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Subject[patch 24/35 xattr-rework] reiserfs: journaled xattrs
 Deadlocks are possible in the xattr code between the journal lock and the
xattr sems.

This patch implements journalling for xattr operations. The benefit is
twofold:
* It gets rid of the deadlock possibility by always ensuring that xattr
write operations are initiated inside a transaction.
* It corrects the problem where xattr backing files aren't considered any
differently than normal files, despite the fact they are metadata.

I discussed the added journal load with Chris Mason, and we decided that
since xattrs (versus other journal activity) is fairly rare, the introduction
of larger transactions to support journaled xattrs wouldn't be too big a deal.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Mahoney <jeffm@suse.com>

--
fs/reiserfs/inode.c | 3 -
fs/reiserfs/namei.c | 14 +----
fs/reiserfs/xattr.c | 39 +++++++++++----
fs/reiserfs/xattr_acl.c | 105 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
include/linux/reiserfs_acl.h | 3 -
include/linux/reiserfs_fs.h | 4 +
include/linux/reiserfs_xattr.h | 40 ++++++++++++++-
7 files changed, 159 insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)
--- a/fs/reiserfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/reiserfs/inode.c
@@ -1919,9 +1919,8 @@ int reiserfs_new_inode(struct reiserfs_t
goto out_inserted_sd;
}

- /* XXX CHECK THIS */
if (reiserfs_posixacl(inode->i_sb)) {
- retval = reiserfs_inherit_default_acl(dir, dentry, inode);
+ retval = reiserfs_inherit_default_acl(th, dir, dentry, inode);
if (retval) {
err = retval;
reiserfs_check_path(&path_to_key);
--- a/fs/reiserfs/namei.c
+++ b/fs/reiserfs/namei.c
@@ -607,15 +607,13 @@ static int reiserfs_create(struct inode
2 * (REISERFS_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) +
REISERFS_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb));
struct reiserfs_transaction_handle th;
- int locked;

if (!(inode = new_inode(dir->i_sb))) {
return -ENOMEM;
}
new_inode_init(inode, dir, mode);

- locked = reiserfs_cache_default_acl(dir);
-
+ jbegin_count += reiserfs_cache_default_acl(dir);
reiserfs_write_lock(dir->i_sb);

retval = journal_begin(&th, dir->i_sb, jbegin_count);
@@ -669,7 +667,6 @@ static int reiserfs_mknod(struct inode *
JOURNAL_PER_BALANCE_CNT * 3 +
2 * (REISERFS_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) +
REISERFS_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb));
- int locked;

if (!new_valid_dev(rdev))
return -EINVAL;
@@ -679,8 +676,7 @@ static int reiserfs_mknod(struct inode *
}
new_inode_init(inode, dir, mode);

- locked = reiserfs_cache_default_acl(dir);
-
+ jbegin_count += reiserfs_cache_default_acl(dir);
reiserfs_write_lock(dir->i_sb);

retval = journal_begin(&th, dir->i_sb, jbegin_count);
@@ -737,7 +733,6 @@ static int reiserfs_mkdir(struct inode *
JOURNAL_PER_BALANCE_CNT * 3 +
2 * (REISERFS_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) +
REISERFS_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb));
- int locked;

#ifdef DISPLACE_NEW_PACKING_LOCALITIES
/* set flag that new packing locality created and new blocks for the content * of that directory are not displaced yet */
@@ -749,8 +744,7 @@ static int reiserfs_mkdir(struct inode *
}
new_inode_init(inode, dir, mode);

- locked = reiserfs_cache_default_acl(dir);
-
+ jbegin_count += reiserfs_cache_default_acl(dir);
reiserfs_write_lock(dir->i_sb);

retval = journal_begin(&th, dir->i_sb, jbegin_count);
@@ -1037,8 +1031,6 @@ static int reiserfs_symlink(struct inode
memcpy(name, symname, strlen(symname));
padd_item(name, item_len, strlen(symname));

- /* We would inherit the default ACL here, but symlinks don't get ACLs */
-
retval = journal_begin(&th, parent_dir->i_sb, jbegin_count);
if (retval) {
drop_new_inode(inode);
--- a/fs/reiserfs/xattr_acl.c
+++ b/fs/reiserfs/xattr_acl.c
@@ -10,15 +10,17 @@
#include <linux/reiserfs_acl.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>

