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Subject[PATCH 07/11] perf_counter: software counter event infrastructure
Provide generic software counter infrastructure that supports software events.

This will be used to allow sample based profiling based on software events
such as pagefaults. The current infrastructure can only provide a count
of such events, no place information.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
---
include/linux/perf_counter.h | 6 +
kernel/perf_counter.c | 201 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 207 insertions(+)

Index: linux-2.6/include/linux/perf_counter.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/linux/perf_counter.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/linux/perf_counter.h
@@ -126,6 +126,7 @@ struct hw_perf_counter {
unsigned long counter_base;
int nmi;
unsigned int idx;
+ atomic64_t count; /* software */
atomic64_t prev_count;
u64 irq_period;
atomic64_t period_left;
@@ -283,6 +284,8 @@ static inline int is_software_counter(st
return !counter->hw_event.raw && counter->hw_event.type < 0;
}

+extern void perf_swcounter_event(enum hw_event_types, u64, int, struct pt_regs *);
+
#else
static inline void
perf_counter_task_sched_in(struct task_struct *task, int cpu) { }
@@ -299,6 +302,9 @@ static inline void hw_perf_restore(u64 c
static inline u64 hw_perf_save_disable(void) { return 0; }
static inline int perf_counter_task_disable(void) { return -EINVAL; }
static inline int perf_counter_task_enable(void) { return -EINVAL; }
+
+static inline void perf_swcounter_event(enum hw_event_types event, u64 nr,
+ int nmi struct pt_regs *regs) { }
#endif

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
Index: linux-2.6/kernel/perf_counter.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/perf_counter.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/perf_counter.c
@@ -1329,6 +1329,185 @@ static const struct file_operations perf
.compat_ioctl = perf_ioctl,
};

+/*
+ * Generic software counter infrastructure
+ */
+
+static void perf_swcounter_update(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ struct hw_perf_counter *hwc = &counter->hw;
+ u64 prev, now;
+ s64 delta;
+
+again:
+ prev = atomic64_read(&hwc->prev_count);
+ now = atomic64_read(&hwc->count);
+ if (atomic64_cmpxchg(&hwc->prev_count, prev, now) != prev)
+ goto again;
+
+ delta = now - prev;
+
+ atomic64_add(delta, &counter->count);
+ atomic64_sub(delta, &hwc->period_left);
+}
+
+static void perf_swcounter_set_period(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ struct hw_perf_counter *hwc = &counter->hw;
+ s64 left = atomic64_read(&hwc->period_left);
+ s64 period = hwc->irq_period;
+
+ if (unlikely(left <= -period)) {
+ left = period;
+ atomic64_set(&hwc->period_left, left);
+ }
+
+ if (unlikely(left <= 0)) {
+ left += period;
+ atomic64_add(period, &hwc->period_left);
+ }
+
+ atomic64_set(&hwc->prev_count, -left);
+ atomic64_set(&hwc->count, -left);
+}
+
+static void perf_swcounter_save_and_restart(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ perf_swcounter_update(counter);
+ perf_swcounter_set_period(counter);
+}
+
+static void perf_swcounter_store_irq(struct perf_counter *counter, u64 data)
+{
+ struct perf_data *irqdata = counter->irqdata;
+
+ if (irqdata->len > PERF_DATA_BUFLEN - sizeof(u64)) {
+ irqdata->overrun++;
+ } else {
+ u64 *p = (u64 *) &irqdata->data[irqdata->len];
+
+ *p = data;
+ irqdata->len += sizeof(u64);
+ }
+}
+
+static void perf_swcounter_handle_group(struct perf_counter *sibling)
+{
+ struct perf_counter *counter, *group_leader = sibling->group_leader;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(counter, &group_leader->sibling_list, list_entry) {
+ perf_swcounter_update(counter);
+ perf_swcounter_store_irq(sibling, counter->hw_event.type);
+ perf_swcounter_store_irq(sibling, atomic64_read(&counter->count));
+ }
+}
+
+static void perf_swcounter_interrupt(struct perf_counter *counter,
+ int nmi, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ perf_swcounter_save_and_restart(counter);
+
+ switch (counter->hw_event.record_type) {
+ case PERF_RECORD_SIMPLE:
+ break;
+
+ case PERF_RECORD_IRQ:
+ perf_swcounter_store_irq(counter, instruction_pointer(regs));
+ break;
+
+ case PERF_RECORD_GROUP:
+ perf_swcounter_handle_group(counter);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (nmi) {
+ counter->wakeup_pending = 1;
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_PERF_COUNTERS);
+ } else
+ wake_up(&counter->waitq);
+}
+
+static int perf_swcounter_match(struct perf_counter *counter,
+ enum hw_event_types event,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ if (counter->state != PERF_COUNTER_STATE_ACTIVE)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (counter->hw_event.raw)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (counter->hw_event.type != event)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (counter->hw_event.exclude_user && user_mode(regs))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (counter->hw_event.exclude_kernel && !user_mode(regs))
+ return 0;
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static void perf_swcounter_ctx_event(struct perf_counter_context *ctx,
+ enum hw_event_types event, u64 nr,
+ int nmi, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct perf_counter *counter;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int neg;
+
+ if (list_empty(&ctx->counter_list))
+ return;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags);
+
+ /*
+ * XXX: make counter_list RCU safe
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry(counter, &ctx->counter_list, list_entry) {
+ if (perf_swcounter_match(counter, event, regs)) {
+ neg = atomic64_add_negative(nr, &counter->hw.count);
+ if (counter->hw.irq_period && !neg)
+ perf_swcounter_interrupt(counter, nmi, regs);
+ }
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags);
+}
+
+void perf_swcounter_event(enum hw_event_types event, u64 nr,
+ int nmi, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = &get_cpu_var(perf_cpu_context);
+
+ perf_swcounter_ctx_event(&cpuctx->ctx, event, nr, nmi, regs);
+ if (cpuctx->task_ctx)
+ perf_swcounter_ctx_event(cpuctx->task_ctx, event, nr, nmi, regs);
+
+ put_cpu_var(perf_cpu_context);
+}
+
+static void perf_swcounter_read(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ perf_swcounter_update(counter);
+}
+
+static int perf_swcounter_enable(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ perf_swcounter_set_period(counter);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void perf_swcounter_disable(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ perf_swcounter_update(counter);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Software counter: cpu wall time clock
+ */
+
static int cpu_clock_perf_counter_enable(struct perf_counter *counter)
{
int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
@@ -1366,6 +1545,10 @@ static const struct hw_perf_counter_ops
};

