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Subject[PATCH 1/4] Use bit operations for file->f_flags
Date
Turn struct file->f_flags into an unsigned long and use bitops to change
its contents. This allows the safe manipulation of these flags without the
need for locks. BKL use is removed where possible, but manipulations of
the FASYNC bit still require it (that will be fixed in a later patch).

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
---
arch/alpha/include/asm/fcntl.h | 5 +++++
arch/arm/include/asm/fcntl.h | 1 +
arch/blackfin/include/asm/fcntl.h | 1 +
arch/h8300/include/asm/fcntl.h | 1 +
arch/m68k/include/asm/fcntl.h | 1 +
arch/mips/include/asm/fcntl.h | 5 +++++
arch/parisc/include/asm/fcntl.h | 4 ++++
arch/powerpc/include/asm/fcntl.h | 1 +
arch/sparc/include/asm/fcntl.h | 6 ++++++
drivers/char/tty_io.c | 7 ++-----
drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c | 6 ++++--
fs/fcntl.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++--
fs/ioctl.c | 21 ++++++++++-----------
fs/nfsd/vfs.c | 3 ++-
include/asm-generic/fcntl.h | 7 +++++++
include/linux/fs.h | 7 ++++++-
ipc/mqueue.c | 5 +++--
sound/core/oss/pcm_oss.c | 3 ++-
sound/oss/au1550_ac97.c | 2 +-
sound/oss/audio.c | 3 ++-
sound/oss/sh_dac_audio.c | 4 +++-
sound/oss/swarm_cs4297a.c | 2 +-
sound/oss/vwsnd.c | 3 ++-
23 files changed, 88 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/alpha/include/asm/fcntl.h b/arch/alpha/include/asm/fcntl.h
index 25da001..de7172f 100644
--- a/arch/alpha/include/asm/fcntl.h
+++ b/arch/alpha/include/asm/fcntl.h
@@ -9,13 +9,18 @@
#define O_NOCTTY 010000 /* not fcntl */

#define O_NONBLOCK 00004
+#define NR_O_NONBLOCK 2
#define O_APPEND 00010
+#define NR_O_APPEND 3
#define O_SYNC 040000
+#define NR_O_SYNC 14
#define O_DIRECTORY 0100000 /* must be a directory */
#define O_NOFOLLOW 0200000 /* don't follow links */
#define O_LARGEFILE 0400000 /* will be set by the kernel on every open */
#define O_DIRECT 02000000 /* direct disk access - should check with OSF/1 */
+#define NR_O_DIRECT 19
#define O_NOATIME 04000000
+#define NR_O_NOATIME 20
#define O_CLOEXEC 010000000 /* set close_on_exec */

#define F_GETLK 7
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/fcntl.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/fcntl.h
index a80b660..e74b8d1 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/fcntl.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/fcntl.h
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
#define O_DIRECTORY 040000 /* must be a directory */
#define O_NOFOLLOW 0100000 /* don't follow links */
#define O_DIRECT 0200000 /* direct disk access hint - currently ignored */
+#define NR_O_DIRECT 16
#define O_LARGEFILE 0400000

#include <asm-generic/fcntl.h>
diff --git a/arch/blackfin/include/asm/fcntl.h b/arch/blackfin/include/asm/fcntl.h
index 9c40371..fe4c643 100644
--- a/arch/blackfin/include/asm/fcntl.h
+++ b/arch/blackfin/include/asm/fcntl.h
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
#define O_DIRECTORY 040000 /* must be a directory */
#define O_NOFOLLOW 0100000 /* don't follow links */
#define O_DIRECT 0200000 /* direct disk access hint - currently ignored */
+#define NR_O_DIRECT 16
#define O_LARGEFILE 0400000

#include <asm-generic/fcntl.h>
diff --git a/arch/h8300/include/asm/fcntl.h b/arch/h8300/include/asm/fcntl.h
index 1952cb2..c1cfbdd 100644
--- a/arch/h8300/include/asm/fcntl.h
+++ b/arch/h8300/include/asm/fcntl.h
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
#define O_DIRECTORY 040000 /* must be a directory */
#define O_NOFOLLOW 0100000 /* don't follow links */
#define O_DIRECT 0200000 /* direct disk access hint - currently ignored */
+#define NR_O_DIRECT 16
#define O_LARGEFILE 0400000