-static int reiserfs_set_acl(struct inode *inode, int type,
+static int reiserfs_set_acl(struct reiserfs_transaction_handle *th,
+ struct inode *inode, int type,
struct posix_acl *acl);

static int
xattr_set_acl(struct inode *inode, int type, const void *value, size_t size)
{
struct posix_acl *acl;
- int error;
-
+ int error, error2;
+ struct reiserfs_transaction_handle th;
+ size_t jcreate_blocks;
if (!reiserfs_posixacl(inode->i_sb))
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
if (!is_owner_or_cap(inode))
@@ -36,7 +38,21 @@ xattr_set_acl(struct inode *inode, int t
} else
acl = NULL;

- error = reiserfs_set_acl(inode, type, acl);
+ /* Pessimism: We can't assume that anything from the xattr root up
+ * has been created. */
+
+ jcreate_blocks = reiserfs_xattr_jcreate_nblocks(inode) +
+ reiserfs_xattr_nblocks(inode, size) * 2;
+
+ reiserfs_write_lock(inode->i_sb);
+ error = journal_begin(&th, inode->i_sb, jcreate_blocks);
+ if (error == 0) {
+ error = reiserfs_set_acl(&th, inode, type, acl);
+ error2 = journal_end(&th, inode->i_sb, jcreate_blocks);
+ if (error2)
+ error = error2;
+ }
+ reiserfs_write_unlock(inode->i_sb);

release_and_out:
posix_acl_release(acl);
@@ -266,7 +282,8 @@ struct posix_acl *reiserfs_get_acl(struc
* BKL held [before 2.5.x]
*/
static int
-reiserfs_set_acl(struct inode *inode, int type, struct posix_acl *acl)
+reiserfs_set_acl(struct reiserfs_transaction_handle *th, struct inode *inode,
+ int type, struct posix_acl *acl)
{
char *name;
void *value = NULL;
@@ -310,7 +327,7 @@ reiserfs_set_acl(struct inode *inode, in
return (int)PTR_ERR(value);
}

- error = __reiserfs_xattr_set(inode, name, value, size, 0);
+ error = reiserfs_xattr_set_handle(th, inode, name, value, size, 0);

/*
* Ensure that the inode gets dirtied if we're only using
@@ -337,7 +354,8 @@ reiserfs_set_acl(struct inode *inode, in
/* dir->i_mutex: locked,
* inode is new and not released into the wild yet */
int
-reiserfs_inherit_default_acl(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
+reiserfs_inherit_default_acl(struct reiserfs_transaction_handle *th,
+ struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
struct inode *inode)
{
struct posix_acl *acl;
@@ -374,7 +392,8 @@ reiserfs_inherit_default_acl(struct inod

/* Copy the default ACL to the default ACL of a new directory */
if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
- err = reiserfs_set_acl(inode, ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT, acl);
+ err = reiserfs_set_acl(th, inode, ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT,
+ acl);
if (err)
goto cleanup;
}
@@ -395,9 +414,9 @@ reiserfs_inherit_default_acl(struct inod

/* If we need an ACL.. */
if (need_acl > 0) {
- err =
- reiserfs_set_acl(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS,
- acl_copy);
+ err = reiserfs_set_acl(th, inode,
+ ACL_TYPE_ACCESS,
+ acl_copy);
if (err)
goto cleanup_copy;
}
@@ -415,21 +434,45 @@ reiserfs_inherit_default_acl(struct inod
return err;
}

