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Subject[RFC PATCH] Propose a new kernel tracing framework
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Hello All,

We have been working on building a kernel tracer for a production environment.
We first considered to use the existing markers code, but found it a bit
heavyweight. So we developed a new kernel tracing prototype that shares
many similarities as markers but also includes several simplifications that
give us considerable performance benefits. For example, we pass the size of
trace event directly to the probe function instead of using va_arg as that
used in markers, which saves us the overhead of variable passing. Also, we
associate a single probe function to each event, so we can directly call the
probe function when tracing is enabled. Our measurements show that our
current tracing prototype introduces much lower overhead compared with
lttng (we use lttng as a comparison because markers does not provide the
implementation to record trace data). E.g., with dbench, lttng introduces
20~80% overhead on our testing platforms while the overhead with our
kernel tracer is within 10%; with tbench, lttng usually adds more than 30%
overhead while the overhead added by our kernel tracer is usually within
15%; with kernbench (time to compile a Linux kernel), the overhead
added by lttng is around 4%~18% while the overhead added by our
kernel tracer is within 2.5%.

The patch below is the current prototype we have implemented. It uses
Steve's unified trace buffer code with some small extensions to support
buffer mmap. The patch is probably still buggy, but we would like to get
some early feedback from the community.

Signed-off-by: Jiaying Zhang <jiayingz@google.com>

Index: git-linux/init/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- git-linux.orig/init/Kconfig 2009-02-19 14:58:37.000000000 -0800
+++ git-linux/init/Kconfig 2009-02-19 15:50:15.000000000 -0800
@@ -950,6 +950,15 @@
Place an empty function call at each marker site. Can be
dynamically changed for a probe function.

+config KTRACE
+ bool "Enable ktrace support"
+ select DEBUG_FS
+ select TRACING
+ select RING_BUFFER
+ help
+ Ktrace is a kernel tracing tool that allows you to trace
+ kernel events by inserting trace points at proper places.
+
source "arch/Kconfig"

endmenu # General setup
Index: git-linux/kernel/Makefile
===================================================================
--- git-linux.orig/kernel/Makefile 2009-02-19 14:58:37.000000000 -0800
+++ git-linux/kernel/Makefile 2009-02-19 14:58:39.000000000 -0800
@@ -86,6 +86,7 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT) += delayacct.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TASKSTATS) += taskstats.o tsacct.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MARKERS) += marker.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KTRACE) += ktrace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS) += tracepoint.o
obj-$(CONFIG_LATENCYTOP) += latencytop.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HAVE_GENERIC_DMA_COHERENT) += dma-coherent.o
Index: git-linux/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
===================================================================
--- git-linux.orig/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h 2009-02-19
14:58:37.000000000 -0800
+++ git-linux/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h 2009-02-19
14:58:39.000000000 -0800
@@ -73,6 +73,9 @@
MEM_KEEP(init.data) \
MEM_KEEP(exit.data) \
. = ALIGN(8); \
+ VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start___ktraces) = .; \
+ *(__ktrace) \
+ VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__stop___ktraces) = .; \
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start___markers) = .; \
*(__markers) \
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__stop___markers) = .; \
@@ -89,6 +92,7 @@
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start_rodata) = .; \
*(.rodata) *(.rodata.*) \
*(__vermagic) /* Kernel version magic */ \
+ *(__ktrace_strings) /* Ktrace: strings */ \
*(__markers_strings) /* Markers: strings */ \
*(__tracepoints_strings)/* Tracepoints: strings */ \
} \
Index: git-linux/kernel/module.c
===================================================================
--- git-linux.orig/kernel/module.c 2009-02-19 14:58:37.000000000 -0800
+++ git-linux/kernel/module.c 2009-02-19 14:58:39.000000000 -0800
@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
+#include <linux/ktrace.h>
#include <linux/async.h>

#if 0
@@ -2145,6 +2146,10 @@