#include <asm-generic/fcntl.h>
diff --git a/arch/m68k/include/asm/fcntl.h b/arch/m68k/include/asm/fcntl.h
index 1c369b2..a199f04 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/include/asm/fcntl.h
+++ b/arch/m68k/include/asm/fcntl.h
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
#define O_DIRECTORY 040000 /* must be a directory */
#define O_NOFOLLOW 0100000 /* don't follow links */
#define O_DIRECT 0200000 /* direct disk access hint - currently ignored */
+#define NR_O_DIRECT 16
#define O_LARGEFILE 0400000

#include <asm-generic/fcntl.h>
diff --git a/arch/mips/include/asm/fcntl.h b/arch/mips/include/asm/fcntl.h
index 2a52333..6bbcbf9 100644
--- a/arch/mips/include/asm/fcntl.h
+++ b/arch/mips/include/asm/fcntl.h
@@ -10,15 +10,20 @@


#define O_APPEND 0x0008
+#define NR_O_APPEND 3
#define O_SYNC 0x0010
+#define NR_O_SYNC 4
#define O_NONBLOCK 0x0080
+#define NR_O_NONBLOCK 7
#define O_CREAT 0x0100 /* not fcntl */
#define O_TRUNC 0x0200 /* not fcntl */
#define O_EXCL 0x0400 /* not fcntl */
#define O_NOCTTY 0x0800 /* not fcntl */
#define FASYNC 0x1000 /* fcntl, for BSD compatibility */
+#define NR_FASYNC 12
#define O_LARGEFILE 0x2000 /* allow large file opens */
#define O_DIRECT 0x8000 /* direct disk access hint */
+#define NR_O_DIRECT 15

#define F_GETLK 14
#define F_SETLK 6
diff --git a/arch/parisc/include/asm/fcntl.h b/arch/parisc/include/asm/fcntl.h
index 1e1c824..7d33fe7 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/include/asm/fcntl.h
+++ b/arch/parisc/include/asm/fcntl.h
@@ -4,12 +4,16 @@
/* open/fcntl - O_SYNC is only implemented on blocks devices and on files
located on an ext2 file system */
#define O_APPEND 000000010
+#define NR_O_APPEND 3
#define O_BLKSEEK 000000100 /* HPUX only */
#define O_CREAT 000000400 /* not fcntl */
#define O_EXCL 000002000 /* not fcntl */
#define O_LARGEFILE 000004000
#define O_SYNC 000100000
+#define NR_O_SYNC 15
#define O_NONBLOCK 000200004 /* HPUX has separate NDELAY & NONBLOCK */
+#define NR_O_NONBLOCK 16 /* WTF, assign one to each... */
+#define NR_O_NDELAY 3
#define O_NOCTTY 000400000 /* not fcntl */
#define O_DSYNC 001000000 /* HPUX only */
#define O_RSYNC 002000000 /* HPUX only */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/fcntl.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/fcntl.h
index ce5c451..2453257 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/fcntl.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/fcntl.h
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
#define O_NOFOLLOW 0100000 /* don't follow links */
#define O_LARGEFILE 0200000
#define O_DIRECT 0400000 /* direct disk access hint */
+#define NR_O_DIRECT 17

#include <asm-generic/fcntl.h>

diff --git a/arch/sparc/include/asm/fcntl.h b/arch/sparc/include/asm/fcntl.h
index d4d9c9d..ffc0268 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/include/asm/fcntl.h
+++ b/arch/sparc/include/asm/fcntl.h
@@ -4,12 +4,16 @@
/* open/fcntl - O_SYNC is only implemented on blocks devices and on files
located on an ext2 file system */
#define O_APPEND 0x0008
+#define NR_O_APPEND 3
#define FASYNC 0x0040 /* fcntl, for BSD compatibility */
+#define NR_FASYNC 6
#define O_CREAT 0x0200 /* not fcntl */
#define O_TRUNC 0x0400 /* not fcntl */
#define O_EXCL 0x0800 /* not fcntl */
#define O_SYNC 0x2000
+#define NR_O_SYNC 13
#define O_NONBLOCK 0x4000
+#define NR_O_NONBLOCK 14
#if defined(__sparc__) && defined(__arch64__)
#define O_NDELAY 0x0004
#else
@@ -18,7 +22,9 @@
#define O_NOCTTY 0x8000 /* not fcntl */
#define O_LARGEFILE 0x40000
#define O_DIRECT 0x100000 /* direct disk access hint */
+#define NR_O_DIRECT 20
#define O_NOATIME 0x200000
+#define NR_O_NOATIME 21
#define O_CLOEXEC 0x400000