-/* Looks up and caches the result of the default ACL.
- * We do this so that we don't need to carry the xattr_sem into
- * reiserfs_new_inode if we don't need to */
+/* This is used to cache the default acl before a new object is created.
+ * The biggest reason for this is to get an idea of how many blocks will
+ * actually be required for the create operation if we must inherit an ACL.
+ * An ACL write can add up to 3 object creations and an additional file write
+ * so we'd prefer not to reserve that many blocks in the journal if we can.
+ * It also has the advantage of not loading the ACL with a transaction open,
+ * this may seem silly, but if the owner of the directory is doing the
+ * creation, the ACL may not be loaded since the permissions wouldn't require
+ * it.
+ * We return the number of blocks required for the transaction.
+ */
int reiserfs_cache_default_acl(struct inode *inode)
{
- int ret = 0;
- if (reiserfs_posixacl(inode->i_sb) && !IS_PRIVATE(inode)) {
- struct posix_acl *acl;
- acl = reiserfs_get_acl(inode, ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT);
- ret = (acl && !IS_ERR(acl));
- if (ret)
- posix_acl_release(acl);
+ struct posix_acl *acl;
+ int nblocks = 0;
+
+ if (IS_PRIVATE(inode))
+ return 0;
+
+ acl = reiserfs_get_acl(inode, ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT);
+
+ if (acl && !IS_ERR(acl)) {
+ int size = reiserfs_acl_size(acl->a_count);
+
+ /* Other xattrs can be created during inode creation. We don't
+ * want to claim too many blocks, so we check to see if we
+ * we need to create the tree to the xattrs, and then we
+ * just want two files. */
+ nblocks = reiserfs_xattr_jcreate_nblocks(inode);
+ nblocks += JOURNAL_BLOCKS_PER_OBJECT(inode->i_sb);
+
+ REISERFS_I(inode)->i_flags |= i_has_xattr_dir;
+
+ /* We need to account for writes + bitmaps for two files */
+ nblocks += reiserfs_xattr_nblocks(inode, size) * 4;
+ posix_acl_release(acl);
}

- return ret;
+ return nblocks;
}

int reiserfs_acl_chmod(struct inode *inode)
@@ -455,8 +498,22 @@ int reiserfs_acl_chmod(struct inode *ino
if (!clone)
return -ENOMEM;
error = posix_acl_chmod_masq(clone, inode->i_mode);
- if (!error)
- error = reiserfs_set_acl(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS, clone);
+ if (!error) {
+ struct reiserfs_transaction_handle th;
+ size_t size = reiserfs_xattr_nblocks(inode,
+ reiserfs_acl_size(clone->a_count));
+ reiserfs_write_lock(inode->i_sb);
+ error = journal_begin(&th, inode->i_sb, size * 2);
+ if (!error) {
+ int error2;
+ error = reiserfs_set_acl(&th, inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS,
+ clone);
+ error2 = journal_end(&th, inode->i_sb, size * 2);
+ if (error2)
+ error = error2;
+ }
+ reiserfs_write_unlock(inode->i_sb);
+ }
posix_acl_release(clone);
return error;
}
--- a/fs/reiserfs/xattr.c
+++ b/fs/reiserfs/xattr.c
@@ -632,8 +632,9 @@ out_dput:
* inode->i_mutex: down
*/
int
-__reiserfs_xattr_set(struct inode *inode, const char *name, const void *buffer,
- size_t buffer_size, int flags)
+reiserfs_xattr_set_handle(struct reiserfs_transaction_handle *th,
+ struct inode *inode, const char *name,
+ const void *buffer, size_t buffer_size, int flags)
{
int err = 0;
struct dentry *dentry;
@@ -723,14 +724,34 @@ out_unlock:
return err;
}

-int
-reiserfs_xattr_set(struct inode *inode, const char *name, const void *buffer,
- size_t buffer_size, int flags)
+/* We need to start a transaction to maintain lock ordering */
+int reiserfs_xattr_set(struct inode *inode, const char *name,
+ const void *buffer, size_t buffer_size, int flags)
{
- int err = __reiserfs_xattr_set(inode, name, buffer, buffer_size, flags);
- if (err == -ENODATA)
- err = 0;
- return err;
+
+ struct reiserfs_transaction_handle th;
+ int error, error2;
+ size_t jbegin_count = reiserfs_xattr_nblocks(inode, buffer_size);
+
+ if (!(flags & XATTR_REPLACE))
+ jbegin_count += reiserfs_xattr_jcreate_nblocks(inode);
+
+ reiserfs_write_lock(inode->i_sb);
+ error = journal_begin(&th, inode->i_sb, jbegin_count);
+ if (error) {
+ reiserfs_write_unlock(inode->i_sb);
+ return error;
+ }
+
+ error = reiserfs_xattr_set_handle(&th, inode, name,
+ buffer, buffer_size, flags);
+
+ error2 = journal_end(&th, inode->i_sb, jbegin_count);
+ if (error == 0)
+ error = error2;
+ reiserfs_write_unlock(inode->i_sb);
+
+ return error;
}

