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SubjectRe: [Patch] Fix the possibility of insane return value of hpet_calibrate() against SMI.
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On Fri, Mar 13, 2009 at 1:00 AM, Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> Hello.
>
> I think there is a possibility that HPET driver will return
> insane value due to a SMI interruption (or switching guests by hypervisor).
> I found it by reviewing, and I would like to fix it.
>
> Current HPET driver calibrates the adjustment value
> by calculation the elapse time in CPU busy loop.
> However this way is too dangerous against SMI interruption.
>
> Here is the calibration code in hpet_calibrate()
>
>  701 static unsigned long hpet_calibrate(struct hpets *hpetp)
>             :
>             :
>  728         do {
>  729                 m = read_counter(&hpet->hpet_mc);
>  730                 write_counter(t + m + hpetp->hp_delta, &timer->hpet_compare);
>  731         } while (i++, (m - start) < count);
>  732
>  733         local_irq_restore(flags);
>  734
>  735         return (m - start) / i;
>
> If SMI interruption occurs between 728 to 731, then return value will be
> bigger value than correct one. (SMI is not able to be controlled by OS.)
>
>
> This patch is a simple solution to fix it.
> hpet_calibrate() is called 5 times, and one of them is expected as
> correct value.

I've no sense of feel for how long each calibration run would take.
Would doing it 5 times show up as a significant increase in the boot
time for those that care about boot time being as quick as possible?

Paul.

>
> Thanks.
>
>
> ---
>
> hpet_calibrate() has a possibility of miss-calibration due to SMI.
> If SMI interrupts in the while loop of calibration, then return value
> will be big. This changes it tries 5 times and get minimum value as
> correct value.
>
> Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com>
>
> ---
>
> Index: hpet_test/drivers/char/hpet.c
> ===================================================================
> --- hpet_test.orig/drivers/char/hpet.c  2008-12-04 16:24:02.000000000 +0900
> +++ hpet_test/drivers/char/hpet.c       2008-12-04 16:34:59.000000000 +0900
> @@ -713,7 +713,7 @@
>  */
>  #define        TICK_CALIBRATE  (1000UL)
>
> -static unsigned long hpet_calibrate(struct hpets *hpetp)
> +static unsigned long __hpet_calibrate(struct hpets *hpetp)
>  {
>        struct hpet_timer __iomem *timer = NULL;
>        unsigned long t, m, count, i, flags, start;
> @@ -750,6 +750,17 @@
>        return (m - start) / i;
>  }
>
> +static unsigned long hpet_calibrate(struct hpets *hpetp)
> +{
> +       unsigned long ret = ~0UL, i;
> +
> +       /* Try 5 times to remove impact of SMI.*/
> +       for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
> +               ret = min(ret, __hpet_calibrate(hpetp));
> +
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
>  int hpet_alloc(struct hpet_data *hdp)
>  {
>        u64 cap, mcfg;
>
> --
> Yasunori Goto
>
>
> --
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