sizeof(*mod->tracepoints),
&mod->num_tracepoints);
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_KTRACE
+ mod->ktrace = section_objs(hdr, sechdrs, secstrings, "__ktrace",
+ sizeof(*mod->ktrace), &mod->num_ktrace);
+#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MODVERSIONS
if ((mod->num_syms && !mod->crcs)
Index: git-linux/include/linux/module.h
===================================================================
--- git-linux.orig/include/linux/module.h 2009-02-19
14:58:37.000000000 -0800
+++ git-linux/include/linux/module.h 2009-02-19 14:58:39.000000000 -0800
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
};

struct module;
+struct kernel_trace;

struct module_attribute {
struct attribute attr;
@@ -347,6 +348,11 @@
/* Reference counts */
struct module_ref ref[NR_CPUS];
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_KTRACE
+ struct kernel_trace *ktrace;
+ unsigned int num_ktrace;
+#endif
+
};
#ifndef MODULE_ARCH_INIT
#define MODULE_ARCH_INIT {}
Index: git-linux/include/linux/ktrace.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ git-linux/include/linux/ktrace.h 2009-02-19 15:36:39.000000000 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+#ifndef _LINUX_KTRACE_H
+#define _LINUX_KTRACE_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct kernel_trace;
+
+typedef void ktrace_probe_func(struct kernel_trace *, void *, size_t);
+
+struct kernel_trace {
+ const char *name;
+ const char *format; /* format string describing variable list */
+ size_t *stroff; /* offsets of string variables */
+ /* 31 bit event_id is converted to 16 bit when entering to the buffer */
+ u32 enabled:1, event_id:31;
+ ktrace_probe_func *func; /* probe function */
+ struct list_head list; /* list head linked to the hash table entry */
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+extern int ktrace_enabled;
+
+/*
+ * Make sure the alignment of the structure in the __ktrace section will
+ * not add unwanted padding between the beginning of the section and the
+ * structure. Force alignment to the same alignment as the section start.
+ */
+
+#define DEFINE_KTRACE_STRUCT(name) \
+ struct __attribute__((packed)) ktrace_struct_##name
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KTRACE
+/*
+ * DO_TRACE is the macro that is called from each trace point. Each trace
+ * point is associated with a static ktrace object that is located in a
+ * special __ktrace section and is uniquely identified by the event name and
+ * event format. Take a look at the files under include/trace for example
+ * usage. Note that we call the trace probe function only if the global
+ * tracing is enabled and the tracing for the associated event is enabled,
+ * so we only introduce the overhead of a predicted condition judge when
+ * tracing is disabled.
+ */
+#define DO_TRACE(name, format, args...)
\
+ do { \
+ static const char __kstrtab_##name[] \
+ __attribute__((section("__ktrace_strings"))) \
+ = #name "\0" format; \
+ static struct kernel_trace __ktrace_##name \
+ __attribute__((section("__ktrace"), aligned(8))) = \
+ { __kstrtab_##name, &__kstrtab_##name[sizeof(#name)], \
+ NULL, 0, 0, NULL, LIST_HEAD_INIT(__ktrace_##name.list) }; \
+ __ktrace_check_format(format, ## args); \
+ if (unlikely(ktrace_enabled) && \
+ unlikely(__ktrace_##name.enabled)) { \
+ struct ktrace_struct_##name karg = { args }; \
+ (*__ktrace_##name.func) \
+ (&__ktrace_##name, &karg, sizeof(karg)); \
+ } \
+ } while (0)
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_KTRACE */
+#define DO_TRACE(name, format, args...)
+#endif
+
+/* To be used for string format validity checking with gcc */
+static inline void __printf(1, 2) ___ktrace_check_format(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+}
+
+#define __ktrace_check_format(format, args...) \
+ do { \
+ if (0) \
+ ___ktrace_check_format(format, ## args); \
+ } while (0)
+
+
+/* get the trace buffer information */
+#define KTRACE_BUF_GET_SIZE _IOR(0xF5, 0x00, __u32)
+#define KTRACE_BUF_GET_PRODUCED _IOR(0xF5, 0x01, __u32)
+#define KTRACE_BUF_GET_CONSUMED _IOR(0xF5, 0x02, __u32)
+#define KTRACE_BUF_PUT_PRODUCED _IOW(0xF5, 0x03, __u32)
+#define KTRACE_BUF_PUT_CONSUMED _IOW(0xF5, 0x04, __u32)
+
+#endif
Index: git-linux/kernel/ktrace.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ git-linux/kernel/ktrace.c 2009-02-19 15:45:20.000000000 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,872 @@
+/*
+ * kernel/ktrace.c
+ *
+ * Implementation of the kernel tracing for linux kernel 2.6.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2008- Google Inc.