/*
--- a/include/linux/reiserfs_acl.h
+++ b/include/linux/reiserfs_acl.h
@@ -49,7 +49,8 @@ static inline int reiserfs_acl_count(siz
#ifdef CONFIG_REISERFS_FS_POSIX_ACL
struct posix_acl *reiserfs_get_acl(struct inode *inode, int type);
int reiserfs_acl_chmod(struct inode *inode);
-int reiserfs_inherit_default_acl(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
+int reiserfs_inherit_default_acl(struct reiserfs_transaction_handle *th,
+ struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
struct inode *inode);
int reiserfs_cache_default_acl(struct inode *dir);
extern struct xattr_handler reiserfs_posix_acl_default_handler;
--- a/include/linux/reiserfs_fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/reiserfs_fs.h
@@ -1615,6 +1615,10 @@ struct reiserfs_journal_header {
#define JOURNAL_MAX_COMMIT_AGE 30
#define JOURNAL_MAX_TRANS_AGE 30
#define JOURNAL_PER_BALANCE_CNT (3 * (MAX_HEIGHT-2) + 9)
+#define JOURNAL_BLOCKS_PER_OBJECT(sb) (JOURNAL_PER_BALANCE_CNT * 3 + \
+ 2 * (REISERFS_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) + \
+ REISERFS_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)))
+
#ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
/* We need to update data and inode (atime) */
#define REISERFS_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(s) (REISERFS_SB(s)->s_mount_opt & (1<<REISERFS_QUOTA) ? 2 : 0)
--- a/include/linux/reiserfs_xattr.h
+++ b/include/linux/reiserfs_xattr.h
@@ -46,14 +46,50 @@ int reiserfs_removexattr(struct dentry *
int reiserfs_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask);

int reiserfs_xattr_get(struct inode *, const char *, void *, size_t);
-int __reiserfs_xattr_set(struct inode *, const char *, const void *,
- size_t, int);
int reiserfs_xattr_set(struct inode *, const char *, const void *, size_t, int);
+int reiserfs_xattr_set_handle(struct reiserfs_transaction_handle *,
+ struct inode *, const char *, const void *,
+ size_t, int);

extern struct xattr_handler reiserfs_xattr_user_handler;
extern struct xattr_handler reiserfs_xattr_trusted_handler;
extern struct xattr_handler reiserfs_xattr_security_handler;

+#define xattr_size(size) ((size) + sizeof(struct reiserfs_xattr_header))
+static inline loff_t reiserfs_xattr_nblocks(struct inode *inode, loff_t size)
+{
+ loff_t ret = 0;
+ if (reiserfs_file_data_log(inode)) {
+ ret = _ROUND_UP(xattr_size(size), inode->i_sb->s_blocksize);
+ ret >>= inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* We may have to create up to 3 objects: xattr root, xattr dir, xattr file.
+ * Let's try to be smart about it.
+ * xattr root: We cache it. If it's not cached, we may need to create it.
+ * xattr dir: If anything has been loaded for this inode, we can set a flag
+ * saying so.
+ * xattr file: Since we don't cache xattrs, we can't tell. We always include
+ * blocks for it.
+ *
+ * However, since root and dir can be created between calls - YOU MUST SAVE
+ * THIS VALUE.
+ */
+static inline size_t reiserfs_xattr_jcreate_nblocks(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ size_t nblocks = JOURNAL_BLOCKS_PER_OBJECT(inode->i_sb);
+
+ if ((REISERFS_I(inode)->i_flags & i_has_xattr_dir) == 0) {
+ nblocks += JOURNAL_BLOCKS_PER_OBJECT(inode->i_sb);
+ if (REISERFS_SB(inode->i_sb)->xattr_root == NULL)
+ nblocks += JOURNAL_BLOCKS_PER_OBJECT(inode->i_sb);
+ }
+
+ return nblocks;
+}
+
static inline void reiserfs_init_xattr_rwsem(struct inode *inode)
{
init_rwsem(&REISERFS_I(inode)->i_xattr_sem);



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