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SubjectRe: [PATCH] pciehp: Handle interrupts that happen during initialization.
Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> Kenji Kaneshige <> writes:
>> Eric W. Biederman wrote:
>>> Jesse Barnes <> writes:
>>>> Any update here, Eric? Sounds like you're using hotplug in real environments
>>>> with complex topologies (based on your earlier messages), so we're interested
>>>> in what you're seeing here...
>>> Yes.
>>> Currently I have a test system that is a subset of what I'm worried
>>> about and will shortly have the real hardware, so my immediate goal is
>>> to get things working well enough so my internal users won't get
>>> blocked by bugs. Currently I only have the pcie hotplug and pcie
>>> hotplug surprise case. My basic topology is 16 hotplug slots into
>>> which I will be plugging in pci express switches with a couple of
>>> additional hotplug slots. As for the firmware, I will have it reserving
>>> bus numbers and mmio space on each of the first 16 slots and the rest
>>> is going to be up to the linux kernel. This is an embedded design
>>> so no ACPI is appears more pain than it is worth to implement.
>> Very interesting. Can I ask you some questions?
>> - On hot-insertion of pci express switches with a additional hotplug
>> slots, who initialize HwInit registers (for example, physical slot
>> number field in the Slot Capabilities register)? OS, firmware,
>> hardware or others?
> It happens before the linux kernel gets to see it. Call it firmware.
>> - Bus numbers and MMIO space that needs to be reserved is depending
>> on platform design. How do you tell kernel (or hotplug drivers) how
>> many resources need to be reserved, in your current design?
> So far it looks like I can get away without telling the kernel
> anything, and just perform reservations at the layer of the
> firmware on the primary board, and have the kernel see those
> reservations when it boots up, and just subdivide them.
> I have some thoughts on how to do things better but I'm not at a point
> where it makes a difference right now.

In the current pciehp implementation, minimum resources enough to
enable devices under the bridge are assigned when P2P bridge is
hot-added. My concern is that enough resources are NOT assigned to
the bridge if an additional slot is empty. As a result, hot-add
adapter card on the additional slot won't work because of resource

>>> I need to revisit the pciehp driver but my first pass through it
>>> looked like every corner case appeared to get something wrong. So I
>>> have written myself a little 430 line replaces that handles the case
>>> that I currently care about. Part of what I was seeing before is that
>>> we don't clear pending events in the pciehp driver before we enable
>>> interrupts. So if booting the system has left some pending and you
>>> have CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ enabled you get a nice oops because p_slot has
>>> not been initialized and so the interrupts can't be handled.
>> I've made a fix (c4635eb06af700820d658a163f06aff12e17cfb2) for a similar
>> problem several months ago. With this fix, pciehp had been changed to
>> initialize p_slot before installing interrupt service routine. So I still
>> don't understand what is happening. Could you please tell me the details
>> about "p_slot has not been initialized..."?
> kobject_name is not initialized, and slot_name(p_slot) calls
> hoptlug_slot_name which calls pci_slot_name which kobj_name.
> It looks like this problem was introduced in commit
> e1acb24f059defdaa0264e925f19cc21b0a3e592

Thank your for the information. I understood what is happening.
This needs to be fixed. But, as I mentioned before, I think
software notification mechanism should be initialized before
sysfs entries are created. I'll consider alternative fix.

Kenji Kaneshige

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