+ * Original Author: Jiaying Zhang
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/bitmap.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/timer.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/jhash.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/namei.h>
+#include <linux/ktrace.h>
+#include <linux/ring_buffer.h>
+
+static char *ktrace_version = "1.0.0";
+int ktrace_enabled;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(ktrace_enabled);
+static uint16_t ktrace_next_id;
+
+extern struct kernel_trace __start___ktraces[];
+extern struct kernel_trace __stop___ktraces[];
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(ktrace_mutex);
+
+/* ktrace hash table entry structure and variables */
+struct ktrace_entry {
+ struct hlist_node hlist;
+ char *name;
+ char *format;
+ size_t *stroff;
+ ktrace_probe_func *func;
+ u32 enabled:1, event_id:31;
+ struct list_head klist; /* list of loaded ktraces */
+};
+
+#define KTRACE_HASH_BITS 6
+#define KTRACE_HASH_SIZE (1 << KTRACE_HASH_BITS)
+static struct hlist_head ktrace_table[KTRACE_HASH_SIZE];
+
+/* debugfs directory variables */
+static struct dentry *tracedir;
+static struct dentry *eventdir;
+typedef void tracecontrol_handle_func(struct file *, unsigned long, size_t *);
+
+/* ring buffer code */
+static unsigned long trace_buf_size = 65536UL;
+struct ring_buffer *trace_buffer;
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(trace_wait); /* waitqueue for trace_data_poll */
+static struct timer_list trace_timer; /* reader wake-up timer */
+#define TRACEREAD_WAKEUP_INTERVAL 1000 /* time interval in jiffies */
+static struct kref ktrace_kref;
+
+static void
+ring_buffer_probe(struct kernel_trace *kt, void *data, size_t event_size)
+{
+ struct ring_buffer_event *event;
+ void *trace_event;
+ unsigned long flag;
+
+ event = ring_buffer_lock_reserve(trace_buffer,
+ sizeof(uint16_t) + event_size, &flag);
+ if (!event)
+ return;
+ trace_event = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
+ *(uint16_t *) trace_event = (uint16_t) kt->event_id;
+ memcpy(trace_event + sizeof(uint16_t), data, event_size);
+ ring_buffer_unlock_commit(trace_buffer, event, flag);
+}
+
+/* special probe function for events that contain string arguments */
+static void
+string_probe(struct kernel_trace *kt, void *data, size_t event_size)
+{
+ struct ring_buffer_event *event;
+ void *trace_event, *p;
+ unsigned long flag;
+ size_t *offset, scanned;
+ char *string;
+
+ /*
+ * Get the real length of the event, i.e., we use stroff array to
+ * locate string variables in the passed-in trace data and use their
+ * length to replace the size of the string pointers.
+ */
+ for (offset = kt->stroff; *offset != -1; offset++) {
+ string = *(char **) (data + *offset);
+ event_size += strlen(string) + 1 - sizeof(char *);
+ }
+ event = ring_buffer_lock_reserve(trace_buffer,
+ sizeof(uint16_t) + event_size, &flag);
+ if (!event)
+ return;
+ trace_event = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
+ *(uint16_t *) trace_event = (uint16_t) kt->event_id;
+ p = trace_event + sizeof(uint16_t);
+ /*
+ * Copy the trace data into buffer. For string variables, we enter the
+ * string into the buffer. Otherwise, the passed in data is copied.
