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SubjectRe: 2.6.29 boot hang
Date
On Wednesday 01 April 2009 07:15:35 Randy Dunlap wrote:
> On a 4-proc x86_64 (HP BladeCenter, AMD CPUs) system, booting 2.6.29
> (or earlier, back to 2.6.28-6921-g873392c) hangs during boot.
>
> git bisect says:
> 873392ca514f87eae39f53b6944caf85b1a047cb is first bad commit
> commit 873392ca514f87eae39f53b6944caf85b1a047cb
> Author: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
> Date: Wed Dec 31 23:54:56 2008 +1030
>
> PCI: work_on_cpu: use in drivers/pci/pci-driver.c

...

> If I change CONFIG_MICROCODE_AMD=y to CONFIG_MICROCODE_AMD=n & rebuild,
> the kernel boots successfully.

How very very odd. My first thought was a deadlock with keventd used
by work_on_cpu (changed in latest Linus tree), but the microcode code at
that version doesn't use work_on_cpu.

So I don't think that's it, but this patch should canonically eliminate it:

Subject: work_on_cpu(): rewrite it to create a kernel thread on demand
From: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>

The various implemetnations and proposed implemetnations of work_on_cpu()
are vulnerable to various deadlocks because they all used queues of some
form.

Unrelated pieces of kernel code thus gained dependencies wherein if one
work_on_cpu() caller holds a lock which some other work_on_cpu() callback
also takes, the kernel could rarely deadlock.

Fix this by creating a short-lived kernel thread for each work_on_cpu()
invokation.

This is not terribly fast, but the only current caller of work_on_cpu() is
pci_call_probe().

It would be nice to find some other way of doing the node-local
allocations in the PCI probe code so that we can zap work_on_cpu()
altogether. The code there is rather nasty. I can't think of anything
simple at this time...

Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
---
kernel/workqueue.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++++-----------------
1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff -puN kernel/workqueue.c~work_on_cpu-rewrite-it-to-create-a-kernel-thread-on-demand kernel/workqueue.c
--- a/kernel/workqueue.c~work_on_cpu-rewrite-it-to-create-a-kernel-thread-on-demand
+++ a/kernel/workqueue.c
@@ -985,20 +985,20 @@ undo:
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-static struct workqueue_struct *work_on_cpu_wq __read_mostly;

struct work_for_cpu {
- struct work_struct work;
+ struct completion completion;
long (*fn)(void *);
void *arg;
long ret;
};

-static void do_work_for_cpu(struct work_struct *w)
+static int do_work_for_cpu(void *_wfc)
{
- struct work_for_cpu *wfc = container_of(w, struct work_for_cpu, work);
-
+ struct work_for_cpu *wfc = _wfc;
wfc->ret = wfc->fn(wfc->arg);
+ complete(&wfc->completion);
+ return 0;
}

/**
@@ -1009,17 +1009,23 @@ static void do_work_for_cpu(struct work_
*
* This will return the value @fn returns.
* It is up to the caller to ensure that the cpu doesn't go offline.
+ * The caller must not hold any locks which would prevent @fn from completing.
*/
long work_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg)
{
- struct work_for_cpu wfc;
-
- INIT_WORK(&wfc.work, do_work_for_cpu);
- wfc.fn = fn;
- wfc.arg = arg;
- queue_work_on(cpu, work_on_cpu_wq, &wfc.work);
- flush_work(&wfc.work);
-
+ struct task_struct *sub_thread;
+ struct work_for_cpu wfc = {
+ .completion = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(wfc.completion),
+ .fn = fn,
+ .arg = arg,
+ };
+
+ sub_thread = kthread_create(do_work_for_cpu, &wfc, "work_for_cpu");
+ if (IS_ERR(sub_thread))
+ return PTR_ERR(sub_thread);
+ kthread_bind(sub_thread, cpu);
+ wake_up_process(sub_thread);
+ wait_for_completion(&wfc.completion);
return wfc.ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(work_on_cpu);
@@ -1035,8 +1041,4 @@ void __init init_workqueues(void)
hotcpu_notifier(workqueue_cpu_callback, 0);
keventd_wq = create_workqueue("events");
BUG_ON(!keventd_wq);
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- work_on_cpu_wq = create_workqueue("work_on_cpu");
- BUG_ON(!work_on_cpu_wq);
-#endif
}
_
Patches currently in -mm which might be from akpm@linux-foundation.org are