/*
+ * Software counter: task time clock
+ */
+
+/*
* Called from within the scheduler:
*/
static u64 task_clock_perf_counter_val(struct perf_counter *counter, int update)
@@ -1421,6 +1604,10 @@ static const struct hw_perf_counter_ops
.read = task_clock_perf_counter_read,
};

+/*
+ * Software counter: page faults
+ */
+
#ifdef CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS
#define cpu_page_faults() __get_cpu_var(vm_event_states).event[PGFAULT]
#else
@@ -1474,6 +1661,10 @@ static const struct hw_perf_counter_ops
.read = page_faults_perf_counter_read,
};

+/*
+ * Software counter: context switches
+ */
+
static u64 get_context_switches(struct perf_counter *counter)
{
struct task_struct *curr = counter->ctx->task;
@@ -1522,6 +1713,10 @@ static const struct hw_perf_counter_ops
.read = context_switches_perf_counter_read,
};

+/*
+ * Software counter: cpu migrations
+ */
+
static inline u64 get_cpu_migrations(struct perf_counter *counter)
{
struct task_struct *curr = counter->ctx->task;
@@ -1573,7 +1768,9 @@ static const struct hw_perf_counter_ops
static const struct hw_perf_counter_ops *
sw_perf_counter_init(struct perf_counter *counter)
{
+ struct perf_counter_hw_event *hw_event = &counter->hw_event;
const struct hw_perf_counter_ops *hw_ops = NULL;
+ struct hw_perf_counter *hwc = &counter->hw;

/*
* Software counters (currently) can't in general distinguish
@@ -1619,6 +1816,10 @@ sw_perf_counter_init(struct perf_counter
default:
break;
}
+
+ if (hw_ops)
+ hwc->irq_period = hw_event->irq_period;
+
return hw_ops;
}

--



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