+ */
+ for (offset = kt->stroff, scanned = 0; *offset != -1; offset++) {
+ memcpy(p, data + scanned, *offset - scanned);
+ p += *offset - scanned;
+ string = *(char **) (data + *offset);
+ memcpy(p, string, strlen(string) + 1);
+ p += strlen(string) + 1;
+ scanned = *offset + sizeof(char *);
+ }
+ memcpy(p, data + scanned,
+ trace_event + sizeof(uint16_t) + event_size - p);
+ ring_buffer_unlock_commit(trace_buffer, event, flag);
+}
+
+/* timer function used to defer ring buffer reader waking */
+static void wakeup_readers(unsigned long data)
+{
+ if (trace_buffer && !ring_buffer_empty(trace_buffer))
+ wake_up_interruptible(&trace_wait);
+ mod_timer(&trace_timer, jiffies + TRACEREAD_WAKEUP_INTERVAL);
+}
+
+/* function for reading ktrace metadata info */
+static void *tracing_info_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
+{
+ seq_printf(seq, "version %s\n", ktrace_version);
+ return (*pos >= KTRACE_HASH_SIZE) ? NULL : &ktrace_table[*pos];
+}
+
+static void *tracing_info_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos)
+{
+ ++*pos;
+ return (*pos >= KTRACE_HASH_SIZE) ? NULL : &ktrace_table[*pos];
+}
+
+static int tracing_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
+{
+ struct hlist_head *head = v;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ struct ktrace_entry *entry;
+ hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, head, hlist)
+ seq_printf(seq, "name '%s' format '%s' id %u %s\n",
+ entry->name, entry->format, entry->event_id,
+ entry->enabled ? "enabled" : "disabled");
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void tracing_info_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
+{
+}
+
+static const struct seq_operations tracing_info_seq_ops = {
+ .start = tracing_info_start,
+ .next = tracing_info_next,
+ .show = tracing_info_show,
+ .stop = tracing_info_stop,
+};
+
+static int tracing_info_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ return seq_open(file, &tracing_info_seq_ops);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations traceinfo_file_operations = {
+ .open = tracing_info_open,
+ .read = seq_read,
+ .llseek = seq_lseek,
+ .release = seq_release,
+};
+
+/*
+ * wrapper function used by debugfs write operation.
+ * func: handling function that does real work
+ */
+static ssize_t trace_debugfs_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf,
+ size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos, tracecontrol_handle_func *func)
+{
+ int ret;
+ char buf[64];
+ unsigned long val;
+
+ if (cnt >= sizeof(buf))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (copy_from_user(&buf, ubuf, cnt))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ buf[cnt] = 0;
+
+ ret = strict_strtoul(buf, 10, &val);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ val = !!val;
+
+ func(filp, val, &cnt);
+
+ filp->f_pos += cnt;
+ return cnt;
+}
+
+/* functions for reading/writing the global 'enabled' control file */
+static ssize_t tracing_control_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
+ size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ int ret;
+ char buf[64];
+ ret = snprintf(buf, 64, "%u\n", ktrace_enabled);
+ return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, ret);
+}
+
+static void __tracing_control_write(struct file *filp,
+ unsigned long val, size_t *cnt)
+{
+ if (val ^ ktrace_enabled) {
+ if (val) {
+ trace_timer.expires =
+ jiffies + TRACEREAD_WAKEUP_INTERVAL;
+ add_timer(&trace_timer);
+ ktrace_enabled = 1;
+ } else {
+ ktrace_enabled = 0;
+ del_timer_sync(&trace_timer);
+ if (trace_buffer && !ring_buffer_empty(trace_buffer))
+ wake_up_interruptible(&trace_wait);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static ssize_t tracing_control_write(struct file *filp, const char
__user *ubuf,
+ size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ return trace_debugfs_write(filp, ubuf, cnt, ppos,
+ __tracing_control_write);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations tracecontrol_file_operations = {
+ .read = tracing_control_read,
+ .write = tracing_control_write,
+};
+
+/* functions for reading/writing a trace event file */
+static int update_ktrace(struct ktrace_entry *entry,
+ ktrace_probe_func *func, int enabled)
+{
+ struct kernel_trace *iter;
+ /* no need to update the list if the tracing is not initialized */
+ if (!tracedir)
+ return 0;
+ entry->enabled = enabled;
+ entry->func = func;
+ list_for_each_entry(iter, &entry->klist, list) {
+ iter->stroff = entry->stroff;
+ iter->func = func;
+ iter->enabled = enabled;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ktrace_probe_register(struct ktrace_entry *entry,
+ ktrace_probe_func *probefunc)
+{
+ return update_ktrace(entry, probefunc, 1);
+}
+
+static int ktrace_probe_unregister(struct ktrace_entry *entry)
+{
+ return update_ktrace(entry, NULL, 0);
+}
+
+static int ktrace_control_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ filp->private_data = inode->i_private;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t ktrace_control_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
+ size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ int ret;
+ char buf[64];
+ struct ktrace_entry *entry = filp->private_data;
+
+ ret = snprintf(buf, 64, "%u\n", entry->enabled);
+ return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, ret);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check whether the event contains string arguments. Return 0 if not;
+ * otherwise record the offsets of the string arguments in the ktrace
+ * structure according to the event format and return 1.