#define F_GETOWN 5 /* for sockets. */
diff --git a/drivers/char/tty_io.c b/drivers/char/tty_io.c
index bc84e12..ad8d884 100644
--- a/drivers/char/tty_io.c
+++ b/drivers/char/tty_io.c
@@ -2162,13 +2162,10 @@ static int fionbio(struct file *file, int __user *p)
if (get_user(nonblock, p))
return -EFAULT;

- /* file->f_flags is still BKL protected in the fs layer - vomit */
- lock_kernel();
if (nonblock)
- file->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
+ set_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &file->f_flags);
else
- file->f_flags &= ~O_NONBLOCK;
- unlock_kernel();
+ clear_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &file->f_flags);
return 0;
}

diff --git a/drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c b/drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c
index b10fa31..ac99b58 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/gadget/file_storage.c
@@ -247,6 +247,7 @@
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include <linux/usb/ch9.h>
#include <linux/usb/gadget.h>
@@ -1711,7 +1712,8 @@ static int do_write(struct fsg_dev *fsg)
curlun->sense_data = SS_WRITE_PROTECTED;
return -EINVAL;
}
- curlun->filp->f_flags &= ~O_SYNC; // Default is not to wait
+ /* Default is not to wait */
+ clear_bit(NR_O_SYNC, &curlun->filp->f_flags);

/* Get the starting Logical Block Address and check that it's
* not too big */
@@ -1729,7 +1731,7 @@ static int do_write(struct fsg_dev *fsg)
return -EINVAL;
}
if (fsg->cmnd[1] & 0x08) // FUA
- curlun->filp->f_flags |= O_SYNC;
+ set_bit(NR_O_SYNC, &curlun->filp->f_flags);
}
if (lba >= curlun->num_sectors) {
curlun->sense_data = SS_LOGICAL_BLOCK_ADDRESS_OUT_OF_RANGE;
diff --git a/fs/fcntl.c b/fs/fcntl.c
index bd215cc..3affd3e 100644
--- a/fs/fcntl.c
+++ b/fs/fcntl.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include <asm/poll.h>
#include <asm/siginfo.h>
@@ -141,7 +142,14 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(dup, unsigned int, fildes)
return ret;
}

-#define SETFL_MASK (O_APPEND | O_NONBLOCK | O_NDELAY | FASYNC | O_DIRECT | O_NOATIME)
+static void tweak_flags_bit(int nr, int on, unsigned long *flags)
+{
+ if (on)
+ set_bit(nr, flags);
+ else
+ clear_bit(nr, flags);
+}
+

static int setfl(int fd, struct file * filp, unsigned long arg)
{
@@ -187,9 +195,17 @@ static int setfl(int fd, struct file * filp, unsigned long arg)
if (error < 0)
goto out;
}
+ change_bit(NR_FASYNC, &filp->f_flags);
}

- filp->f_flags = (arg & SETFL_MASK) | (filp->f_flags & ~SETFL_MASK);
+ /*
+ * Now that we use bitops we have to tweak each bit individually.
+ */
+ tweak_flags_bit(NR_O_APPEND, arg & O_APPEND, &filp->f_flags);
+ tweak_flags_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, arg & O_NONBLOCK, &filp->f_flags);
+ tweak_flags_bit(NR_O_NDELAY, arg & O_NDELAY, &filp->f_flags);
+ tweak_flags_bit(NR_O_DIRECT, arg & O_DIRECT, &filp->f_flags);
+ tweak_flags_bit(NR_O_NOATIME, arg & O_NOATIME, &filp->f_flags);
out:
unlock_kernel();
return error;
diff --git a/fs/ioctl.c b/fs/ioctl.c
index 240ec63..fc0db36 100644
--- a/fs/ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/ioctl.c
@@ -392,22 +392,24 @@ static int file_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,

static int ioctl_fionbio(struct file *filp, int __user *argp)
{
- unsigned int flag;
int on, error;

