+
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_acquires);
+
+ /* if there's no parent cookie, then we don't create one here either */
+ if (!parent) {
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_acquires_null);
+ _leave(" [no parent]");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /* validate the definition */
+ BUG_ON(!def->get_key);
+ BUG_ON(!def->name[0]);
+
+ BUG_ON(def->type == FSCACHE_COOKIE_TYPE_INDEX &&
+ parent->def->type != FSCACHE_COOKIE_TYPE_INDEX);
+
+ /* allocate and initialise a cookie */
+ cookie = kmem_cache_alloc(fscache_cookie_jar, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!cookie) {
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_acquires_oom);
+ _leave(" [ENOMEM]");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ atomic_set(&cookie->usage, 1);
+ atomic_set(&cookie->n_children, 0);
+
+ atomic_inc(&parent->usage);
+ atomic_inc(&parent->n_children);
+
+ cookie->def = def;
+ cookie->parent = parent;
+ cookie->netfs_data = netfs_data;
+ cookie->flags = 0;
+
+ switch (cookie->def->type) {
+ case FSCACHE_COOKIE_TYPE_INDEX:
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_cookie_index);
+ break;
+ case FSCACHE_COOKIE_TYPE_DATAFILE:
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_cookie_data);
+ break;
+ default:
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_cookie_special);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* if the object is an index then we need do nothing more here - we
+ * create indices on disk when we need them as an index may exist in
+ * multiple caches */
+ if (cookie->def->type != FSCACHE_COOKIE_TYPE_INDEX) {
+ if (fscache_acquire_non_index_cookie(cookie) < 0) {
+ atomic_dec(&parent->n_children);
+ __fscache_cookie_put(cookie);
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_acquires_nobufs);
+ _leave(" = NULL");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_acquires_ok);
+ _leave(" = %p", cookie);
+ return cookie;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__fscache_acquire_cookie);
+
+/*
+ * acquire a non-index cookie
+ * - this must make sure the index chain is instantiated and instantiate the
+ * object representation too
+ */
+static int fscache_acquire_non_index_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+ struct fscache_object *object;
+ struct fscache_cache *cache;
+ uint64_t i_size;
+ int ret;
+
+ _enter("");
+
+ cookie->flags = 1 << FSCACHE_COOKIE_UNAVAILABLE;
+
+ /* now we need to see whether the backing objects for this cookie yet
+ * exist, if not there'll be nothing to search */
+ down_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
+
+ if (list_empty(&fscache_cache_list)) {
+ up_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
+ _leave(" = 0 [no caches]");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* select a cache in which to store the object */
+ cache = fscache_select_cache_for_object(cookie->parent);
+ if (!cache) {
+ up_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_acquires_no_cache);
+ _leave(" = -ENOMEDIUM [no cache]");
+ return -ENOMEDIUM;
+ }
+
+ _debug("cache %s", cache->tag->name);
+
+ cookie->flags =
+ (1 << FSCACHE_COOKIE_LOOKING_UP) |
+ (1 << FSCACHE_COOKIE_CREATING) |
+ (1 << FSCACHE_COOKIE_NO_DATA_YET);
+
+ /* ask the cache to allocate objects for this cookie and its parent
+ * chain */
+ ret = fscache_alloc_object(cache, cookie);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ up_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
+ _leave(" = %d", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* pass on how big the object we're caching is supposed to be */
+ cookie->def->get_attr(cookie->netfs_data, &i_size);
+
+ spin_lock(&cookie->lock);
+ if (hlist_empty(&cookie->backing_objects)) {
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+ goto unavailable;
+ }
+
+ object = hlist_entry(cookie->backing_objects.first,
+ struct fscache_object, cookie_link);
+
+ fscache_set_store_limit(object, i_size);
+
+ /* initiate the process of looking up all the objects in the chain
+ * (done by fscache_initialise_object()) */
+ fscache_enqueue_object(object);
+
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+
+ /* we may be required to wait for lookup to complete at this point */
+ if (!fscache_defer_lookup) {
+ _debug("non-deferred lookup %p", &cookie->flags);
+ wait_on_bit(&cookie->flags, FSCACHE_COOKIE_LOOKING_UP,
+ fscache_wait_bit, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+ _debug("complete");
+ if (test_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_UNAVAILABLE, &cookie->flags))
+ goto unavailable;
+ }
+