+ * The offset info is later used to store the string arguments into
+ * the trace buffer during trace probe.
+ */
+static int contain_string_arguments(struct ktrace_entry *entry)
+{
+ int count = 0;
+ char *fmt;
+ int qualifier; /* 'h', 'l', or 'L' for integer fields */
+ size_t offset = 0;
+
+ for (fmt = strstr(entry->format, "%s"); fmt; fmt = strstr(++fmt, "%s"))
+ count++;
+ if (!count)
+ return 0;
+ entry->stroff = kmalloc(sizeof(size_t) * (count + 1), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry->stroff)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (fmt = entry->format, count = 0; *fmt ; ++fmt) {
+ if (*fmt != '%')
+ continue;
+repeat:
+ ++fmt;
+ switch (*fmt) {
+ case '-':
+ case '+':
+ case ' ':
+ case '#':
+ case '0':
+ ++fmt;
+ goto repeat;
+ }
+
+ while (isdigit(*fmt))
+ fmt++;
+
+ /* get the conversion qualifier */
+ qualifier = -1;
+ if (*fmt == 'h' || *fmt == 'l' || *fmt == 'L') {
+ qualifier = *fmt;
+ ++fmt;
+ if (qualifier == 'l' && *fmt == 'l') {
+ qualifier = 'L';
+ ++fmt;
+ }
+ }
+
+ switch (*fmt) {
+ case 'c':
+ offset += sizeof(char);
+ continue;
+ case 's':
+ entry->stroff[count] = offset;
+ count++;
+ offset += sizeof(char *);
+ continue;
+ case 'p':
+ offset += sizeof(void *);
+ continue;
+ case 'd':
+ case 'i':
+ case 'o':
+ case 'u':
+ case 'x':
+ case 'X':
+ switch (qualifier) {
+ case 'L':
+ offset += sizeof(long long);
+ break;
+ case 'l':
+ offset += sizeof(long);
+ break;
+ case 'h':
+ offset += sizeof(short);
+ break;
+ default:
+ offset += sizeof(int);
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "unknown format '%c'", *fmt);
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+ entry->stroff[count] = -1;
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static void __ktrace_control_write(struct file *filp,
+ unsigned long val, size_t *cnt)
+{
+ struct ktrace_entry *entry = filp->private_data;
+ int ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&ktrace_mutex);
+ if (val ^ entry->enabled) {
+ if (val) {
+ ret = contain_string_arguments(entry);
+ if (ret == 0)
+ ktrace_probe_register(entry, ring_buffer_probe);
+ else if (ret > 0)
+ ktrace_probe_register(entry, string_probe);
+ else
+ *cnt = ret;
+ } else
+ ktrace_probe_unregister(entry);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&ktrace_mutex);
+}
+
+static ssize_t ktrace_control_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf,
+ size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ return trace_debugfs_write(filp, ubuf, cnt, ppos,
+ __ktrace_control_write);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations ktracecontrol_file_operations = {
+ .open = ktrace_control_open,
+ .read = ktrace_control_read,
+ .write = ktrace_control_write,
+};
+
+/* functions for adding/removing a trace event. Protected by mutex lock.
+ * Called during initialization or after loading a module */
+static struct ktrace_entry *add_ktrace(struct kernel_trace *ktrace)
+{
+ struct ktrace_entry *entry;
+ size_t name_len = strlen(ktrace->name) + 1;
+ u32 hash = jhash(ktrace->name, name_len-1, 0);
+ struct hlist_head *head;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ struct dentry *dentry;
+
+ if (!tracedir)
+ return 0;
+ head = &ktrace_table[hash & ((1 << KTRACE_HASH_BITS)-1)];
+ hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, head, hlist) {
+ if (!strcmp(ktrace->name, entry->name)) {
+ if (strcmp(ktrace->format, entry->format)) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "the format of tracepoint "
+ "\'%s\' changes from \'%s\' to \'%s\'."