error = get_user(on, argp);
if (error)
return error;
- flag = O_NONBLOCK;
#ifdef __sparc__
/* SunOS compatibility item. */
- if (O_NONBLOCK != O_NDELAY)
- flag |= O_NDELAY;
+ if (O_NONBLOCK != O_NDELAY) {
+ if (on)
+ set_bit(NR_O_NDELAY, &filp->f_flags);
+ else
+ clear_bit(NR_O_NDELAY, &filp->f_flags);
+ }
#endif
if (on)
- filp->f_flags |= flag;
+ set_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &filp->f_flags);
else
- filp->f_flags &= ~flag;
+ clear_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &filp->f_flags);
return error;
}

@@ -433,9 +435,9 @@ static int ioctl_fioasync(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp,
return error;

if (on)
- filp->f_flags |= FASYNC;
+ set_bit(NR_FASYNC, &filp->f_flags);
else
- filp->f_flags &= ~FASYNC;
+ clear_bit(NR_FASYNC, &filp->f_flags);
return error;
}

@@ -499,10 +501,7 @@ int do_vfs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd,
break;

case FIONBIO:
- /* BKL needed to avoid races tweaking f_flags */
- lock_kernel();
error = ioctl_fionbio(filp, argp);
- unlock_kernel();
break;

case FIOASYNC:
diff --git a/fs/nfsd/vfs.c b/fs/nfsd/vfs.c
index 6e50aaa..1630a9e 100644
--- a/fs/nfsd/vfs.c
+++ b/fs/nfsd/vfs.c
@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@
#include <linux/security.h>
#endif /* CONFIG_NFSD_V4 */
#include <linux/jhash.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>

@@ -999,7 +1000,7 @@ nfsd_vfs_write(struct svc_rqst *rqstp, struct svc_fh *fhp, struct file *file,
if (!EX_ISSYNC(exp))
stable = 0;
if (stable && !EX_WGATHER(exp))
- file->f_flags |= O_SYNC;
+ set_bit(NR_O_SYNC, &file->f_flags);

/* Write the data. */
oldfs = get_fs(); set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/fcntl.h b/include/asm-generic/fcntl.h
index b847741..41e9f88 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/fcntl.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/fcntl.h
@@ -23,18 +23,23 @@
#endif
#ifndef O_APPEND
#define O_APPEND 00002000
+#define NR_O_APPEND 10
#endif
#ifndef O_NONBLOCK
#define O_NONBLOCK 00004000
+#define NR_O_NONBLOCK 11
#endif
#ifndef O_SYNC
#define O_SYNC 00010000
+#define NR_O_SYNC 12
#endif
#ifndef FASYNC
#define FASYNC 00020000 /* fcntl, for BSD compatibility */
+#define NR_FASYNC 13
#endif
#ifndef O_DIRECT
#define O_DIRECT 00040000 /* direct disk access hint */
+#define NR_O_DIRECT 14
#endif
#ifndef O_LARGEFILE
#define O_LARGEFILE 00100000
@@ -47,12 +52,14 @@
#endif
#ifndef O_NOATIME
#define O_NOATIME 01000000
+#define NR_O_NOATIME 18
#endif
#ifndef O_CLOEXEC
#define O_CLOEXEC 02000000 /* set close_on_exec */
#endif
#ifndef O_NDELAY
#define O_NDELAY O_NONBLOCK
+#define NR_O_NDELAY NR_O_NONBLOCK
#endif

#define F_DUPFD 0 /* dup */
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 6022f44..9d7cb0e 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -829,6 +829,11 @@ static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index)
#define FILE_MNT_WRITE_TAKEN 1
#define FILE_MNT_WRITE_RELEASED 2