origin.patch
kernel-asyncc-fix-printk-warnings.patch
revert-rlimit-permit-setting-rlimit_nofile-to-rlim_infinity.patch
hp-wmi-fix-error-path-in-hp_wmi_bios_setup.patch
wait-prevent-exclusive-waiter-starvation-checkpatch-fixes.patch
i-need-old-gcc.patch
linux-next.patch
next-remove-localversion.patch
kvm-unbork.patch
fix-sparseirq-use-kstat_irqs_cpu-on-non-x86-architectures-too.patch
thinkpad-acpi-split-delayed-leds-stuff-clean-up-code-checkpatch-fixes.patch
x86-define-arch_want_frame_pointers-fix.patch
kernel-auditscc-fix-warning.patch
drivers-consolidate-driver_probe_done-loops-into-one-place-fix.patch
drivers-consolidate-driver_probe_done-loops-into-one-place-checkpatch-fixes.patch
sysfs-reference-sysfs_dirent-from-sysfs-inodes-fix.patch
early-platform-driver-v3-checkpatch-fixes.patch
clocksource-pass-clocksource-to-read-callback.patch
input-bcm5974-declare-alignment-usage-checkpatch-fixes.patch
mtd-rbtx4939-add-mtd-support-fix.patch
pci-quirks-unhide-overflow-device-on-i828675p-pe-chipsets.patch
raw-fix-rawctl-compat-ioctls-breakage-on-amd64-and-itanic.patch
scsi-dpt_i2o-is-bust-on-ia64.patch
drivers-ata-sata_silc-needs-dmih.patch
net-dont-use-in_atomic-in-gfp_any.patch
documentation-connector-cn_testc-dont-use-gfp_any.patch
nommu-fix-a-number-of-issues-with-the-per-mm-vma-patch.patch
page_fault-retry-with-nopage_retry.patch
page_fault-retry-with-nopage_retry-fix.patch
page_fault-retry-with-nopage_retry-fix-fix.patch
mm-add-proc-controls-for-pdflush-threads-fix.patch
mm-add-proc-controls-for-pdflush-threads-fix-fix.patch
mm-unify-some-pmd_-functions-fix-s390.patch
proc-pid-maps-dont-show-pgoff-of-pure-anon-vmas-checkpatch-fixes.patch
do_pipe-drop-its-last-user-in-arch-alpha-checkpatch-fixes.patch
epoll-keyed-wakeups-v2-teach-epoll-about-hints-coming-with-the-wakeup-key-checkpatch-fixes.patch
rtc-convert-leap_year-into-an-inline.patch
rtc-add-platform-driver-for-efi-fix.patch
drivers-video-uvesafbc-dont-use-gfp_any.patch
cpuset-fix-allocating-page-cache-slab-object-on-the-unallowed-node-when-memory-spread-is-set.patch
cpuset-fix-allocating-page-cache-slab-object-on-the-unallowed-node-when-memory-spread-is-set-fix-2.patch
pids-document-task_pgrp-task_session-is-not-safe-without-tasklist-rcu-fix.patch
nbd-add-locking-to-nbd_ioctl-checkpatch-fixes.patch
kexec-add-dmesg-log-symbols-to-proc-vmcoreinfo-lists-fix.patch
kexec-add-dmesg-log-symbols-to-proc-vmcoreinfo-lists-fix-fix.patch
arch-x86-kernel-acpi-cstatec-avoid-using-work_on_cpu.patch
arch-x86-kernel-cpu-cpufreq-acpi-cpufreqc-avoid-using-work_on_cpu.patch
arch-x86-kernel-cpu-mcheck-mce_amd_64c-avoid-using-work_on_cpu.patch
work_on_cpu-rewrite-it-to-create-a-kernel-thread-on-demand.patch
nilfs2-integrated-block-mapping-remove-nilfs-bmap-wrapper-macros-checkpatch-fixes.patch
nilfs2-inode-operations-fix.patch
nilfs2-pathname-operations-fix.patch
nilfs2-super-block-operations-fix.patch
reiser4.patch
reiser4-remove-simple_prepare_write-usage-checkpatch-fixes.patch
slab-leaks3-default-y.patch
put_bh-debug.patch
shrink_slab-handle-bad-shrinkers.patch
getblk-handle-2tb-devices.patch
getblk-handle-2tb-devices-fix.patch
undeprecate-pci_find_device.patch
notify_change-callers-must-hold-i_mutex.patch
drivers-net-bonding-bond_sysfsc-suppress-uninitialized-var-warning.patch
w1-build-fix.patch


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