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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 00/19] Cleanup and optimise the page allocator V2
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On Fri, 2009-03-06 at 17:39 +0800, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * Lin Ming <ming.m.lin@intel.com> wrote:
>
> > Thanks, I have used "perfstat -s" to collect cache misses
> > data.
> >
> > 2.6.29-rc7-tip: tip/perfcounters/core (b5e8acf)
> > 2.6.29-rc7-tip-mg2: v2 patches applied to tip/perfcounters/core
> >
> > I collected 5 times netperf UDP-U-4k data with and without
> > mg-v2 patches applied to tip/perfcounters/core on a 4p
> > quad-core tigerton machine, as below "value" means UDP-U-4k
> > test result.
> >
> > 2.6.29-rc7-tip
> > ---------------
> > value cache misses CPU migrations cachemisses/migrations
> > 5329.71 391094656 1710 228710
> > 5641.59 239552767 2138 112045
> > 5580.87 132474745 2172 60992
> > 5547.19 86911457 2099 41406
> > 5626.38 196751217 2050 95976
> >
> > 2.6.29-rc7-tip-mg2
> > -------------------
> > value cache misses CPU migrations cachemisses/migrations
> > 4749.80 649929463 1132 574142
> > 4327.06 484100170 1252 386661
> > 4649.51 374201508 1489 251310
> > 5655.82 405511551 1848 219432
> > 5571.58 90222256 2159 41788
> >
> > Lin Ming
>
> Hm, these numbers look really interesting and give us insight
> into this workload. The workload is fluctuating but by measuring
> 3 metrics at once instead of just one we see the following
> patterns:
>
> - Less CPU migrations means more cache misses and less
> performance.
>
> The lowest-score runs had the lowest CPU migrations count,
> coupled with a high amount of cachemisses.
>
> This _probably_ means that in this workload migrations are
> desired: the sooner two related tasks migrate to the same CPU
> the better. If they stay separate (migration count is low) then
> they interact with each other from different CPUs, creating a
> lot of cachemisses and reducing performance.
>
> You can reduce the migration barrier of the system by enabling
> CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG=y and setting sched_migration_cost to zero:
>
> echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/sched_migration_cost
>
> This will hurt other workloads - but if this improves the
> numbers then it proves that what this particular workload wants
> is easy migrations.

Again, I don't bind client/server to different cpus.
./netserver
./netperf -t UDP_STREAM -l 60 -H 127.0.0.1 -- -P 15888,12384 -s 32768 -S 32768 -m 4096

2.6.29-rc7-tip-mg2
-------------------
echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/sched_migration_cost
value cache misses CPU migrations cachemisses/migrations
2867.62 880055866 117 7521845
2920.08 884482955 122 7249860
2903.16 905450628 127 7129532
2930.94 877616337 104 8438618
5224.02 1428643167 133 10741677

if sysctl_sched_migration_cost is set to zero,
sender/receiver will have less chance to do sync wakeups. (less migrations)

wake_affine (...) {
...
if (sync && (curr->se.avg_overlap > sysctl_sched_migration_cost ||
p->se.avg_overlap > sysctl_sched_migration_cost))
sync = 0;
...
}

echo -1 to sched_migration_cost can improve the numbers. (more migrations)

echo -1 > /proc/sys/kernel/sched_migration_cost
value cache misses CPU migrations cachemisses/migrations
5524.52 97137973 2331 41672
5454.54 92589648 2542 36423
5458.63 96943477 3968 24431
5524.40 89298489 2574 34692
5493.64 87080343 2490 34972

>
> Now the question is, why does the mg2 patchset reduce the number
> of migrations? It might not be an inherent property of the mg2
> patches: maybe just unlucky timings push the workload across
> sched_migration_cost.
>
> Setting sched_migration_cost to either zero or to a very high
> value and repeating the test will eliminate this source of noise
> and will tell us about other properties of the mg2 patchset.
>
> There might be other effects i'm missing. For example what kind
> of UDP transport is used - localhost networking? That means that

Yes, localhost networking.

Lin Ming

> sender and receiver really wants to be coupled strongly and what
> controls this workload is whether such a 'pair' of tasks can
> properly migrate to the same CPU.
>
> Ingo



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