+/*
+ * Locking: f_flags needs to be manipulated with atomic bitops. The
+ * one exception is when it's known that there are no other
+ * references - in the open/create path, primarily.
+ */
struct file {
/*
* fu_list becomes invalid after file_free is called and queued via
@@ -843,7 +848,7 @@ struct file {
#define f_vfsmnt f_path.mnt
const struct file_operations *f_op;
atomic_long_t f_count;
- unsigned int f_flags;
+ unsigned long f_flags;
fmode_t f_mode;
loff_t f_pos;
struct fown_struct f_owner;
diff --git a/ipc/mqueue.c b/ipc/mqueue.c
index 54b4077..1be0a62 100644
--- a/ipc/mqueue.c
+++ b/ipc/mqueue.c
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/pid.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include <net/sock.h>
#include "util.h"
@@ -1157,9 +1158,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mq_getsetattr, mqd_t, mqdes,
if (u_mqstat) {
audit_mq_getsetattr(mqdes, &mqstat);
if (mqstat.mq_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
- filp->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
+ set_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &filp->f_flags);
else
- filp->f_flags &= ~O_NONBLOCK;
+ clear_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &filp->f_flags);

inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
}
diff --git a/sound/core/oss/pcm_oss.c b/sound/core/oss/pcm_oss.c
index e178366..746e38e 100644
--- a/sound/core/oss/pcm_oss.c
+++ b/sound/core/oss/pcm_oss.c
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#define OSS_DEBUG
#endif

+#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
@@ -1895,7 +1896,7 @@ static int snd_pcm_oss_set_fragment(struct snd_pcm_oss_file *pcm_oss_file, unsig

static int snd_pcm_oss_nonblock(struct file * file)
{
- file->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
+ set_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &file->f_flags);
return 0;
}

diff --git a/sound/oss/au1550_ac97.c b/sound/oss/au1550_ac97.c
index 81e1f44..87305cc 100644
--- a/sound/oss/au1550_ac97.c
+++ b/sound/oss/au1550_ac97.c
@@ -1627,7 +1627,7 @@ au1550_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
sizeof(abinfo)) ? -EFAULT : 0;

case SNDCTL_DSP_NONBLOCK:
- file->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
+ set_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &file->f_flags);
return 0;

case SNDCTL_DSP_GETODELAY:
diff --git a/sound/oss/audio.c b/sound/oss/audio.c
index 89bd27a..0837b06 100644
--- a/sound/oss/audio.c
+++ b/sound/oss/audio.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include "sound_config.h"
#include "ulaw.h"
@@ -433,7 +434,7 @@ int audio_ioctl(int dev, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
return dma_ioctl(dev, cmd, arg);

case SNDCTL_DSP_NONBLOCK:
- file->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
+ set_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &file->f_flags);
return 0;

case SNDCTL_DSP_GETCAPS:
diff --git a/sound/oss/sh_dac_audio.c b/sound/oss/sh_dac_audio.c
index e5d4239..532f4ac 100644
--- a/sound/oss/sh_dac_audio.c
+++ b/sound/oss/sh_dac_audio.c
@@ -18,6 +18,8 @@
#include <linux/sound.h>
#include <linux/soundcard.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
@@ -135,7 +137,7 @@ static int dac_audio_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
return put_user(AFMT_U8, (int *)arg);

case SNDCTL_DSP_NONBLOCK:
- file->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
+ set_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &file->f_flags);
return 0;

case SNDCTL_DSP_GETCAPS:
diff --git a/sound/oss/swarm_cs4297a.c b/sound/oss/swarm_cs4297a.c
index 41562ec..fdd9715 100644
--- a/sound/oss/swarm_cs4297a.c
+++ b/sound/oss/swarm_cs4297a.c
@@ -2200,7 +2200,7 @@ static int cs4297a_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
sizeof(abinfo)) ? -EFAULT : 0;

case SNDCTL_DSP_NONBLOCK:
- file->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
+ set_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &file->f_flags);
return 0;

case SNDCTL_DSP_GETODELAY:
diff --git a/sound/oss/vwsnd.c b/sound/oss/vwsnd.c
index 78b8acc..72b9a65 100644
--- a/sound/oss/vwsnd.c
+++ b/sound/oss/vwsnd.c
@@ -149,6 +149,7 @@
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include <asm/visws/cobalt.h>

@@ -2673,7 +2674,7 @@ static int vwsnd_audio_do_ioctl(struct inode *inode,

case SNDCTL_DSP_NONBLOCK: /* _SIO ('P',14) */
DBGX("SNDCTL_DSP_NONBLOCK\n");
- file->f_flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
+ set_bit(NR_O_NONBLOCK, &file->f_flags);
return 0;

case SNDCTL_DSP_RESET: /* _SIO ('P', 0) */
--
1.6.1.1


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