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SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 4/7] PCI: add SR-IOV API for Physical Function driver
On Tue, Mar 10, 2009 at 09:37:53AM +0800, Yu Zhao wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 10, 2009 at 03:39:01AM +0800, Greg KH wrote:
> > On Mon, Mar 09, 2009 at 04:25:05PM +0800, Yu Zhao wrote:
> > > > > + pci_device_add(virtfn, virtfn->bus);
> > > >
> > > > Greg is probably going to ding you here for adding the device, then
> > > > creating the symlinks. I believe it's now best practice to create the
> > > > symlinks first, so there's no window where userspace can get confused.
> > >
> > > Yes, but unfortunately we can't create links before adding a device.
> > > I double checked device_add(), there is no place for those links to be
> > > created before it sends uevent. So for now, we have to trigger another
> > > uevent for those links.
> >
> > What exactly are you trying to do with a symlink here that you need to
> > do it this way? I vaguely remember you mentioning this in the past, but
> > I thought you had dropped the symlinks after our conversation about this
> > very problem.
>
> I'd like to create some symlinks to reflect the relationship between
> Physical Function and its associated Virtual Functions. The Physical
> Function is like a master device that controls the allocation of its
> Virtual Functions and owns the device physical resource. The Virtual
> Functions are like slave devices of the Physical Function. For example,
> if 01:00.0 is a Physical Function and 02:00.0 is a Virtual Function
> associated with 01:00.0. Then the symlinks (virtfnN and physfn) would
> look like:
>
> $ ls -l /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:01:00.0/
> ...
> ... virtfn0 -> ../0000:02:00.0
> ... virtfn1 -> ../0000:02:00.1
> ... virtfn2 -> ../0000:02:00.2
> ...
>
> $ ls -l /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:02:00.0/
> ...
> ... physfn -> ../0000:01:00.0
> ...
>
> This is very useful for userspace applications, both KVM and Xen need
> to know this kind of relationship so they can request the permission
> from a Physical Function before using its associated Virtual Functions.

Ok, but then make sure you never rely on a udev rule or notifier to see
these symlinks when the device is added to the kernel, as there will be
a nice race condition there :)

thanks,

greg k-h


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