+ "Dynamic changing of trace format is "
+ "not supported yet!\n",
+ ktrace->name, entry->format,
+ ktrace->format);
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+ }
+ ktrace->enabled = entry->enabled;
+ ktrace->func = entry->func;
+ ktrace->event_id = entry->event_id;
+ if (list_empty(&entry->klist))
+ goto add_head;
+ list_add_tail(&ktrace->list, &entry->klist);
+ return entry;
+ }
+ }
+ entry = kmalloc(sizeof(struct ktrace_entry), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ entry->name = kmalloc(name_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry->name) {
+ kfree(entry);
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ }
+ memcpy(entry->name, ktrace->name, name_len);
+ if (ktrace->format) {
+ size_t format_len = strlen(ktrace->format) + 1;
+ entry->format = kmalloc(format_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry->format) {
+ kfree(entry->name);
+ kfree(entry);
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ }
+ memcpy(entry->format, ktrace->format, format_len);
+ } else
+ entry->format = NULL;
+ entry->func = ktrace->func;
+ entry->enabled = 0;
+ ktrace->event_id = entry->event_id = ktrace_next_id++;
+ entry->stroff = NULL;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&entry->klist);
+ hlist_add_head(&entry->hlist, head);
+add_head:
+ list_add(&ktrace->list, &entry->klist);
+ dentry = debugfs_create_file(entry->name, 0660, eventdir,
+ entry, &ktracecontrol_file_operations);
+ if (!dentry)
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Couldn't create debugfs '%s' entry\n",
+ entry->name);
+ return entry;
+}
+
+static int remove_ktrace(struct kernel_trace *ktrace, int free)
+{
+ struct ktrace_entry *entry;
+ size_t name_len = strlen(ktrace->name) + 1;
+ u32 hash = jhash(ktrace->name, name_len-1, 0);
+ struct hlist_head *head;
+ struct hlist_node *node, *temp;
+ struct dentry *dentry;
+
+ if (!tracedir)
+ return 0;
+ list_del(&ktrace->list);
+ head = &ktrace_table[hash & ((1 << KTRACE_HASH_BITS)-1)];
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(entry, node, temp, head, hlist)
+ if (!strcmp(ktrace->name, entry->name)) {
+ if (list_empty(&entry->klist)) {
+ dentry = lookup_one_len(entry->name,
+ eventdir, strlen(entry->name));
+ if (dentry && !IS_ERR(dentry)) {
+ debugfs_remove(dentry);
+ dput(dentry);
+ }
+ entry->enabled = 0;
+ if (free) {
+ hlist_del(&entry->hlist);
+ kfree(entry->name);
+ kfree(entry->format);
+ kfree(entry->stroff);
+ kfree(entry);
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/* Add/remove tracepoints contained in a module to the ktrace hash table.