+ up_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
+ _leave(" = 0 [deferred]");
+ return 0;
+
+unavailable:
+ up_read(&fscache_addremove_sem);
+ _leave(" = -ENOBUFS");
+ return -ENOBUFS;
+}
+
+/*
+ * recursively allocate cache object records for a cookie/cache combination
+ * - caller must be holding the addremove sem
+ */
+static int fscache_alloc_object(struct fscache_cache *cache,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+ struct fscache_object *object;
+ struct hlist_node *_n;
+ int ret;
+
+ _enter("%p,%p{%s}", cache, cookie, cookie->def->name);
+
+ spin_lock(&cookie->lock);
+ hlist_for_each_entry(object, _n, &cookie->backing_objects,
+ cookie_link) {
+ if (object->cache == cache)
+ goto object_already_extant;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+
+ /* ask the cache to allocate an object (we may end up with duplicate
+ * objects at this stage, but we sort that out later) */
+ object = cache->ops->alloc_object(cache, cookie);
+ if (IS_ERR(object)) {
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_object_no_alloc);
+ ret = PTR_ERR(object);
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_object_alloc);
+
+ object->debug_id = atomic_inc_return(&fscache_object_debug_id);
+
+ _debug("ALLOC OBJ%x: %s {%lx}",
+ object->debug_id, cookie->def->name, object->events);
+
+ ret = fscache_alloc_object(cache, cookie->parent);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error_put;
+
+ /* only attach if we managed to allocate all we needed, otherwise
+ * discard the object we just allocated and instead use the one
+ * attached to the cookie */
+ if (fscache_attach_object(cookie, object) < 0)
+ cache->ops->put_object(object);
+
+ _leave(" = 0");
+ return 0;
+
+object_already_extant:
+ ret = -ENOBUFS;
+ if (object->state >= FSCACHE_OBJECT_DYING) {
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+ goto error;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+ _leave(" = 0 [found]");
+ return 0;
+
+error_put:
+ cache->ops->put_object(object);
+error:
+ _leave(" = %d", ret);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * attach a cache object to a cookie
+ */
+static int fscache_attach_object(struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ struct fscache_object *object)
+{
+ struct fscache_object *p;
+ struct fscache_cache *cache = object->cache;
+ struct hlist_node *_n;
+ int ret;
+
+ _enter("{%s},{OBJ%x}", cookie->def->name, object->debug_id);
+
+ spin_lock(&cookie->lock);
+
+ /* there may be multiple initial creations of this object, but we only
+ * want one */
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ hlist_for_each_entry(p, _n, &cookie->backing_objects, cookie_link) {
+ if (p->cache == object->cache) {
+ if (p->state >= FSCACHE_OBJECT_DYING)
+ ret = -ENOBUFS;
+ goto cant_attach_object;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* pin the parent object */
+ spin_lock_nested(&cookie->parent->lock, 1);
+ hlist_for_each_entry(p, _n, &cookie->parent->backing_objects,
+ cookie_link) {
+ if (p->cache == object->cache) {
+ if (p->state >= FSCACHE_OBJECT_DYING) {
+ ret = -ENOBUFS;
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->parent->lock);
+ goto cant_attach_object;
+ }
+ object->parent = p;
+ spin_lock(&p->lock);
+ p->n_children++;
+ spin_unlock(&p->lock);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->parent->lock);
+
+ /* attach to the cache's object list */
+ if (list_empty(&object->cache_link)) {
+ spin_lock(&cache->object_list_lock);
+ list_add(&object->cache_link, &cache->object_list);
+ spin_unlock(&cache->object_list_lock);
+ }
+
+ /* attach to the cookie */
+ object->cookie = cookie;
+ atomic_inc(&cookie->usage);
+ hlist_add_head(&object->cookie_link, &cookie->backing_objects);
+ ret = 0;
+
+cant_attach_object:
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+ _leave(" = %d", ret);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * update the index entries backing a cookie
+ */
+void __fscache_update_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+{
+ struct fscache_object *object;
+ struct hlist_node *_p;
+
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_updates);
+
+ if (!cookie) {
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_updates_null);
+ _leave(" [no cookie]");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ _enter("{%s}", cookie->def->name);
+
+ BUG_ON(!cookie->def->get_aux);
+
+ spin_lock(&cookie->lock);
+
+ /* update the index entry on disk in each cache backing this cookie */
+ hlist_for_each_entry(object, _p,
+ &cookie->backing_objects, cookie_link) {
