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Subject[patch 042/114] Fix fixpoint divide exception in acct_update_integrals
2.6.28-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.


From: Heiko Carstens <>

commit 6d5b5acca9e566515ef3f1ed617e7295c4f94345 upstream.

Frans Pop reported the crash below when running an s390 kernel under Hercules:

Kernel BUG at 000738b4 verbose debug info unavailable!
fixpoint divide exception: 0009 #1! SMP
Modules linked in: nfs lockd nfs_acl sunrpc ctcm fsm tape_34xx
cu3088 tape ccwgroup tape_class ext3 jbd mbcache dm_mirror dm_log dm_snapshot
dm_mod dasd_eckd_mod dasd_mod
CPU: 0 Not tainted #13
Process awk (pid: 2069, task: 0f9ed9b8, ksp: 0f4f7d18)
Krnl PSW : 070c1000 800738b4 (acct_update_integrals+0x4c/0x118)
R:0 T:1 IO:1 EX:1 Key:0 M:1 W:0 P:0 AS:0 CC:1 PM:0
Krnl GPRS: 00000000 000007d0 7fffffff fffff830
00000000 ffffffff 00000002 0f9ed9b8
00000000 00008ca0 00000000 0f9ed9b8
0f9edda4 8007386e 0f4f7ec8 0f4f7e98
Krnl Code: 800738aa: a71807d0 lhi %r1,2000
800738ae: 8c200001 srdl %r2,1
800738b2: 1d21 dr %r2,%r1
>800738b4: 5810d10e l %r1,270(%r13)
800738b8: 1823 lr %r2,%r3
800738ba: 4130f060 la %r3,96(%r15)
800738be: 0de1 basr %r14,%r1
800738c0: 5800f060 l %r0,96(%r15)
Call Trace:
( <000000000004fdea>! blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x1e/0x2c)
<0000000000038502>! do_exit+0x106/0x7c0
<0000000000038c36>! do_group_exit+0x7a/0xb4
<0000000000038c8e>! SyS_exit_group+0x1e/0x30
<0000000000021c28>! sysc_do_restart+0x12/0x16
<0000000077e7e924>! 0x77e7e924

Reason for this is that cpu time accounting usually only happens from
interrupt context, but acct_update_integrals gets also called from
process context with interrupts enabled.

So in acct_update_integrals we may end up with the following scenario:

Between reading tsk->stime/tsk->utime and tsk->acct_timexpd an interrupt
happens which updates accouting values. This causes acct_timexpd to be
greater than the former stime + utime. The subsequent calculation of

dtime = cputime_sub(time, tsk->acct_timexpd);

will be negative and the division performed by


will generate an exception since the result won't fit into a 32 bit

In order to fix this just always disable interrupts while accessing any
of the accounting values.

Reported by: Frans Pop <>
Tested by: Frans Pop <>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <>
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

kernel/tsacct.c | 6 +++++-
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/kernel/tsacct.c
+++ b/kernel/tsacct.c
@@ -120,8 +120,10 @@ void acct_update_integrals(struct task_s
if (likely(tsk->mm)) {
cputime_t time, dtime;
struct timeval value;
+ unsigned long flags;
u64 delta;

+ local_irq_save(flags);
time = tsk->stime + tsk->utime;
dtime = cputime_sub(time, tsk->acct_timexpd);
jiffies_to_timeval(cputime_to_jiffies(dtime), &value);
@@ -129,10 +131,12 @@ void acct_update_integrals(struct task_s
delta = delta * USEC_PER_SEC + value.tv_usec;

if (delta == 0)
- return;
+ goto out;
tsk->acct_timexpd = time;
tsk->acct_rss_mem1 += delta * get_mm_rss(tsk->mm);
tsk->acct_vm_mem1 += delta * tsk->mm->total_vm;
+ out:
+ local_irq_restore(flags);

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