+ * Called at the end of module load/unload. */
+static int ktrace_module_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long val, void *data)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
+ struct kernel_trace *iter;
+ struct module *mod = data;
+
+ if (val != MODULE_STATE_COMING && val != MODULE_STATE_GOING)
+ return 0;
+ mutex_lock(&ktrace_mutex);
+ for (iter = mod->ktrace; iter < mod->ktrace + mod->num_ktrace; iter++)
+ if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING)
+ add_ktrace(iter);
+ else
+ remove_ktrace(iter, 0);
+ mutex_unlock(&ktrace_mutex);
+#endif
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block ktrace_module_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = ktrace_module_notify,
+};
+
+/* functions for user-space programs to read data from tracing buffer */
+static int trace_data_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ filp->private_data = inode->i_private;
+ kref_get(&ktrace_kref);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void release_trace_buffer(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ ring_buffer_free(trace_buffer);
+ trace_buffer = NULL;
+}
+
+static int trace_data_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ kref_put(&ktrace_kref, release_trace_buffer);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static unsigned int trace_data_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table *poll_table)
+{
+ struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer = filp->private_data;
+ if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
+ if (!ring_buffer_per_cpu_empty(cpu_buffer))
+ return POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
+ poll_wait(filp, &trace_wait, poll_table);
+ if (!ring_buffer_per_cpu_empty(cpu_buffer))
+ return POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int trace_buf_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
+{
+ struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer = vma->vm_private_data;
+ pgoff_t pgoff = vmf->pgoff;
+ struct page *page;
+
+ if (!trace_buffer)
+ return VM_FAULT_OOM;
+ page = ring_buffer_get_page(cpu_buffer, pgoff);
+ if (page == NULL)
+ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
+ get_page(page);
+ vmf->page = page;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct vm_operations_struct trace_data_mmap_ops = {
+ .fault = trace_buf_fault,
+};
+
+static int trace_data_mmap(struct file *filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer = filp->private_data;
+
+ vma->vm_ops = &trace_data_mmap_ops;
+ vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTEXPAND;
+ vma->vm_private_data = cpu_buffer;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int trace_data_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ u32 __user *argp = (u32 __user *)arg;
+ struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer = filp->private_data;
+
+ if (!trace_buffer || !tracedir)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case KTRACE_BUF_GET_SIZE:
+ {
+ unsigned long bufsize;
+ bufsize = ring_buffer_size(trace_buffer);
+ return put_user((u32)bufsize, argp);
+ }
+ case KTRACE_BUF_GET_PRODUCED:
+ return put_user(ring_buffer_get_produced(cpu_buffer), argp);
+ case KTRACE_BUF_GET_CONSUMED:
+ return put_user(ring_buffer_get_consumed(cpu_buffer), argp);
+ case KTRACE_BUF_PUT_CONSUMED:
+ {
+ u32 consumed, consumed_old;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = get_user(consumed, argp);
+ if (ret) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "error getting consumed value: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ consumed_old = ring_buffer_get_consumed(cpu_buffer);
+ if (consumed == consumed_old)
+ return 0;
+ ring_buffer_advance_reader(cpu_buffer, consumed - consumed_old);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ default:
+ return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations tracedata_file_operations = {
+ .open = trace_data_open,
+ .poll = trace_data_poll,
+ .mmap = trace_data_mmap,
+ .ioctl = trace_data_ioctl,
+ .release = trace_data_release,
+};
+
+/* function to report the number of lost events due to buffer overflow */
+static ssize_t trace_overflow_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
+ size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ int ret;
+ char buf[64];
+ ret = snprintf(buf, 64, "%lu\n", ring_buffer_overruns(trace_buffer));
+ return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, cnt, ppos, buf, ret);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations traceoverflow_file_operations = {
+ .read = trace_overflow_read,
+};
+
+/* function to re-initialize trace buffer */
+static void __trace_buffer_reset(struct file *filp,
+ unsigned long val, size_t *cnt)
+{
+ if (val && trace_buffer)
+ ring_buffer_reset(trace_buffer);
+}
+
+static ssize_t trace_buffer_reset(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf,
+ size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ return trace_debugfs_write(filp, ubuf, cnt, ppos,
+ __trace_buffer_reset);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations tracereset_file_operations = {
+ .write = trace_buffer_reset,
+};
+
+/*
+ * We use debugfs for kernel-user communication. All of the control/info
+ * files are under debugfs/ktrace directory.
+ */
+static int create_debugfs(void)
+{
+ struct dentry *entry, *bufdir;
+ struct ring_buffer_per_cpu *cpu_buffer;
+ char *tmpname;
+ int cpu;
+
+ tracedir = debugfs_create_dir("ktrace", NULL);
+ if (!tracedir) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Couldn't create debugfs directory\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ /* 'buffers' is the directory that holds trace buffer debugfs files */
+ bufdir = debugfs_create_dir("buffers", tracedir);
+ if (!bufdir) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Couldn't create 'buffers' directory\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ tmpname = kzalloc(NAME_MAX + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!tmpname)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ /* create a debugfs file for each cpu buffer */
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ snprintf(tmpname, NAME_MAX, "%s%d", "cpu", cpu);
+ cpu_buffer = ring_buffer_cpu(trace_buffer, cpu);
+ entry = debugfs_create_file(tmpname, 0440, bufdir, cpu_buffer,
+ &tracedata_file_operations);
+ if (!entry) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "Couldn't create debugfs \'%s\' entry\n",
+ tmpname);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ }
+ kfree(tmpname);
+
+ /* the control file for users to enable/disable global tracing. */
+ entry = debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0664, tracedir, NULL,
+ &tracecontrol_file_operations);
+ if (!entry) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "Couldn't create debugfs 'enabled' entry\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * the debugfs file that displays the name, format etc. of every
+ * supported trace event. The file is to be used by the user-space
+ * trace parser to analyze the collected trace data.