+ fscache_raise_event(object, FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_UPDATE);
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+ _leave("");
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__fscache_update_cookie);
+
+/*
+ * release a cookie back to the cache
+ * - the object will be marked as recyclable on disk if retire is true
+ * - all dependents of this cookie must have already been unregistered
+ * (indices/files/pages)
+ */
+void __fscache_relinquish_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie, int retire)
+{
+ struct fscache_cache *cache;
+ struct fscache_object *object;
+ unsigned long event;
+
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_relinquishes);
+
+ if (!cookie) {
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_relinquishes_null);
+ _leave(" [no cookie]");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ _enter("%p{%s,%p},%d",
+ cookie, cookie->def->name, cookie->netfs_data, retire);
+
+ if (atomic_read(&cookie->n_children) != 0) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "FS-Cache: Cookie '%s' still has children\n",
+ cookie->def->name);
+ BUG();
+ }
+
+ /* wait for the cookie to finish being instantiated (or to fail) */
+ if (test_bit(FSCACHE_COOKIE_CREATING, &cookie->flags)) {
+ fscache_stat(&fscache_n_relinquishes_waitcrt);
+ wait_on_bit(&cookie->flags, FSCACHE_COOKIE_CREATING,
+ fscache_wait_bit, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+ }
+
+ event = retire ? FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_RETIRE : FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_RELEASE;
+
+ /* detach pointers back to the netfs */
+ spin_lock(&cookie->lock);
+
+ cookie->netfs_data = NULL;
+ cookie->def = NULL;
+
+ /* break links with all the active objects */
+ while (!hlist_empty(&cookie->backing_objects)) {
+ object = hlist_entry(cookie->backing_objects.first,
+ struct fscache_object,
+ cookie_link);
+
+ _debug("RELEASE OBJ%x", object->debug_id);
+
+ /* detach each cache object from the object cookie */
+ spin_lock(&object->lock);
+ hlist_del_init(&object->cookie_link);
+
+ cache = object->cache;
+ object->cookie = NULL;
+ fscache_raise_event(object, event);
+ spin_unlock(&object->lock);
+
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&cookie->usage))
+ /* the cookie refcount shouldn't be reduced to 0 yet */
+ BUG();
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&cookie->lock);
+
+ if (cookie->parent) {
+ ASSERTCMP(atomic_read(&cookie->parent->usage), >, 0);
+ ASSERTCMP(atomic_read(&cookie->parent->n_children), >, 0);
+ atomic_dec(&cookie->parent->n_children);
+ }
+
+ /* finally dispose of the cookie */
+ ASSERTCMP(atomic_read(&cookie->usage), >, 0);
+ fscache_cookie_put(cookie);
+
+ _leave("");
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__fscache_relinquish_cookie);
+
+/*
* destroy a cookie
*/
void __fscache_cookie_put(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
diff --git a/include/linux/fscache.h b/include/linux/fscache.h
index e4278b3..7e4fd5c 100644
--- a/include/linux/fscache.h
+++ b/include/linux/fscache.h
@@ -192,6 +192,13 @@ extern void __fscache_unregister_netfs(struct fscache_netfs *);
extern struct fscache_cache_tag *__fscache_lookup_cache_tag(const char *);
extern void __fscache_release_cache_tag(struct fscache_cache_tag *);

+extern struct fscache_cookie *__fscache_acquire_cookie(
+ struct fscache_cookie *,
+ const struct fscache_cookie_def *,
+ void *);
+extern void __fscache_relinquish_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *, int);
+extern void __fscache_update_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *);
+
/**
* fscache_register_netfs - Register a filesystem as desiring caching services
* @netfs: The description of the filesystem
@@ -283,7 +290,10 @@ struct fscache_cookie *fscache_acquire_cookie(
const struct fscache_cookie_def *def,
void *netfs_data)
{
- return NULL;
+ if (fscache_cookie_valid(parent))
+ return __fscache_acquire_cookie(parent, def, netfs_data);
+ else
+ return NULL;
}

/**
@@ -301,6 +311,8 @@ struct fscache_cookie *fscache_acquire_cookie(
static inline
void fscache_relinquish_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie, int retire)
{
+ if (fscache_cookie_valid(cookie))
+ __fscache_relinquish_cookie(cookie, retire);
}

/**
@@ -316,6 +328,8 @@ void fscache_relinquish_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie, int retire)
static inline
void fscache_update_cookie(struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
{
+ if (fscache_cookie_valid(cookie))
+ __fscache_update_cookie(cookie);
}

/**


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