+ */
+ entry = debugfs_create_file("info", 0444, tracedir, NULL,
+ &traceinfo_file_operations);
+ if (!entry) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Couldn't create debugfs 'info' entry\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * the debugfs file that reports the number of events
+ * lost due to buffer overflow
+ */
+ entry = debugfs_create_file("overflow", 0444, tracedir, NULL,
+ &traceoverflow_file_operations);
+ if (!entry) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "Couldn't create debugfs 'overflow' entry\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ /* the debugfs file that resets trace buffer upon write */
+ entry = debugfs_create_file("reset", 0220, tracedir, NULL,
+ &tracereset_file_operations);
+ if (!entry) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Couldn't create debugfs 'reset' entry\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ /* create the directory that holds the control files for every event */
+ eventdir = debugfs_create_dir("events", tracedir);
+ if (!eventdir) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "Couldn't create 'events' directory\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void remove_debugfs_file(struct dentry *dir, char *name)
+{
+ struct dentry *dentry;
+ dentry = lookup_one_len(name, dir, strlen(name));
+ if (dentry && !IS_ERR(dentry)) {
+ debugfs_remove(dentry);
+ dput(dentry);
+ }
+}
+
+static int remove_debugfs(void)
+{
+ struct dentry *bufdir;
+ char *tmpname;
+ int cpu;
+
+ bufdir = lookup_one_len("buffers", tracedir, strlen("buffers"));
+ if (!bufdir || IS_ERR(bufdir))
+ return -EIO;
+ tmpname = kzalloc(NAME_MAX + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!tmpname)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ snprintf(tmpname, NAME_MAX, "%s%d", "cpu", cpu);
+ remove_debugfs_file(bufdir, tmpname);
+ }
+ kfree(tmpname);
+ debugfs_remove(bufdir);
+
+ remove_debugfs_file(tracedir, "enabled");
+ remove_debugfs_file(tracedir, "info");
+ debugfs_remove(eventdir);
+ debugfs_remove(tracedir);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init init_ktrace(void)
+{
+ struct kernel_trace *iter;
+ int i, err;
+
+ ktrace_next_id = 0;
+ kref_set(&ktrace_kref, 1);
+ trace_buffer = ring_buffer_alloc(trace_buf_size, RB_FL_OVERWRITE);
+ if (trace_buffer == NULL)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ setup_timer(&trace_timer, wakeup_readers, 0);
+ for (i = 0; i < KTRACE_HASH_SIZE; i++)
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&ktrace_table[i]);
+
+ mutex_lock(&ktrace_mutex);
+ err = create_debugfs();
+ if (err != 0)
+ goto out;
+ for (iter = __start___ktraces; iter < __stop___ktraces; iter++)
+ add_ktrace(iter);
+ err = register_module_notifier(&ktrace_module_nb);
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&ktrace_mutex);
+ return err;
+}
+module_init(init_ktrace);
+
+static void __exit exit_ktrace(void)
+{
+ struct kernel_trace *iter;
+
+ if (ktrace_enabled) {
+ ktrace_enabled = 0;
+ del_timer_sync(&trace_timer);
+ }
+ mutex_lock(&ktrace_mutex);
+ for (iter = __start___ktraces; iter < __stop___ktraces; iter++)
+ remove_ktrace(iter, 1);
+ unregister_module_notifier(&ktrace_module_nb);
+ remove_debugfs();
+ mutex_unlock(&ktrace_mutex);
+
+ kref_put(&ktrace_kref, release_trace_buffer);
+}
+module_exit(exit_ktrace);

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  Last update: 2009-02-24 01:13    [from the cache]
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